Questions tagged [inflation]

Inflation is generalized increase of prices of goods and services in an economy, along with a corresponding fall in the purchasing value of money. The rate of inflation refers to the increase of the price of goods and services over time.

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35
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6answers
5k views

Is zero inflation desirable?

Is zero inflation really desirable? To be more precise: Does inflation in real life have benefits that in some situations outweigh its social cost? E.g.: it works as a disincentive against holding ...
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The Printing of Money for Paying Debt

I know that printing money causes inflation, but what if we print it to pay back our debts? For example, we have N dollars of debt to China. We can just print the N dollars and give it to China. ...
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Will a Guaranteed minimum income not eventually just be crowded out by inflation?

That is, if we implement a guaranteed minimum income, would inflation not eventually rise to a point where it is essentially useless? I would expect prices to be adjusted knowing people have a certain ...
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From an economics perspective, what are the ramifications of a currency with fixed money supply?

I'm thinking specifically of bitcoins. What are the pros and cons of having a fixed number of coins, as opposed to more "normal" currencies? Would the currency have no inflation?
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What amount of Quantitative Easing will cause hyperinflation?

You all know that Quantitative Easing shifts the LM and AD curves right, so I haven't taken the time to redraw this picture. What's the maximum amount of Quantitative Easing that the Federal Reserve ...
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2answers
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Inflation and economic growth

Noticeable works about the impact of inflation on economic growth are dated back to the 90s. For example, Barro (1995): the impact effects from an increase in average inflation by 10 percentage ...
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2answers
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Why is modest inflation a good thing? [duplicate]

I have been reading a BBC news article about inflation in the UK, which is saying that inflation has recently become negative (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-33147660). The article suggests that ...
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1answer
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Inflation basics and understanding

In some new country, there's 1 million credits in circulation, and Product X costs 10 credits. If I were to print, say, 500,000 credits and build a new swimming pool with this, how exactly would ...
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Are there historical cases of country A printing the currency of country B for the main purpose of economic warfare?

I recently read in a news article that a large amount of Libyan banknotes printed in Russia were seized in Malta following an order coming from the USA. Both Russia and the USA have geostrategic ...
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Why does the inflation not follow the money supply?

To my understanding classical economic theory tells us that inflation occurs when the money supply is increased faster than the economic growth. Lately there has been a sharp rise in the rate of money ...
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1answer
364 views

What were the factors that caused the Philips curve to stop working during the 1970s?

Philips curve says that inflation and unemployment were inversely correlated. In the 1970s, stagflation happened. If Philips curve hold true, stagflation is impossible. What were the factors that ...
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Wouldn't an unconditional basic income lead to an inflation that negates its effect? [duplicate]

There are several version and denomination for a basic income. In this question, I will call unconditional basic income the situation were all citizens of a country receive regularly a lump-sum of ...
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If the price of oil and energy goes down, why does CPI go up?

Today, StatsCan revealed that Canada's CPI rose by 1.3%. They are attributing it to lower energy prices, led by the fall in the gasoline index (down 12.6% since one year ago). From my understanding, ...
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4answers
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How could real house prices tend to rise in the long-term?

It makes sense that house prices increase above the risk-free rate due to their risky nature and historical evidence and conventional wisdom seems to back up the idea that real house prices tend to ...
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1answer
334 views

Changing the base year of Real GDP from 2001 Euros to 1990 Geary–Khamis dollars

Estimating regional Gdp in Italy (1871-2001): sources, methodology, and results (Felice, E) This article has Italian historical regional GDP figures, but they are in constant 2001 euros not in 1990 ...
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Why is it that the "right" inflation is positive? [duplicate]

I have read in several places that inflation should be positive, at about 2%-3%. The most recent example was in this answer from another stack exchange site. How is this value obtained and under what ...
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The law of supply and demand - How does it work?

I've learned what the principle of supply and demand says, and would paraphrase it like this: The price of a good is at equilibrium when supply and demand are equal. Or with other words: The price ...
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1answer
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Why don't Governments do away with the optics of taking on debt against new currency, and instead issue a limited currency every year (say 5% of GDP)?

Governments engage in the optical illusion of taking on debt against issued currency. The debt is effectively owed by the Government to itself. The value of the debt is completely controlled and ...
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Will printing more money during COVID cause hyperinflation?

When COVID started, many countries started printing loads of money and handing it out to their people. Here are some examples US is printing money to help save the economy from the COVID-19 crisis We’...
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4answers
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Can absence of inflation be accounted for by a reconfigured class structure?

A previous and oft-heard question asked why no inflation results from the Fed pumping money into the economy. Are we simply seeing a methodical wage suppression, thus no official "inflation," while ...
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662 views

Inflation, cause or result of monetary emission?

The argentine economist Fernanda Vallejos, while trying to protect the government because of the inflation, the following: Inflation is not the result but the cause of monetary emission. As there'...
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6answers
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How does printing money cause inflation?

I've had this doubt for a long time and I still can't find a proper answer to it. Most answers I get just partially explain the phenomenon of a general increase in price level. I want to understand ...
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1answer
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Effects of an expected increase in the inflation rate on the market for loanable funds

I am supposed to answer a question in my economics class and was wondering if someone could explain it out for me. The question is, What is the effect of an increase in the expected inflation rate ...
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Does Inflation Make Money Eventually Worthless?

I used this calculator: http://www.buyupside.com/calculators/inflationjan08.htm to estimate the future worth of 100 dollars in 100 years at 2% inflation. Does this really mean that a decent meal at a ...
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Inflation without Increase in Money Supply?

Is it possible to have inflation without increase in the supply of money? For example, if workers demanded higher wages, and goods went up in price, but the money supply in circulation did not ...
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2answers
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Why are the Fed's goals often described as the "dual mandate" and not the "triple mandate"?

The Federal Reserve Act Section 2A states: The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Open Market Committee shall maintain long run growth of the monetary and credit ...
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2answers
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What does the value of bitcoins depend on?

I've been looking up stuff about bitcoins for some time now and i have two question stuck in my mind: How is the value of bitcoins so unstable? And can there be bitcoin inflation?
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How does an increase in USD money supply affect inflation?

Say an average american household is bringing in $50,000 a year. Between ongoing quantitative easing and the drastic stimulus packages passed in February-May 2020, the USD Money Supply increased by 25%...
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1answer
515 views

Why does capital flight cause inflation?

Context: I was watching a video about Venezuela, and, it all started with capital flight due to poor confidence in the government. The government tried to stop it, and in the process it created a ...
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1answer
162 views

Differing Inflation Rates for Separate Income Groups; Literature?

So here's a few ideas that have been floating around my head since undergraduate university. It seems that money owned by the highest net wealth owners is always moving around and making a return, but ...
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2answers
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Do heterogeneity in consumption baskets lead to very different inflation rates for different consumers?

CPI is measured against a single consumption basket. In reality, consumers each have their own set of consumption goods, so each face their own "individualized CPI" rates. But how different are ...
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3answers
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Inflationary recession vs Deflationary recession

I heard the terms deflationary recession & inflationary recession in a podcast and would like to understand what it means, what causes them and past examples.
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1answer
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How do I verify Philips curve empirically for recent years?

I wanted to verify the relationship between inflation and unemployment empirically, so I took data from the World Bank and used excel to correlate them. I got a very, very bad correlation between ...
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2answers
193 views

Currency Values, Developing Economies and Balance of Trade

For a developing economy like India, where balance of trade is negative, is it good to have a weak dollar or a strong dollar? Dollar value increases (Rupee, the local currency, weakens), imports (...
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1answer
548 views

In fisher equation, Should I use "expected inflation" not "actual inflation"?

In fisher equation, real interest rate = nominal interest rate - expected inflation rate During calculating real interest rate, I've question that whether I can use actual inflation rate instead of ...
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1answer
56 views

Why high levels of inflation doesn't leads to high levels of employment?

According to the original Phillips curve $\pi=(\mu+z)-u$ there's a negative relation between inflation and unemployment. That being said, if there were a really high level of inflation, then there ...
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1answer
45 views

How could monetary policy be affected if cash "gifts" to consumers were more frequently used?

A few years ago in the US, everyone who filed taxes received a check for $1000. If this method of inflation was logistically more feasible, how could this be used in monetary policy, and what ...
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2answers
578 views

Can CPI and real GDP have high correlation?

I have historical data where the CPI and GDP are correlated. Does this make sense? If not, how do I test for it?
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Calculating the amount paid for a loan in today's dollars

So I was trying to figure out the amount paid for a loan in today's dollars using two different methods but they give me different results. I was hoping that someone could explain which method is ...
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1answer
417 views

Testing the long run phillips curve / Contradicting empirical results?

I've been working with some historical macroeconomic data of the Canadian economy and am having difficulty empirically testing the Phillips curve long run and short run versions. I got the data from ...
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2answers
380 views

Why $nominal$ interest increases when inflation is expected to increase?

Why is it that if lenders expect higher inflation in years to come, they will most likely increase $nominal$ rates of interest opposed to $real$ rates of interest?
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0answers
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Are there empirical studies that quantify shoe-leather or menu costs?

Two theoretical arguments why a high level of inflation is bad (e.g. for growth) are: shoe-leather cost: keeping lower money balances when inflation is high (implying more frequent trips to the bank/...
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1answer
92 views

Real GDP Computation and Justification

How does one really compute inflation? I just now quickly looked up how the real GDP was computed. It is using the base year price to multiply the number of products traded. Is that meaningful? Is a ...
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1answer
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Why inflation is still reported low?

Recently I heard from Richard Koo's video, that central banks have injected so much money to the banking system. There is enough reserves in the U.S. banking system to increase money supply 16 times. ...
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1answer
141 views

Can Okun's Law be used for forecasting?

Can one forecast $\Delta Unemployment$ and $\Delta Inflation$ using a VAR model based on Okun's law?
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1answer
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Oliver Hart said that financing deficits by printing money can lead to hyperinflation "once the economy is close to full capacity". What does he mean?

In response to a poll on Modern Monetary Theory, Nobel Laureate Oliver Hart said that Governments financing deficits by printing more money "can quickly lead to inflation or even hyperinflation ...
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1answer
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What does "to be in the double digits to get inflation" mean?

Until last year, the Chinese government set 8 percent annual growth as a goal, and the economy frequently delivered several percentage points more than that. Then last March, the government pared ...
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1answer
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How should I adjust data for both inflation and foreign exchange rate?

I’m not sure if this is typically done, but suppose my data point is in 2013 JPY and I want to express in 2016 USD. Do I apply CPI to express data in 2016 JPY, and then apply exchange rate to 2016 USD?...
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1answer
214 views

Why loans/debt can cause inflation?

I learned that inflation can be a result of more loans or debt. When there are too much borrowers in the country, people will have more money to spend and the amount of products is the same so prices ...
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1answer
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Why is price dispersion from Inflation called relative price “distortion”?

I know what relative price is and that it fluctuates more frequently in times of Inflation. But what I don’t understand is why it is called “distortion” when relative price dispersion is caused by ...