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Questions tagged [labor-economics]

Labor economics is the branch of microeconomics that studies labor markets and its peculiarities. Labor economists usually study topics such as career choice, returns to schooling, determinants of labor productivity, wages, gender and racial gaps.

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JK Galbraith Quote: How to interpret?

I came across a very thought-provoking quote by JK Galbraith concerning supply-side economics. The quote is as follows: The poor don't work because they have too much money. The rich don't work ...
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24 views

How does increase in repo rate arrest inflation? How does price of goods come down?

When the repo rate is increased, how does it reduce demand? What happens to supply on reduction in demand? Why can't the people spend the money, even when(suppose) they have no transaction with banks?
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2answers
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A confusion regarding search and matching model in Pissarides's “Equilibrium Unemployment Theory” book

I was studying chapter 1 of the book "Equilibrium Unemployment Theory" and I got confused about the way Pissarides has defined the probability of a firm not finding a worker in a short time interval $...
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What do we know about international labour mobility and poverty reduction in the participating countries?

Does existing research show, for example, that if A & B relax labour mobility norms, poverty in both these countries reduces? Do note that I'm not talking about domestic labour mobility.
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36 views

How to find right MRP_L in this economic problem?

Economic problem from my textbook (here is my translation from Russian): There is a firm that is both monopoly and monopsony. It's monopoly on market of its product and it's monopsony on labor market ...
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224 views

Pooling equilibrium $\implies$ pooling equilibrium > separating equilibrium?

Consider a signalling game with two types of players choosing a level of education for the sake of job-market signalling. There are two types, high ($H$) and low ($L$). Wages are $R$: $W_H=12, W_L=6$. ...
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15 views

When we calculate average product of labor do we differentiate between various types of labor?

For example, let's assume that I have agricultural business. I have different workers: workers that grow crops and workers that perform bureaucratic tasks (like an accountant, a lawyer, etc). As far ...
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1answer
54 views

Would the military be more efficiant if they were unionized?

I hear about the extremely long work hours in the army. I understand it hardens them for readiness for combat situations. With the technology and increase of intelligence need to operate it would a ...
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1answer
55 views

Would an $8 National Minimum Wage Work in the US?

For those who advocate a \$15 minimum wage, would the benefits espoused also come from an \$8 minimum? The reason I ask, is that it’s often said that the minimum wage needs to be updated as it was ...
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1answer
433 views

Why real wage equals marginal product of labor when return to scale is constant?

I can understand that real wage will equal MPL(marginal product of labor) when MPL is diminishing, because firms will employ more labor until MPL falls to real wage. While, if MPL is constant, ...
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167 views

What is feminist economics?

Feminist economics? What kind of "field" is that? Just the existence of such a field seems ridiculous to me...
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1answer
44 views

Are expensive cities economically threatened by an inability to house low-income workers?

Cities like New York, San Francisco, and others enjoy booming local economies that support high-paying jobs in industries like finance and technology. This and other factors have driven the price ...
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2answers
112 views

What impact would falling oil prices have on the natural rate of unemployment?

My intuition is that as the price level falls, cost of inputs is falling for suppliers and their output increases. More people are then employed to increase production - correct?
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1answer
75 views

What effect does a wage ratio cap have on the efficency of allocation of labour?

Introduction Wage ratio caps prevent the wages of all employees from exceeding a maximum of a fixed multiple of the wages of the lowest paid employee in a given institution. Wage ratio caps can ...
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1answer
34 views

Where/What should I search to find the big companies annual paid salary information?

I want to know how much salary paid by apple in 2017 to whole employees. Also the details of other payments of the company(How much they paid for raw materials for example). Also like to know these ...
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23 views

The unemployment rate

As I understand things in the USA the current low unemployment rate is a low 4 % which is about as low as it can realistically go. So when Trump talks about bringing millions of jobs back to the USA ...
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1answer
384 views

Marx: Relative and equivalent-form. Difference?

I don't understand the difference between the two. For example: 2 Shoes = 3 wood Now Marx says that the first is the relative-form and the second is the equivalent-form. So the use-value expressed ...
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1answer
33 views

General equilibrium effects of affirmative action policies

I am interested in the debate about affirmative action in college admissions and I would be happy to read some theoretical economic investigations of the effects of these policies. I would be glad if ...
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41 views

Estimating Job Vacancy rate empirically

I'm currently reading up on matching models in terms of their ability to describe frictional unemployment, they generally follow a cobb-douglas form. $$M(u,v)=m=\mu u^\alpha v^{1-\alpha}$$ Where $M(...
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1answer
67 views

Trying to show result of prisoners dilemma simulation through supply/demand graph

I made up this situation where candidate $A$ and $B$ are vying for a job. They can accept wage $x$ or undercut this to agree to work for $x-k$ where $0<k<x$. My point was that eventually they ...
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1answer
34 views

Modeling job application process in labor market

I need to model the job application process by job seekers. Specifically a job seeker when looking for a job, comes across a job and then decides whether to apply for it or not. I want to model this ...
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0answers
29 views

Maximum wage laws in mercantilist France

One John K Williams (1986) writes that in mercantilist France, The government actually imposed maximum wage laws. Any employer who paid wages above a legally defined ceiling was charged with an ...
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1answer
180 views

Find the optimal labor supply when labor utility is linear

I have been working the afternoon on an intertemporal exercise where I'm blocking on something very basic. Have been looking on previous posts but didn't find a similar question. We have the utility ...
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2answers
430 views

How to interpret Employment Elasticity in this text?

In this VoxEU text, «Promising ideas for future research on the employment effects of minimum wages », how do I interpret the elasticity of employment? I would think of it as percentual change in ...
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1answer
118 views

Analyzing Farm Bureau's claim that milk prices would double at the retail level if all the illegals were deported

A 2015 article on the Farm Bureau's website states: Half of all workers on U.S. dairy farms are immigrants, and the damage from losing those workers would extend far beyond the farms, nearly ...
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28 views

How many of the world's workers are producing luxury vs necessary goods?

Has there been any scholarship done on the proportion of producers producing high-end vs low-end goods? This could also be framed as the proportion of economic activity generated by wealth excess of a ...
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25 views

What are the negative consequences of wage rigidity?

Wage rigidity is a widely documented source of market failure. However, it isn't as clear to me why we should care about wage rigidity at all? So, can anyone answer the question given in the title? ...
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1answer
165 views

Has US real median personal/household income been stagnant since the late 1970's/early 1980's?

This is referring to an earlier question: Why are real median household incomes stagnant? How do the following graphs actually tell you that US real median personal/household income has been stagnant ...
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2answers
122 views

Differentiation of the value function in Burdett Mortensen (1998)

I'm currently making my way through Burdett and Mortensen's classic paper of on the job search. What should be an easy task of finding an expression for the reservation wage is made slightly more ...
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4answers
1k views

Labour Saving vs. Labour Augmenting - what is the difference?

It seems reasonable to say that technology generally increases output per unit of labour. Therefore in any factory which has installed new technology one can reasonably expect that for the same ...
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1answer
44 views

Structural Modelling of Expectations/Beliefs

I'm trying to build a structural model explaining the job search process by the job-seeker. One of the crucial component of job search, that i want to model, is the expectation about the employer. So ...
2
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1answer
104 views

What economic factors should be considered in attracting suitable staff and determining pay for temporary project work?

Getting qualified workforce for temporary projects can be difficult. If found from within the organisation, they may have to abstain from their regular work, and this may create additional ...
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1answer
35 views

How is it traditionally defined the minimum wage legislation in economics?

How is it traditionally defined the minimum wage legislation in economics? And which countries does not have a minimum wage legislation as defined in these terms?
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1answer
185 views

Slutsky Decomposition of Given Labor Supply Model

Let utility curve an individual given as $U(C,R) = C^aR^{1-a}$ where $(0\lt a \lt 1)$ and $C$ denotes consumption commodity and $R$ denotes its leisure, and price of $C$ is given as $P$, and the ...
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1answer
40 views

“Normal” vs “actual” variables in empirical work

In an early OECD study by Deppler and Ripley (1978), the authors distinguish between output per man hour, $OMH$, and what they call "Normal" output per man-hour, $NOMH$. (table 2, p152) At no point ...
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2answers
40 views

Effects of Robotics on the overall marginal propensity to consume

Basically we know that poor and middle class workers have a high marginal propensity to consume as compared to rich people. Assuming that all of their jobs will be done by robots, and only a few ...
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1answer
64 views

Theoretical/Empirical Arguments for Migrant Workers in the US

Consider the events that are developing in the US with regards to labor-intensive manual work and migrant workers. If more and more migrant workers are banished from the work pool, it remains a highly ...
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1answer
39 views

Effects on transit system shutdown based on local workforce end-of-day times?

I'm curious if there are any studies based on logistics and economics of shutting down the bus/transit system before the general population's working class can go home. For example, the small town I ...
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1answer
173 views

Exam question implies that a perfect labour market can have wage differentials?

My understanding is that wage differentials should not exist in a perfect labour market for occupations, but the following exam question seems to imply that this can be the case. A brief marking ...
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2answers
60 views

Literature request: Any articles on the signalling theory / game theory / asymmetric information of the firms' recruiting process?

I'd like to read more about the recruiting process of firms. Signalling theory and game theory can be a useful tool to better understand this phenomena. For example: Applicants, who ask for higher ...
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1answer
45 views

Understanding the effects of government deficit on international trade

Understand that I'm a total novice with regard to economics. Also, while I ultimately have an axe to grind (doesn't everyone?) I'm not trying to do that honing here, I'm simply looking for a sanity ...
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1answer
80 views

In a context of globalisation and high wage inequality, why should governments help unskilled workers?

With globalisation, wage inequality continues to be a strong issue for many developed nations. What I seek to find out here is, why should we even do anything to help the unskilled workers? From ...
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70 views

How can I model immigration and xenophobia economically using these equations?

I'm trying to put together a toy model for immigration ($I$), labor prices ($w$), and a measure of xenophobic/nationalistic sentiment ($A$). What I've come up with so far is the following: $$\frac{dI}...
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2answers
241 views

Are American poverty rates increasing? What about global poverty rates

http://www.npc.umich.edu/poverty/ https://www.census.gov/data/tables/time-series/demo/income-poverty/historical-poverty-people.html I have heard numerous times that the future has gotten better. ...
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0answers
124 views

Difference between Value-Added TFP and Gross-Output TFP?

I am working with EU-KLEMS data, and I am using TFP growth as a proxy for technological change. However, there are 2 variables for TFP - TFP based on Gross Output and TFP based on Value Added. I ...
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1answer
76 views

Question about skill-biased technical change, Acemoglu

I am writing about skill-biased technical change, and in particular the 2001 Acemoglu (http://economics.mit.edu/files/283) paper on the topic, in which there is a part I am very stuck on. In the ...
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2answers
67 views

Do wages differ in two perfectly competitive labour markets?

I understand that within a single labour market, the wages would be the same between two workers as firms and workers are both wage takers, but what about when there is more than one perfectly ...
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3answers
352 views

Is the labor force participation rate related more to labour supply or to labour demand? Or both?

I have read several Labor Economics books, but I am stuck. Is the labor force participation rate related more to the labour supply or to the labour demand? If the labor force participation rate ...
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1answer
58 views

Labor market supply optimization [closed]

How do I optimise this type of problem? I have read something about applying the chain rule to find the first order condition but can't imagine how to express it or solve it. Can somebody give me a ...
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1answer
164 views

Welfare analysis for a military draft

How would the welfare analysis of a military draft look? My intuition tells me that it would look similar to a price ceiling below the equilibrium, with the exception that suppliers (civilians) are ...