Questions tagged [interest-rate]

The proportion of an amount loaned which a lender charges as interest to the borrower, normally expressed as an annual percentage. The interest rate is typically determined by a combination of market forces and monetary policy.

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How penalties on repo fails work?

There are a couple of questions I have about imposing penalties on repo fails. Is the repo fail penalty imposed only on the seller of securities if it does not buy the securities back or also on the ...
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How is an interest swap collateralized

I am trying to understand what it means for an interest swap to be collateralized. If for example, I am paying fixed to a bank and receive floating in return. Who is giving collateral to whom? and how ...
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Is the money market model based on assumption of no interest rate targeting on the part of the central bank?

This is quote from Gregory Manklw's macroeconomics text about mechanism of formation of the interest rate in the money market model: How does the interest rate get to this equilibrium of money supply ...
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Is there inverse relationship betweet prices of interest-bearing assets and the interest rate?

I was wondering about why investors converting out of interest-bearing assets into money in the money market cause the interest rate to increase. Then I remembered that there is inverse relationship ...
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my economic question is based on macroeconomics [closed]

Suppose that the economywide expected future marginal product of capital is MPKf = 20 – 0.02K, where K is the future capital stock. The depreciation rate of capital, d, is 20% per period. The current ...
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Negative neutral real interest rate

What is the intuition behind having a negative neutral real interest rate?
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Quantitative easing and interest rate parity

Suppose a country initiates quantitative easing by printing money and buying government debt. This will put a downward pressure on interest rates. Will this action tend to depreciate the country's ...
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What are the differences between hedging with swaps, options or futures?

For instance if a bank wants to hedge against interest rate risk, it could use interest rate swaps, or options or futures contract. Or in any other example, when a manager is hedging against risks. ...
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Discount & Interest rates

Small question, is discount rates and interest rates the same/similar thing in economics? A bit confused regarding this.
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What determined the “cost of borrowing money” or the interest rate in a gold-based economy

In the modern economy, the central bank decides the cost of borrowing money using interest rates along with other several tools and technic. But I was wondering, in a gold-based economy (not the gold ...
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How does the federal funds rate compare to the federal discount rate?

The federal funds rate is the interest rate charged to banks when they borrow from each other overnight in the federal funds market to satisfy their reserve requirements. This rate is influenced by ...
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Interest rate determination in the real world

I have just learnt about the demand and supply framework for money and how the equilibrium interest rate in an economy can be determined. In theory, based on that framework, an increase in nominal ...
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Expected inflation in the real interest rate equation

Real interest rate = Nominal rate - Expected inflation In the above equation, in a quarterly data-set, which expected inflation shall be used? next quarter (q+1) or the same quarter of next year (q+4)...
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Effect of default risk on the interest rate of bonds

So I want to calculate the effect of default risk on the required interest of bonds (not on the price of bonds as that is normalized to one). I thought of using the consumption capital asset model ...
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Stabilizing Property of a Taylor Rule

Considering the New Keynesian Model we have the Phillips curve and dynamic IS curve in log-linearized form with price shock $u^{\pi}$ and demand shock $u^{IS}$ :$$\pi_t=\beta E_t\pi_{t+1}+\kappa(y_t-...
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Mortgage loans from foreign banks at lower interest rates

I had a thought - what if I live in a relatively poor country like let's say Russia and I would like to buy a house. In order to do that, I need to take a mortgage loan. In Russia however, interest ...
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How can we get negative **real** interest rate?

According to Fisher's equation, Real interest rate=Nominal interest rate - expected inflation rate So, how can we get negative real interest rate? I'm in doubts. On one hand, purely from algebraic ...
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How central banks “create” negative interest rates?

How can the Fed push Fed Funds rate to negative? I think I understand how it works with >= 0 -- they just lend reserves for bonds until they hit their targets, but what about <0? Has this something ...
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Why do people buy negative interest rate bonds?

I get that people buy long term government bonds, because of how safe it is, and if there would be a recession the government would just print more money and could pay it back. But why would anyone ...
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What would be the “text-book” result of governement taking on massive debt immediately before a significant recession [closed]

Supposing, (entirely hypothetically, of course ;) ), that the UK government had taken on massive future debts (by spontaneously giving 2-3% of GDP to its citizens, in GBP, say.) immediately before a ...
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Does the federal reserve create any type of deadweight/welfare loss?

In microeconomics, we learn that when a good is overproduced or under produced, there is a dead weight loss associated with it. It seems like the same concept would apply to macroeconomics, where the ...
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Does a rate hike by the Central Bank increase or decrease inflation?

Mainstream economic theory tells us that, in order to decrease inflation, the CB increases its rates so as to decrease loan creation which should decrease Aggregate Demand and thus lower inflation. ...
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Why Does Deficit Spending Work Without a Liquidity Trap?

My understanding is that in a functioning economy, the financial market clears when the nominal interest rate is above zero. It is only when it reaches zero that a liquidity trap occurs and the ...
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Regarding the role of the Fed in controlling interest rates

When it is said that the Fed cut interest rates, does this refer to the discount rate, fed fund rate or both?
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Calculating present value using Euler's number

So I was reading here where they calculate the expected value of an option at present given the expected value of the option in a year by calculating $$C_0 = C_1 e^{(-r)}$$ where r is the interest ...
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How to interpret correctly the uncovered interest rate parity condition

So, according to my macroeconomics professor's notes, the UNCOVERED INTEREST RATE PARITY CONDITION is defined this way : Now, i don't quite grasp the concept of the 'expected appreciation rate of ...
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Value of money (incomes) question - what is the “r” here?

I would like some help with a fairly basic "value of money" question. (I'm very much a beginner in this field so please bear with me.) I'm writing about income changes throughout a decade (2010-2019)....
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The government is issuing massive debt for coronavirus relief - why aren't interest rates rising?

As I understand it, the US Treasury Department issues bonds to pay for the government's coronavirus rescue spending. I might have thought that such a large input to the fixed income market on the ...
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Ambiguity on a relation between inflation, interest rates, and central banks

When working on inflation, central banks, interest rates etc., I summarized the info in various sources as follows: When there is not enough money in the economy system, the money in circulation ...
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How to define world interest rate using IS-LM-BP diagram?

Can you suggest where is the world interest rate in the economy which has a positive current account and a financial account surplus, fixed exchange rate and relative capital immobility? The graph of ...
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Why does the money supply graph have nominal and not real interest rate as the y-axis

Why does the money supply graph have nominal and not real interest rate as the y-axis. And, shouldn't an increase in money supply cause and increase in inflation and thus nominal ir.
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Estimating probability of Central Bank's interest rate changes

Recently, I came across this article, which offers a simple model for estimating the probabilities of interest rate cut/hike from a central bank. This is done by using market data, especially normal ...
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Why does the nominal interest rate equal 25% in this problem, instead of 16.4%?

My reasoning: The nominal interest rate = the real interest rate + the expected inflation rate. We need to calculate the nominal interest rate. We know the expected inflation rate, so the only problem ...
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“Consumption lowers investment” mankiw explanation

I am teaching myself macroeconomics and I am stuck on this reading Mankiw: Because the economy’s output is fixed by the factors of production and the level of government purchases is fixed by the ...
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Monetary policy: increasing interest rate

What happens to the quantity of treasury bonds when central bank sells short-term bonds? The overall question for the assignment is: Suppose that the central bank of a country decides to increase the ...
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FDI, FPI relation with interest rates

I understand how a rise in interest rate might lead to an inflow of capital into debt securities, however wouldnt these Foreign Portfolio Investments (FPI) remove their funds from equity. And for ...
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Can the Federal Reserve's Quantitative Easing negative interest rates?

When I did my B.A. in economics, I never thought about extending $L(i)$ to negative y-axis. A central bank like the US Federal Reserve is quantitative easing more. This means $\dfrac{M}{P}$ curve ...
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Why is the Dollar Index strong after the Fed dropped the Fed Fund Rate?

I have a query about the current forex market. In 16 March 2020, the US Federal Reserve Bank announces to cut the interest rate to 0%. This move supposedly weaken the Dollar Index, but why for a ...
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Why does global suspension of economic activity result in catastrophic loss/debt?

Covid-19 has forced a suspension of at least 50% of financial transactions and business activities. Materially, not much has been lost: consumables have been spared, equipment is dormant, ...
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How to Calculate Bond Yields

According to Bloomberg, the coupon rate on a 10-year UK government gilt is 4.75%. Bloomberg also states that the yield is currently 0.47%, and the market price £144.57. The UK Debt Management Office (...
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Understanding Bond Yields

According to Bloomberg, the coupon rate on a 10-year UK government bond is 4.75%. Bloomberg also states that the yield is currently 0.55%, and the market price £143.51. But if the following formula ...
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How does the central bank's purchase of the domestic currency lead to an increase in the domestic interest rate?

Consider the following scenario: The Hong Kong Dollar has been pegged to the US Dollar since 1983. If, for example, the US tightens monetary policy by raising interest rates, this will cause ...
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Why do banks keep vault cash instead of depositing all reserves at the central bank?

In what way to commercial banks benefit from keeping some of their excess reserves in the vault as opposed to depositing all of their excess reserves with the central bank (assuming the central bank ...
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What happens to Interest rate if the money supply is fixed?

With the increase in Money supply, the nominal interest rate tends to increase. But what happens if the supply of money is fixed? What happens to the Interest Rate?
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After a permanent shock what would happen to the interest rates?

If there was a permanent negative population shock that reduced the population of the young by x. What would happen to interest rates under an OLG model?
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How to reconcile fact that “real interest=nominal interest - inflation” with prediction of the interest rate theory about expensivity of loans?

According to the interest rate theory higher price level will lead to following chain of events in the short run: Marginal propensity to save will decrease(ratio of spending/saving will change, people ...
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Interaction between productivity growth and interest rates

Isabel Schnabel, Member of the Executive Board of the European Central Bank point at the interview out "The real interest rate (...) emerges from the economy’s growth potential in the long run.“ https:...
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Liquidity Trap Question? Return to equilibrium

As far as I inderstand a liquidity trap occurs when increasing the money supply is not able to stimulate the economy because people prefer hoarding the cash rather then investing in debt securities ...
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What is the best observable proxy for the instantaneous risk-free market interest rate?

I am exploring a number of different models using daily data, of the US economy, and am trying to gather up observable proxies for some of the most important macro and micro variables, and surveying ...
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How do I find monthly domestic interest rates for Panama for the early nineties?

I am looking for monthly domestic interest rates for Panama from before December 1996. Any type of interest rate will suffice - deposit rate, money market rate, saving rate, lending rate. The time ...

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