Questions tagged [history-economic-thought]

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14
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5answers
326 views

Contest: earliest written instance of economic thought

Following part 5 of @Lateral fractal answer to "Handy Hints for Committing to the Beta" on the meta "Have fun! No fun = No play. No play = No beta. I'm sure I'm not the only one to feel that a ...
13
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3answers
333 views

What have been the main developments in macroeconomics and financial economics since the 2008 financial crisis?

In the aftermath of 2008 economists were, fairly or not, blamed for a failure to foresee the coming crisis. Ideas such as "The Great Moderation" and market efficiency were openly ridiculed as ...
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3answers
2k views

Is Marx considered an important classical economist?

In a post on the politics stack exchange, I came across the following description of how Marxism fits into the history of economic thought: Most professional economists consider Marx' work on ...
9
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2answers
506 views

What are some reasons for decline of georgism?

I understand that Georgism was a major economic idea in the late 19th century. The idea of a simple land-value tax and basic income derived from an equitable distribution of natural resource ...
9
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1answer
77 views

How was the year 1925 chosen as a dividing point in the history of economic thought?

The JEL codes divide "History of Economic Thought" into "through 1925" and "since 1925". What is the significance of the year 1925 in the history of economic thought? Or ...
8
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2answers
627 views

What causes the "imperialism of economics" and how did it start?

Wikipedia defines "economics imperialism" as follows: Economics imperialism (often economic imperialism) in contemporary economics refers to economic analysis of seemingly non-economic aspects of ...
8
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1answer
230 views

A timeline on the the key achievements of Economics and its evolution

Something I've never seen in Economics but have in Maths and Chemistry and really enjoyed is that when I took it we got to the see the evolution of the science (and yes Economics is a [social] science ...
7
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5answers
2k views

Reading list: history of economic thought / political economy

Can you all please suggest books that I can read to get started in the fields of political economy and the history of economic thought? While my major in Mathematical Economics has given me a good ...
7
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1answer
94 views

Why did the Cambridge Capital Controversy have no impact on economic modelling?

Every now and again I find myself looking into the Cambridge Capital Controversy in terms of debate around general equilibrium modelling often walking out more confused than I have before doing such a ...
7
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1answer
1k views

Why are labor, capital, and land traditionally denoted by the letters L, K, and T?

AFAIK, at least in the English-speaking world, labor, capital, and land are (in economics) usually denoted by the letters L, K, and T. Who first popularized the use of these letters and why? My ...
6
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4answers
1k views

Why does the Solow Model matter for undergraduate students?

I've been looking at the economics undergraduate curriculum and have been thinking and wondering as to what specific skillset we want to equip undergraduate students with in the working world. One ...
6
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4answers
443 views

Economic schools of thought VS Econometrics

From Wikipedia: In the history of economic thought, a school of economic thought is a group of economic thinkers who share or shared a common perspective on the way economies work Why is it that ...
6
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4answers
275 views

How to make sense of so many conflicting theories and ideas in the field with an open mind? Is every school of economic thought as valid as the rest?

'm a junior economics major and lately I've been in a sort of crisis because I feel like I'm not sure what economic ideas I believe in anymore. Don't get me wrong, I love reading anything that has to ...
6
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3answers
218 views

What is Islamic Banking?

What is "Islamic banking," and how is it similar to and different from banking as it occurs in the U.S.? I have heard Shariah Law prohibits usury, the taking of interest on loans. How do Muslim ...
6
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1answer
71 views

(Why) was von Neumann not a fan of the Nash equillibrium concept?

Charles A. Holt and Alvin E. Roth's The Nash equilibrium: A perspective notes: "In a personal communication with one of the authors, Nash notes that von Neumann was a “European gentleman” but was not ...
6
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1answer
601 views

Isoquant creator

I was wondering if anyone had an idea about the first author to have mathematically computed an isoquant or at least the first occurrence of a drawn isoquant ? My best guess would be F. Edgeworth in ...
5
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2answers
959 views

Is money capital?

The Oxford English Dictionary defines "capital" as n. economic goods (e.g. railways, ships, machinery, buildings) destined for use in production (as opposed to consumers' goods). Historically, the ...
5
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1answer
198 views

Book for Bretton Woods conferences and gold standard

I am looking for a good book to explain to me why the gold standard existed and why in the Bretton Woods conferences, some countries choose to abandon it. An explanation of the general scenario in a ...
5
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2answers
139 views

Who was the inventor of Utility function?

To my knowledge, the idea of representing weak-order with a function dates back to Cantor. So my questions are: 1) Was Cantor the first person to rigorize these kinds of representation? 2) Were ...
5
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0answers
47 views

Which classical liberal economists promoted the privacy and secrecy of businesses?

Quinn Slobodian (2018) writes: the idea of businessmen opening their account books beyond the firm represented a revision of the classical liberal vision. The privacy of the businessman was no ...
4
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2answers
544 views

How does John Stuart Mill distinguish between "wealth" and "riches"?

JS Mill in his Principles (1848): But though air is not wealth, mankind are much richer by obtaining it gratis, since the time and labour which would otherwise be required for supplying the most ...
4
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2answers
116 views

Who said that growth would stop because of satiation?

I have a vague recollection I am unsuccessfully trying to find an exact reference for. I recall watching an interview of Jacques Attali about a new book of his (maybe 6 or 7 years ago) where he ...
4
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4answers
363 views

What did Adam Smith mean by "putting [the pins] into the paper"?

In his famous description of the division of labour: One man draws out the wire, another straights it, a third cuts it, a fourth points it, a fifth grinds it at the top for receiving the head; to ...
4
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1answer
81 views

Who is the first one to equate "rational" with "complete and transitive preference"?

MWG taught that, suppose that the menu is finite, "rational" is the same as "complete and transitive". But it seems that it does not cite any sources. Who said this first? vNM said ...
4
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2answers
222 views

Who originated the term "deadweight loss" and when?

I am looking for the first use of the term "deadweight loss." Any suggestions either as to who it was who first used it or how to search for it?
4
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1answer
99 views

The evolution of economic thought in the XX century

While I was studying, I stuck into a great debate between what is called "modern macro" and Keynesian macro with a lot of interesting and actual insights. I have already read about "classical ...
4
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0answers
72 views

Who were the first economists arguing that utility maximization is the core of rationality and economic behavior?

I am looking for the first economists arguing that maximizing utility function is the iff condition of rational behavior. I've learned that neoclassical economics is founded on this argument. Is this ...
3
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3answers
168 views

Whatever happened to Henry George's ideas?

I have heard that Henry George wrote one of the biggest selling economics books in history (Progress and Poverty) and was so famous that 100,000 people attended his funeral, and yet his ideas about ...
3
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3answers
187 views

What is the state of the art in capital theory?

In the first half of the 20th century a great deal was written about capital theory, including writers such as Hayek, Böhm-Bawerk, Sraffa, Knight, Robinson and Fisher. Many of these figures debated ...
3
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1answer
57 views

Were there any contemporary economists (or other observers) who considered the 1920s a "New Era" of greater growth and stability?

Eichengreen (2015, Hall of Mirrors): In the 1920s it was said that the world had entered a “New Era” of economic stability with the establishment of the Federal Reserve System and independent central ...
3
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1answer
51 views

What Was the Accuracy of Macro Model in the Phillips' Machine (MONIAC)?

One of the most interesting economic 'artefacts' featured on the campus of my alma mater is the Philips' machine or Monetary National Income Analogue Computer (MONIAC) pictured below. MONIAC was a ...
3
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1answer
52 views

Who is the first person/paper to introduce "mixed strategy"?

Who is the first person/paper to introduce "mixed strategy"? The PNAS by Nash used this notion without citing anyone. Does the earlier book: Von Neumann, J., and Morgenstern, O., The Theory ...
3
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2answers
146 views

Who first used the term "externality" in economics?

Who first used the term externality in economics, as the term is currently used in its modern sense? (I believe it was already used in philosophy to mean something else and the economics version of ...
3
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1answer
101 views

Was there resistance, historically, to the idea that human behavior deviates from rational decision making theory?

I have edited this question considerably to narrow the focus. A recent New York Times article was published on the Nobel Prize for Economics. The article discusses that Nobel laureate Richard Thaler ...
3
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1answer
78 views

How does Ricardo justify this math?

In Ch 5, Of Wages, Ricardo tosses this gem: if the labour of ten men will, on land of a certain quality, obtain 180 quarters of wheat, and its value be £4 per quarter, or £720; and if the labour of ...
3
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0answers
219 views

How empirical was Adam Smith's The Wealth of Nations? What about some other "big books"?

How empirical was Adam Smith's The Wealth of Nations? What about some other "big books"? That is, how much empirical research does it contain? And thus, what kind of "epistemological accuracy" does ...
2
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4answers
3k views

How does the professional class fit into Marx and Engel's class struggle theory?

I know that in the first part of The Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engles discuss at length the relationship between the Bourgeois and the Proletarians. The former being the owners of the means of ...
2
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1answer
45 views

How did Pareto came up with Pareto Distribution of wealth law?

I am not an economist but a mathematics student. I heard about the Pareto law - the mathematical modelling of the distribution of wealth, how did Pareto come up with this law? technically speaking ...
2
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1answer
86 views

Best history of macro book?

I'd like to know if you know some book that summarize the history of macro ? I'm in Master (after undergrad) so I don't ask for beginner's book. I've begun to read "a history of macroeconomics ...
2
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1answer
62 views

What are some good Phd or research programs for Economic History / Economic Thought History?

Please correct me if I am wrong, but my impression is that most "mainstream" economics programs are now focusing less and less on economic thought history. So, in order to do research on ...
2
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1answer
60 views

Why is Keynes attacking the (neo)classical theory of interest rates on the grounds that it is indeterminate?

I do understand that he argues that in order to draw the loanable funds supply curve, you have to already know the volume of income, i.e. production, and therefore the interest rate in advance. But ...
2
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1answer
61 views

What were M.F. Chamans's calculations about how much trade would gain by the burning of Paris?

In "That Which Is Seen, and That Which Is Not Seen", Bastiat (1850) writes: What will you say, Moniteur Industriel? what will you say, disciples of good M.F. Chamans, who has calculated ...
2
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1answer
46 views

What was the "free Coynage" referred to in Dudley North's (1691) Discourses Upon Trade?

Dudley North (1691): I call to witness the vast Sums that have been coyned in England, since the free Coynage was set up; What is become of it all? no body believes it to be in the Nation, and it ...
2
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1answer
165 views

History of Macroeconomic Measurements before GDP

What is the earliest mention of any type of macroeconomic measure? I know proto-economist William Petty coined the Term GDP but was there any other measurement used before then to determine the ...
2
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1answer
33 views

Understanding the arithmetic in this 1690 text

Nicholas Barbon (1690, A Discourse of Trade) Another use of Interest, is, It is the measure of the Value of the Rent of Land; it sets the Price in Buying and Selling of Land: For, by adding three ...
2
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0answers
11 views

What were the historical theories of price formation before demand-supply relationship was well understood?

Markets have existed for thousands of years. People must had ideas about where prices came from. Before the clear formulation of demand/supply-based theory of prices, what were the historical theories ...
2
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0answers
53 views

The envelope theorem and Viner's draftsman

In 1931 Viner wrote the paper "Cost Curves and Supply Curves" that famously contained the following mistake: Viner had asked the draftsman to draw the long run average cost curve so that it was ...
2
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0answers
44 views

Meaning of "let him take Money at Interest, and not buy at Time"

Dudley North (1691): let him take Money at Interest, and not buy at Time What does the above statement mean? I think "take Money at Interest" simply means "borrow at some interest rate". But I ...
2
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0answers
36 views

Who was the first to model sequential market equilibrium?

As a PhD student the standard macroecononomics education I have received (and continue to receive) revolves around the most realistic model of market structure ive seen to date, that being sequential ...
2
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0answers
66 views

Greek mathematics' application in the early economic theories

I am writing about the development of mathematics in the Ancient Greece as an assigment and I have to include its relation with economics. However, I lack of sources for this topic and I only found ...