Skip to main content

Questions tagged [macroeconomics]

Macroeconomics is a branch of economics dealing with the aggregate economy as a whole, rather than individual markets.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
75 votes
13 answers
26k views

Fundamental equations in economics

For the other sciences it´s easy to point to the most important equations that ground the discipline. If I want to explain Economics to a physicist say, what are considered to be the most important ...
Lumi's user avatar
  • 2,799
68 votes
4 answers
14k views

Why do economists disagree so much?

I'm coming at this from a scientific point of view, having had no formal training in economics - most of what I know about it was from self-studying an undergraduate economics textbook. My question ...
Allure's user avatar
  • 1,302
51 votes
10 answers
4k views

Seminal papers that later were proven to contain errors

I was reading on institutions, and I came across Acemoglu, Johnson and Robinson (AJR) paper on The Colonial Origins of comparative development: An Empirical Investigation, and this paper seemed so '...
An old man in the sea.'s user avatar
47 votes
7 answers
8k views

Is zero inflation desirable?

Is zero inflation really desirable? To be more precise: Does inflation in real life have benefits that in some situations outweigh its social cost? E.g.: it works as a disincentive against holding ...
Giskard's user avatar
  • 29.4k
44 votes
11 answers
8k views

What is the economic purpose of increasing the minimum wage?

It is generally accepted among economists that minimum wage warps the equilibrium point between the supply and demand of labor by instituting a price floor and increases unemployment for unskilled ...
Mathematician's user avatar
37 votes
10 answers
9k views

Why do we need to "get the economy moving again"?

Sorry I have no background in economics but as a computer programmer, I specialise in building models out of simple math and logic, so I hope we can speak the same language without having to get into ...
Andy's user avatar
  • 471
37 votes
6 answers
12k views

If someone goes for a haircut, does it increase GDP?

If I go for a haircut, am I causing the GDP to rise because consumption is rising?
ROHAN PAUL's user avatar
32 votes
3 answers
5k views

What has caused the recent 25% unemployment rate in Spain?

The unemployment rate in Spain has recently been fluctuating around 25%. What has caused this?
Gergely's user avatar
  • 579
31 votes
4 answers
9k views

Are there historical cases of country A printing the currency of country B for the main purpose of economic warfare?

I recently read in a news article that a large amount of Libyan banknotes printed in Russia were seized in Malta following an order coming from the USA. Both Russia and the USA have geostrategic ...
Genorme's user avatar
  • 413
31 votes
4 answers
5k views

From an economics perspective, what are the ramifications of a currency with fixed money supply?

I'm thinking specifically of bitcoins. What are the pros and cons of having a fixed number of coins, as opposed to more "normal" currencies? Would the currency have no inflation?
Jason Nichols's user avatar
29 votes
6 answers
7k views

Why is a stock market crash so bad?

Many folks speak about potential stock market crashes when central banks raise interest rates. I am not a graduate economist nor do I pretend to understand it, but I am definitely curious about what'...
Hairi's user avatar
  • 425
28 votes
10 answers
13k views

People pathologically hoard so much cash that they impoverish the entire nation

"If a man has an apartment stacked to the ceiling with newspapers we call him crazy. If a woman has a trailer house full of cats we call her nuts. But when people pathologically hoard so much cash ...
Bob L.'s user avatar
  • 297
27 votes
1 answer
543 views

How do Gini coefficients correlate with the cost of higher education?

Are there any studies that explore the higher net present value (NPV) of education in countries with higher Gini coefficients? Additionally, do any of these studies include the impacts of economic ...
Jason Nichols's user avatar
26 votes
4 answers
8k views

Could eliminating all taxes and only creating new money theoretically work?

Imagine you had the opportunity to found a new country from scratch (in 2020). Value exchange would be digital, where only the state can create new currency units. Instead of relying on income tax ...
Nico's user avatar
  • 369
25 votes
2 answers
3k views

Should we expect more structural technological unemployment if growth becomes more limited by natural resources and less by labour?

Technological unemployment, where unemployment arises from (with some oversimplification) workers being replaced by machines, has so far been temporary as new jobs were created that replaced the old ...
gerrit's user avatar
  • 1,754
21 votes
3 answers
2k views

In what sense are "new-Keynesian" models "new" and in what sense are they "Keynesian"?

Hopefully, the title of this question is quite descriptive. Whilst I have a broad understanding of the research agenda of macroeconomics, I don't have a very good picture of how it is divided into ...
Ubiquitous's user avatar
20 votes
5 answers
2k views

Unemployment and the Minimum Wage---what are the main counter-arguments to Card and Krueger?

Card and Krueger's paper (AER 1994, "Minimum Wages and Employment: A Case Study of the Fast-Food Industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania") uses a difference-in-difference identification strategy to ...
jmbejara's user avatar
  • 9,355
19 votes
5 answers
5k views

How do economies grow?

These days, we hear again and again about the so-called "need" for economic growth. But how do countries actually grow economically? That is, why/how does their GDP increase over time? ...
FooBar's user avatar
  • 10.7k
18 votes
5 answers
6k views

How does everyone not become poor over time?

Look at the whole world --the union of all goods and services and workers and customers. Everyone who is a customer is a worker somewhere (they had to get the money to be a customer somehow). But not ...
DeeDee's user avatar
  • 331
18 votes
2 answers
953 views

Why is capital income taxed differently than wage income?

Why is income from capital gains taxed differently than wage income? There are perhaps historical, practical, and theoretical reasons. What are they? (As far as historical reason go, I'm asking ...
jmbejara's user avatar
  • 9,355
18 votes
3 answers
6k views

What does Yanis Varoufakis mean by "surplus recycling mechanism"?

Yanis Varoufakis, the current finance minister of Greece, talks about a "surplus recycling mechanism", a term he coined and uses to describe (as I understand it) a relief valve for economies running a ...
RomanSt's user avatar
  • 283
17 votes
3 answers
1k views

Complete Markets in Continuous Time

In the standard discrete time economies with a finite number of states, $n$, a complete markets economy is simply an economy with $n$ independent assets (Think Ljunqvist and Sargent Chapter 8). This ...
cc7768's user avatar
  • 1,613
16 votes
12 answers
7k views

Is money we make completely taken away by taxes?

In my opinion, any money we make will be completely taken away by taxes. Here is my logic. When I earn some money (x), I have to give some as tax to the government. ...
Tamila Ambeon's user avatar
16 votes
4 answers
1k views

Most notable papers in Economics in 2021

This question is based on this one in Math Overflow I understand that I can't simply 'translate' the question into the area of economics. Thus, I'm open to improvements on the question framework. Here'...
An old man in the sea.'s user avatar
16 votes
3 answers
89k views

What is the difference between intensive margin and extensive margin in labor economics?

What is the difference between intensive margin and extensive margin in labor economics, or general RBC model, where we talk about labor-hours supplied changing with extensive margin or intensive ...
Newark's user avatar
  • 231
16 votes
3 answers
3k views

Should Finland leave the eurozone?

Finland's economic recovery from the shock of the global financial crisis of 2007–2008 has been very weak. The country has been in recession for the past three years, with GDP expected to expand by ...
Marko Amnell's user avatar
15 votes
4 answers
1k views

What benefits does Bitcoin (i.e. cryptocurrency) offer?

I really, really like moderate inflation. I live in Sweden where the interest rates just went negative because we are on the brink of deflation, and the rate of inflation we have now is far too low. ...
pimmen's user avatar
  • 253
14 votes
5 answers
20k views

Does the Federal Reserve buy and sell stocks?

Can the Fed buy and sell stock in publicly traded companies? Is there evidence of this and, wouldn't this behavior drive the price as opposed to actual market forces?
dnbwise's user avatar
  • 261
14 votes
2 answers
3k views

Why in most macro models technology is labor-augmenting?

Take Romer's advanced macro book as reference. In it the Solow model,the Ramsey model and the Diamond OLG all contain the fundamental $A_t$ variable representing technological progress. In all these ...
CarrKnight's user avatar
14 votes
3 answers
7k views

Log-linearization of Euler equation with an expectation term

There are a few online resources available to help with log-linearization (e.g., here or here). However, log-linearization where an expectation is involved is a little tricky because the log can't ...
ethan1410's user avatar
  • 141
14 votes
6 answers
3k views

Macroeconomics for Mathematicians

I'm coming from a math background (so my mind is set up for Definitions-Observation-Lemma-Proof frameworks) and looking for recommendations of a Macroeconomics textbook mainly devoted to growth models ...
foreignvol's user avatar
14 votes
2 answers
4k views

Larry Summers on the causes of secular stagnation

In an influential speech on November 8, 2013 at the IMF Annual Research Conference, Larry Summers suggested that slow economic growth in the years following the 2007–2008 financial crisis might be due ...
Marko Amnell's user avatar
14 votes
1 answer
460 views

Barro's (2009) rare disaster model in the AER: How to derive equation (10)?

In Barro (2009) Rare disasters, asset prices and welfare costs Barro develops a Lucas tree model with Epstein-Zin preferences. My question concerns the paper's equation (10). In this equation Barro ...
drcms02's user avatar
  • 163
13 votes
7 answers
4k views

Textbook for macroeconomics (advanced undergrad)

I find that many contemporary macroeconomics textbooks are too applied, filled with examples, case studies and intuitive illustrations, often at the expense of quantitative rigour and therefore the ...
Constantin's user avatar
13 votes
6 answers
5k views

Why must the rate of GDP growth be positive?

There are always expectations that GDP should be growing at a certain rate. This is what I see in the newspapers. I am not an economics major and this is a very basic student question. After adjusting ...
Medan's user avatar
  • 245
12 votes
4 answers
8k views

Why are high/rising property values considered a good thing?

Increasing prices for housing are pretty much universally treated as positive in the news and in political discourse: newspapers run headlines like "Good news: Home values are up" and talk about "...
tparker's user avatar
  • 770
12 votes
9 answers
6k views

What Level of Government Debt to GDP Ratio is Sustainable?

I was reading that Japan has a debt to gdp ratio of 240pc and I cannot understand why this has not left the country "bankrupt"? From looking at this like an ordinary person this level would be ...
Trajan's user avatar
  • 659
12 votes
5 answers
970 views

What is the reasoning behind the sharp fall of oil prices starting in mid 2014?

Things I have considered: Poor economic conditions around the world could have caused an unpredicted decrease in demand. The resulting surplus has begun driving prices down. This could be ...
123's user avatar
  • 2,911
12 votes
7 answers
119k views

How interest rate affects currency

I am quite new to economics. I was reading about changes in interest rates and its effect on currency value. The fact is as interest rates increases, the currency value also increases and vice versa....
Mahesha999's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
3k views

What is the Gross Domestic Product (GDP)?

I suppose GDP is supposed to create a measure of a country's wealth/welfare, something easily indexable. But how exactly is it composed? And is its composition disputed? How good is it at measuring a ...
FooBar's user avatar
  • 10.7k
12 votes
4 answers
6k views

How does a national budget differ from a household budget?

We are often told by pundits that "Country X cannot spend more than they take in in revenue, because a house that makes A and spends B will always collapse if B>A". Essentially the siren calls of a ...
Jason Nichols's user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
7k views

Is 'full employment' synonymous with 'the natural rate of unemployment'?

Is the phrase 'full employment' synonymous with the phrase 'the natural rate of unemployment'? Parkin, et al. (2010) seem to use these two terms interchangably in chapter 20, but looking up these two ...
ahorn's user avatar
  • 1,230
12 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is the difference between "aggregation" and a "representative agent?"

What is the difference between "aggregation" and a "representative agent?" I'm sorry if I'm not entirely clear on this question, but that's why I ask. It seems to me as if a representative agent is ...
jmbejara's user avatar
  • 9,355
12 votes
2 answers
304 views

Why use empirical macroeconomic models when they are not policy invariant (Lucas Critique)?

With high probability this question is duplicate, and I tried to find one already in the community, but I was unsuccessful. According to the Lucas Critique, in its more general terms, the problem ...
An old man in the sea.'s user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
578 views

Real option effect of uncertainty - irreversiblity vs fixed cost

There is a growing literature (e.g. Bloom, 2009) studying negative macroeconomic impacts of heightened uncertainty. One channel through which uncertainty can discourage economic activity, and ...
ivansml's user avatar
  • 1,096
11 votes
2 answers
1k views

Inflation and economic growth

Noticeable works about the impact of inflation on economic growth are dated back to the 90s. For example, Barro (1995): the impact effects from an increase in average inflation by 10 percentage ...
Anton Tarasenko's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
762 views

What are some reasons for decline of georgism?

I understand that Georgism was a major economic idea in the late 19th century. The idea of a simple land-value tax and basic income derived from an equitable distribution of natural resource ...
amphibient's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
494 views

The Case for Basic Income in developed and underdeveloped countries

From what I can tell, the idea of the basic income guarantee is very popular in some circles as an excellent alternative to a lot of modern welfare systems. Has anybody developed a theoretic or ...
Jamzy's user avatar
  • 3,761
11 votes
4 answers
19k views

Why does savings equal investment (scenario)?

Scenario 1: There's an economy of two people (Joe and Amanda). Joe buys a $500$ dollar car from Amanda (which she made herself from raw materials in her back yard). Amanda takes the $500$ dollars and ...
sinθ's user avatar
  • 281
11 votes
2 answers
274 views

Why plug deficits with bonds rather than printing money?

The UK is running a budget deficit £107 billion a year. Inflation is currently running at 1%. Given these facts, why do they plug the gap by selling debt rather than just creating the money to cover ...
Simon Johnson's user avatar

1
2 3 4 5
61