Questions tagged [labor-economics]

Labor economics is the branch of microeconomics that studies labor markets and its peculiarities. Labor economists usually study topics such as career choice, returns to schooling, determinants of labor productivity, wages, gender and racial gaps.

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44 views

Does labor mobility create a certain type of market failure?

Oxford professor Ewart Keep writes in a paper titled Market Failure in Skills (p. 3) that For firms there is the problem of investment in staff who may leave taking their skills with them. ...
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25 views

Does a fall in the wage rate always reduce hours worked?

In the Neoclassical Labor-Leisure model, does a fall in the wage rate always reduce hours worked? Or does it depend on whether the substitution or income effect dominates?
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106 views

How is it economically responsible to destroy proprty which has value? [closed]

precursor: bitcoin.stackexchange.com/q/1851 How can it be economically responsible to destroy property which has value? If a property is destroyed (which is the right of the property holder in most ...
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66 views

Would an $8 National Minimum Wage Work in the US?

For those who advocate a \$15 minimum wage, would the benefits espoused also come from an \$8 minimum? The reason I ask, is that it’s often said that the minimum wage needs to be updated as it was ...
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35 views

Where/What should I search to find the big companies annual paid salary information?

I want to know how much salary paid by apple in 2017 to whole employees. Also the details of other payments of the company(How much they paid for raw materials for example). Also like to know these ...
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1answer
61 views

Understanding the effects of government deficit on international trade

Understand that I'm a total novice with regard to economics. Also, while I ultimately have an axe to grind (doesn't everyone?) I'm not trying to do that honing here, I'm simply looking for a sanity ...
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2answers
767 views

Why are vacancy rate and unemployment rate negatively correlated?

Why is this the case? Since Vacancy rate is defined as following, let $A,Q,U$ denote number of vacancies in the economy, labor force, unemployed respectively. $$\frac{A}{A+Q-U}$$ Here we can see ...
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10k views

Why does the real wage = W/P?

Im reading about labour markets, and the notes mention that the real wage 'w' = W/P, where W = the nominal wage, and P = the price level. Could someone please use some 'W' and 'P' as an example to ...
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61 views

Microeconomics: Question on Market for Factors

I am stuck and confused by a section of what I read in my textbook, could you please help me understand the paragraph? If you only vary one means of production and the market for it is competitive ...
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1answer
752 views

Is America getting to a point where there are many more people than jobs or money to go around? Are times better or worse than 50 years ago? [closed]

Is America headed to a point of too many people, not enough work? Is life for an average American better than 50 years ago? I have asked about automation in my first question. Then I've asked a ...
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28 views

Empirical Bayes Estimation

I would be greatful if You can give some advise regarding the following problems: As I reviewed some empirical papers, I learnt that most of them using relatively small number of observations for ...
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12 views

Does the income from a product or art count as passive income?

When a writer publishes his book, can we classify the income from the book as passive? Or another example, when a musician publishes his album, does the album generates passive income, making any form ...
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17 views

When do we have diminishing marginal returns to labor?

When we have a production function exhibiting constant returns to scale, with only labor and technology, why don't we have any diminishing marginal returns to labor?
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17 views

Taxes on Family leave pay

I don't know if this is the correct forum for this question, but do we have to pay taxes on checks from the government that were paid from taxes in the first place. For example, like Social security ...
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22 views

If the payroll tax were eliminated on incomes below $30000 what would happen?

If you canceled all payroll taxes below $30000 / $60000 single / married what would happen? I know that this could increase firm profits, or increase wages, or the number of jobs, or decrease prices ...
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23 views

According to human capital theory, in which country will citizens be more likely to go to college?

Assume that in country A college tuition is 10,000 per year, citizens save 5% of their income for retirement, and there is a mandatory retirement age of 60 years old. In country B, the tuition for ...
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1answer
50 views

Why would overemployment mean that labor is used inefficiently?

If labor is being used efficiently, there is no excess unemployment or over employment. This phrase from Khan Academy struck me as quite strange. Why on Earth would over employment mean that labor ...
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41 views

What is the economic interpretation of the solution of this optimal control problem?

I have the following optimal control problem $$\max_{c_t} \int^{\infty}_0 e^{-p_it}\ln(c_t(i))dt$$ subject to $$\dot{w_t}(i)=rw_t(i) -n_ic_t(i)$$ $$w_0(i)=w_0>0$$ I have some wealthy and ...
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20 views

Would households rather live in a world with or without the unemployment insurance?

Would households rather live in a world with or without the unemployment insurance? What is a good example of world in which unemployment insurance is seen as a benefit, and not a hindrance?
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13 views

Overlapping Generations Model Pension System Question

Part 1 Pension System OLG Model with pension system: Each individual lives up to two periods. The surviving probability at period 2 is p. At period 1, the young household consumes c1, saves s1, and ...
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34 views

income effect and substitution effect

Question:Assume no non-labor income, Alice's labor supply function is $h(w) =\frac{w}{16}$. Her preferences are given by $u(c, l) =\sqrt{c}+3l$. When the wage rate increases, Alice's labor supply ...
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20 views

Okun coefficient interpretation

I'm wondering how to interpret Okun’s coefficient. Say you have $y^c = -1*u^c$. This means that a 1% increase in the cyclical unemployment gap will produce a 1% decrease in the cyclical output gap. ...
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26 views

Has contest theory ever been used to design real-world contests?

Contest theory, very much like auction theory, studies how people act in a contest and the properties of such a competition. There is a large literature that investigates different aspects of the ...
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27 views

extensive vs intensive labor in US in recent decades

Total Hours worked is a mix of extensive (to work or not, the usual standard working week) and intensive (how many hours to work). I'm interested in how this balance of extensive and intensive ...
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15 views

Is it just as profitable for a brokerage to service investments in 401k plans as opposed IRAs?

Why would a brokerage charge fees to the employer, if they could just charge fees to the individual, like they would do otherwise? If an employer wouldn't want to spend any extra money on 401k plans, ...
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10 views

what is the methods to check the impact of regulation on gender pay gap

i have a data for for the top 5 manager of 100 companies from 2010-2018 and i want to check the impact of a regulation that limits the max salary of managers in the financial sector on the gender pay ...
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2answers
54 views

regression method for data that contain a number of observation for several years

I have a data set about 125 companies. For each company I have the salary and some other variables about the top 5 managers in each company. One observation contains the top 5 managers in each one of ...
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1answer
129 views

Could a “Japanese-style strike” work as it's supposed to? Under what conditions?

This is an urban legend, mostly believed in Spain and some countries in South America. The legend is based on the premise that their way to make a strike would be to work much more than usual in some ...
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1answer
86 views

Change in the marginal utility of leisure with respect to a change in consumption

I am reading a paper that derives a theoretical retirement model. There is a utility function and a budget constraint forming an optimal control problem. The solution to this problem states that \...
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11 views

How is matching theory used in context of Marriage market difference in terms of which is used in context of labour and housing market?

I am looking for an overview as most of the introduction to matching talks about the work done in the Marriage market, Job Matching which is axiomatic. Then while looking at Labour and housing market ...
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50 views

Immigration supply shocks, fixed effects and model interpretation

I'm new to this and I've been racking my brains for a couple days trying to understand this model and how to run it in Stata. More than programming help, I think I just don't understand the model well ...
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1answer
55 views

Does migration exacerbate (albeit delay) the problem of aging, economically-inactive populations in Western societies?

As a layman, I've always understood that there is a general consensus amongst economists that "immigration is economically beneficial" to rich Western countries (like Britain) who have aging ...
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1answer
73 views

Elasticity of substitution between leisure in two periods

This is a basic question, but I am new to macro models. The question is from Romer's text. Assume a household only has one member and has no initial wealth, and the household lives for two periods. ...
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1answer
47 views

Incomes of different professions [duplicate]

Doctors average salary is around \$110,000 a year, whereas NBA stars salary may well cross \$5,000,000 a season. Why do sports players and television stars make more than doctors and politicians?
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45 views

How to find right MRP_L in this economic problem?

Economic problem from my textbook (here is my translation from Russian): There is a firm that is both monopoly and monopsony. It's monopoly on market of its product and it's monopsony on labor market ...
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1answer
96 views

Trying to show result of prisoners dilemma simulation through supply/demand graph

I made up this situation where candidate $A$ and $B$ are vying for a job. They can accept wage $x$ or undercut this to agree to work for $x-k$ where $0<k<x$. My point was that eventually they ...
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1answer
31 views

Studying growth in US and Sweden, what variables should I watch out for in a regression? [closed]

I've be assigned a project on growth paradigms in US vs Sweden as part of my introductory course in econ. Can somebody please help me out with regression ideas?
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116 views

Graphing Volunteer labour Supply

I'm wondering if there is a method by which we can visualize a firms decision to rely on volunteer labour. I have an idea but I'm unsure if it is correct, please tell me if there is an issue with my ...
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0answers
57 views

Reducing the working hours to 32 hours / week - how much it would affect the prices of commodities?

If the working hours would be reduced from 40 hours / week to 32 hours / week (4 days x 8 hours instead of 5 days x 8 hours), but maintaining the wages at the same levels, then I guess that the price ...
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1answer
46 views

What is the maximal theoretically possible wage increase here and now (ceteris paribus)? [closed]

Labour unions are pushing for wage increase but what is maximal theoretically possible wage increase here and now - without restructuring production, processes and without introduction of new ...
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1answer
74 views

What is the relation between the trade deficit and the outsourcing of jobs?

To make it easier, let's imagine USA exports nothing and imports nothing (or the exports have the same value with the imports = 0 trade deficit = the country exports the same amount of jobs as it is ...
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1answer
42 views

Economic impacts of Migration on the Labour Market

Many natives don't prefer foreigners taking their jobs, is it actually a bad thing for the countries economy?
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1answer
29 views

Productivity issue

Could someone help with the following? Company produces products of daily demand. It employs workers In number of 12 people (HER) Wages of workers. The costs of hiring and firing are 25 per employee, ...
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1answer
24 views

Unions, right to work laws [closed]

Can anyone explain what right to work laws are? along with any thoughts about unions. Do they actually benefit the worker and overall market? Thank you.
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1answer
78 views

Labor market supply optimization [closed]

How do I optimise this type of problem? I have read something about applying the chain rule to find the first order condition but can't imagine how to express it or solve it. Can somebody give me a ...
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1answer
81 views

Does a trade union of YouTubers exist? [closed]

Would YouTubers see a sense in having a trade union? For example, to establish policies how much the value of their contribution is. The controversy here is, professional YouTubers make a bet for ...
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1answer
36 views

Looking for help with Solow Model Question [closed]

The question is this: Suppose there is a production function of $Q=F(K, L)=\sqrt{K}\sqrt{L}$. Suppose that MPC=0.8 and the labor force is growing at a rate of 0.05 per year. Also labor force ...
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2answers
39 views

Is there no equivalent exchange? [closed]

There is no equivalent exchange. I think it doesn't exist. The so-called equivalent exchange is imaginary. In exchange, one side always makes money while the other side loses money. For example, if ...
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2answers
200 views

What is feminist economics?

Feminist economics? What kind of "field" is that? Just the existence of such a field seems ridiculous to me...

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