Questions tagged [inflation]

Inflation is generalized increase of prices of goods and services in an economy, along with a corresponding fall in the purchasing value of money. The rate of inflation refers to the increase of the price of goods and services over time.

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36
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5answers
9k views

Did real incomes drop significantly since the 1950s?

From what I heard, in 1950s America, you didn't have to go to college to support a large family and a stay-at-home wife. People could buy houses easily, drove giant cars and didn't worry about gas ...
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Are there historical cases of country A printing the currency of country B for the main purpose of economic warfare?

I recently read in a news article that a large amount of Libyan banknotes printed in Russia were seized in Malta following an order coming from the USA. Both Russia and the USA have geostrategic ...
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6answers
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Is zero inflation desirable?

Is zero inflation really desirable? To be more precise: Does inflation in real life have benefits that in some situations outweigh its social cost? E.g.: it works as a disincentive against holding ...
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From an economics perspective, what are the ramifications of a currency with fixed money supply?

I'm thinking specifically of bitcoins. What are the pros and cons of having a fixed number of coins, as opposed to more "normal" currencies? Would the currency have no inflation?
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Why aren't house prices included in CPI?

Swedens central bank recently lowered their prime rate to -0.25% from -0.10% in an effort to avoid deflation. At the same time, house and apartment prices are higher than ever, up 11% last 12 months,...
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Could eliminating all taxes and only creating new money theoretically work?

Imagine you had the opportunity to found a new country from scratch (in 2020). Value exchange would be digital, where only the state can create new currency units. Instead of relying on income tax ...
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Can inflation occur in a positive-sum game currency system such as the Stack Exchange reputation system?

As most active users of this site know, the way the reputation system works is that everyone starts out with 1 reputation and a user can earn more reputation by asking good questions and writing ...
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4answers
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Why can't a country print its own money to spend it only abroad?

If a country prints money and distributes it between the people, it causes inflation. But what if a country prints its own money to spend ONLY abroad, which would allow a country to buy whatever it ...
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10answers
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Car prices haven't changed in 20 years, no inflation?

I notice that there seems to be little or no change in car prices over the last 20 years and they seem to be unaffected by inflation. For example, a Toyota Camry sold for about \$23,000 +/- \$2,000 (...
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How interest rate affects currency

I am quite new to economics. I was reading about changes in interest rates and its effect on currency value. The fact is as interest rates increases, the currency value also increases and vice versa....
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Inflation and economic growth

Noticeable works about the impact of inflation on economic growth are dated back to the 90s. For example, Barro (1995): the impact effects from an increase in average inflation by 10 percentage ...
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516 views

Why is the rouble collapsing?

What are the reasons why the rouble (RUB) is collapsing? Which one is the main one?
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622 views

Inflation, cause or result of monetary emission?

The argentine economist Fernanda Vallejos, while trying to protect the government because of the inflation, the following: Inflation is not the result but the cause of monetary emission. As there'...
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1answer
908 views

Does a strong US Dollar hurt American Manufacturing?

I am reading this article about the strengthening of the US Dollar when I came across this paragraph: "But there are reasons to be cautious. A strong dollar will squeeze American manufacturers, ...
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243 views

Can absence of inflation be accounted for by a reconfigured class structure?

A previous and oft-heard question asked why no inflation results from the Fed pumping money into the economy. Are we simply seeing a methodical wage suppression, thus no official "inflation," while ...
8
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666 views

Why do indebted governments fear deflation?

It's widely accepted among people who follow finance that various governments around the world, including the US government, are doing (or their central banks are doing) everything possible to keep ...
8
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2answers
158 views

Why did large denomiations exist in the early 20th century?

In the early 1900s, you could buy a newspaper for 5 cents, a pound of apples for 10 cents and the average salary was about \$40 a month. Nowadays, an issue of the NYT costs \$2.50 , a pound of apples ...
8
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1answer
215 views

Are there any surveys of economists on the determinants of healthcare price increases in the US, particularly over several decades?

It was asked recently on politics SE what drove healthcare (actually healthcare insurance) prices in the US to rise faster than the CPI. Neither of the top two answers resorted any actual econometric ...
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Does Inflation Make Money Eventually Worthless?

I used this calculator: http://www.buyupside.com/calculators/inflationjan08.htm to estimate the future worth of 100 dollars in 100 years at 2% inflation. Does this really mean that a decent meal at a ...
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237 views

Quantitative Easing in Africa

I am currently doing a research work on quantitative easing and can't find any example of it occurring in Africa. Have any African central banks ever used QE?
7
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153 views

Is foreign-financed Basic Income Guarantee inflationary?

The question came up on comments in Politics.SE: Situation: A government of a country sets up an unconditional Basic Income Guarantee (defined as monthly payments to EVERY resident, unconditionally,...
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Inflation without Increase in Money Supply?

Is it possible to have inflation without increase in the supply of money? For example, if workers demanded higher wages, and goods went up in price, but the money supply in circulation did not ...
7
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1answer
231 views

Models for inflation prediction

I am looking for some statistical models that are accepted to best predict inflation rates. Anything that is more complicated than linear model will be appreciated. Or even recommend books that ...
7
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1answer
157 views

Differing Inflation Rates for Separate Income Groups; Literature?

So here's a few ideas that have been floating around my head since undergraduate university. It seems that money owned by the highest net wealth owners is always moving around and making a return, but ...
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2answers
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The Printing of Money for Paying Debt

I know that printing money causes inflation, but what if we print it to pay back our debts? For example, we have N dollars of debt to China. We can just print the N dollars and give it to China. ...
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175 views

If the price of oil and energy goes down, why does CPI go up?

Today, StatsCan revealed that Canada's CPI rose by 1.3%. They are attributing it to lower energy prices, led by the fall in the gasoline index (down 12.6% since one year ago). From my understanding, ...
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3answers
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How does inflation impact the welfare of the economy?

When the government causes inflation through printing money, the individuals who saved their money in the bank are poorer. Is there a way to determine how different inflation rates impact the welfare ...
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2answers
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Taylor Rule: Relationship between interest rate and inflation

Q. According to the Taylor Rule, what should the central bank do to stabilize the economy after an increase in oil price? My points: Increase in oil prices (1970's) raises the price of production ...
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2answers
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Would a major wealth redistribution cause a major inflation?

I've seen a video on wealth distribution on the US where perceived, "desired"(by the majority) and actual income distributions are shown. I've been thinking what would happen to the purchasing power ...
6
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1answer
803 views

Why is the Chilean economy so much better than the rest of the countries in South America?

Why does Chile have a better economy than all of the other countries in latin America? It is labeled as a high income country by the IMF, It is the only Latin American country that is part of the ...
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1answer
278 views

Will a Guaranteed minimum income not eventually just be crowded out by inflation?

That is, if we implement a guaranteed minimum income, would inflation not eventually rise to a point where it is essentially useless? I would expect prices to be adjusted knowing people have a certain ...
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Why didn't the money printing by the US Federal Reserve since 2008 lead to inflation?

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/comment/liamhalligan/8484530/Americas-reckless-money-printing-could-put-the-world-back-into-crisis.html America's reckless money-printing could put the world back ...
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1answer
335 views

What were the factors that caused the Philips curve to stop working during the 1970s?

Philips curve says that inflation and unemployment were inversely correlated. In the 1970s, stagflation happened. If Philips curve hold true, stagflation is impossible. What were the factors that ...
5
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1answer
578 views

Could debt cause inflation instead of deflation?

It is well known that debt can cause deflation, especially during crisis: to repay their debts agents sell their goods which causes a fall in prices. But if there is no crisis and agents "have the ...
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Understanding Inflation in a video game

I don't understand where inflation occurs in a video games. Assuming "free market" ie unlimited new players can enter any universe at will. You will say that for an economy to form, both sides must be ...
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2answers
135 views

In a hyper-inflated economy, how do vendors know how much to raise their prices?

You regularly see stories about hyper-inflated economies. The common feature is that as prices spiral out of control, stores continually raise their prices to match the level of inflation, leading to ...
5
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4answers
423 views

Inflation reasons beyond Friedman

I think everyone know this Friedman's quote nowadays: Inflation is always and everywhere a monetary phenomenon in the sense that it is and can be produced only by a more rapid increase in the ...
5
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1answer
142 views

Would a Job Guarantee impact Cost of Living?

What effect would a job guarantee, a method of achieving full employment often suggested by modern monetary theorists, have on the cost of living? In the case of student loans offered by the ...
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3answers
11k views

Why is a higher inflation rate bad for international competitiveness?

Why if there's a higher inflation rate in country A then its exports are less competitive and its trading partners prefer to buy from countries with lower inflation rates?
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371 views

Why are the Fed's goals often described as the “dual mandate” and not the “triple mandate”?

The Federal Reserve Act Section 2A states: The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Open Market Committee shall maintain long run growth of the monetary and credit ...
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1answer
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Why, in such a debt-heavy era, is inflation still such a Bad Thing(TM)?

Going through the Wikipedia article on inflation, a number of pros and cons to inflation are covered. Most of the "cons" of inflation (cost-push inflation, hoarding, hyperinflation, diminished ...
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2answers
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Do heterogeneity in consumption baskets lead to very different inflation rates for different consumers?

CPI is measured against a single consumption basket. In reality, consumers each have their own set of consumption goods, so each face their own "individualized CPI" rates. But how different are ...
5
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1answer
277 views

Long run trade off between inflation and output

In "The incredible Volcker Disinflation" by Goodfriend and King (2005) we are presented with the NK Pricing equation $\pi_t = E_t\pi_{t+1} + h(y_t-y_t^*)$ the author then mentions that there is no "...
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1answer
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How and on what basis the inflation target is determined?

I have a question at the intersection of Economics and Politics. Every country has her own inflation target. But who, how and on what basis is it determined? Of course, we know that too big inflation ...
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2answers
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British inflation up again, but crisis might come. What should the BoE do?

According to the latest ONS report, inflation is rising as a consequence of the (pre/post) Brexit devaluation. This graph about the Input PPI is pretty revealing (taken from here): Yet, with the risk ...
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3answers
485 views

Why doesn't the government create money, spend it for free without interest, and recollect it with taxes?

I was thinking of a better monetary system, and here is what I came up with it. I'd like to know if this would work, as I see if offers many advantages over our debt-based monetary system today. A ...
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4answers
469 views

Why does an economic slowdown lead to deflation?

Usually economists say that in recession there is deflation, so increasing the money supply does not lead to a high level of inflation. According to the Quantity theory of money, the price level is ...
4
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4answers
285 views

Tax by inflation

I am interested in a system where the state prints new money to cover all its expenses. (There is no direct tax collection.) I'm interested in anything you might have to say about this system, but to ...
4
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2answers
341 views

because bitcoins do not generate earnings, then (it is a ponzi scheme)?

What does the author mean with: Since Bitcoins do not generate any actual earnings, they must appreciate in value to ensure that people are willing to hold them. Why must they appreciate in ...
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3answers
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Inflationary recession vs Deflationary recession

I heard the terms deflationary recession & inflationary recession in a podcast and would like to understand what it means, what causes them and past examples.

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