Questions tagged [government-debt]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-3
votes
2answers
66 views

Does the justification for taxation collapse when rates are negative? [closed]

If borrowing is profitable how could taxes even be fiscally beneficial? Even if your goal is progressive taxes, preventing the rich from lending actually makes them more profit.
-1
votes
2answers
68 views

How does high U.S. federal debt affect its citizens?

My apologies if this is a silly question. My background isn't in economics, though wish I had some. During the 2008-9 financial crisis, federal debt increased significantly and there was a small talk ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Why would governments sell bonds when the economy is in recovery? [closed]

China confident of meeting 2020 fiscal targets, CGTN, 7 August 2020. The article states that China is selling "special government bonds". Why do this? Especially when economy is just ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Does national debt and its repayment assume population increase?

I assume that the repayment of an increasing national debt depends on an increasing GDP. And increasing GDP, in turn, depends mutatis mutandis on increasing population. So an increase in national ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

How to calculate Debt to GDP ratio quarterly?

I know the formula Debt to GDP ratio = Debt : GDP I have debt quarterly data and GDP (yearly and quarterly). The one that make me confuse is, when i use Debt Q1 2014, for example it wont match with ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Why are the YTMs of TIPS of longer maturities more sensitive to current interest rates and inflation rates?

According to this website, the yields of TIPS of longer maturities are greater than that of TIPS of shorter maturities. It seems counterintuitive since yields of longer-maturity bonds, which are based ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Even at the break-even inflation rate, isn't the YTM of a TIPS greater than that of a normal treasury bond?

At a the break-even rate of inflation, the semi-annual interest payments from a TIPS and a normal government bond would be roughly equivalent. However, the principal amount originally invested in the ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

What is the opposite of public debt?

The opposite of a budget deficit is a budget surplus But what is the opposite of public debt? Instead of govt/state being in debt, having the government have extra money to keep or to lend it to banks ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Does China issue treasury bonds too?

The USA is issuing a lot of treasury bonds and investors are buying it. But does China issue such bonds too? If yes, then how many such bonds did they issued and who are the largest owners of those ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Why did Germany use hyperinflation to free itself from an external debt?

Im reading about how Germany used almost any solution To free itself from its WWI debt: hyperinflation, calculating payments on the basis of the economy's potential, rescheduling annuities and finally ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

How can a government save, if it has deficit?

I am reading an IMF paper about China's debt (link) which says: ❝ Despite a large augmented fiscal deficit of 10 percent, fiscal savings remain higher than other countries, resulting from the biased ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Modelling the effect of crisis on unemployment

We want to estimate the effect of crises on a country's unemployment rate and distinguish the strength of this effect according to the debt level in a country (i.e. via the interaction effect crisis x ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Are the primary dealers obliged to buy treasuries no matter what?

It is said that treasuries are the highest quality debt because the government can always "print money" to pay the debt. But, isn't so that the ones printing the money to loan to the ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Are government bonds internal or external debt?

I was watching this video and since it's a bit oversimplified I wanted more information. I was curious because internal debt is in the local currency from local lenders, while external debt is in a ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

What is the purpose of the Treasury issuing bonds?

I have always thought that the US Treasury issues bonds to raise money to allow the US to pay off debts in the short- and long-term. However, recently, I have read in a book on Modern Monetary Theory ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

What does the Fed do with their profits?

As far as I understand the system the Fed prints money which it then uses to buy bonds. Bonds are basically statements of debt meaning that the Fed receives interest from the parties it has bought the ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Real yields and growth [closed]

Found the following very interesting statement on bond prices, "The yield on a risk-free government bond should equal the growth in nominal GDP since that represents the opportunity cost of holding a ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Increase in Debt / GDP positive or negative for currency?

When a nation-state and/or monetary union increase it's debt to GDP ratio. Is this a net positive or negative for its currency?
2
votes
1answer
59 views

How do debt-free governments control the money supply?

From what I read in my introductory macroeconomics textbook, central banks can control the money supply by selling government bonds in the market (decreases money supply), or by buying government ...
22
votes
4answers
4k views

Why do people buy negative interest rate bonds?

I get that people buy long term government bonds, because of how safe it is, and if there would be a recession the government would just print more money and could pay it back. But why would anyone ...
0
votes
2answers
34 views

How do the Government, Firms and the Foreign sector pay their debts in this circular flow of income?

Here is a circular flow of income that I took from Krugman's macroenomics textbook. Please notice, in this diagram households just give their savings to banks (which are part of the financial sector) ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Governmental debt after COVID

Is there any well-researched studies published about the effect of increased governmental spending and later deepening debt burden due to COVID? Appreciate that the event is quite recent, but being ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

What are the possibilities to solve the European debt crisis? [closed]

The question aims to discover the possibilites that how the European debt crisis can be solved. Is it possible to solve without withdrawing from the Euro-area? Are there any option to bear with this ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Do states compete with each other when they emit debt?

Let's say that, for some reason (a crisis or similar), many first-world countries' states need to emit public debt to be able to pay the services the normally provide (pensions, health etc.). As I ...
0
votes
2answers
15 views

The process of printed money reaching the government?

I saw a link that suggested that when the fed prints money, this money is actually lent to the government in the form of bonds, not given. This, despite the fact that the Fed is (loosely) associated ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

What would happen if the U.S. “refinanced” its national debt?

Interest rates are at historical lows. I believe they went negative in parts of Europe recently. Since interest on the national debt is one of the biggest, if not the biggest, expense item of the U.S. ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Why is such a high US national debt not resulting in another great depression?

The chart below shows that US national debt as a percentage of its GDP is at an all time high excluding the one during WW-II. While I'm not as well informed in economics as most of the people on this ...
0
votes
1answer
13 views

What is core government debt?

In fixed income, the yield on the 10-year US Treasury fell 0.07 percentage points to 0.56 per cent as investors retreated to the safety of core government debt From : https://www.ft.com/content/...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Inflation vs GDP growth as factors driving down the US debt-to-GDP ration post-WW2

I'm trying to figure out how much inflation (vs GDP growth) shrank the debt-to-GDP ratio (in the decade or so) post-WW2 in the US. I found one paper that says: In 1946, the debt ratio was 108.6 ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

How to calculate fiscal space for a country?

I would greatly appreciate if you could explain me how to calculate fiscal space for an specific country. Or, could you please introduce me some references which explain it's calculation step by step ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

What happened to the national debts after Bretton Woods

When Bretton Woods was created and the world went on to the US Dollar standard, what happened to all the national debt's of all the countries like Japan, Britain, etc?
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Why the treasury is buying back its treasury securities during the coronavirus economic crisis?

I have read today that the treasury of my home country (not the US) started to buy back a significant amount of its Treasury securities (bonds, notes ...) from their owners. My question is what ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

What are the effects of a 12 month sudden stop/shutdown of a capitalistic economy like the US? [closed]

Consider a scenario where consumer confidence remains low until a virus such as COVID-19 is contained. In this scenario, containment is defined as being achieved once a vaccine is manufactured and ...
-1
votes
1answer
51 views

Shouldn't the total global debt amount to zero and not $253 trillion?

In Jan 2020, the Institute of International Finance (IIF) came out with a report (read summary here) that the total global debt is expected to climb to a new all-time high of more than $257 trillion ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Dynamic of 10 year UST given supply shock of the bonds that the Fed will buy into

It looks like the US government are gonna issue a lot of bonds in the near future. Basic demand/supply implies that this will lower the price of those bonds i.e higher yields. At the same time it ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Won't countries be in trouble if all sovereign debtors demand payment?

I'm trying to understand this r/explainlikeimfive analogy. I rectified typos, and simplified some names and numbers. Won't Cal demand his principal back at some time in the future? Similarly, won'...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

How did the massive flight to long-term bonds create a liquidity crisis?

A few weeks ago I noticed that several blogs and such were adamantly proposing that the Fed lower rates immediately by 50 bps. They said that the flight to safety -- to long-term government bonds -- ...
4
votes
1answer
24 views

Is there a reference that plots different countries' debt-to-GDP ratios over (long) times?

This old blog post has an interesting plot that demonstrates that the U.K.'s current debt-to-GDP ratio is significantly below its very-long-term (180-year) average. Is there a plot anywhere that ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Why do Eurozone members have a commonly higher Debt-to-GDP ratio?

As you could find out from the map, among 22 countries whose debt-to-gdp ratio is above 50%, only 7 are not Eurozone members, and from which only UK is comparably large economical entity. ...
0
votes
1answer
156 views

Most significant factors in the price of a goverments bonds

As a follow up on Long-,short-term interest rates and inflation. Inflation is clearly a factor(tho not possible to model mathematically) when it comes to the market price of a bond. I can think of ...
1
vote
2answers
105 views

Why does the United States' national debt matter?

This might sound like a naive question, but I mean it quite honestly (please be aware that I am merely a high school student): Why does the United States' government debt matter? To be sure, based on ...
3
votes
2answers
111 views

What would happen to US economy before US government lose control over its national debt?

From this wiki page we can clearly see that US national debt is growing steadily after 2010 and now it's larger than US GDP already (at the end of 2019). Still it's commonly believed the debt is ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

How would M2 and Velocity of M2 be affected if balance sheet expansion continues long-term?

Let’s assume that the Federal Reserve does NOT discontinue injecting liquidity into the Repo market but, instead, continues a long-term policy of continuous and regular liquidity injections. Let’s ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

What is the logic behind that one can “grow out of debt” via increase in GDP?

As we all know the US has a big debt and increasing deficits. The head of FED J. Powell commented that the US was on an unsustainable path w.r.t some debt to GDP ratio. A few commentators I listen to ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Greece national-accounts : deficit and debt doesn't seem coherent

I wanted to have a look at Greek's data to have an idea of the debt crisis' impact on various indicators. Two of those indicators are national debt levels (in GDP% or in absolute value) and ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Spending despite fiscal deficit

This is going to be a rather simple question. Surprisingly, I did not find quite a lot of answers satisfactorily explaining my point. The question goes like this- The USA, under the Trump regime, ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

What prevents a government from issuing debt to finance riskier investments?

Germany has a 10Y bond yield of -0.336%. Meanwhile, Brazil has a 10Y bond yield of 6.415%. Why doesn't the German government issue bonds in order to buy Brazilian bonds? It seems a no-brainer win. ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Does Medicaid or Medicare represent a higher risk to the Federal Government Solvency and Debt going forward?

I'm trying to understand not only which program is expected to be larger in terms of costs, but which one has the least capacity to adjust (reduce benefits if revenues for the program fall).
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Is there a country in the world not in debt?

This morning I read the following article: https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-49961301 It got me thinking, is there any country in the world not in debt? I am aware that debt is good for a country,...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

What impact does deficit spending have on economic inequality?

Taxation schemes can be classified as progressive (the tax rate is higher for higher income brackets), regressive (the tax rate is lower for higher income brackets), or neutral (the tax rate is the ...