Questions tagged [gdp]

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is a flow measure of the value of finished goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific time period. GDP is typically calculated on an annual basis.

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1answer
76 views

Public Debt as Percent of GDP

My question relates to calculation total debt as percent of GDP (quarterly). Since debt is a stock and GDP is a flow, I can understand calculation it on an annual basis but not quarterly.
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327 views

How to calculate gdp of a company during promotion and loss? [closed]

Suppose a company is selling a good worthy of 200 dollars, but it was charging it for 100 dollars intending for promotion. And the company have to pay salaries of $200 per good, so it loses 100 ...
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606 views

Are government income and government employee wages counted in GDP? (income approach) [closed]

The Wikipedia article does not include it nor exclude it.
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526 views

Why is the consumption line and 45degree line's intersection not the equilibrium income level?

The question is as below The answer is A. I understand why it is A, but do not understand why it isn't C. Doesn't the point where the consumption line and 45 degrees line intersect represents the ...
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GNP v. GDP as a true measure of national vibrancy [closed]

Is the GNP a more realistic number or measure of national economic vitality regarding its citizenry/residents of the nation in question versus the GDP?
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Second-hand products in GDP

I am aware that secondhand goods are not counted in GDP due to double counting issues, but I want to ask about a specific case of transaction of second-hand goods. For instance, what if a student ...
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35 views

How to solve duplicate couples error in unbalanced dataset

I am trying to perform a regression on unbalanced panel data in R. In order to set the data as panel data, I use the following code: ...
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1answer
29 views

Does the investment component of GDP (demand side) identity include expenditures by the government and households?

In the identity GDP=C+I+G+(X-M) does "I" include expenditures by the government and households? For example, if a construction firm builds new residential properties and a household buys this ...
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what is potencial GDP?

The Wikipedia defines potencial GDP as "the total capacity of a nation to produce goods and services". If this definition is correct than the potential GDP can only occur when the unemployment rate is ...
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Will the services rendered by a worker from an unorganized sector be counted in GDP?

My guess is it won't be because the unorganized sector isn't captured in GDP? but I read somewhere it will be. not sure if I am wrong or it was an error in the answer key. please help
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Shouldn't national Stock Indices proportional to GDP of the country?

I was looking at Japan: Japan's GDP trajectory and Nikkei 225. It seems from 2011 - 2015 the GDP contracted but the Nikkei has gone up. Would there be a good explanation for this ?
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If a Chinese person wants to buy an iPhone or any international goods, which GDP per capita would be a better indicator?

Which GDP per capita of a Chinese citizen would better reflect their affordability- Nominal GDP per capita or PPP GDP per capita of China? My question is would PPP would matter much in case of buying ...
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Why is it important to look at all three different ways when looking at the macroeconomy of a country?

we have and use three different ways of deriving the Gross Domestic Product namely Output, Income, and Expenditure (or final consumption) methods but why is it important to view the GDP from all three ...
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Are my conclusions correct in context of these examples of forceful extraction of money?

There are two examples, one for a bandit, the another one is for the government. Suppose we have a simple economy, a bandit and a teacher. The teacher can teach the bandit, but the bandit can't offer ...
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GDP(Expenditure view of GDP): /Why aren't investments categorized as non-final goods?

My understanding is that consumption = consumption of final goods = whatever consumers buy from companies (with an adjustment for export-import-process + maybe housing is slightly different (not ...
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2answers
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Do I make correct conclusions about international trade (and ways to increase GDP) from the expedenture approach formula for GDP?

(Please correct me if my reasoning is wrong somewhere) Net Exports is a part of GDP and consequently its increase or a decrease also causes GDP to increase or decrease, assuming everything else stays ...
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Purchasing power of currency abroad

Say you have two countries A and B. Suppose we have a situation where country A's currency can purchase much more in country B than the other way round. What causes this phenomenen? Is it possible ...
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1answer
18 views

Taxes and GDP, where do these come in in the formula?

We all know that the formula for GDP I'd given by GDP = C + I + G + NX I would like to know, whether I am right in deducing that when consumers and industry pay taxes, or when there are import and ...
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1answer
350 views

How can I adjust the base year of this price index?

I am given the following data for GDP deflator: 1997: 100.0 1998: 100.8 1999: 102.5 2000: 109.9 2001: 112.5 2002: 115.9 2003: 119.7 2004: 122.1 2005: 126.5 ...and so on. Currently, 1997 is ...
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2answers
552 views

How can intermediate goods and final goods be differentiated?

The calculation of GDP(using expenditures) is: $C+I+G+Xn$, where we calculate the spending on final goods and services within a country. However, how exactly are final and intermediate goods ...
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223 views

GDP Calculation and treatment of Personal Savings

While calculating GDP of nation, how personal savings which is not invested in economy or has become part mandatory reserve ratio of government is treated? Similarly do we include import and export of ...
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1answer
91 views

rates vs. level

For my thesis I will run some regression (OLS and ML: Probit). I like to distingish between variables in growth rates and variables in level form, if there is any important issue that I have to ...
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1k views

GDP versus GNP. Which is a better gauge of a country's economy size and prosperity?

Country A's GDP is larger than Country B's GDP. However, Country B's GNP is larger than Country A's GNP. Which country has a stronger economy? Which country's citizens is more likely to enjoy ...
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242 views

Difference between GDP and GNI in this exercise

Based on domestic production we observe the following income flows in a period: labor income of domestic residents: 150\$ capital income received by foreign residents with a foreign ...
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3answers
70 views

What is used more: economic growth rate compared to previous quarter (GPSA), or growth rate compared to the same quarter of the previous year (GYSA)

For my thesis I'm writing about the Baltic states and why they didn't vote out their incumbent governments despite undergoing severe austerity. As part of that I'm looking at their growth rates from ...
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676 views

When the base year changes, does it affect data at current prices as well?

I'm trying to collect current GDP data for India from 1990-2016. But, India changed its base year in 2011. So, to get a continuous series, do I have to change the data to a common base?
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302 views

GDP in expenditure approach

GDP calculated using expenditure apporach is like this: GDP=C+I+G+(X-M) However on this site: http://www.singstat.gov.sg/statistics/visualising-data/charts/share-of-gdp-by-expenditure The data is ...
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75 views

How can two countries of roughly the same size, population and GDP have such big differences in minimum wage?

We could answer this question theoretically, or give a real-world example of two such countries. Is there anything more interesting to say than: that's just something decided by the government? Could ...
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1answer
60 views

Confusion regarding debt to GDP ratio

While looking at debt to GDP ratio of various countries, I had difficulty with different figures on different websites. Look at this which shows China's debt to GDP ratio as 43.9%: http://www....
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1answer
248 views

Debt-to-GDP or Debt-to-Revenue?

Which is a better measure of the health of an economy between Debt-to-GDP and Debt-to-Revenue? Why?
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193 views

What would the determinant of the input-output matrix represent? What is the intuition?

I know that the determinant of a 2x2 matrix represents the oriented area of the parallelogram represented by the vectors in the matrix. For 3x3 or higher order matrix it represents the oriented volume....
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1answer
38 views

If we add up all the income while finding GDP of a country, is income counted multiple times?

Suppose 9 others and I are government employees. We get salary which will be counted while calculating GDP. Let's assume that we 10 are the only customers of a shop (for simplicity). The shopkeeper's ...
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1answer
363 views

How to calculate constant GDP in international $ from nominal GDP in local currency units

I want to calculate a constant GDP serie from 1995 till 2014 based on nominal GDP expressed in Yuan (Chinese currency). I already get stuck on how to first make a constant GDP serie based on Yuan, ...
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3answers
440 views

Questions on comparing GDP between various countries

What is the difference between OER vs PPP? What fundamentally drives them? Shouldnt an arb opportunity exist and wouldnt that difference then go away? My understanding of OER is the official nominal ...
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158 views

Why does an increase in money cause a proportionate increase in price level according to classical/neoclassical economists?

First I am not sure what classical economists say but doesn't increase in Money supply decreases interest rate and cause investment to expand and thus GDP rises. Therefore the aggregate demand ...
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1answer
110 views

How to calculate change in GDP using valued added?

Suppose that Roots buys 5 million dollars in leather produced this year in Alberta and 1 million dollars in zippers produced last year in Toronto to make 9 million dollars worth of leather jackets in ...
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1answer
1k views

Government Spending vs. Investment Spending

What is the difference between government spending on physical capital and investment spending by government on physical capital?
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46 views

GDP to employed people ration - solow swan model

Two countries A and B have identical production function $Y=AK^{1/3}N^{2/3}$, they are identical when it comes to all other factors with the exception that savings rate is $s_A>s_B$. a) What is the ...
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16 views

Increase in Debt / GDP positive or negative for currency?

When a nation-state and/or monetary union increase it's debt to GDP ratio. Is this a net positive or negative for its currency?
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2answers
92 views

Bananas and oranges in communist countries

This is a question I wanted to ask for a long time. If you check the GDP or East Germany in 1989 and compare it to that of banana-producing countries you can see: ...
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0answers
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Controls for a GDP per capita model

I'm constructing a model to test the relationship of some different factors on GDP per capita in a single year using simple OLS regression. Most studies I've found on economic growth simply use the ...
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2answers
28 views

How does capital investment (factory, plant, etc.) benefit the region they are located in?

Generally, capital investment is always good for the economy, but I am not sure about the underlying mechanism. For example, if a car factory is built in a certain state, does it improve the economy ...
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0answers
18 views

Which one of these sources best represents fiscal deficit data?

I'm currently recollecting data for an econometrics model I want to build later on with a panel data model. However, sometimes it is difficult to find certain information. For example, I want to ...
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18 views

(AD-AS model) How is it possible for firms to spend less, but supply more at higher price level, assuming no increase of the SRAS?

According to the interest rate effect theory higher prices will lead to lower GDP demanded because firms will spend less due to loans being more expensive. It seems at odds with what the SRAS curve ...
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1answer
52 views

Is there an “ideal” ratio of tax revenue to GDP? Or, at least, can I assume a higher ratio is better?

At the link below, you can see countries have a huge difference in ratios of tax revenue to GDP. Is it fair to assume that a higher ratio is better? Does raising a substantial portion of your GDP in ...
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0answers
42 views

China's GDP is seven times larger than during the SARS outbreak — what's the implication for China?

I have been compiling some figures to compare China's macro conditions in 2003 and 2019. Clearly, much has changed in nearly twenty years. In particular, a few indicators really stand out. For ...
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11 views

Is it better to calculate inflation rate using GDP deflater whether based year is the first year or last year of our data?

if we wanna calculate inflation rate for years 1997 and 1998, there are 2 ways, first is set our base-year 1997 and according to my data it will be 0.39 and if we set the base-year 1998 the rate will ...
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Equilibrium in currency devaluation?

In export oriented Economy, we often come across currency devaluation as means to boost exports. As per my understanding (please correct me if I am wrong), currency devaluation will immediately bring ...
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1answer
27 views

Double counting because of gross mixed income

I was learning the income method of calculating GDP when I stumbled upon this doubt. As per the definition given in the book GDP = GDI (Gross Domestic Income) = Compensation of employees + Gross ...
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28 views

Does stagflation lead to redistribution of wealth?

Suppose there is inflation in our country, but we take a short term, thus some prices are sticky and there is non-positive "growth" of the real GDP. In other words, we experience stagflation. If I ...

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