Questions tagged [macroeconomics]

Macroeconomics is a branch of economics dealing with the aggregate economy as a whole, rather than individual markets.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
3answers
165 views

Bank Runs During the 1930s

Why were there numerous banks run right after the stock market crash of 1929? Why would a bank fail because the stock market crashes?
-1
votes
2answers
37 views

Transparent Fractional-reserve banking as an alternative to the current system

I come from a layman perspective, but I've been trying to understand macroeconomics and finance. Currently I'm struggling with the current topic. Here I'm not worried about the system transition just ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Circular Flow with Inventories

I´m trying to fully understand the basic circular flow and the equivalence among production, income and expenditure, but considering the accumulation of inventories (still the most basic version, ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Are there economic models that predict (only) a medium/long-term negative effect of protectionism?

Going by some ECB models/estimates from last year, protectionism would result in negative consequences pretty fast, e.g. For illustration, I will use the results of simulations carried out by ECB ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Capital/Income Ratio in Pikketty's Capital

In Capital by Thomas Pikketty, https://www.robertdkirkby.com/blog/2015/summary-of-piketty-i/, he states that World War I and World War II were the main reasons why the Capital Income to Labour Income ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

If floating money doesn't increase for a country, does it not affect that country's currency value and the rest of the world? [closed]

Say, if a country has \$100 trillion of dollars floating in the whole world, in year 2010, and then when it is year 2020, the country now has \$150 trillion of dollars floating in the whole world, but ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

Why would China's FX reserves stay flat as the Fed ramps up its balance sheet?

As seen in the chart, China's FX reserves have remained flat lately despite the massive balance sheet expansion of the Fed. Though out of the temporal domain of this chart, if it were extended back to ...
5
votes
2answers
393 views

Limits to Quantitative Easing Programmes

I have been reading recently on the quantitative easing programmes by the ECB and the BOJ, see http://www.cnbc.com/2016/04/07/what-the-bank-of-japan-boj-will-do-now-that-negative-rates-have-...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

How does the imposition of import duties affect the nominal and real exchange rates in the long term?

Let's assume that a country imposes an import duty on goods imported from abroad. How will this change the long-term real exchange rate between domestic and foreign currencies? How will it affect the ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

What'll happen to production and consumer distortion loss in a large country with tariffs?

Suppose here $P_0$ is the initial world price, and after tariffs is imposed the world price drops to $P_1$. What would be the production distortion loss and consumer distortion loss? Would it still be ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Cost of production plant

I'm struggling to find a macroeconomic index which embodies the cost to run an average production plan. My problem is that I wanted to divide the annual average cost per employee (which I already ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Difference between the International Dollar and PPP

This may be a very rudimentary question but I am trying to discern the difference between purchasing power parity and the international dollar. I am starting to work on a project where we are trying ...
1
vote
2answers
30 views

What does the seasonal adjustment curve for major macroeconomic metrics look like?

All the explanations of seasonal adjustment that I found from a quick search either don't give any quantitative examples, or give an example with a time series that is either made up or represents an ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

How can I obtain State level Investment in the US?

How can I obtain investment level data by state in the US? I want to analyse how Public investment vs Private Investment responded to TFP shocks on a state level, so I am looking for Gross Private ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

GDP calculation on selling house at a profit

This question may appear to be naive, however, since I am having problems understanding it, I had to resort to ask it here. How will the sale of an old house at a profit affect the GDP? Let us say I ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

What is supply-side of economics?

I've got a question for economics that I need help with, here is the question: "What is meant by the supply side of economics? Define the term ‘supply’ in the context of economics and explain the ...
3
votes
3answers
447 views

Significance of circular flow diagram?

A staple of intro economics textbooks is the circular flow diagram. Example from Frank et al. (2019, Principles of Economics) What is the significance of the above diagram? One thing it can ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

If PPP Exchange rate is 0.291, what does that mean?

I've normalised deflators for countries A and B. If the Price level of Country A/ Price level of country B = .291, does that mean that on average for every dollar a person in Country B spends, for the ...
-1
votes
1answer
53 views

What determined the “cost of borrowing money” or the interest rate in a gold-based economy

In the modern economy, the central bank decides the cost of borrowing money using interest rates along with other several tools and technic. But I was wondering, in a gold-based economy (not the gold ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Why doesn't QE cause the federal funds rate to continue decreasing?

Quantitative easing (QE) is essentially a large-scale form of open market operations, in which the Fed buys large amounts of treasury bills of all maturities (ranging from 1-month to 30-year) and ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

Neutral technical progress

Recently I learnt that Cobb-Douglas production function has elasticity of substitution equal to 1, therefore it has neutral technical progress. Then Leontief production function has zero elasticity of ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Micro foundations of the Phillips Curve

In a typical NKPC: $Inflation_t = \alpha_1 Inflation_{t-1} + (1-\alpha_1) \mathbb{E}_tInflation_{t+1} + \alpha_2 RealMarginalCost + \epsilon_t$ From a micro-foundations perspective, does the ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

How does exchange rate change with respect to interests?

If the central bank raises intereat rates, isn't the money supply now less and the exchange rate is greater? I have run into opposite statements and dont know how to approach this problem. Thanks in ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Monetary Transmission in New Keynesian - Euler Equation

I get that NK model basically consists of the three equations: Taylor rule, Dynamic IS curve and the NK Phillips curve. I want to know the effect of nominal interest rate reduction on the ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

What would be the consequences of Downsizing on the economy?

In the 2017 movie Downsizing, a chunk of the population decides to reduce their body size to just a few inches. What would be the consequences of this on the economy? I'd like to know chronologically ...
3
votes
2answers
98 views

Why GDP series always has an unit root problem?

In one of the lecture slides of class that I am currently taking our professor mentioned that when it comes to the GDP is it safe to always assume it has unit root and testing for it is just ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Can setting bank's reserve requirement ratio in 100% simulate gold standard?

Statement: If you want a gold standard, it's easier to set bank's reserve requirement to 100%. Context: This was a comment in a video telling how government actions influence monetary inflation. ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Increase in Debt / GDP positive or negative for currency?

When a nation-state and/or monetary union increase it's debt to GDP ratio. Is this a net positive or negative for its currency?
-1
votes
1answer
24 views

Calculating CPI

The question is I know how to calculate CPI in the sense without " a basket of 700 goods and services". How does adding this info change my calculation? I only know CPI= (the price of basket of ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Does the investment component of GDP (demand side) identity include expenditures by the government and households?

In the identity GDP=C+I+G+(X-M) does "I" include expenditures by the government and households? For example, if a construction firm builds new residential properties and a household buys this ...
1
vote
0answers
8 views

Real Effective Exchange Rates Based on Manufacturing Consumer Price Index for India

This question is from here What does "Real Effective Exchange Rates Based on Manufacturing Consumer Price Index for India " this mean? Does it mean the value of exports adjusted for ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Does Direct Benefit Transfers make an economy poorer?

Printing money and giving to the poor causes inflation. Increases demand and hikes prices. This is basically certain. But on the contrary, a paper titled Debunking the Stereotype of the Lazy Welfare ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Helicopter Money in the time of Covid-19

In this voxEU article by Jordi Galí, he says the following: In the current context, the central bank could credit the government's account (or governments, in the case of the ECB) for the amount of ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

The law of supply and demand - How does it work?

I've learned what the principle of supply and demand says, and would paraphrase it like this: The price of a good is at equilibrium when supply and demand are equal. Or with other words: The price ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

A hypothetical question on neutrality of money

Let's assume that we start with an economy producing two goods, A and B, with each priced $100. Each good is weighted using the same quantity, so CPI equals 100. Nominal wage is also 100 dollars. An ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

How do the factors of production map to the GDP identity?

How do the 4 factors of production (nature / capital / labour/ entrepr.) map to the GDP components in: $$Y=C+I+G+(X-M)$$ To me it seems that all factors map to all GDP components, simply because it's ...
16
votes
3answers
844 views

Complete Markets in Continuous Time

In the standard discrete time economies with a finite number of states, $n$, a complete markets economy is simply an economy with $n$ independent assets (Think Ljunqvist and Sargent Chapter 8). This ...
2
votes
2answers
111 views

How does 'building land' fit into economic modeling?

According to the ONS National Accounts 2018 & RICS land valuations and ... Land that is built on has a value that makes it half of the UK's wealth. The rest of the land has a value less than 3% ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Is there any fundamental reason that output elasticity of capital $<1$ in general?

In Solow growth model, if one perturb the saving, there is convergence of old equilibrium capital to new equilibrium capital as investment breaking point capital is attractor. However, in derivation ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

What does it mean when we talk about “same basket” exactly for both GDP and CPI?

When we say about "the basket used for calculating the CPI is the same as the composition of GDP" What does it mean the "same basket"? Does it just mean the goods and service are the same but the ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Stabilizing Property of a Taylor Rule

Considering the New Keynesian Model we have the Phillips curve and dynamic IS curve in log-linearized form with price shock $u^{\pi}$ and demand shock $u^{IS}$ :$$\pi_t=\beta E_t\pi_{t+1}+\kappa(y_t-...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

What are the calculations that policy makers do when deciding to ease a lockdown?

I have heard this question framed as making the decision between lives and the economy. But on the other hand, I also read a StackExchange discussion(I am not sure of the link), where it was shown ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Does combination of the paradox of thrift and the acceleration principle reduce economy to c=a level of consumption during recession?

By "c=a level" I mean situation when all consumption by households equals to autonomous spending, more or less. I assume no counter-cyclical policies(including automatic stabilizers). I also assume ...
0
votes
2answers
136 views

How can we get negative **real** interest rate?

According to Fisher's equation, Real interest rate=Nominal interest rate - expected inflation rate So, how can we get negative real interest rate? I'm in doubts. On one hand, purely from algebraic ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Keynesian cross. Can there be a situation when the point of equilibirum “runs away”, shifts in response to attempts to reach it?

In Keynesian cross model, as far as I understand, income-expenditure equilibirum is reached this way: when unplanned inventory investment>0, then firms produce less, when unplanned inventory ...
4
votes
2answers
49 views

“If markets are competitive, the rate of return on capital equals its marginal product, $f'(k)$ minus depreciation $\delta$”?

Consider Solow model with $Y=(AL)^{1-a}K^a$. Then output per effective labor is $y=k^a$ where $k=\frac{K}{AL}$. "If markets are competitive, the rate of return on capital equals its marginal product,...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Positive productivity shock with a fall in output

I am modeling a two-country world. Within each country there exists a representative infinitely-lived agent, a representative final good producer, a continuum of domestic monopolistic competitive ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

What is the best measure for the world's economic cycle?

I'm trying to make a graph that shows how the return of major assets (S&P 500 index, % of 3Y T-notes, oil, gold, etc) move along with the world's expansion& recession cycle. I looked into ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Multiplier effect and GDP

The fundamental national income accounting identity is: $Y = C + I + G + X - M$. The multiplier effect tells us that an autonomous injection into the economy will result in a multiplied increase in ...
7
votes
6answers
956 views

What is the relevance of economic growth?

Economic policies often mention high economic growth as a desirable path. For example, "We started to lay a new foundation for stronger, more durable economic growth." -- President Obama, ...

1
2
3 4 5
41