Questions tagged [labor-economics]

Labor economics is the branch of microeconomics that studies labor markets and its peculiarities. Labor economists usually study topics such as career choice, returns to schooling, determinants of labor productivity, wages, gender and racial gaps.

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Has there been an applications of search and matching theory in the Neoclassical Growth Model?

Specifically, I am looking for the standard neoclassical growth model, but the labour decision is based on either search or matching theory instead of a Walrasian labour mechanism.
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36 views

How are you supposed to calculate overhead expenses?

I'm doing a college assignment (creating a software product) in Computer Science and have been given a template for the part of the report about economics. At one moment it states the following: <...
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21 views

Is it better for low-income people to live in the countryside where it's cheap or in the city where there are more services?

Supposing someone is struggling to pay the rent in an urban area, and they don't have anything tying them down to any one place, would it make sense to move to a rural area where the rent is much ...
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39 views

Immigration supply shocks, fixed effects and model interpretation

I'm new to this and I've been racking my brains for a couple days trying to understand this model and how to run it in Stata. More than programming help, I think I just don't understand the model well ...
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30 views

Does migration exacerbate (albeit delay) the problem of aging, economically-inactive populations in Western societies?

As a layman, I've always understood that there is a general consensus amongst economists that "immigration is economically beneficial" to rich Western countries (like Britain) who have aging ...
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32 views

Asymmetric Nash Bargaining

The Nash bargaining solution selects the unique solution to the maximization problem $\max_{s_1, s_2 } (s_1 - d_1) (s_2 - d_2)$ such that the solution satisfy the following axioms : Invariance ...
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23 views

How exactly does removing labor​ market rigidities reduce structural unemployment and increase potential output in an economy?

Here I want to focus primarily on the potential benefits of labor market reforms such as a reduction in job security and trade union power and not their controversies. I wish to learn a few thoroughly ...
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46 views

Maximization problem FOC and Euler equation

Can someone please help me with the Lagragian and the derivation of the following objective function ? Beneath I provide the objective function, the constraint and the Euler equation that results from ...
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28 views

Looking for help with Solow Model Question [closed]

The question is this: Suppose there is a production function of $Q=F(K, L)=\sqrt{K}\sqrt{L}$. Suppose that MPC=0.8 and the labor force is growing at a rate of 0.05 per year. Also labor force ...
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1answer
44 views

Search and matching model: effect of hiring cost on wage curve

What effect does the hiring cost have on the wage bargaining outcome (wage curve)? In Cahuc, Carcillo, and Zylberberg: Labor Economics, they derive the following wage curve: $$w = z + (y-z) \frac{\...
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Have any economics papers used unified cure models?

Does anyone know if there are unified cure models (aka split population models) in time-until-employment studies that combine the mixture cure approach with the promotion time approach as described in ...
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34 views

DMP Search Model - Terminology

In the most basic Diamond-Mortensen-Pissarides (DMP) model we have the variable $V$ which represents the present discounted value of expected profits from a vacant job. The corresponding Bellman ...
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How to account income from the informal sector?

Some context here. I'm from India and over here around 80% of the public work in the informal unaccounted sector. Yesterday, the main opposition party said that if they're elected, they'd compensate ...
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63 views

Does brain drain really affect a nation's growth trajectory?

Take India as an example. India has been losing most of its bright minds to the west. India also ranks low in development. I would like to get a definitive answer to this cause-effect type question. ...
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25 views

What would the production function look like if MPN (marginal product of labor) were constant, rising and declining?

I know this is a macroeconomic topic and I believe I understand the what the graph for the production function (with Y, Real GDP, and N, labor on the axis) would look like if the MPN were constant and ...
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2answers
205 views

Cobb-Douglas production function, given $w$ get $r$ regardless of input levels. Why?

There is a market economy with technology given by: $$Y = K^\alpha L^{1-\alpha} \tag{1}$$ Firms behave competitively and input prices are: $$r = \alpha K^{\alpha-1}L^{1-\alpha} = \alpha(\frac{L}{K})...
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42 views

Factor-augmenting technologies (Acemoglu and Restrepo 2018c)

In that paper, they consider the following production function: $Y = F(A_KK,A_LL)$. Where: K denotes capital, L is labor, and $A_K$ and $A_L$ denote capital-augmenting and labor-augmenting ...
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How is labor demand measured?

For instance, in the introduction of this paper (first paragraph), talking about Figure 1, they say that labor demand is measured as the real wage bill normalized by population. Is it common to ...
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42 views

What is the relation between the trade deficit and the outsourcing of jobs?

To make it easier, let's imagine USA exports nothing and imports nothing (or the exports have the same value with the imports = 0 trade deficit = the country exports the same amount of jobs as it is ...
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1answer
61 views

Elasticity of substitution between leisure in two periods

This is a basic question, but I am new to macro models. The question is from Romer's text. Assume a household only has one member and has no initial wealth, and the household lives for two periods. ...
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1answer
35 views

Is there any reliable data on what % of the UK population currently earn less than £17,300 annually?

According to the Living Wage Foundation the "real living wage" in the UK is £9 an hour Which assuming a 37 hour week & rounding to the nearest whole GBP amounts to £17,375 Formula used ((9*37)/...
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130 views

Reference request: Gender wage gap / Minority wage gap

Disclaimer: I am neither a social scientist nor an economist. I hope the ESE is the right place to ask this question. Disclaimer 2: I do not intend to spark an ideologically driven discussion here. ...
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What predictions do economic models make for an economy where 50% of the population earn less than the cost of living? [closed]

These are the admittedly somewhat disparate pieces of information gleaned from separate sources that the question arose from. According to The living wage foundation the real cost of living in ...
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1answer
56 views

reference request: models of how racism or sexism affects decision making

My background is more in statistics and applied math, so I am not familiar with the breadth of decision making models from economics. However, I am working on a project that involves decision making ...
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Best financial model to proportionally distribute the company's income to all employees?

I'm planning to start a project of something "innovative". And among some of the parts of the project that I'm thinking about, it's in the term of how money (profits) should be distributed. The truth ...
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19 views

Macroeconomic models with labor-replacing capital?

I am reading article http://public.gettysburg.edu/~tlin/research/robots-main.pdf "A New Keynesian Model with Robots: Implications for Business Cycles and Monetary Policy" and I wonder how actual this ...
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52 views

Why do stricter emission limits cost jobs?

I live in Germany and as most people know the car industry is very important in our country. Currently, there is a discussion about stricter emission limits for cars in the European Union. The car ...
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1answer
55 views

Hours worked increases with wage

So I have been given a utility function = $ 48 R + Ry -R^2$ where $R$ represents leisure hours and $y$ represents labour income. $y=rl$, $r$ is wage rate and $l$ is labour hours. Find hours worked ...
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42 views

How can the number of hairdressers in the UK be up 50% since 2010?

In this recent article, The Economist argues that one of the reasons behind the anaemic recent wage growth in Britain is that the recent job growth has been concentrated in lower-productivity jobs and ...
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2answers
105 views

How do Marxists account for fiat money?

LTV predicts that fiat currency, which requires zero labor to produce, should have zero value. Empirically, fiat currency does not have zero value. How do Marxists account for this. The to responses I ...
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2answers
177 views

Empirical explanation on divergence between productivity and wages since the 70s

There is a well know graph, that shows a tight link between productivity and wages, until the 70s, and a break of the link since: There's a lot of possible explanations for this, I keep hearing more ...
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2answers
47 views

Does it make economic sense for only some universities in a certain area to pay their sports scholars?

Apparently ‘Athletic scholarships are common in the United States, but in many countries they are rare or non-existent.’ But are there countries where there are some universities that offer sports ...
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labor share and growth

Is there a link between the level of the labor share and growth? In standard models growth is the rate of (labor augmenting) technical progress and labor force. So does that mean if the labor share ...
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0answers
41 views

Has any research found that automation will decrease inequality?

A paper by IMF researchers (but not an official position of the IMF) has found that automation will lead to higher inequality under all scenarios they considered. Even in the scenario where robots ...
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1answer
131 views

Articles about the economics of non-compete contracts

Today I read in a non-scientific article that Amazon requires some physical workers to sign non-compete agreements. I used to think that the idea behind allowing non-compete clauses in contracts is to ...
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1answer
18 views

Unemployment Rate Volatility

Is there a statistic that describes the “churn” in the unemployment rate i.e. how many became unemployed compared to how many found work? I’ve heard of unemployment volatility (https://www....
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1answer
51 views

Burdett and Mortensen (1998), Equation (22), Integral by parts question

Suppose $F(x)$ and $H(x)$ are both cumulative prob dist functions on the support of $[b_0,b_1]$ and we know followings: $$u(x|F)=\int_{b_0}^{x}\frac{m}{1+k[1-F(b)]} dH(b)$$ and from this $$[1+k(1-...
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474 views

Lack of skilled IT workforce, but they do not raise wages

In my country, Portugal, many IT companies are always complaining in media regarding the lack of skilled IT workforce, but they do not raise wages. We have statistical data from the government that ...
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2answers
46 views

Ad-driven skills gap?

In a Business Insider piece I read that: Michael Madowitz, an economist at the Center for American Progress, says he is "unusually unsympathetic to the evergreen skills gap critique." "First ...
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1answer
41 views

Does labor mobility create a certain type of market failure?

Oxford professor Ewart Keep writes in a paper titled Market Failure in Skills (p. 3) that For firms there is the problem of investment in staff who may leave taking their skills with them. ...
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1answer
87 views

Labour Market: simple macroeconomic modeling

I just started reviewing macroeconomic modeling for an upcoming entry exam, and I'm not sure about my answers in this application: Suppose that the economy of a country has a representative firm ...
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21 views

Why doesn't the concept of employee engagement work in practice? [closed]

The concept of employee engagement looks like an overwhelming obvious way of improving business performance, yet since the mid-nineties, and after spending billions on engagement improvement systems, ...
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1answer
141 views

Expectation augmented Phillips Curve

Currently studying Intro to Macroeconomics, and faced Expectations augmented PC. In my textbook it is not clear how expected inflation affects unemployment. My view so far, is that expected inflation ...
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1answer
24 views

Does a fall in the wage rate always reduce hours worked?

In the Neoclassical Labor-Leisure model, does a fall in the wage rate always reduce hours worked? Or does it depend on whether the substitution or income effect dominates?
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1answer
103 views

Profit maximization question

Two firms are in a market together. They produce a product. Total revenue from sales is $y=K+L$ K is the amount of capital L is the amount of labor These two firms each specialized in supplying ...
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2answers
135 views

How did we arrive to 40 hr work week?

I am interested in a (reasonably) quantified explanation of why the work week in most of the world is 40 hrs and not for example 20? How did we arrive to the number 40. Another question is, and here ...
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2answers
125 views

Instrumental Variable Paper for Minimum Wage

I am trying to write a paper dealing with minimum wages and employment. I understand there is simultaneity bias between these two variables so I must come up with an instrument. Does anyone have any ...
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2answers
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How to set a minimum wage

How does a country set an optimum minimum wage, i have went through loads of website but none of them give me a satisfied answer. For example, median of a country's income, percentage of GDP and such ...
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1answer
88 views

How is it economically responsible to destroy proprty which has value? [closed]

precursor: bitcoin.stackexchange.com/q/1851 How can it be economically responsible to destroy property which has value? If a property is destroyed (which is the right of the property holder in most ...
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37 views

Economic impacts of Migration on the Labour Market

Many natives don't prefer foreigners taking their jobs, is it actually a bad thing for the countries economy?