Questions tagged [government-debt]

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2answers
908 views

How does IS-LM model reduced investor confidence?

I am doing an essay on how a sovereign debt rating downgrade to junk status affects the economy. I wanted to use a theoretical framework to think about it, and seeing as an increase in the interest ...
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10 views

Are there any historical fixes to high interest on national debt

If I were to buy a bond of Argentina, like AL30, it is worth ~30 cents for every dollar, if I understand correctly, this means that, if the country required more money and issues more bonds the value ...
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1answer
53 views

Why are the YTMs of TIPS of longer maturities more sensitive to current interest rates and inflation rates?

According to this website, the yields of TIPS of longer maturities are greater than that of TIPS of shorter maturities. It seems counterintuitive since yields of longer-maturity bonds, which are based ...
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1answer
75 views

List of private investors who own the most US debt

At this website (document `Federal debt', table FD-5) I see that more than 16 trillion dollars of US debt is owned by private investors. Is there a list available of the private investors who own the ...
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1answer
40 views

When debt to GDP is only around 85%, how can this article quote as 300%?

I was reading an article in FT, where debt to GDP is quoted as 300% for US and Japan. However, all the official sites for US quotes the debt to GDP as 85% for US. This article is from a reputed ...
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3answers
689 views

Do governments have to pay interest on government debt held by the central bank?

Through open market operations, the central bank may buy government debt to increase the money supply. Does the government need to pay interest on the debt held by the central bank, or does the debt ...
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1answer
20 views

Sources for information about Danish general government finances since 2000 (in English)

for a report I have to write about Danish public finances and fiscal policy (budget balance, debt, revenues, expenditures) I'd like detailed information dating back to 2000 or publications giving an ...
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1answer
19 views

Problem with the definition of external debt

This is how external debt is explained in wikipedia: "In public finance, external debt (or foreign debt) is the component of the total government debt which is owed to foreign creditors; its ...
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1answer
133 views

Debt-to-GDP ratio in connection to inflation

On this segment of the Tucker Carlson show, interviewing Robert Hockett, as an advisor to Rep. Octavio-Cortez on the proposed Green New Deal, the following interchange ensues: Tucker: "On the ...
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Have there been more US CDS curve inversions since 2011, and do these correlate with (political) disputes around the debt ceiling?

Gori proposes a model of the 2011 US debt ceiling crisis in which the spread (and ultimately inversion) of the US government credit default swaps (1Y/2Y vs 5Y) is used as a proxy measure for the ...
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3answers
174 views

What is the difference between "borrowing" money and "printing" money?

When a country's government has a budget shortfall, that country has to find some way to pay its contractors/emplooyees. Unlike a normal company, the government can't simply go to the bank and ask to ...
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2answers
71 views

U.S. Treasury defaulting on its bond obligations to China

I was listening to a podcast featuring Michael Lewis (author of Flashboys and Moneyball), who mentioned a black swan scenario where the administration would threaten to selectively not pay its ...
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2answers
4k views

What would happen if China called in its debt?

I was talking with a friend of mine the other day about Trump putting the 35% tax on all overseas manufacturing. Couldn't this hurt those countries that have plants where US manufacturing comes from? ...
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4answers
2k views

Why does China buy so much U.S. Treasury debt?

What is the reason that China buys so much US debt in form of Treasuries? How does this help the Chinese economy? It seems they are willing to give money to USA so USA economy can function better (...
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1answer
25 views

Economic indicators for government debt (sovereign debt)

I am looking at sovereign debt as a percentage of GDP. However, due to external factors like exchange rates, the percentage may change from one year to the next even if a government did not borrow any ...
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3answers
40 views

Relationship between taxation, national debt, and pool of private investment money

We've all heard the argument that an increase in taxation of the wealthy, or of investment earnings in particular (capital gains + dividends) will discourage investment and hurt the overall economy. ...
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5answers
862 views

Why is national debt bad if the central bank can keep buying bonds?

When I read about national debt, it's usually about how debt is bad because with too much debt, debtors would demand higher interest rates. Eventually the government can't pay the interest, defaults, ...
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1answer
88 views

How do debt-free governments control the money supply?

From what I read in my introductory macroeconomics textbook, central banks can control the money supply by selling government bonds in the market (decreases money supply), or by buying government ...
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3answers
61 views

Krugman article - Government debt helps avoid a destructive scramble for cash?

I was just reading this Krugman article which contains the words... I’ve already mentioned that having at least some government debt outstanding helps the economy function better. How so? The answer, ...
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1answer
33 views

The link between economic growth, inflation, interest rates and fiscal deficit

I want to ask a question about how economic growth, inflation, interest rates is linked to fiscal deficit. I was reading a book on introductory economics and the following passage came up: If a ...
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2answers
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Relation between budget deficit and inflation?

In Iran we have had a high inflation rate for several decades (usually above 20 percent). Some of the top economists of the country say that it is mainly because the government spending is ...
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2answers
47 views

How to weakly predict T-bill rates?

I know, I know -- if I could predict Treasuries, I could leverage that information, various forms of the EMH, etc. But a lot of people have mortgages (ARMs) tied to US1Y, and so having some kind of ...
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1answer
2k views

Is there a “runaway” threshold for Debt-to-GDP Ratio in the U.S.?

Last year, when Congress was debating the stimulus/relief packages, one Senator made a comment about the debt-to-GDP ratio and how we are approaching a point in that ratio that will have some major ...
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0answers
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Do Fed OMOs directly and immediately increase M1 or M2 if they buy treasuries from a member bank? And what proportion of OMOs does that constitute?

I commonly hear that when the Fed conducts open market operations, it is directly increasing the money supply by exchanging newly created electronic money for US treasuries. But in the case where the ...
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0answers
25 views

detailed account of government borrowing and fed open market operations

I would like to read an extremely detailed (yet, if possible, accessible) account of exactly what happens when the US government borrows money -- how rates are negotiated, who exactly the ...
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1answer
51 views

How are sovereign bond interest rates determined?

They are a lot of questions about the price of a bond or its yield. Why do people buy negative interest rate bonds? How did Portugal draw down their interest rates on pubic debt? ... and so on Mine ...
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1answer
29 views

Financial manipulation and Inflation as tools for sovereign debt default

In the book This Time Is Different, by Reinhart and Rogoff, in chapter 8, the authors state that Higher minimum level of reserves (?) And/or upper bound/ceiling to interest rates ( will help increase ...
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1answer
68 views

What happened to the national debts after Bretton Woods

When Bretton Woods was created and the world went on to the US Dollar standard, what happened to all the national debt's of all the countries like Japan, Britain, etc?
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6answers
2k views

Who exactly foots the bill if Greece defaults

Apologies if the topic is not appropriate (economics newbie here) but I am curious as to who exactly would foot the bill if Greece defaults on the ~300 billion dollars it owes. It looks like most of ...
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4answers
5k views

Why do people buy negative interest rate bonds?

I get that people buy long term government bonds, because of how safe it is, and if there would be a recession the government would just print more money and could pay it back. But why would anyone ...
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0answers
49 views

First order approximation of consolidated budget constraint describing the evolution of government debt

I am trying to derive a first order approximation of the government's budget constraint around a zero inflation steady state. This is from Jordi Galís 2020 paper "The effects of a money-financed ...
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0answers
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Is there a source which informs the public of who is buying up newly issued U.S. Government debt?

Is there a list somewhere of who is buying the newly issued debt that will finance the American Rescue Plan (the $1.8 trillion stimulus package signed recently)? Of course, I have an idea of who owns ...
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1answer
82 views

Why isn't high inflation along with robust welfare a 'good' system?

High inflation, by definition, means that the demand for goods and services is higher compared to the demand for currency. In other words, people are more willing to give up currency for goods and ...
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2answers
103 views

How does high U.S. federal debt affect its citizens?

My apologies if this is a silly question. My background isn't in economics, though wish I had some. During the 2008-9 financial crisis, federal debt increased significantly and there was a small talk ...
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5answers
375 views

When a central bank buys government securities, is this exactly equivalent to printing money?

When a country's central bank buys that same country's government securities, is this exactly equivalent to printing money? There seems to be no agreement on this. Federal Reserve FAQ: Is the Federal ...
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1answer
40 views

Risks asscoiated short term stimulus as interest rates approach zero

TL;DR Government interest rates are approaching zero. What are the risks to borrowing large sums in the current enviroment? Would inflation occur? Full Story I was recently reading an article about ...
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1answer
54 views

How does the treasury determine the rates of the bonds they sell?

My understanding is that price and yields are determined via supply and demand. How are the interest rates determined when the bonds are auctioned off?
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1answer
33 views

What are the 'Public Account Liabilities' of the Government of India?

In the Quarterly Report on Public Debt Management for the Quarter Jul - Sep 2020 of the Government of India, an increase in 'Public Debt Liabilities' is declared. What are they?
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What are the economics advantages for not rolling a debt (as a country)

Let's assume that a country has a GDP growth rate of approximately 1% per year (the number is not important). Then the government of such a country can theoretically roll its current debt and even ...
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1answer
53 views

Why it is important to observe if the 10Y treasury yield moves nowadays?

in the context of low yields, where fed continues with fiscal stimulus, I've heard from many economists that this week the 10Y treasury rate has been finally increasing. In which situation is this ...
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0answers
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How much of new debt in Italy is due covid?

The debt to GDP of Italy ballooned in 2021 to 158.5% (https://www.reuters.com/article/us-italy-budget-debt-idUSKBN29L0PP). That is almost 20% increase from 2019. I wonder how much of that is just ...
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0answers
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Does IMF consider the international reputation of a country?

Hi I have three question below which I tried searching on internet and read a lot of literature as well. Besides all the literature sources I need to know some practical knowledge of people out there. ...
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1answer
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How did the US Government fund its deficit when the Federal Reserve was pruning its balance sheet in 2018-1019?

The primary way for Governments to fund their deficits is by issuing new currency from the central bank against new treasury bonds. The Federal Reserve reduced its [balance sheet]1 from 4.4 trillion ...
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Difference between 'Internal Debt' and 'Market Loans' in RBI public debt statistics

While perusing RBI public debt statistics, I am at my wits end in trying to figure out the table headers. I am unable to sum up any combination of them to get any other. Specifically, what is the ...
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1answer
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Can the US government selectively cancel debt held by the Federal Reserve?

Sort of a follow-up to this question on the Politics SE, which asked about the US government cancelling debt held by China. From the answers to that question, this kind of selective default is not ...
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1answer
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Why is market absorption of issued US Treasury Bonds (with the Fed purchase plan) a problem?

Financial market reports suggest that there are uncertainties about the Federal Reserve's ability to absorb new US Treasury Bonds issued in larger quantities to support the US government's growing ...
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1answer
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Is the debt owed to resourceful producers by resourceless consumers practically irrepayable?

Here is my argument for the debt owned by resourceless consumers to resourceful producers (as currency, bonds, loans, or other means). Is it correct? If not, where am I going wrong? Economic value is ...
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2answers
49 views

For stability, is there a limit to the sovereign debt that a Government owes to itself against issued fiat currency?

Looking beyond the optical illusion of Governments owing debt to Central Banks, Governments effectively owe themselves the sovereign debt created against issued fiat currency. By definition, there ...
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1answer
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Why don't Governments do away with the optics of taking on debt against new currency, and instead issue a limited currency every year (say 5% of GDP)?

Governments engage in the optical illusion of taking on debt against issued currency. The debt is effectively owed by the Government to itself. The value of the debt is completely controlled and ...

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