Questions tagged [interest-rate]

The proportion of an amount loaned which a lender charges as interest to the borrower, normally expressed as an annual percentage. The interest rate is typically determined by a combination of market forces and monetary policy.

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Who controls money supply if the fed does not?

This whitepaper states (bold mine): According to the consensus view, the two leading culprits of inflation risk today are the fiscal deficit and the money supply. To illustrate, take this CNBC ...
DPM's user avatar
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Why should I get a bond with negative interest instead of having a bank deposit account either zero interest or positive interest

I don't get why central banks apply negative interest rates. They say that buy our bond and at the maturity, it will worth less than today. What is the policy outcome of such decision? Why an investor ...
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Why is the inverted yield curve a good predictor of impending economic recession?

The inverted yield curve has often been cited as a good predictor of impending economic recession. What are the reasons to explain why is it a good predictor? Is the inverted yield curve a cause or ...
curious's user avatar
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How to Calculate Bond Yields

According to Bloomberg, the coupon rate on a 10-year UK government gilt is 4.75%. Bloomberg also states that the yield is currently 0.47%, and the market price £144.57. The UK Debt Management Office (...
Ryan Walter's user avatar
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Why do people buy negative interest rate bonds?

I get that people buy long term government bonds, because of how safe it is, and if there would be a recession the government would just print more money and could pay it back. But why would anyone ...
curiousTrader's user avatar
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Consequences to lending and value of national currency from a negative interest rate and 140-year mortgages in Sweden

According to an article at Yahoo Finance, the Swedish central bank dropped its zero interest rate to -0.1 percent a couple of days ago (the article is dated to Thursday, February 12th, 2015). Now, ...
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6 votes
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What is Islamic Banking?

What is "Islamic banking," and how is it similar to and different from banking as it occurs in the U.S.? I have heard Shariah Law prohibits usury, the taking of interest on loans. How do Muslim ...
Geremia's user avatar
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Sanity of lending out made-up money

Background I've done some research to get an understanding into the issue I want to ask about. Regrettably, I found out general descriptions of the mechanism and/or evidently biased explanations, ...
Konrad Viltersten's user avatar
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What's the difference between gross fixed capital formation and gross private domestic investment?

Cited from Wikipedia, we know: Gross private domestic investment is the measure of physical investment used in computing GDP in the measurement of nations' economic activity. This is an important ...
Jiahui Zhang's user avatar
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What do interest rates tell us about the state of an economy?

I seem to have a misconception about what interest rates mean. On one hand, they signal how high a government's demand for money is, because if a government is ever in any serious need of money, they ...
J. Mini's user avatar
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Could the Feds objectives be adjusted to decrease or at least not increase wealth inequality?

The US congress "has assigned the Fed to conduct the nation’s monetary policy to support the goals of maximum employment, stable prices, and moderate long-term interest rates."(1) It seems ...
Andy's user avatar
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Seemingly contradictory relationship between bond yields and economic growth?

I have a few seemingly contradictory ways of viewing the relationship between economic growth and bond yields: Reductions in FFR are largely induced by IOER. Since IOER and bonds are competing ...
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Larry Summers on the causes of secular stagnation

In an influential speech on November 8, 2013 at the IMF Annual Research Conference, Larry Summers suggested that slow economic growth in the years following the 2007–2008 financial crisis might be due ...
Marko Amnell's user avatar
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Are low interest rates dangerous?

Interest rates keep dropping. In my country in northern Europe we now have negative interest rate - banks have to pay the central bank for lending it their money. I have two questions: Why are ...
cvr's user avatar
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Why is 10% the necessary upper bound for a negative interest rate?

Source: p 710, Economics, 3 Ed, 2014, by N G Mankiw, M P Taylor ... In that same article, Professor Mankiw recounted a discussion with one of his graduate students at Harvard about a scheme, put ...
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7 votes
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Why lower the deposit rate if it is already negative?

The European Central Bank (ECB) has been lowering the interest rate on its deposit facility, first to -0.1% in June 2014, then to -0.2% in September and eventually to -0.3% in December 2015. But what ...
proskor's user avatar
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Cash and negative interest rates

Recently, I read an IMF blog on how the negative interest rate policy can be implemented feasibly here. I don't really understand what they are saying in this paragraph: When cash is available, ...
Tan Yong Boon's user avatar
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Why are the Fed's goals often described as the "dual mandate" and not the "triple mandate"?

The Federal Reserve Act Section 2A states: The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Open Market Committee shall maintain long run growth of the monetary and credit ...
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Why is an inverted yield curve NOT a good predictor for recessions except in the US?

I am trying to better understand the mechanism (if there is one) behind an inverted yield curve predicting - or causing, as some would argue - a recession. In order to do that, I'm trying to ...
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Loans that don't have to be paid back (only the interest)

A normal loan has to be paid back with interest. Every now and then there are interest-free loans where only the loan has to be paid back but no interest, e.g. among relatives or friends, but also as ...
Hans-Peter Stricker's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer

Why does falling global bond yields signal coming deflation?

This article suggests that, "Bond markets are signalling something very nasty coming down the road at us – an all encompassing, worldwide deflation. " I cannot understand why bond yields falling ...
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Interest Rate Differential and Fisher's Interest Rate Parity

The Fisher formula for interest rate parity, as explained here shows that for a given currency pair, the currency with the higher interest rate will depreciate relative to the the currency with the ...
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Why do stock returns seem to be uncorrelated with interest rate?

Since expected return of stock is risk-free rate plus risk premium, intuitively they should be correlated. Of course the size of risk premium is not constant, but it's hard to imagine why risk premium ...
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What is interest rates generally in Macroeconomics?

In Macroeconomics courses, the term 'interest rates' is often used without disambiguation between whether the interest rates if of the rate given in bank savings account / bonds or whether the rate is ...
MangoPizza's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer

Relationships between several economic concepts, and chatGPT's explanation [closed]

Sadly I have so little knowledge of economics that I can barely read the news these days. Answering my questions the old fashioned way (via Google) tends to confuse me more. So I asked chatGPT, but I ...
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Federal Reserve Interest

Banks have higher interest rate for debts than deposits to make money but does the U.S. treasury have the same interest rate for loans and deposits?
Alius Gobez's user avatar
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Is there any scientific proof that 2%-3% target inflation rate is ideal?

There are a couple of central banks (RBA, Federal reserve for example) that use inflation rate as a key indicator to regulate their official cash rates. Those target inflation rates usually range ...
TelKitty's user avatar
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Are Investments positively or negatively correlated with interest rate

Having just begun self-studying economics, I apologise if this question is too simple. Do investments increase or decrease with increased interest rate? According to the small, closed economy model (...
Jhonny's user avatar
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How is a country's interest rate and inflation linked?

India has just dropped its lending rates. Is the drop in interest rates linked to the country's inflation? Link to article -
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Calculating the amount paid for a loan in today's dollars

So I was trying to figure out the amount paid for a loan in today's dollars using two different methods but they give me different results. I was hoping that someone could explain which method is ...
mfbutner's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer

How to relate real rate of return on capital to bond interest rate: Lagrangian

Suppose that household resource constrain equation is as follows: $$P_tC_t + Q_tB_t+ P_tI_t \leq W_tL_t+R_tK_t+B_{t-1}+D_t$$ where $P_t$ is price at time $t$, $Q_t$ is the price of one bond quantity, $...
deux's user avatar
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Effects of an expected increase in the inflation rate on the market for loanable funds

I am supposed to answer a question in my economics class and was wondering if someone could explain it out for me. The question is, What is the effect of an increase in the expected inflation rate ...
Anthony Dito's user avatar
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Why did Greenspan think rate hikes would increase treasury term premiums?

Greenspan once called long-term treasury yield's continued downtrend despite his multiple rate hikes a "conundrum." The Fed has research on what is often called "Greenspan's Bond Yield ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
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Impact on interest rates of massive government spending

At the last State of the Union address, the President of the United States has reaffirmed his intentions to undertake a massive 1.5 trillion dollar infrastructure spending project over the coming ...
braaterAfrikaaner's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers

Why $nominal$ interest increases when inflation is expected to increase?

Why is it that if lenders expect higher inflation in years to come, they will most likely increase $nominal$ rates of interest opposed to $real$ rates of interest?
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Why loans/debt can cause inflation?

I learned that inflation can be a result of more loans or debt. When there are too much borrowers in the country, people will have more money to spend and the amount of products is the same so prices ...
user2824371's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer

How do you benefit from a fall in interest rates in general as a creditor of public bonds?

I’m reading about England debt in 1819 and how interest rate benefited its creditors. The country had a public debt of more than 250% of the GDP. With peace at last achieved, London is faced with a ...
Revolucion for Monica's user avatar
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1 answer

What effects the time value of money

My question regards the rationale behind the Present Value computation of a single cash flow received after $n$ periods, $CF_{n}$. Most textbooks make the following statement: $$PV =\frac{CF_{n}}{(1+x)...
Enk9456's user avatar
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How can we get negative **real** interest rate?

According to Fisher's equation, Real interest rate=Nominal interest rate - expected inflation rate So, how can we get negative real interest rate? I'm in doubts. On one hand, purely from algebraic ...
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What would mortgage payments be if monthly payments were constant in real terms?

From the Wikipedia: The fixed monthly payment for a fixed rate mortgage is the amount paid by the borrower every month that ensures that the loan is paid off in full with interest at the end of its ...
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How does national debt work?

I'm trying to understand national debt. I gather that the United States, and other nations with central banks, accrue debt basically by printing new money at their central bank. This, I hypothesize, ...
Skatche's user avatar
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"risk free interest rate" in Black Scholes

In Black Scholes model r is defined as risk free interest rate. Could you please explain what is risk free? Is it same as ...
Slartibartfast's user avatar
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Long-,short-term interest rates and inflation

I just read about the "dynamics" of long-, short-term intreset rates and inflation. Does the logic go as follows? Centrals banks determine interest rates which in turn determine the short term rates. ...
user123124's user avatar
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Capital flight and interest rates

I am currently reviewing some stuff on capital flight and self-fulfilling crises. In this scenario, investors generally think that a low availability of reserves could imply that the central bank ...
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Real debt burden

Many economists believe real interest payments-to-GDP is a superior measure of debt service burden than nominal interest payments-to-GDP. My question is why we divide real interest payments by nominal ...
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