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Questions tagged [inflation]

Inflation is generalized increase of prices of goods and services in an economy, along with a corresponding fall in the purchasing value of money. The rate of inflation refers to the increase of the price of goods and services over time.

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Quantity theory of money

Suppose the velocity of circulation (V) is constant. Annual growth rate of real GDP is 5%. The money supply grows by 14% per year. Use the quantity theory of money to calculate the inflation rate. My ...
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Are corporate savings deflationary?

Example: Apple. People "overpay" for their products, money that ends up in corporate savings and not in their competitors' coffers, sort of a black hole because Apple doesn't see enough investment ...
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Did Zimbabwe have an inflation of 89.7 sextillion percent?

From a Cato Institute article by Steve Hanke1 (emphasis added): The Economist’s most recent infraction on Zimbabwe’s hyperinflation appeared in the May 2016 issue. The magazine claimed that the ...
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Is a loan lent with a rate under the inflation rate free money?

Suppose we have an inflation in a country with an annual 2% and we get a loan for an annual 1% (real interest). Is the money we receive free? This is a common practice in some European countries, ...
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How can I adjust the base year of this price index?

I am given the following data for GDP deflator: 1997: 100.0 1998: 100.8 1999: 102.5 2000: 109.9 2001: 112.5 2002: 115.9 2003: 119.7 2004: 122.1 2005: 126.5 ...and so on. Currently, 1997 is ...
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Demand-pull inflation versus going up aggregate demand curve

From what I understand, the AD curve on the AD AS model represents how the price level and real GDP will change when the AD increases or decreases. So if you go up the AD curve, the price level ...
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Nominal and Real GDP [closed]

If nominal GDP is, for example, \$1,620 billion in 2017 and increases to \$1,680 billion in 2018, is the growth rate 3.7%? Or does real GDP first need to be calculated using a deflator?
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Is there a standard methodology for calculating real prices?

Is there an established professional standard used by economic / financial institutions for including or excluding i) the starting year/period, and ii) the end year/period when calculating real prices ...
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Demand- pull driven inflation, how does it work if we dont add money?

I been thinking about the theory demand-pull driven inflation. If there is the same amount of "money" in the system this could not happen imo, there would always have to be a trade off what would ...
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Lower monthly inflation at the beginning of the year

Good afternoon, I just looked at several EU HICP time series, and what struck me was the fact that quite often the monthly inflation rate was way lower (even negative) in January/February, at least in ...
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Can inflation occur in a positive-sum game currency system such as the Stack Exchange reputation system?

As most active users of this site know, the way the reputation system works is that everyone starts out with 1 reputation and a user can earn more reputation by asking good questions and writing ...
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Calculating 3m annualised rates

Calculating 3m annualised rates is a concept I've been struggling with for some time, but I think the below example illustrates what I am looking at trying to understand. The past 6 months of monthly ...
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Extraction of Inflation Expectation from bond yields

In my introductory monetary economics course we have learned that inflation expectations can be calculated by comparing yields on index-linked and conventional bonds of equal maturity and assuming a ...
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Why are the Fed's goals often described as the “dual mandate” and not the “triple mandate”?

The Federal Reserve Act Section 2A states: The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Open Market Committee shall maintain long run growth of the monetary and credit ...
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Why inflation is still reported low?

Recently I heard from Richard Koo's video, that central banks have injected so much money to the banking system. There is enough reserves in the U.S. banking system to increase money supply 16 times. ...
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Would $1000/mo UBI funded by 10% goods and services tax cause prices to skyrocket, making the divident useless? [duplicate]

If everyone in the US was given $1000 per month, paid for by a goods and services tax of 10%, would prices then skyrocket, making the extra money useless? For example, if I wanted to buy products X, ...
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Real Income and a Fixed Money Supply

What would happen to nominal income and wages if the money supply were fixed (100% reserve banking). Would real wages increase, even though nominal wages would stay the same or even decrease?
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Positive Phillips Curve

I am doing some research for a class project for Phillips curve of countries. For a certain country that I am doing, I am getting a slope for the Phillips curve to be positive. Is this possible? ...
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Exploratory analysis about elasticity

I have been asked to perform some studies about the price elasticity of demand of an online seller. The concept of elasticity used by economists are more clear to me after some research on ...
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Why does capital flight cause inflation?

Context: I was watching a video about Venezuela, and, it all started with capital flight due to poor confidence in the government. The government tried to stop it, and in the process it created a ...
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Debt-to-GDP ratio in connection to inflation

On this segment of the Tucker Carlson show, interviewing Robert Hockett, as an advisor to Rep. Octavio-Cortez on the proposed Green New Deal, the following interchange ensues: Tucker: "On the low ...
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Inflation adjusting by exchanging currency and using other countrys CPI

I want to inflation adjust some values from China. The values are the values in a given year. I have them both in Chinese Yuan and American dollars for a given year. Now, there is no CPI data for ...
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Is there consensus on why inflation is not rising?

I find it kind of odd that we are not experiencing any significant inflation recent years despit the low rates and quantitative easings. Is there a consensus why this is the case among economists? If ...
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Inflation index and longevity of modern household appliances

The cost of household appliances and TVs are part of the Inflation Index. It is well known fact that modern appliances and TVs last 1/3 -1/2 time as comparing to 10-20 years ago and every time we buy ...
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Currencies fixed to gold

Based on the quoted section & example below: Why would the Franc or USD fall in price vs the other if they are both fixed to gold; why would having less gold cause paper money to contract? Why ...
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The Crisis of Argentina

newbie here. Q1 - What needs to be done by the Argentinian government for their currency to regain back its strength? Q2 - Why has the Argentine Peso depreciated against the U.S Dollar for more than ...
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Quantitative easing

Quantitative easing is an unconventional monetary policy in which a central bank purchases government securities or other securities from the market in order to lower interest rates and increase the ...
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Paying Filipino workers in USD. What should the inflation rate be?

I'm not sure where to ask and, since this is not Personal Finance, I'm gonna ask it here. Here's my situation: for the past 2 years, I hired and trained a team of Filipino workers. They are paid in ...
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How purchasing power reduces when currency is commodity money(say gold)

First of all I am new to Economics. I'm a B.Sc.(Mathematics) final year student. I was curious to learn Economics so I started with "Economics in one lesson" by Henry Hazlitt. In this book I ...
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How does raising interest rates calm inflation?

My understanding is that by raising interest rates, domestic CPI indices are less likely to rise signicantly. However, raising interest rates also attracts capital inflows and can create asset bubbles....
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How to treat different frequencies of a time series data?

I have annual GDP, annual CPI, monthly exchange rate, and monthly export data. I would like to go for estimation being monthly stock return as the dependent variable. What are the methods to treat the ...
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Why did it take so much QE by the ECB to raise the Eurozone inflation to 2%?

From 2015 to 2018 the ECB increased the money supply by around 20% (around 6% y/y), with a GDP increase rate under 1%. Yet the inflation rate remained under 2%. A back-of-the-envelope calculation ...
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How to convert an historic value denoted in foreign currency to a modern value in local currency?

I want to convert GBP in 1968 to USD in 2018, in order to "translate" an amount paid by an individual in Britain fifty years ago. My intention is that an American reader today will be able to better ...
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Why is the measured year 2018 inflation rate low despite rounds of quantitative easing?

Is it correct to state year 2018 inflation rate of 2.2% is very low? Is it correct to state that even though the commodity prices have not increased, the increased money supply coming from the ...
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real exchange rate formula doubt

Real exchange rate formula is the exchange rate multiplied by the ratio of two prices. what does this ratio actually imply? What is the rationale behind taking the ratio?
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Explaining fluctuations in inflation rate

I have been tasked to explain the changes in economic performance of a particular country as part of my class assignment. In particular, I need to explain the changes in the inflation rate of Malaysia ...
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What is a Labor Rate Index

For an report (professional not academic) I was asked for the Labor Rate Index of my region, which is a data point I've never been asked for before. After some googling I've found the term referred ...
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How does printing money cause inflation?

I've had this doubt for a long time and I still can't find a proper answer to it. Most answers I get just partially explain the phenomenon of a general increase in price level. I want to understand ...
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Car prices haven't changed in 20 years, no inflation?

I notice that there seems to be little or no change in car prices over the last 20 years and they seem to be unaffected by inflation. For example, a Toyota Camry sold for about \$23,000 +/- \$2,000 (...
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Cost-push inflation and labour shortage

Is it possible for there to be a shortage of labour in an economy when there is cost-push inflation?
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Crude oil price changing factors

I tried to summarize my thoughts about oil price changes, and try to understand the next weeks. Will decrease price: OPEC output is higher every month, increasing supply. interest rates goes up, ...
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How inflationary is progressive taxation?

Compared with, say minimum wage increases, how inflationary is progressive taxation?
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tariffs and inflation

tariffs lead to inflation; is this the same as inflation from supply constraints or demand drive, given that the tariff is removed from the money supply? How should the fed be thinking about this in ...
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Why would higher expected inflation increase corporate earnings and dividends' rate of increase?

A Random Walk Down Wall Street (2015 11 ed). p. 125. Determinant 4: The level of market interest rates. The stock market does not exist as a world unto itself. Investors should consider how much ...
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Why can an increase in inflation rate, increase interest rates?

A Random Walk Down Wall Street (2015 11 ed). pp. 224 Bottom - 225 Top.   Changes in the rate of inflation will similarly tend to have a systematic influence on the returns from common stocks. This ...
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How would a “one-way” fixed exchange rate backed by destroying foreign currency work?

Note: This question may seem really pointless, but it's actually in the context of a cryptocurrency idea I am developing, but I posed it this way as the question is not really about cryptocurrencies ...
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What's a product that historically has always had the same value, and probably will in the future?

Money usually has inflation tied to it, but is there a product that has stayed around the same value world wide for a very long time, and probably will for a very long time as well (something like 100 ...
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Can the CPIH be used to find the real terms rise in price of a component of the basket of goods?

I want to calculate the real terms rise in UK private rent prices since 2011 using the CPIH measure. The indexes of nominal rent prices and the CPIH rose by 14.7% and 13.5% respectively, so I can say ...
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Simplest model of an economy exhibiting (hyper)inflation

I would like to find a minimal mathematical model for describing financial crises of the type that produces hyperinflation. Here's a naive attempt, just to give the idea of what I'm thinking of. ...
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Are there empirical studies that quantify shoe-leather or menu costs?

Two theoretical arguments why a high level of inflation is bad (e.g. for growth) are: shoe-leather cost: keeping lower money balances when inflation is high (implying more frequent trips to the bank/...