Questions tagged [labor-economics]

Labor economics is the branch of microeconomics that studies labor markets and its peculiarities. Labor economists usually study topics such as career choice, returns to schooling, determinants of labor productivity, wages, gender and racial gaps.

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Imputing # of unemployed from Labor Force Survey

I am working on state-level data, where one state has recently stopped publishing the absolute figures for the number of the unemployed. Instead, it currently only releases U and LFP rates. ...
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Walras Law in a production economy with fixed costs

Consider a price taking firm with fixed costs $fc \geq 0$: \begin{align*} \Pi &= \max_{n^D} \left\{ P_c F(n^D) - w\times n^D - fc \right\} \end{align*} A representative household owns this firm:...
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How does demand curve for labor change when there is a proportional payroll tax on employer

In the textbook "Borjas, G.J. Labor economics." (Boston, Mass.; London: Irwin/McGraw-Hill, 2009) fifth edition [ISBN 9780070172708]. Below is a screenshot of the example of payroll tax of 1 ...
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What are the economic drivers of urbanisation?

It is regularly argued that urbanisation drives economic growth (e.g. here). I wonder which are the drivers that lead to urbanisation in the first place? I believe the historical case of the ...
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1answer
54 views

Does education have any value for most people's work?

Let me first say that I am not an economist. However, I was having a discussion with one of my friends who claimed that he had absolutely no gain from his education other than it actually being the ...
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33 views

Differentiated or uniform tax

Suppose Person 1 is working in Denmark and has the utility function, $$u(c,l)=c-\frac{\eta}{\eta+1}(24-l)^{\frac{\eta+1}{\eta}}$$ His wage after tax is $w(1-t)$, where tax, t, $0<t<1$. A second ...
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52 views

Maximized tax revenue & foreign labor

I'm dealing with a tricky assignment, and I have no idea of where to begin. Person 1 lives in Denmark and has a utility function given by, $$(1) \ \ u(c,l)=c-\frac{\eta}{\eta+1}(24-l)^{\frac{\eta+1}{\...
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1answer
26 views

EmpirIcal evidence on effects of price floors and ceilings

In introductory microeconomics, when studying partial equilibrium, we are introduced to the idea that a price floor will cause excess supply and a price ceiling will cause excess demand. How strong is ...
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Why do wages not equalize across space?

In standard economic theory wages are simply prices on the labor market determined in equilibrium by the supply and demand of labor. Looking across space within countries it is however standard to ...
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28 views

Why can the job offer have a negative relationship between salary and quantity of work?

Excuse me the following question arose, is it possible that the job offer has a negative relationship between salary and the amount of work?
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The current economic understanding of the effect of labour unions on employment and wages

What are the currently largely accepted views on the effect of labour unions on employment and wages? Where can I read more about the currently established theoretical models that model labour unions?
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Labor market model with subsidies homework

I would appreciate some help with my homework in comparative statics. L is the demand of labor F(L) is the production function $ \frac{\partial F}{\partial L} > 0 > \frac{\partial^2 F}{\partial ...
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Are there any measures of U-6 Unemployment that take into account ageing out of the work force explicitly?

Labor Force Participation has been steadily decreasing over the last 20 years or so. The Fed says that this has been the case mostly due to the demographic shifts, and to an extent the data backs that ...
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Applying modern economics to Edgeworth's Hedonical Calculus

Preface The late 1800s was a genesis for many economic theories. As math spilled over into the social sciences, one of the more obscure applications of measurement was: Hedonical Calculus, developed ...
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31 views

Do barriers to entry increase the (collective) market power of incumbent suppliers?

For example in the case of the labour market lower immigration means that low-skilled labour can ask higher wages or better conditions (other things equal). Low skilled labour may have even put the ...
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Is this weighted least squares or just weighting the dependent variable

I am a little confused as to what the following line means. Do the authors mean they run a weighted least squares using the sample size as weights, or just weight the dependent variable using the ...
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1answer
26 views

Economic impact of employer ignorance to cliff effects?

Let's say an employee, Mike in Indiana, earns \$10.50 an hour. He gets a raise to \$13, but because he is no longer eligible for SNAP (food stamps), his net earnings actually go down. His wage has ...
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1answer
49 views

Does labor negatively affect output (from empirical perspective)?

I am estimating Cobb-Douglas production function for US using time series framework: $$Y_t=A_t \times L_t^\alpha K_t^\beta $$ where $Y$ is output, $A$ is $TFP$, $L$ is labor and $K$ is capital. After ...
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Could price floors improve worker safety in the meat cutting industry?

Could price floors improve worker safety in the meat cutting industry? My question is inspired by the Future Perfect podcast https://www.vox.com/future-perfect/21502225/chicken-meatpacking-plant-...
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Estimating $dL/dw$ with direct dependencies using total differential

I have $U(C,L) = U(C) - v(L)$ where $C$ is consumption and $L$ is labor supply. From my first order conditions, $C$ is a function of $w$, wage, and $L$. $L$ is a function of $w$ and $C$. Leisure is $N ...
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The decline in the number of domestic servants

does it mean that the market mechanism does not work—that the offer of the going rate of wages does not secure a servant because servants do not move to the highest bidder? This complaint—which would ...
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3answers
664 views

Field experiments on labour market discrimination: do sizes of randomly assigned groups matter?

In traditional field experiments on racial discrimination, two identical resumes differing only by name or ID photo are sent to randomly selected firms. A statistical test is then run on the number of ...
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375 views

What determines whether slavery is economically efficient in industrialized/modern era economies?

Various forms of slavery were nearly universal before the industrial revolution. After industrialization, it would naively seem forced labor would continue to be widespread, as there is no way to ...
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55 views

Marginal rate of substitution interpretation

I am trying to interpret the marginal rate of substitution stidied in an article. The article in question is Burbidge, J. B., Robb, A. L., 1980. Pensions and retirement behaviour. The Canadian Journal ...
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1answer
41 views

The problem of transformation: what is it all about?

I've just learned Marxist concepts that Value= cost + wages + owner profit But I do not understand what the transformation problem is and what problems exists because of this. Would someone mind to ...
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1answer
30 views

What is the probability of an unemployed worker receiving no job offer during a time period?

we are currently covering one sided search models and I had a question for you all. I kind of understand the raw calculus behind finding the probability of a job offer over a time interval h, but what ...
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1answer
133 views

Why are Americans at the top of nearly every field?

I live in India, and having spent several years in America before returning, I noticed that Americans dominate in nearly every sphere of human activity. For example, the US seems to be blessed with ...
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1answer
35 views

What is the meaning of “labor input” in the context of incentive theories?

In the article "Multitask Principal-Agent Analyses: Incentive Contracts, Asset Ownership, and Job Design" (Holmström and Milgrom, 1991) it is said that two identical agents ($i=1,2$) devote ...
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What quasi-experimental/econometric technique can I use to measure the impact of a policy using longtitudinal tax data?

I have two cohorts of workers with very similar characteristics (e.g. same demographic profile, skill level, industry) that were laid off at different points in time. Say one group was laid off ...
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1answer
29 views

How can a country develop the skills of its population and have them stay? [closed]

Suppose, I am a leader of a country, and a lot of my citizens go to the Gulf states (see 3.1, Page-09) to work as unskilled laborers. I see my population working abroad as laborers as a prestige ...
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1answer
51 views

Piketty's explanation of elasticity of substitution (from his book Capital in the 21st century)

I have some trouble following the explanation of the elasticity of substitution between capital and labor and its implications on p189. Take this part: The relevant question is whether the elasticity ...
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47 views

How can I obtain monthly unemployment by ethnicity by state for the US?

Grateful for any help, thoughts and direction.
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1answer
68 views

Economics perspective of connected workers

According to the Deloitte report published here, a connected worker is defined as someone whose working life is changing due to digital and other technologies. This is due to advancement of ...
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2answers
59 views

Dataset on university enrollment?

I'm looking for a dataset with stats on tertiary education enrollment in the US, per state, at least a couple decades back. I've searched but cannot seem to find anything. Could someone help me out?
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1answer
116 views

More than one Bellman Equation

I'm attending to my first dynamic optimization course, and what I don't fully graps yet is that sometimes we have to use more than one bellman equation. How do you realize that? I mean how do you know ...
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2answers
72 views

Convenient S-shaped production function (i.e. with IRS and DRS) to derive a discontinuous demand for labor

Let say that a firm produces a commodity using only one input (i.e. Labor if we suppose to be in the very short run). Then we have a general production function of the following form $y=f(L)$, for $L≥...
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1answer
59 views

Neutral technical progress

Recently I learnt that Cobb-Douglas production function has elasticity of substitution equal to 1, therefore it has neutral technical progress. Then Leontief production function has zero elasticity of ...
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1answer
49 views

Average ability conditioning on having accepted an offer

There is a continuum of workers between 0 and 1. These have ability $\alpha\sim U[0,2]$. A firm offers them a salary $v$ and has profits $$ \pi = (\rho \alpha-v) n(v) $$ where $n(v)$ is the fraction ...
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1answer
41 views

Price Changes in Factor and Product Markets

I think something is wrong in my reasoning, and I can't really find out what it is Lets say the supply of labor decreases in a market. That would mean that the wage rate would increase in that market....
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37 views

Are there any estimates for what percentage of the jobs lost this spring are “permanent” at least for the rest of the year?

In a "view from the helicopter" video by The Economist on the aftereffects of Covid-19, one of the editors says that it's very unlikely we'll see a return to normal this year e.g. in the restaurant ...
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2answers
56 views

Why labor-augmenting technological progress increases employment and wages?

My textbook says that advances in technology typically raise the marginal product of labor and shift the labor demand curve to the right and calls it labor-augmenting technological advances. The book ...
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33 views

Empirical Bayes Estimation

I would be greatful if You can give some advise regarding the following problems: As I reviewed some empirical papers, I learnt that most of them using relatively small number of observations for ...
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1answer
38 views

Under what BLS line do “people who want a job but haven’t searched in the last 12 months” show up?

I'm trying to understand how this CNN math was derived: This category — jobless people who “want a job now” but “did not search for work in the previous year” — has hovered around 3 million workers ...
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15 views

Does the income from a product or art count as passive income?

When a writer publishes his book, can we classify the income from the book as passive? Or another example, when a musician publishes his album, does the album generates passive income, making any form ...
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Unions, right to work laws [closed]

Can anyone explain what right to work laws are? along with any thoughts about unions. Do they actually benefit the worker and overall market? Thank you.
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Implications for Labour after a Productivity Shock, RBC Model

I am trying to understand the implication for labour after a one time productivity shock where $A_t$ follows a AR (1) process with persistence $\rho_A=0.95$. It is stated the following : labour ...
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1answer
42 views

Constant Elasticity of Substitution (non-special cases)

I am trying to better understand the CES function: $$Y_{t}=C\left[\pi\left(A_{t}^{K} K_{t}\right)^{\frac{\sigma-1}{\sigma}}+(1-\pi)\left(A_{t}^{L} L_{t}\right)^{\frac{\sigma-1}{\sigma}}\right]^{\frac{...
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18 views

When do we have diminishing marginal returns to labor?

When we have a production function exhibiting constant returns to scale, with only labor and technology, why don't we have any diminishing marginal returns to labor?
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25 views

Reason for SMEs in the European Union employing the bulk of people?

Is there any specific reason why SMEs in the European Union employ the vast majority of people in general as well as in certain industries? Are they exempt from certain regulatory burdens such as ...
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1answer
25 views

Why is the velocity of money in an economy affected by the frequency in which the worker is paid (like weekly, bi-weekly, monthly, etc.)?

I don't have any economics background, and was going though a course on Macroeconomics. I was solving the practice question here: https://mru.org/practice-questions/causes-inflation-practice-questions?...

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