Questions tagged [leontief]

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Cost Minimization of $f(x) = min(x_1,x_2) + x_3$

The following production function is given, $f(X) = min\{x_1,x_2\} + x_3$ There is a solution here https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/605925/constrained-maximization-of-leontif-utility-function-...
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1answer
52 views

How to find the cost function for perfect complements [closed]

Imagine I got a production function like it : $$ \min\{x_1, x_2\} $$ How can I find the cost function?
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2answers
259 views

What is the returns to scale of the production function q = min {K, L^(1/2)}?

I learned that when there is decreasing returns to scale, the average cost is always increasing. But the professor told us today that the other way around might not always be true. So if average cost ...
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0answers
100 views

General Equilibrium: Two Consumers with Perfect Substitutes and Perfect Complements Utility Functions

I am attempting to solve a general equilibrium in pure exchange economy problem where the first consumer has an endowment of $(3, 4)$ and a utility function of $U(x) = 3x + 5y$. The second consumer ...
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1answer
73 views

Walrasian demand with a twist of Leontief function

A consumer has the utility function $u(x_1; x_2) = \min(x_1; x_2) + 5 \max(x_1; x_2)$. Find its Walrasian demand $x^*(p; w)$. I've tried searching it up when we have two Leontief functions summed ...
3
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1answer
189 views

Leontief input output model with column sum greater than 1

In a linear algebra textbook I came across the following question (not included in the answer key): Consider an open economy with a consumption matrix \begin{equation} C = \begin{...
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0answers
123 views

how to calculate Leontief demand functions from first order conditions of a CES function when sigma tends to 0?

This question is NOT about how to approximate a CES function to a leontief function. Knowing that: $i= good (\begin{array}{*{20}{c}} {1}&{or}&{2} \end{array})$ $j= firm (\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}...
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2answers
295 views

Derive demand function $x(p,w)$ from utility function $u(x) = \min\{x_1, x_2\} + x_3$

I know how to solve the two-good case with $u(x) = \min\{x1, x2\}$, but the addition of $x3$ confuses me. Problem Derive the demand function $x(p,w)$ from $u(x) = \min\{x1, x2\} + x3$ What I did ...
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0answers
113 views

How to show that a leontief utility function is homothetic?

usually what i do to show that a utility function is homothetic is by either showing that the function is homogeneous or if the MRS is homogeneous of degree 0. However the MRS is not defined. So im ...
0
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1answer
98 views

Optimal choice for a weird leontief function

Compute the optimal choice for a consumer with the following utility function: $$u(x_1, x_2) =\max \{\min(2x_1, x_2), \min(x_1, 2x_2)\}$$ I'm familiar with computing optimal choice for perfect ...
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2answers
638 views

Pareto set with Cobb-Douglas and Leontief preferences

If $U_A(x_A,y_A)=x_Ay_A$ and $U_B(x_B,y_B)=min(x_B,y_B)$ and the total endowments are (8,4), is the Pareto set given by the line joining the kinks of B (black line shown in the diagram)? Shouldn't the ...
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1answer
209 views

Marshallian demand with Leontif preferences

Consider a utility function on the form $u(q_{1},q_{2},q_{3}) = min\{\alpha ln(q_{1}) + (1 - \alpha) ln(q_{2}), ln(q_{3})\}$ I know that optimal behaviour requires $\alpha ln (q_{1}) + (1 - \alpha) ...
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1answer
1k views

Expenditure minimization with Leontief utility

I need to solve the expenditure minimization in a context where $u(x,y) = min\{x,y\}$, i.e. where utility is Leontief. The minimization problem is $$\text{min}_{x,y}\,\,p_xx+p_yy \\ \text{subject}\,...
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2answers
1k views

What does the Leontief Inverse represent? (Intuitive Meaning or Real World Concept)

I encountered that nobody, even my profs and lecturers so far, has an intuitive way to explain what the Leontief inverse represents. Does somebody here? As most people here would know, it goes: $\ ...
6
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1answer
93 views

Leontief's Paradox and the amount of capital

Leontief (1953) showed that US exports in 1947 embodied considerably less capital and somewhat more labor than would be required for domestic production of competitive imports. \$2.55 million worth of ...
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0answers
139 views

Endowment increases but utility reduces

In an Edgeworth economy with two agents and two goods, Player A has endowment $\left(a,\,0\right)$ and utility $u_{A}\left(x_{1},\,x_{2}\right)=\min\left(\gamma x_{1},\,x_{2}\right)$ in which $\gamma&...
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1answer
646 views

Derivation long run cost function of three inputs with Leontief-like characteristics

Suppose that a firm produces a good using capital, skilled labor, and unskilled labor. Let $K$ denote the amount of capital,$L_1$ unskilled labor, $L_2$ skilled labor. The production function is $f(...
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1answer
4k views

Leontief function marginal product of labor/capital

Find marginal product of labor of a Leontief production function. For example, $$f(L, K) = min\{\frac{L}{a}, \frac{K}{b}\}$$ MY ATTEMPT Now as I understand it the marginal product of labor, $MP_L$ ...
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0answers
22 views

Perfect complement outputs with each output being composed of substitutable inputs

How does one solve the following maximization problem? $\underset{K_1, K_2, L_1, L_2}{\text{maximize }} min\{K_1 + L_1,K_2 + L_2\}$ subject to $c(K_1 + \mu K_2) + \beta c(L_1 + \mu L_2)$ where $c(...
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1answer
55 views

why not use $Ap - p$ instead of $p - Ap$?

I am watching this video about the Leontief input-output model: https://youtu.be/hlaBURtSDO8?t=12m26s One thing I don't understand is: why not use $Ap - p$ instead of $p - Ap$? It seems to make ...
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4answers
2k views

Weird Leontief production function

I am solving some micro related exercises and I came across this weird Leontief production function: $$Q =\left(\min\{K, L\} \right)^b$$ I am not sure how to solve it. I have to find the inputs' ...
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0answers
69 views

First Reference Leontief/Perfect Complements

I googled a lot and I'm still to find: 1. In which paper/book/reference do Leontief [production] functions make their first appearance? Similarly 2. In which paper/book/reference do perfect ...
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1answer
4k views

maximizing leontief-type utility function

How do I maximize the utility function: $ U(x,y)= max(ax,ay)+min(x,y) $ , where $ 0<a<1 $ with respect to prices $ p_{x}, p_{y} $ respectively and income $ m $. I know leontief-type utility ...
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2answers
1k views

Constant Elasticity of Substitution: Special Cases

Take an $n$-commodity constant elasticity of substitution utility function, $$U = \left[\sum^n_{i=1} \alpha_i x^\rho_i \right]^\frac{1}{\rho}$$ How do we show the following: Show that as $\rho \...
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1answer
445 views

Leontief preferences and 2nd welfare theorem

Does the 2nd welfare theorem hold with Leontief preferences? If not, which of the assumptions does not hold?
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1answer
6k views

Leontief preferences

I can solve most utility maximization problems using my mathematical knowledge .... but not when it comes to Leontief preferences. I do not have a book to lean on (am self-studying), so would really ...
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2answers
32k views

How can I obtain Leontief and Cobb-Douglas production function from CES function?

In most Microeconomics textbooks it is mentioned that the Constant Elasticity of Substitution (CES) production function, $$Q=\gamma[a K^{-\rho} +(1-a) L^{-\rho} ]^{-\frac{1}{\rho}}$$ (where the ...