Questions tagged [international-trade]

International trade theory is a sub-field of economics which analyzes the patterns of international trade, its origins, and its welfare implications.

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How do currency traders resolve imbalances in the demand for different currencies?

Countries trade different amounts of goods that are inherently imbalanced. How do currency traders resolve these imbalances in the demand for different currencies? For example.... Imagine we have two ...
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Relationship between changes in Currency against basket of currencies and inflation

Sorry I'm not an economist, but I was wondering if there was a general country by country guide to how inflation there changes with response to a change in the currency's value against a basket of ...
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Restrictions on goods and capital, but freedom of labour movement

I recently had a discussion with a left-wing friend in the UK about about Brexit, and the possible repercussions of restriction of labour when the UK leaves Europe. He argued that as someone who is ...
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Did the dollar depreciate when Trump won the election?

I expected the the dollar to briefly depreciate against all currencies when Trump won the election (in 2016), but I have just learned that it briefly appreciated against some. It depreciated against ...
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Can not achieving complete factor price equalisation be good for world trade?

I am just wondering whether not achieving FPE is good for world trade. My reason being that is that international trade keeps expanding until complete FPE is achieved, according to the Heckscher-Ohlin ...
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How can a one currency gain against the other if it is pegged aginst it?

I have been reading about when the Swiss national Bank decided it would no longer peg its currency against the euro and this caused massive turmoil in the markets. But my question was before this the ...
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Which model of trade is this?

In a recent article, Paul Krugman showed these equations: Which model is this? What do the symbols denote? Is the first symbol a v or nu?
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How do Trade Costs work in International Trade?

I'm currently reading a paper about trade costs in international trade, but I really struggle to understand the following passage: A rough estimate of the tax equivalent of “representative” trade ...
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External economies of scale: who will produce when going from autarky to free trade?

Hi "Assume that two countries can potentially trade goods in an industry that is characterized by external economies of scale. Country B produces at Q(B) in autarky and country A produces at Q(A) in ...
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Why don't shipping businesses own their own shipping containers?

About two or three years ago I attended a talk by a consulting statistician, one of whose clients was a company in the business of leasing out intermodal shipping containers. He said those who are in ...
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Effect of trade on voting

It is a common conception these days that exposure to international trade and its adverse effects is a major factor in the rise of protectionist parties or candidates in the most advanced economies (...
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Long term trade data request

Can anyone recommend a resource for very long term trade data? (1500-2014). I have looked and found bits and pieces here and there but haven't come across any single data-set covering all of it. I am ...
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Difference between 'ideal variety' and 'love of variety' - International trade

What really is the difference between the "ideal variety" (Lancaster) of a differentiated product approach and the "love of variety" (Dixit and Stiglitz) approach?
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Correct way to measure Defence budget of a country like India [closed]

I read that defence budget of the country is 2-3% of GDP, but isnt GDP irrelevant when we are talking about expenditure? Shouldn't it be in a ratio of military import/total import?
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What sectors would be most affected positively or negatively by Trump´s trade agreement renegotiations?

One of Trump´s stated policies is that he will renegotiate the trade agreements with China and the Canada and México (NAFTA). This renegotiation might go well in which maybe the US gets freer access ...
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45 views

Financial integration and connection between savings and investment

I'm having some difficulty to understand the following sentence:«(...) there's a tight connection between domestic savings and investments at the national level, but very little when we look at the ...
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Container-shipping industry

Why is the container-shipping industry in a downturn? Investments in container-shipping, oil production and drilling—sectors suffering severe, concurrent downturns—are no longer the safe bets they ...
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In a trade imbalance does the importing country's currency become more valuable?

Suppose that country A buys freely from country B, but B uses steep tarriffs to block its citizens from buying from A. In that case country A's currency will pile up in B. Other things being equal, ...
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102 views

Formula for feasibility for production versus import

Is there a formula that can tell us whether it's better for a country to produce something inside (creating tariffs & regulations, subsidies) or it is better to import (lowering tariffs, etc)? ...
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Do trade policies have to change after Brexit?

Being part of the EU is surely not the only way to participate in a free trade market. Could the UK continue with the same policies despite not being part of the EU?
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Labor as a commodity

Can anyone enlighten me if there are economic theories where labor is considered as a commodity like cloth and wine in the Ricardo theory, so that it can be exported and imported similarly to other ...
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581 views

How does an import driven economy function?

Can a country's economy,where everything is imported from other countries, solely depend on the income from its retail industry?
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Is a 'Brexit' really that bad?

There seems to be a lot of fear that a Brexit will have a very bad impact on both the European and the British economy. Why would this be, does a Brexit imply that there will be less trade between EU-...
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Are there any datasets for protectionism?

Are there any data sources or variables that measure how protectionist a country is? If so, what are they?
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Are Trade Blocs regionalism rather than Globalisation

While studying globalisation, The subject of Trade Blocs was brought up, with hindsight, I wondered, aren't Trade Blocs fostering regionalism (as in devotion to the interests of one's own region) as ...
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Omitted variables in gravity model

I'm trying to construct a gravity model for EU trade flows using a panel dataset, but am suffering from what appears to be a persistent omitted variable problem. My residuals display a queer log-like, ...
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Is it valid to assume that the international price of consumer durables is constant?

While studying tariffs in International Trade, we often come across a Demand Supply diagram along with a world supply curve that is perfectly elastic. Here we assume that the international or the ...
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Relationship between trade deficit and borrowing

I have seen lots of essays saying that trade deficit means the nation needs foreign funds to finance their imports. In other words, they need to borrow from the foreigners. However, it sounds very ...
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How does one derive relative demand?

Suppose I have two markets, Home and Foreign. Suppose that $$\frac{p_1}{p_2} = \frac{c_2^F}{c_1^F}$$ $$\frac{p_1}{p_2} = \frac{c_2^H}{c_1^H}$$ Supposedly I am supposed to be able to show $$\frac{...
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Why would investors from other countries want to invest in a country with a large CA deficit?

According to my textbook, the current account and financial account must balance; therefore, a country w/ at large CA deficit will need to fund this by a financial account surplus (i.e. they need to ...
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52 views

Which currency is preferred when countries with different currencies purchase imports/sell exports?

For example, when a company in the United States sells goods to a company or distributor in China, does the U.S. company accept payment in yuan (which it then exchanges for dollars on the currency ...
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Why shouldn't the relative prices change in the Heckscher-Ohlin model?

I'm having trouble with the Rybczynski theorem. Let's say there's a migration to the domestic economy, increasing the Labor endowment. It states that the production of the good that uses labor more ...
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Cloth, Corn and Gold: James Stuart Mill example

I don't quite get James Stuart Mill's example of cloth, corn and gold in "Elements of Political Economy". He supposes that 20 yards of cloth takes the same amount of effort to make as 4 quarters of ...
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522 views

Why does only relative price and not absolute price matter in international trade models?

Suppose I have two teachers: Adam and Bob. Suppose Adam takes 20 hours to lecture and 30 hours to grade, while Bob takes 100 hours to lecture and 60 hours to grade. In absolute terms, Adam is ...
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What interesting insights can be gleaned from specific data on imports and exports.

There is a ton of open data available on how much of a particular good is imported/exported. So, let's say I have 20 years of data on how many tomatoes are imported to each country in Scandinavia? ...
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Ricardo's theory of comparative advantage

The aim of this question is to better explore the mathematical economics model behind Ricardo's theory of comparative advantage and the claims that can be made based on this model. This seems ...
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253 views

How can foreign protectionism affect local FDI

I am citing an article here: In a speech at the G-20 in Istanbul, TİM’s Mehmet Büyükekşi said, “Protectionism is increasing in every market around the world and it is affecting not only Turkish ...
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Does immiserizing growth exist outside of theory?

For a course in international trade, our professor touched on the idea of immiserizering growth. He emphasized that immiserizing growth was a theoretical outcome from specialization of trade and did ...
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US trade outpaces GDP

I notice that US exports doubled between 2000 and 2011, imports also increasing greatly, but GDP only grew by 20%. Thus, trade in the United States seems to have grown substantially faster than ...
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How does Global Saving Glut flood the market with cash?

When I was browsing the internet last night, I read a couple articles on the Global Saving Glut. And many has ascribed it to be a cause of US financial crsis. My question is how so? The articles argue ...
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1answer
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Yuan to be a reserve currency, IMF is considering [closed]

If yuan becomes a reserve currency, can we expect the petrodollars to be swapped with petroyuans given china's ever increasing mammoth demand for energy resources?
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Why does a currency devaluation make a country more attractive for foreign direct investment?

The author of this article says "[the devaluation of the yuan] may also have impact on [foreign direct investment (FDI)] if China becomes a more attractive destination vis-a-vis India". Why is this? ...
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What will I see of the €545 from TTIP?

According to this TTIP paper, a European family of four will see their annual disposable income increase by €545 on average: These gains can also be translated into household disposable income. ...
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how can devaluation of a nation's currency lead to increase in government expenditure, hence facilitating economic growth

how can devaluation of a nation's currency lead to increase in government expenditure, hence facilitating economic growth. I was reading through a textbook and saw that the devaluation of a nation's ...
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60 views

Data: Trade imbalance at the County level in the US

I am looking for some source of data on trade imbalance at a county level in the US, preferably for years 1990-2007. Does anyone know if such data can be publicly available? Or any paper that have ...
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What does perfectly inelastic demand imply about gains from trade and domestic consumers?

Source: p 191, Question 9.7b, 9.7c, Principles of Microeconomics, 7 Ed, 2014, by NG Mankiw Consider a country that imports a good. True or false. Explain your answer. b) “If demand is perfectly ...
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International shipping services count as exports?

A Greek ship owner transports mouse traps from Albania to Japan, making every year ten million Euro in revenue and one million Euro in profits. The total value of the mouse traps he transports every ...
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How much of the Greece's public debt is created by its trade deficit?

How much of the Greece trade deficit reflects into it's public debt? Each year, Greece is importing about two times as much as it's exporting. In some years, even three times more. How much of that is ...
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How does one interpret the usda wholesale market price reports?

For example: http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/nx_fv010.txt The data for mangos is : MANGOES: MARKET STEADY. flats 1 layer HT Francis (Francine) 9s 11.00 10s 12.00 12s 10.00-12.00 MX Keitt 7s 5.00-...

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