Questions tagged [industrial-organisation]

Industrial organization is a field that builds on the theory of the firm by examining the structure of (and, therefore, the boundaries between) firms and markets. Industrial organization adds real-world complications to the perfectly competitive model, complications such as transaction costs, limited information, and barriers to entry of new firms that may be associated with imperfect competition.

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16
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1answer
247 views

Does merger control really affect market structure?

Pretty much since 1976 (the passage of Hart-Scott-Rodino Act) US antitrust authorities have been reviewing mergers, challenging only 1.8 per cent of the total number of above-threshold notifications (...
11
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3answers
634 views

Collusion and number of firms

How would you answer the following question? You work for a CEO of a large firm. He says to you, "In my experience collusion is less likely to be sustained as the number of firms in the market ...
11
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3answers
2k views

Under what conditions is a monopoly undesirable?

First of all, I realize that "undesirable" is an ambiguous term. So, to clarify, when is a monopoly undesirable under the following metrics? Pareto efficiency Reduces consumer surplus Social Welfare (...
10
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3answers
3k views

Why do low-budget films charge the same amount at the box office as super-high budget films?

In most occurrences, lower production costs translate into lower sales costs. Obviously there are other factors that influence price, including perceived value (affected by advertising), monopolies, ...
10
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1answer
281 views

Price dispersion in online retail

There are a number of online booksellers that are popular in India right now. The prices they charge for the same book often differ by as much as 10% (See this price comparison site to check http://...
9
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4answers
902 views

Should Costs of Travel to Buy Goods be Regarded as Transaction Costs?

Within the approach of New Institutional Economics associated with Oliver Williamson and others, emphasis is placed on transaction costs as a key factor in explaining why different forms of economic ...
9
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1answer
87 views

Competition and welfare - empirical evidence

Consider the following claims: less competitive markets deliver worse outcomes for consumers, less competitive markets deliver lower social welfare, less competitive markets deliver higher prices/...
8
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1answer
251 views

Identification with BBL

In the last few years, the estimator proposed by Bajari, Benkard, and Levin ('07) for dynamic games has been gaining popularity. It is relatively straight forward and is one of the only viable options ...
7
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4answers
1k views

Can destruction be profitable?

We often see news that some company destroys items they couldn't sell in time. Also we can see news of supermarkets destroying food just because it's not fresh although it's perfectly edible. If ...
7
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1answer
668 views

How successful will OPEC's predatory dumping strategy be?

Since the fracking industry in the US has started to grow rapidly, I have heard increasing reports that OPEC is attempting some form of predatory dumping in the hopes of making the fracking industry ...
7
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2answers
114 views

Identification of switching costs from price shocks

What, if anything, can we learn about customer switching costs by looking at price, revenue, profit, and quantity responses of producers to cost shocks? For example, we can define the profit equation ...
7
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0answers
222 views

Has any progress been made on the Pacman Conjecture on Finite Time Horizons?

The Pacman conjecture states that the optimal strategy for monopolistic durable goods manufacturers is to set price high and slowly drop it (i.e. eating their way down the demand curve). Empirically ...
6
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4answers
13k views

Nash equilibrium of a Bertrand game with different marginal costs

Consider the following game of Bertrand (price competition): There are two players, $1$ and $2$. Each has a publicly known marginal cost, $c_i$. A strategy is a price, $p_i\in\mathbb{R}$. Player $i$'...
6
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2answers
47 views

Literature on the effects of third-party certification on industrial dynamics?

Is there any comprehensive theoretical studies on how third-party certification adoption may affect industrial performance/dynamics of an industry?
6
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1answer
266 views

Labour markets and supply-side policies: too much stress put on the WS push factors?

In reading several macro textbooks, it seems that most of the supply-side policies tend to be focused on the labour supply side (wage setting curve), instead on the firm/labour demand side(price ...
5
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3answers
242 views

Collusion model with imperfect public monitoring

It is well known that consumers' intertemporal incentives may play a key role on the potential of firms to sustain collusion. To my knowledge, most previous efforts studying the topic have assumed ...
5
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1answer
4k views

What is the difference between Herfindahl Index and the Concentration Ratio

I was recently reading about the Herfindahl Index and from what I've learned so far, is that HHI is preferred over the Concentration Ratio. However, I didn't quite understand the reasoning that lead ...
5
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1answer
155 views

Monopolistic and Bertrand (Nash) Competition

Can we view the monopolistic competition equilibrium (a la Dixit-Stigliz) as the limit case of a Bertrand competition with an infinite number of firms providing differentiated products, where the ...
5
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2answers
565 views

Oligopolistic producers and retail price wars

Consider an industry with few producers selling differentiated products. The products must be sold through retailers of whom also there are a few and who therefore possess some degree of market power. ...
5
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2answers
59 views

Why do different product-markets record different rates of return if the assumption of competitive markets hold?

I'm a new economics student, and have become fascinated by the field of Industrial Organization. To that end, I'm reading through the Carlton and Perloff Modern Industrial Organization text book. In ...
4
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3answers
191 views

Books friendly to self-studying Industrial Organization

I'm currently an undergraduate freshman looking for resources to self-read Industrial Organization. I've read Varian's undergraduate book cover-to-cover and have a decent understanding of basic game ...
4
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1answer
113 views

Lemma 2 in Tirole and Maskin's Dynamic Oligpoly I (1988)

The full paper can be found here: http://www.dklevine.com/archive/refs4397.pdf. I refer here to the Lemma 2 in page 557. My doubt is regarding the first statement of the proof: "Because reaction ...
4
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1answer
42 views

Stylized Facts: Price Dispersion

I'm looking for as many empirical "stylized facts" about price dispersion (in products markets) in the idea of Burdett and Judd (1983) as possible. For example, how high is the variance of price ...
4
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0answers
38 views

Are there any economic studies of License-On-Transfer agreements?

A recent entry at GitHub's blog caught my attention: https://github.com/LOT. The "network" claims to provide protection from patent trolls by entering into an agreement automatically granting all ...
3
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1answer
60 views

Interpretation of $\frac{\partial }{\partial p_1}Q_1(p_1, p_2)/\frac{\partial}{\partial p_2} Q_1(p_1, p_2)$

I am interested in an economic interpretation for the ratio of partial derivatives of a demand function $Q_1(p_1, p_2)$, which is \begin{equation} t=\frac{\frac{\partial}{\partial p_1}Q_1(p_1, p_2)}{\...
3
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1answer
119 views

3rd Degree Price Discrimination

I came across a True/False question in my economics problem set: Is the following statement true or false? "A monopolist can practice third-degree price discrimination in the two markets it ...
3
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1answer
220 views

Math in Melitz and Ottaviano (2008)

I am reading Melitz and Ottaviano (2008), but I find it hard to understand some math in the model. The preference is given by : , which implies a demand function: Then the paper says the "inverse ...
3
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1answer
71 views

Firm Sizes over the business cycle

There has been a lot of evidence about the firm size distribution (as measured in employment) being Pareto (see for example Luttmer 2007), but what are the properties of this distribution over the ...
3
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1answer
134 views

Game Theory (continuous strategies, pure strategy)

So I have this Game Theory problem, and I have a solution, but at a certain point I assume the symmetry of the problem to finally get my answer. I'd like to be able to avoid using symmetry, though, ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Survival Rates of Firms

Jovanovic (1982) cites Du Rietz (1975) as a source for Survival Rates of smaller firms are smaller than for larger firms It's his doctoral thesis, and using Swedish data. Is there any recent ...
3
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1answer
73 views

Understanding agents selecting among markets

Let's say an entrepreneur can choose between starting a business in a competitive market with zero economic profit, and starting a business in a market that is not perfectly competitive with positive ...
3
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3answers
2k views

Long Run Equilibrium of Oligopolies

The long run equilibrium of a perfectly competitive market is well established. My question is - are the concepts of a long run equilibrium in a perfect competition extendable (analogous or otherwise) ...
3
votes
2answers
52 views

Can the cyclicality of the real wage be used as a measure for the degree of competiveness in the labour market?

When reading the answers to this question of mine, I'm left wondering if cyclicality of real wages can be seen as an indicator for the nature and degree of competition in the labour market. In ...
3
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1answer
38 views

Binary-continuous choice model in empirical consumer choices

There are quite a lot empirical research based on discrete choice models, in which the consumer selects one of J alternative goods to maximize her indirect utility. The key assumption of these models ...
3
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0answers
21 views

Are modern conglomerate mergers better or worse for economic competition?

Modern conglomerate mergers differ from those from decades ago as, even though they takeover smaller companies, they have a more narrow focus on related business and, in order to be successful, have ...
3
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0answers
71 views

Firm Dynamic Optimization Problem

A firm has received an order at time $0$ for $M$ units of product to be delivered by time $T$. It seeks a production schedule for filling this order at minimum cost. Let $x(t)$ denote inventory ...
2
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1answer
72 views

Limit of this sequence // broadness of inputs

Let there be a unit measure of inputs. Define by $C_i = \left[\int_0^i c(i)^{1-\alpha}\right]^\frac{1}{1-\alpha}$ a cost index of using up to $i$ as input. I discretize $c(i)$ by $c_0, \dots c_i, \...
2
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2answers
49 views

Is it possible to tell anything about market structure if I have annual price data of the industries?

I have three goods: beer carp (fish) museum ticket Is it possible to tell anything about market structure if I have annual price data of the industries? Here's the time-series plot on a single graph:...
2
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1answer
222 views

Textbook for industrial organization without calculus

I'm planning to teach an undergraduate course in industrial organization. Calculus is not a prerequisite. I also want to avoid doing too much game theory in it so as to not be duplicative of a similar ...
2
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1answer
159 views

Articles about the economics of non-compete contracts

Today I read in a non-scientific article that Amazon requires some physical workers to sign non-compete agreements. I used to think that the idea behind allowing non-compete clauses in contracts is to ...
2
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1answer
150 views

Clarification about demand elasticity and monopoly

I am having a difficulty understanding certain things about elasticity and would like to clarify them. What I understand. Elasticity is the percent change in quantity due to a percent change in price,...
2
votes
1answer
201 views

Block pricing for different products

How is a block price decided when there are many products to be sold? For example the buffet in various restaurants or combos in McDonalds or KFC (like the bucket buddy). Can somebody point me to ...
2
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2answers
3k views

In which market structures does the producer employ price discrimination?

I was recently reading up on the Price Discrimination, first second and third degree. Although the author has laid out the concept neatly, there are no connections established between this concept and ...
2
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2answers
227 views

Bertrand Duopoly Equilibrium for Discrete Prices

There are two identical firms, $1$ and $2$, with zero marginal costs. They produce homogenous product, which is demanded by a unit mass of identical consumers, each of which has inelastic unit demand ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Stackelberg with 3 firms

I'm currently trying to solve the following problem: Stackelberg with 3 firms Imagine there are three firms on a monopolistically competitive market. The marginal cost of produc- tion in each ...
2
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2answers
127 views

Price setting firms with cost reduction technology

As part of my undergraduate studies in Industrial Economics, I am trying to solve the following question: Two price-setting firms are competing in a market for a homogeneous product. There are 10,...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Price when both supply and demand have market power

I have an intermediate sector that operates using labor only. There is 1-1 pairs between firms and workers, with profits $$\pi = (Ap - w)\cdot 1$$ $p$ is the price, $A$ productivity, $w$ wage. ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Cournot game with 2 firms

I have given 2 firms in a market with constant marginal costs and no fixed costs market demand has $D(p)$ The firms play a Cournot game I'm supposed to Calculate the equilibrium quantity for each ...
2
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1answer
30 views

Market Power and Prices in the US

I'm trying to get a measure of market power in the US. Here's what I'd be interested in, ranked from best (what I'm really after) to worst (stuff that kind of hints at my measure, but isn't really it. ...
2
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1answer
469 views

Mixed Cournot/Bertrand Duopoly [closed]

I am learning basic Oligopoly models. I know that : In Cournot model firms set output - output is the strategic variable. In Bertrand model firms set prices - price is the strategic variable. ...