Questions tagged [labor-economics]

Labor economics is the branch of microeconomics that studies labor markets and its peculiarities. Labor economists usually study topics such as career choice, returns to schooling, determinants of labor productivity, wages, gender and racial gaps.

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Reject worker after match

In the DMP family of labor models, we typically have $V$ denoting a vacancy and $J$ denoting the value of a job. $V$ typically becomes 0 through free entry. Say a firm get matched with a worker of ...
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318 views

DMP: Two Labor Markets

Consider the following extension of the standard DMP model, in which we have two labor markets with different returns, indexed $i$. The markets are completely separated and firms and workers can only ...
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120 views

Reasons for the recent rise in long-term unemployment

Kroft et al document the raise of long-term unemployed in the US during the recent crises. This is an impressive figure from their paper: They show that the raise does not come from compositional ...
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27 views

Data: Vacancies in the US before 2005

Shimer (2005) says These [separation shocks] introduce an almost perfectly positive correlation between unemployment and vacancies, an event that essentially never been observed in the United ...
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48 views

Separation shock and business cycles

In the context of the Diamonds-Mortensen-Pissarides models, there was a reasoning why a separation shock cannot fit business cycles. I think it was brought forward by Shimer, but I could be wrong. ...
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29 views

Consumption of the unemployed

I am wondering how the consumption of the unemployed varies over the business cycle. We know that wages of people getting fired in busts are higher than wages of people in booms (Mueller 2012), so ...
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233 views

Unemployment: Human Capital Deterioration

I am looking for Macro-Labor models that include deterioration of human capital. The mechanism is simple: The longer you were unemployed, the more human capital you are losing. However, this is ...
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3answers
3k views

Why is collective bargaining by a group of employees not the same thing as price-fixing?

Employees sell their labor for wages. If a critical mass of employees get together and demand higher wages, how is this not the same thing as a critical mass of merchants illegally fixing the price of ...
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1answer
458 views

Wage regressions: Nominal versus real wage

I'm wondering do I need to convert nominal wages to real wages when running wage equations using panel data sets? My dependent variable is log of wage and I'm looking at returns to education across ...
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1answer
59 views

Is Firing Costly in the US?

I suppose that it doesn't cost most firms much to get rid of cheap labor, and that high wage workers typically have contracts that imply high compensations in case of firing. But what about the ...
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1answer
701 views

Impact of government subsidy on labour supply

If the government pays a certain amount $b>0$ to every person who is not working, what is the impact of this subsidy on labour supply? How does it alter the reservation wage? Is your answer ...
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117 views

Should minimum wage be regulated for developing countries

I live in a developing country, where unemployment is at roughly 25%. There is a large divergence in population whereby skilled workers are typically active within in the manufacturing, finance, ...
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1answer
140 views

What would happen if the entire world switched to the 4-day work week? [closed]

What would happen if the entire world switched to the 4-day work week? Specifically would someone's quality of life drop significantly in a developed or a non-developed country?
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What is the difference between intensive margin and extensive margin in labor economics?

What is the difference between intensive margin and extensive margin in labor economics, or general RBC model, where we talk about labor-hours supplied changing with extensive margin or intensive ...
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Has the natural rate of unemployment decreased with modern travel and the Internet?

The natural rate of unemployment is a combination of structural unemployment and frictional unemployment. Structural unemployment is caused by a surplus of labor at a given wage in a given area. ...
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157 views

Does Craigslist Reduce Unemployment?

If a substantial (though admittedly I have no idea how large) part of the natural rate of unemployment is caused by the job search, do more efficient means of communication create more efficient labor ...
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1answer
26 views

Guvenen et al: Earnings

Guvenen et al look at earnings shocks over time, and try to argue whether these are compatible with standard career-ladder models with normal shocks. However, their data is no real shocks, it is time ...
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1answer
61 views

Extensive Labor Margin and Full Insurance

Extensive margin models use Rogerson (1988) style lotteries in order to simplify the savings problem under non-full-insurance. However, one could still write down the model in that style but instead ...
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6answers
974 views

Graduate Level Textbook on Labor Economics and Macro-Labor

What would be good textbooks at the graduate level that deal with Labor Economics and Labor-Macro (As in, Equilibrium Unemployment Theory, Shimer Puzzle etc)?
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72 views

Distribution of Wages

Is there any paper that looks at the distribution of wages? I'd like to see how many workers are in each percentile of labor income. I know that you could compute it using CPS or US tax data, but I ...
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2answers
176 views

Stimulus Effect of the Minimum Wage

In the question about the minimum wage found here, I have heard several times that an increase in the minimum wage can, as one of several competing effects, "boost the economy" by increasing the ...
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1answer
154 views

Employment Volatility and the Relevance of Aggregate Wage Rigidity

The Mortensen-Pissarides (MP) framework of search labor is the thing in analyzing (equilibrium) unemployment over the business cycle. Shimer showed that the lack of hires is the big margin that ...
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3answers
2k views

Under what conditions is a monopoly undesirable?

First of all, I realize that "undesirable" is an ambiguous term. So, to clarify, when is a monopoly undesirable under the following metrics? Pareto efficiency Reduces consumer surplus Social Welfare (...
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2answers
157 views

Whatever happened to efficiency wage theories?

Older macroeconomics texts give much space to efficiency wage explanations of how unemployment could coexist with wages in equilibrium higher than the reservation wage of workers. However, there ...
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2answers
359 views

Unemployment and the Frisch-Elasticity

There is the long debate on the Frisch-Elasticity being the driver of unemployment over the business cycle. One argument against the voluntary-unemployment mechanism of RBC models is that if we ...
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6answers
4k views

How do Marxist economists solve the Diamond-Water Paradox?

For class surveying different economic systems, I read a book on Marxism and its core beliefs. As I read, I came to learn that the Marxist view of economics depends heavily on the Labor Theory of ...
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2k views

Unemployment and the Minimum Wage---what are the main counter-arguments to Card and Krueger?

Card and Krueger's paper (AER 1994, "Minimum Wages and Employment: A Case Study of the Fast-Food Industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania") uses a difference-in-difference identification strategy to ...