Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [international-trade]

International trade theory is a sub-field of economics which analyzes the patterns of international trade, its origins, and its welfare implications.

0
votes
0answers
8 views

Net capital outflow = Net exports (Net capital imports)?

They say Net Capital Outflow equals to Net Exports(S-I=NX). And they say also that Net Exports is nothing but the Net Capital Imports. Then how come "Net Capital Imports" is same with the "Net Capital ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Question about tariffs in Henry Hazlitt's Economics in One lesson

I've been reading Henry Hazlitt's Economics in One Lesson and he said something about free trade and tariffs that I don't quite understand. He uses the example of buying cheaper English sweaters ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Is an EU single currency still a trade advantage in 2019?

When the single currency was planned, there was no internet and there all currency exchange was manual. Today the web can automatically convert prices using multiplication of the numbers in the ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

why doesn't every country scale up the prices to the international level?

I live in an Asian country in which the average monthly salary is maybe 300-400 dollars but things (apart from exported goods like laptops or smartphones) are reasonably cheap compared to their price ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

If regional subsidiaries bypass trade restrictions, why are FTAs needed?

One of the ways corporations trade transnationally in the face of local restrictions on market access is to set up subsidiary companies or regional offices from which trade is conducted. If such ...
2
votes
1answer
23 views

What are some of the barriers to trading services?

As I understand it countries negotiate free trade agreements in services using the WTO GATS. But what are some of the barriers to the transnational exchange of services that an FTA would seek to ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

What international payment systems do exist?

I recently read up on the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT). As faar as I understood it was up until recently the only provider of a system to exchange money ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Two deflator series with different base year to proxy real exchange rate

I'm conducting a research in which the real exchange rate serves as a variable. A quick literature review shows that we can use the product of the nominal exchange rate and the ratio between the US ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Why does capital flight cause inflation?

Context: I was watching a video about Venezuela, and, it all started with capital flight due to poor confidence in the government. The government tried to stop it, and in the process it created a ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Are trade deficits good/bad or neither?

Is there an academic consensus on whether a trade deficit is good/bad or neither? And if that country is in a monetary union, does the answer change because the wealth moved out of the country can be ...
2
votes
2answers
52 views

Do sanctions work?

When countries commit "economic crimes"---ie, theft of intellectual property, dumping, currency manipulation---are sanctions effective at making them stop? I am specifically looking for examples of ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Are services included in the calculation of a trade deficit?

Are services included in the calculation of a trade deficit? Presumably measuring service exports is more difficult/less accurate(?) than for goods?
7
votes
3answers
410 views

What arguments are there in favor of national food self-sufficiency?

National food self-sufficiency is an idea that appeals to many non-economists. For example, George W. Bush (2001): It’s important for our Nation to be able to grow foodstuffs to feed our people. ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

What does an increase in REER signify?

What does an increase in the real effective exchange rate signify? I read from a news report that (localized for India): Furthermore, REER is calculated in such a way that an increase in its ...
2
votes
0answers
14 views

Does the WTO have a mechanism to accommodate states transitioning trade regimes?

If the UK were to leave the EU without a Withdrawal Agreement in place it defaults to WTO trading terms. Does the WTO have a mechanism to accommodate such a transition?
1
vote
2answers
42 views

What's a good textbook on International Trade?

My professor for Int. Trade insists on using his unfinished notes as a basis for the class, so I'm looking for an alternative. The syllabus goes as follows: Gains from trade Free trade equilibrium ...
-1
votes
1answer
28 views

What is the relation between the trade deficit and the outsourcing of jobs?

To make it easier, let's imagine USA exports nothing and imports nothing (or the exports have the same value with the imports = 0 trade deficit = the country exports the same amount of jobs as it is ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Is Universal Basic Income compatible with free international trade?

If one country introduces UBI, what prevents other countries from taking advantage of that and supplying cheaper (no need to finance a UBI scheme!) goods to the original country and outcompeting the ...
0
votes
2answers
159 views

How does a budget deficit help grow a trade deficit?

What are the mechanism that explains this, and does this help explain the U.S.-China trade deficits?
1
vote
1answer
38 views

HHI and concentration [closed]

I calculated the HHI index for Chile exports and got values ranging from 0.09 and 0.13. We know that Chilean exports are very concentrated (around 40% of the exports are copper related goods) and the ...
1
vote
2answers
27 views

Do free-trade agreements typically include clauses relating to services?

Do free-trade agreements typically include clauses relating to services? For example, reciprocal recognition of professional qualifications.
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Bond prices and Trade deficit

Why does the narrowing of trade deficit cause an increase in bond prices? I do understand that narrowing of trade deficit leads to narrowing of capital account surplus. Also, investor confidence ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

IS-LM , Eurozone and Interest Rate Parity

In the IS-LM framework, when the CB expands Money supply, interest rates are driven down, investment is boosted, and aggregate output increases (shift of LM curve, movement along IS curve). In the ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

World economy and world trade

What is the difference between the world economy and world trade? I have read in one book saying "US share in the world economy is 28% and in the world trade is 15%" (2008 edition though). Please ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Central bank selling foreign securities

According to the Krugman Obstfeld textbook, When a central bank sells foreign bonds, it decreases domestic money supply. My question is: foreign bonds are denoted in foreign currency. Selling these ...
1
vote
1answer
13 views

Paying for imports

In an open economy, a country can either pay for imports by running down its reserves, or by financial inflows. The payment for imports via reserves is easy to understand- an importer can go exchange ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Theory of Optimal Currency Areas

Should a country be more inclined or less inclined to join a currency union (common currency) under the following events: a) Increase in the size and frequency of AD shocks to the economy. b)...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Are there internationally published sources of trade sanctions?

How to implement embargoes with respect to a trading company? Let's assume i am a small trading agent which assists and guides small exporters and importers while keeping embargoes and light ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Who performs the checks for regulatory compliance at trade borders? [closed]

Customs officers check for tax compliance at trade borders. But who performs the checks for regulatory compliance at trade borders? Is it simply the various Government ministries (eg the one ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Financing of Current Account Deficit

From the Balance of Payments identity, we have that: $$ CAB+FI=\triangle RES $$ Or that, the current account deficit is financed by either capital inflows, or a change in reserves. My question is ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

J Curve and DD Schedule in the Short Run (International Finance)

Assume that the J-curve is true. What would the DD curve look like during the early period of the J-curve (where the value effect dominates)? What would the effect of temporary changes in monetary ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

gravity regressions with firm-level data

What are the problems of estimating gravity regressions with firm-level data or industry-level data rather than country-level data?
2
votes
0answers
20 views

How did old international loans work?

On June 11, 1782, John Adams secured a much needed loan for the new Republic from Holland. How exactly did this work in the days of strictly paper currency? What did it mean to loan internationally ...
5
votes
3answers
129 views

Buying locally vs abroad

I interested in the net effect of buying locally versus abroad. The UK Government wants to buy a ship. It can buy from a UK or Korean shipyard. The unit price is the same for both yards: £10. A ten ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Why do we say the US is in debt to China?

Apple import iPhones manufactured by factories in China. Apple has to pay for these Chinese manufacturers. So, Apple should be in debt with Chinese manufacturers. But why do we say the US government ...
0
votes
1answer
267 views

Does National Savings equal zero in a closed economy? Please give an economic intuition

Context: $Y -(C+I+G) = X - M$ In a closed economy, $(X-M) = 0$ Notations Y --> Income/Output C,I,G --> Consumption, Investment and Government expenditure respectively. X --> Exports M --> ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Is it correct to say that import tariffs are unilateral?

Is it correct to say that import tariffs are unilaterally decided by the nation or bloc applying the tariff?
5
votes
1answer
83 views

Is it true that the U.S has to run a chronic trade deficit with the rest of the world as a price to pay for being the world's reserve currency?

I have heard of the argument that in order for USD to be reserve currecy, the rest of the world must own enough USD to store it as reserves. In order for the rest of the world to own enough USD, U.S ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Why does the EU need a clearing centre to circumvent US sanctions against Iran?

As reported here and elsewhere, the EU is considering the creation of a clearing house to keep trading with Iran despite US sanctions. Why is it not possible for the EU to conduct normal financial ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

China - US Trade War: Holes in this analogy?

I have recently listened to a podcast by Peter Schiff concerning the China - US trade war. Schiff to me is an interesting chap; he always puts an interesting spin on things. However, from time to time ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

How important is “second best optimum” for the modelling and formulation of policy advice?

The standard formulation of second best theory is: if there is introduced into a general equilibrium system a constraint which prevents the attainment of one of the Paretian conditions, the ...
0
votes
4answers
99 views

On trade, What justificaion does the USA have to accuse China of 'selling too much not buying enough from USA'

There's a trade war (dispute) going on between USA and China, and it boils down to the USA accusing China of not buying enough American products, relative to what they sell to America. Putting aside ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Is Iphone included in tariffs?

As the tariffs war getting escalating, I am curious about how the tariffs works on Iphone. Apple is an American company, and Iphone is its product. But manufactured by factory in China. Is there a ...
1
vote
2answers
268 views

How is currency depreciation related to import tariffs?

In the news today they were talking about how the US is "threatening to increase proposed tariffs on Chinese imports from 10 percent to 25 percent." One of the reasons they gave for this was that ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Is there an dollar estimate of the trade deficit change of the updated KORUS deal?

In March 2018, the Trump administration has struck its first updated trade deal, with South Korea. The list of trade barriers changed doesn't seem too expansive but it does include some potentially ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

With whom does the US have the largest deficit using the trade in value-added (TiVA) methodology?

The US has the largest gross trade deficit with China. But some economists have argued that this is misleading, e.g. using the iPhone as an example in which most parts don't orginate in China. There'...
4
votes
1answer
142 views

The term “Most Favoured Nation” is misleading to me. Please explain

My understanding If Country A extends MFN status to Country B with reduced tariffs for a product, then it must treat all other nations in the same way. By this WTO encourages multilateral ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Is the trade deficit driven by lack of domestic savings?

NYU Prof Joseph Foudy said the US trade deficit was caused by a lack of domestic savings and that tariffs on China would just shift the deficit to other countries. Zacks says A country’s trade ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

What can explain increasing exports after default episodes?

I am going through a paper on sovereign default by Mendoza and Yue (2012), in which defaults are explained in terms of how firms that use foreign intermediate inputs lose access to international ...
3
votes
2answers
106 views

What does the Leontief Inverse represent? (Intuitive Meaning or Real World Concept)

I encountered that nobody, even my profs and lecturers so far, has an intuitive way to explain what the Leontief inverse represents. Does somebody here? As most people here would know, it goes: $\ ...