Questions tagged [labor-economics]

Labor economics is the branch of microeconomics that studies labor markets and its peculiarities. Labor economists usually study topics such as career choice, returns to schooling, determinants of labor productivity, wages, gender and racial gaps.

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12 views

Harrington Emerson and his 12 principles of labor productivity

Are these principles currently relevant? Which principles would you add or, on the contrary, exclude? Which principles are observed today, and which are not? Why? Which of the principles would you ...
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What is being meant by "cohort-specific fixed effect for each state of birth" in Card&Krueger(1992)? What does the following equation mean?

I am referring to this paper on school quality and returns to schooling. The econometric specification has been described by eqn (1) on page 4. The authors have taken "cohort specific fixed ...
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Does only search-and-matching predict bunching around minimum wage?

I heard a comment that search and matching models are empirically more valid than job-posting (even though the predictions are very similar) because with posting it is not possible to rationalize the ...
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2answers
66 views

Sunk costs - Book value and Market value

i try to understand the concept of sunk cost and how we compute sunk costs when there is a difference between book and market value. For example, if the book value of assets is ...
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1answer
24 views

US minimum wage beyond $15 per hour

Current policy debate among US lawmakers includes proposals for raising the minimum wage nationwide to \$15. It is currently \$7.25 by federal statute, which is the amount in effect except in states ...
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How to combine two different populations from two different surveys?

I have 2 surveys, each is representative of different populations living in the same country: Survey 1 – Survey of Peruvians living in Peru Survey 2- Survey of Venezuelans living in Peru. Each survey ...
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1answer
84 views

Variance Decomposition of Wage Equation

I am reading two recent papers studying between-firm and within-firm wage inequality, Barth et al 2016 (hereafter BBDF) and Song et al 2019 (hereafter SPGBV). I am confused by the different variance ...
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1answer
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Labor market discrimination - help me understand this passage in call-back study

I'm reading up on discrimination in the labor market. In this study by Bertrand & Mullainathan (2004) they note the following: Perhaps the skills of African-Americans are discounted because ...
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6answers
738 views

In GDP growth studies, are factors of production measured as stock or flows?

Consider the following cases: One machine (capital) is used by multiple producers within one year. For instance, farmers renting tractors from the same company. In this case, in terms of GDP, there ...
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Why are real median household incomes stagnant?

This image shows US real median household income. It seems remarkable for its lack of growth over the last 20 years. This has been the subject of much political debate (around the "1%" and "occupy ...
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1answer
115 views

How to test if the effect of one regressor entirely comes from other regressors?

I have a regression model that includes IQ test scores as the dependent variable; my own education, my father's education and my mother's education as independent variables. Suppose I want to know ...
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1answer
104 views

Would an $8 National Minimum Wage Work in the US?

For those who advocate a \$15 minimum wage, would the benefits espoused also come from an \$8 minimum? The reason I ask, is that it’s often said that the minimum wage needs to be updated as it was ...
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1answer
73 views

Nonlinear Least-Squares Estimation in Practice

I am reading Jeong, Kim, Manovskii 2015 and in the paper they apply "a nonlinear least-squares method" to estimate a log-wage equation, , where $D, \Pi$, all $\lambda$s $\theta$s, and $\...
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288 views

Labour markets and supply-side policies: too much stress put on the WS push factors?

In reading several macro textbooks, it seems that most of the supply-side policies tend to be focused on the labour supply side (wage setting curve), instead on the firm/labour demand side(price ...
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1answer
55 views

Doraszelski and Jaumandreu (2018) Intuition

Doraszelski and Jaumandreu (2018) estimate a CES production function with two forms of productivity shocks (1) labor augmenting and (2) Hicks neutral. They claim that the increase in labor augmenting ...
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1answer
55 views

extensive vs intensive labor in US in recent decades

Total Hours worked is a mix of extensive (to work or not, the usual standard working week) and intensive (how many hours to work). I'm interested in how this balance of extensive and intensive ...
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Nash Bargain VS. Rubinstein Game with Outside Option

I am reading a paper, Kessier & Lulfesmann 2006, and find that its main result totally depends on that the model setting is based on a Rubinstein game with outside option rather than a Nash ...
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1answer
61 views

Literature recommendation

Classic economic theory suggests people earn wages according to their productivity. Over time CEO's, directors, managers and the like seem to earn more relative to the 'normal worker'. Lets call this ...
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44 views

Event study by Kleven

I was reading the following paper by Henrik Kleven et al. https://www.henrikkleven.com/uploads/3/7/3/1/37310663/kleven-landais-sogaard_nber-w24219_jan2018.pdf The estimate the child penalty on wage ...
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1answer
53 views

Is the pooling equilibrium profit maximising for the firm?

Is the pooling equilibrium profit maximising for the firm? I understand that when there are no ways for the firm to distinguish among highly productive and low productive worker the best the firm can ...
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1answer
39 views

What does it mean "non-Walrasian" or "quasi-Walrasian"?

In a recent NBER workshop, Robert Hall started a discussion with his first slide summarizing the macro literature. I am not very familiar with either DMP model or New Keynesian model and have no idea ...
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1answer
99 views

What impact does the paid vacation leave have on labor productivity?

I'm asking just one question (it's in bold). If you treat any sentence with a question mark as another question and thus violating the policy on "focusedness", please steer clear of the text ...
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60 views

Solve the Ben-Porath Model (Optimal Control Problem)

Suppose we have a Ben-Porath style human capital investment model, in which the representative agent maximize her lifetime earnings: $$V(h, a)=\max \int_{a}^{R} e^{-r(t-a)}\left[ w h(t)(1-n(t))-px(t)\...
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16answers
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How will non-rich citizens make a living if jobs keep getting replaced by robots and are outsourced?

Decades ago a factory job could support a wife and kids until retirement and they offered insurance, benefits, etc. Now, no more unions, those jobs as well as tech and customer service jobs are ...
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1answer
84 views

Lecture notes competitive labor market with minimum wage

Can somebody recommend lecture notes that derive competitive labour market model equilibrium with minimum wages? This has been surprisingly hard to find, because most lecture notes use minimum wages ...
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1answer
34 views

Basic question i guess

I'm not in economics, I'm actually studying sociology and I'm doing a subject about labor economics. I'm reading an article that talks about automation and says "The employment impact of ...
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47 views

Lab experiments of labour markets

I have been searching for papers that conduct lab experiments simulating a labour market, that means for a minimum there are both participants taking the role of firms, and participants taking the ...
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10 views

Other option to compute regions wages in real term in the UK (Urgent!) [duplicate]

Is there any good indicator that can replace region CPI in order to deflate workers income. I have tried to get the data from the ONS in the UK but they only contain the data for England as a whole ...
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1answer
228 views

Can the theory of the second best mathematically justify labor unions in some scenarios?

An EPI page says: Some economists and policymakers might express unease at the view that the downsides of one deviation from “competitive” markets (either labor market frictions or market ...
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1answer
104 views

Is egyptology a pyramid scheme: Self-perpetuating university programs

My friend got a degree in egyptology, but can’t get a job, So he’s paying more money to get a Phd, so he can work teaching other people egyptology. In his case college is literally a pyramid scheme. ...
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5answers
643 views

Lack of skilled IT workforce, but they do not raise wages

In my country, Portugal, many IT companies are always complaining in media regarding the lack of skilled IT workforce, but they do not raise wages. We have statistical data from the government that ...
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0answers
35 views

Do Human Resources use information on applicants' child rearing effort as a signal

In Spence's Job Market Signaling paper (a non-paywalled version is available here) firms observe applicants' educational investment. From these signals the firms glean information on the "type&...
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1answer
67 views

CES First order Condition with two labour types

I am struggling to derive a first order in this model with Cobb-Douglas production function and CES labour aggregator with two types labour (here male and female, but could be equally low and high ...
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1answer
79 views

When can one drop time subscripts? Example from Angrist and Kugler (2003)

Not the first time I am asking myself, but in this paper they actually start with a time dependent maximisation problem and then drop all time subscripts. Background: They have profit maximisation ...
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18 views

Denominator for the Labor Force Participation By group

I want to check that I am using the correct definition for labor force participation rates by gender or income group. For instance, if we have the following: 1- Working age population of 800 people, ...
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1answer
80 views

Deriving aggregate output from labor demand and supply

I was reading the following paper: http://eml.berkeley.edu//~moretti/growth.pdf I got stuck at equation (7) The firm's production function is $Y_{i}=A_{i}L_{i}^{\alpha}K_{i}^{\eta}T_{i}^{1-\alpha-\eta}...
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1answer
82 views

How to compute elasticity of substitution in labor market of blacks and whites using experience-education groups?

I'm reading "Competition in the Promised Land – Black Migrants in Northern Cities and Labor Markets", by Leah Boustan, and I'm trying to understand her computation of black and white ...
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35 views

Fixed cost, sunk costs and variable costs

i need to answer to this question but i'm wonder if i need to use the short-run cost function (C = wL * rK) of not. Can you help me ? This is the statement : A small business owner employs 5 workers. ...
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20 views

Brücker et al. (2014) migrant labour supply shock

Brücker et al. (2014) write down a stylized model of wage-setting with a labour supply shock (migration), which I find hard to follow. Maybe somebody worked on it or is interested.. Labour force is ...
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30 views

Behavioral responses of tax policy on labour supply ( first time doing Difference in Differences)

I am trying to estimate the causal effects of the The Working Income Tax Benefit (WITB) on the labour supply of married women in Canada. The WITB is essentially equivalent to the EITC. I am looking at ...
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47 views

Derivation of wage rate from nested CES production function

could anyone please help to explain how equation (4) in this paper is derived? I understand that it's an application of first order conditions using the chain rule from equations (1)-(3), but the ...
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1answer
16 views

Is there contradiction between automation created resilience and the full employment (with high wages)?

From the one side - full employment with the high wages (but still under the level of creating inflation threat) is nice thing and politicians and central banks are highly motivated to achieve this. ...
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0answers
36 views

Marginal Cost of Labour Under Monopsony - is the real world like this?

How common is a Perfectly Discriminating Monopsonist in respect to labour rates? Or anything close to it? Standard explanations show a normal supply curve for labour, and the marginal cost of that ...
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1answer
33 views

Advice on method for analyzing the effects of increase in minimum wage

As a hobbyist and generally curious person with a lot of free time at home, I was curious what would be a good method to analyze the effect of an increase in the minimum wage of a country if you only ...
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1answer
66 views

What is the term for workers who outputs more than other workers at the same wage thus depressing wage for others? [closed]

What is the specific term for this worker: A worker who outputs more than other workers at the same wage, therefore now the owner doesn't have to pay workers as much since he gets the same total ...
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54 views

Labor Supply- how to do comparative statics?

Consider an economy with a competitive industry where the representative firm's production function takes the form of a Cobb Douglas production function $Y=z K^{\theta} L^{1-\theta}$. $z$ is an index ...
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21 views

Probability transition matrix as a function of the variance in Matlab?

I am working on Probability transition Matrix on Matlab. I Have say 5 points (states) of discretized productivity grid. I would like to have two matrix of probability transition subject to the ...
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38 views

Imputing # of unemployed from Labor Force Survey

I am working on state-level data, where one state has recently stopped publishing the absolute figures for the number of the unemployed. Instead, it currently only releases U and LFP rates. ...
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1answer
47 views

Productivity issue

Could someone help with the following? Company produces products of daily demand. It employs workers In number of 12 people (HER) Wages of workers. The costs of hiring and firing are 25 per employee, ...
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2answers
59 views

Dataset on university enrollment?

I'm looking for a dataset with stats on tertiary education enrollment in the US, per state, at least a couple decades back. I've searched but cannot seem to find anything. Could someone help me out?

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