Questions tagged [inequality]

Differences in resource allocations or opportunities that arise within or between countries.

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51 views

Effect on GINI of eliminating poverty in China

China eliminated extreme urban poverty this year and is on schedule to eliminate it in the rest of the country by the end of 2020. How do I calculate the approximate impact of this change for China'...
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Income Inequality as an indicator of wealth

My employer has assigned me the project of trying to understand where our current and potential International Private Banking clients are, and where they are moving to. To understand this, we are ...
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65 views

“Fairness” exists or not in the real world [closed]

What is "Fairness"? Does "Fairness" exist in the world? Thanks, Marx
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754 views

Are there data for the evolution of global economic inequality

Please excuse my ignorance of economics. I recently learned about the Gini-Coefficient as a measure of the economic inequality in a country. I have since seen several plots of this coefficient over ...
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Hypothetical question: Percentage change in Federal income tax revenue in United States if Gini Index = 0?

Gini index = 0 refers to an economy where gross income has been redistributed so that all income earners in the United States received the same income, equal to the most current measure of the mean (...
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6answers
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Reconciling low wages with high technology and high education

This is one example of many recent doom storied prognosticating that the "millennial" generation will be the first in (recent) history to experience lower incomes than their predecessors—at least in ...
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2answers
68 views

When a country collects data for calculating the Gini index, do they usually neglect single household?

OECD data for South Korea is based on the numbers provided by Statistics Korea, which does not count single household family income data in their statistics. I am just curious that neglecting single ...
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2answers
238 views

Who really benefits from economic growth?

In recent social protests, I have heard the claim that the economic growth benefits only the rich: they become richer while most people become poorer. To check whether this claim is realistic, I ...
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204 views

Is worsening wealth inequality intrinsic to Capitalism?

I am but a humble lay person, but I have a question. I've been thinking about wealth inequality and the structure of capitalism. It seems to me that the pay rate for workers accumulates in a linear ...
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2answers
152 views

Has income inequality ever been solved in societies in the past in terms of what people make to cost of living? [closed]

One thing I've seen many on here whether life style is increasing or poor's wealth is, income inequality in terms of things like food, water, healthcare keep going up, but wages aren't keeping up. ...
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Is the Occupy Wall Street famous 1% stable?

Occupy Wall Street has a famous slogan "we are the 99%", refering to the "fact" that 1% of the people in the US take nearly the quarter of the national income. However, this does not seem to consider ...
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5answers
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Why are real median household incomes stagnant?

This image shows US real median household income. It seems remarkable for its lack of growth over the last 20 years. This has been the subject of much political debate (around the "1%" and "occupy ...
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Is it likely as automation continues to make more jobs obselete, starvation and poverty levels will rise very badly? [duplicate]

I wanted to know facts, thoughts and such since this article (which was big news that trended this week) popped up: http://www.nbcnews.com/tech/tech-news/robot-may-take-your-job-next-few-years-n499556 ...
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Is the development of “developing countries” evidence against the idea that former colonial powers owe their headway to exploitation?

There is a recurring narrative (especially but not exclusively in left-leaning circles) that today's "developed nations", particularly Western former colonial powers, owe much of their wealth and ...
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5answers
449 views

Have automation and technological advance been shown to have a positive impact on society and the economy or a negative one?

My friends and I, 2 of which are computer science majors think it is worse because is humans can't work and thus afford necessities, how will they survive? The definition of automation: the use of ...
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Two good sources (books preferably) that show the leading and most reasonable arguments for/against “trickle down economics”?

I was raised by fairly conservative parents and throughout my childhood have had the impression that Reagan was the standard candle to which all policy should be held to and in particular Reaganomics ...
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If America's economy collapsed what would happen to all of the citizens? What if the whole global economy collapsed? [closed]

My journalism professor is not an expert in finance or economics but has studied history. She is always giving us a negative lecture on the America's economy and how the rich are taking al of the ...
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Leveraging private capital

If an ultra high networth individual, like Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg, Carlos Slim, Paul Allen, Elizabeth of Windsor, Amancio Ortega, Liliane Bettencourt, Stefan Persson, Bernard Arnault etc. would ...
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Is the standard of living of poor & middle class people higher than in the past?

I really hope this is not opinion based. I am just looking for numbers, links, straightforward proof if possible that the lifetime we are in now, this decade, most of us are living better than in the ...
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103 views

Do rising inequalities create inflation?

When the "richs"* get richers, the "poors"* get poorer... assuming: h1) a constant volume of money, h2) a constant volume of people, h3) a close separation between the two groups of people, h4) a ...
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Is inequality increasing? Does it correspond to increasing social harm?

I have a series of related questions. My understanding is. Economic wealth (ie. GDP) per capita is increasing around the world. We can refer to this as 'the pie is getting bigger'. At the same ...
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2answers
644 views

Measure combining growth and distribution of income

A frequently used measure of economic progress is GDP growth. (There are alternative economic indicators as well, such as the Human Development Index.) But there are problems with GDP growth. For ...
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Has the world become poorer?

This question is not backed by serious economic research but mainly by a very simple attempt to look at how the world economy has changed. I am asking whether and why the world has, over the past 50 ...
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Calculating between-group inequality without microdata

I have data about a few (subnational) geographical units. For each of these units, I know: 1) the proportion of workers by level of education 2) the average income by level of education 3) the ...
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Differing Inflation Rates for Separate Income Groups; Literature?

So here's a few ideas that have been floating around my head since undergraduate university. It seems that money owned by the highest net wealth owners is always moving around and making a return, but ...
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1answer
140 views

What do we know about the causes of global income inequality?

According to the IMF, the GDP per capita in the USA is about \$57,000 per year. In many central African countries the figure is more like \$500 or less. These examples are indicative of the incredibly ...
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Post-redistribution Lorenz curve comparison with reranking in R

Using R, assume the population income for N= {1.. 7} looks like $X_1$= c(1,3,5,7,7,19,21). Use the Lc() function from the "ineq" package to plot the corresponding Lorenz curve $L_{X_1}(p_1)$. Next, ...
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Are any of these tax dodging schemes actually realistic or exclusive to billionaires? [closed]

So there's been quite a bit of fuss over how the rich supposedly pay lower taxes (proportionally of course) than regular, hard-working Americans because of various tax schemes that "let the rich get ...
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Causes of income inequality in the US

I read an article in BusinessWeek that talked about income inequality in the US. The article attributed the difference to the Intel chip that came in 1971. Since that time big hi-tech companies have ...
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1answer
232 views

Can capital still be paid its marginal product in the absence of a homogeneous capital stock?

Thomas Piketty's best-selling book on inequality, "Capital in the Twenty-First Century" has attracted a lot of criticism on the right for its data analysis. Less well-known, however, is the criticism ...
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441 views

Piketty's Return on Capital

How exactly does Piketty et al's method (as in his book) for computing the interest rate over time and countries work? I know that they use reported tax returns, and that some criticize them for also ...
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1answer
139 views

Is income inequality decreasing? [closed]

Mr. Yaron Brooks from the Ayn Rand Institute argues that global income inequality is decreasing. True/false?
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330 views

Does economic theory support the notion that the wealth of the wealthy is based on the poverty of the poor?

Almost any discussion about poverty and wealth and income inequality at some point includes arguments based on the premise that the wealth of the wealthy is causally related to the poverty of the poor;...
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Where can I find data on income and social mobility over time? How far back is data available?

I'm interested in income and social mobility. I understand that Piketty's research deals with the the distribution of income over a long time period. I have also seen some of Chetty and Saez's ...
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How do Gini coefficients correlate with the cost of higher education?

Are there any studies that explore the higher net present value (NPV) of education in countries with higher Gini coefficients? Additionally, do any of these studies include the impacts of economic ...