Questions tagged [history-economic-thought]

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1answer
36 views

What was Paulus's “famous definition of price”?

Schumpeter (1912 [1954]) mentions the famous definition of price by Paulus. What does this refer to?
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1answer
29 views

Understanding the arithmetic in this 1690 text

Nicholas Barbon (1690, A Discourse of Trade) Another use of Interest, is, It is the measure of the Value of the Rent of Land; it sets the Price in Buying and Selling of Land: For, by adding three ...
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30 views

What was the “free Coynage” referred to in Dudley North's (1691) Discourses Upon Trade?

Dudley North (1691): I call to witness the vast Sums that have been coyned in England, since the free Coynage was set up; What is become of it all? no body believes it to be in the Nation, and it ...
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39 views

Meaning of “let him take Money at Interest, and not buy at Time”

Dudley North (1691): let him take Money at Interest, and not buy at Time What does the above statement mean? I think "take Money at Interest" simply means "borrow at some interest rate". But I ...
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29 views

The envelope theorem and Viner's draftsman

In 1931 Viner wrote the paper "Cost Curves and Supply Curves" that famously contained the following mistake: Viner had asked the draftsman to draw the long run average cost curve so that it was ...
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1answer
55 views

(Why) was von Neumann not a fan of the Nash equillibrium concept?

Charles A. Holt and Alvin E. Roth's The Nash equilibrium: A perspective notes: "In a personal communication with one of the authors, Nash notes that von Neumann was a “European gentleman” but was not ...
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Which classical liberal economists promoted the privacy and secrecy of businesses?

Quinn Slobodian (2018) writes: the idea of businessmen opening their account books beyond the firm represented a revision of the classical liberal vision. The privacy of the businessman was no ...
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132 views

Who owns money?

Bishop Nicole Oresme (1320-1382), in the first monetary treatise, wrote: CHAPTER VI: Who owns the Money? (Cuius sit ipsa moneta?) Although it is the duty of the prince to put his stamp on the ...
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3answers
125 views

Whatever happened to Henry George's ideas?

I have heard that Henry George wrote one of the biggest selling economics books in history (Progress and Poverty) and was so famous that 100,000 people attended his funeral, and yet his ideas about ...
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4answers
901 views

Why does the Solow Model matter for undergraduate students?

I've been looking at the economics undergraduate curriculum and have been thinking and wondering as to what specific skillset we want to equip undergraduate students with in the working world. One ...
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29 views

Who was the first to model sequential market equilibrium?

As a PhD student the standard macroecononomics education I have received (and continue to receive) revolves around the most realistic model of market structure ive seen to date, that being sequential ...
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134 views

Business climate data collection experiments

Hernando de Soto in his book "The Mystery of Capital: Why Capitalism Triumphs in the West and Fails Everywhere Else" describes a series of experiments in different countries, illustrating economic ...
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2answers
644 views

Is money capital?

The Oxford English Dictionary defines "capital" as n. economic goods (e.g. railways, ships, machinery, buildings) destined for use in production (as opposed to consumers' goods). Historically, the ...
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1answer
37 views

Where to find a brazilian claim from german geologist Eschwege?

In Das Kapital, ch I.1, Marx says that german geologist Eschwege claims that total product of the Brazilian diamond mines for the eighty years ending in 1823 still did not amount to the price of ...
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53 views

Who is Jacob? And where did he say this?

In Karl Marx "Das Kapital", in Ch I.1 we find this quote "Jacob questions whether gold has ever been paid for at its full value." Is Jacob Vanderlint? Where in his book “Money Answers all ...
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201 views

How empirical was Adam Smith's The Wealth of Nations? What about some other “big books”?

How empirical was Adam Smith's The Wealth of Nations? What about some other "big books"? That is, how much empirical research does it contain? And thus, what kind of "epistemological accuracy" does ...
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4answers
240 views

What did Adam Smith mean by “putting [the pins] into the paper”?

In his famous description of the division of labour: One man draws out the wire, another straights it, a third cuts it, a fourth points it, a fifth grinds it at the top for receiving the head; to ...
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111 views

Who first used the term “externality” in economics?

Who first used the term externality in economics, as the term is currently used in its modern sense? (I believe it was already used in philosophy to mean something else and the economics version of ...
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0answers
61 views

Greek mathematics' application in the early economic theories

I am writing about the development of mathematics in the Ancient Greece as an assigment and I have to include its relation with economics. However, I lack of sources for this topic and I only found ...
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What are the factors on which value of all resources ( good, silver, cash land etc. ) found in world changes over time?

And followed by, Does it right to say that, if any country become rich then other must become poor and vice-versa. If no, then Is it possible that, in certain conditions, all Nation in the world can ...
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225 views

How to make sense of so many conflicting theories and ideas in the field with an open mind? Is every school of economic thought as valid as the rest?

'm a junior economics major and lately I've been in a sort of crisis because I feel like I'm not sure what economic ideas I believe in anymore. Don't get me wrong, I love reading anything that has to ...
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Was there a time when economists “generally described” the 1920s “as being years of increasing protectionism”?

In Paul Bairoch's Economics & World History - Myths and Paradoxes (1993), the very first myth he tackles is this: the 1920s are generally described as being years of increasing protectionism. ...
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61 views

what are some unique features of heterodox economics?

I've been reading up a bit on heterodox economics as well as watched some of the lectures online and quite frankly, I'm having a hard time figuring out whats are the unique features of this school of ...
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How does the notion of utility differ from that of value?

Is utility merely the notion of value in the subjectivist/marginalist (aka neoclassical) school?
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2answers
92 views

Who was the inventor of Utility function?

To my knowledge, the idea of representing weak-order with a function dates back to Cantor. So my questions are: 1) Was Cantor the first person to rigorize these kinds of representation? 2) Were ...
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Is Hayek in pro or in con of Equilibrium? [closed]

I had read twice the paper Economics and Knowledge and it seems to me like he is arguing against equilibrium analysis, but I don't know if I'm misunderstanding his arguments.
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109 views

Key points for a speech on Capitalism [closed]

I was given an English task in which the teacher has asked us to do a presentation/speech on Capitalism. The thing is he didn't specify which aspects (historical, economical and the political) we ...
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53 views

Origin of the saying “High prices are their own cure.”

Edwin Cannan (1915): An old epigram says that high prices are their own cure. Other variants of this "old epigram" include: High prices cure themselves (1911). High prices cure high prices ...
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Is Marx considered an important classical economist?

In a post on the politics stack exchange, I came across the following description of how Marxism fits into the history of economic thought: Most professional economists consider Marx' work on ...
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4answers
2k views

How does the professional class fit into Marx and Engel's class struggle theory?

I know that in the first part of The Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engles discuss at length the relationship between the Bourgeois and the Proletarians. The former being the owners of the means of ...
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101 views

what is the most comprehensive History of Economic Thought book for an undergrad?

Which Book or books would you recommend for an undergrad to learn about the history and evolution of economic thought and theory, and why? There Just so many of them out there and I just don't know ...
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1answer
563 views

Walras's Law V.S Say's Law- Is there a difference?

I've been going over the concept of Walras's Law and often references to Say's Law. I've heard and have seen online that they are really the same thing however by looking at the definitions I notice a ...
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62 views

What are some great economic reforms from the Middle Ages / the Ancient History?

Is there any great economic structural reforms, which date back to the Middle Ages or to the Ancient times?
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64 views

How much of previous economics (historically) is still relevant today?

How much of previous economics (historically) is still relevant today? How is it determined? Is e.g. 18th century economics still relevant today? Is it accurate/useful to cite Adam Smith for example?...
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Economic schools of thought VS Econometrics

From Wikipedia: In the history of economic thought, a school of economic thought is a group of economic thinkers who share or shared a common perspective on the way economies work Why is it that ...
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314 views

What have been the main developments in macroeconomics and financial economics since the 2008 financial crisis?

In the aftermath of 2008 economists were, fairly or not, blamed for a failure to foresee the coming crisis. Ideas such as "The Great Moderation" and market efficiency were openly ridiculed as ...
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64 views

Which is the origin of the “economic” approach to production?

Economic theory states that under competitive markets, economic profits are zero (even though accounting profits are not zero). What is the origin of this analysis? Who was the first author to write ...
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1answer
95 views

Was there resistance, historically, to the idea that human behavior deviates from rational decision making theory?

I have edited this question considerably to narrow the focus. A recent New York Times article was published on the Nobel Prize for Economics. The article discusses that Nobel laureate Richard Thaler ...
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5answers
310 views

Contest: earliest written instance of economic thought

Following part 5 of @Lateral fractal answer to "Handy Hints for Committing to the Beta" on the meta "Have fun! No fun = No play. No play = No beta. I'm sure I'm not the only one to feel that a ...
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1answer
31 views

Where did Hayek say knowledge is the ability to learn?

If I'm not mistaken, in some work Hayek mentions that knowledge as he means it consists not so much in the awareness of facts as in the ability to learn. It may have been in a passage concerning ...
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Who said that growth would stop because of satiation?

I have a vague recollection I am unsuccessfully trying to find an exact reference for. I recall watching an interview of Jacques Attali about a new book of his (maybe 6 or 7 years ago) where he ...
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93 views

Who was the first economist to write about central banking?

I am interested in the origin of a central banking theory. I've heard that Karl Marx was the first author who wrote about central banking system. Was he really the first one? Or was there any other ...
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162 views

Who originated the term “deadweight loss” and when?

I am looking for the first use of the term "deadweight loss." Any suggestions either as to who it was who first used it or how to search for it?
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What are some reasons for decline of georgism?

I understand that Georgism was a major economic idea in the late 19th century. The idea of a simple land-value tax and basic income derived from an equitable distribution of natural resource ...
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1answer
163 views

History of Macroeconomic Measurements before GDP

What is the earliest mention of any type of macroeconomic measure? I know proto-economist William Petty coined the Term GDP but was there any other measurement used before then to determine the ...
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1answer
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The evolution of economic thought in the XX century

While I was studying, I stuck into a great debate between what is called "modern macro" and Keynesian macro with a lot of interesting and actual insights. I have already read about "classical ...
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What evidence is there that Adam Smith made mistakes in criticizing Mercantilism and upholding capitalism?

This commentator writes: On March 9, 1776, "An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations" (commonly referred to as simply "The Wealth of Nations") was published. Smith, a Scottish ...
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Isoquant creator

I was wondering if anyone had an idea about the first author to have mathematically computed an isoquant or at least the first occurrence of a drawn isoquant ? My best guess would be F. Edgeworth in ...
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How does Ricardo justify this math?

In Ch 5, Of Wages, Ricardo tosses this gem: if the labour of ten men will, on land of a certain quality, obtain 180 quarters of wheat, and its value be £4 per quarter, or £720; and if the labour of ...
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What is the “natural rate of interest” vs. “money interest rate”?

What exactly is the distinction that Knut Wicksell made in his Interest & Prices between "natural rate of interest" or "natural interest" ("der natürliche Kapital zins") and the "money rate of ...