Questions tagged [macroeconomics]

Macroeconomics is a branch of economics dealing with the aggregate economy as a whole, rather than individual markets.

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62 views

Net Neutrality and Recent Telecom Projects

It has come to my attention that the big telecom providers are launching some big infrastructural projects recently (at the time of post, Jan. 2018). I presume by that they mean talking laying cables ...
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Why is deflation a likely short-term of an increase in M2?

The year-on-year growth in M2 — a broad measure of US money supply — has rocketed this year due to the efforts of monetary and fiscal policymakers to reduce the economic damage caused by the pandemic. ...
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Estimating the rental rate of capital from data

Take the classic optimization problem of the neo-classical firm: \begin{equation} \begin{array}{*2{>{\displaystyle}r}} \mbox{maximize (over $K, L$)} & f(K, L) - RK - WL \end{array} \end{...
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Labour markets and supply-side policies: too much stress put on the WS push factors?

In reading several macro textbooks, it seems that most of the supply-side policies tend to be focused on the labour supply side (wage setting curve), instead on the firm/labour demand side(price ...
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1answer
61 views

What are some examples of goods that entrepreneurship-intense?

Entrepreneurship is considered to be one of factors of production (the other factors of production are capital, labor and land). According to Heckscher–Ohlin model, a country that has an abundant ...
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37 views

How is the GINI coefficient half the relative mean absolute difference?

I've tried to derive a proof myself and have looked through a lot of sources but can't seem to find an understandable mathematical explanation/proof for why this is the case. I found one at(https://...
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71 views

How is employment related to aggregate demand and aggregate supply?

When we talk about excess or deficient aggregate demand , how does employment suddenly comes ?
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1answer
36 views

What is the characteristics of economic downturn and which countries experience economic downturn from 2010 to 2018?

I would like to know the characteristics of economic downturn. Is downturn the same as recession? and which countries experience economic downturn from 2010 to 2018?
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Max of a profit function: partial derivative of an integral function?

I am struggling with the maximization of the following profit function in a New-Keynesian model. Here there is the FOC. $$\frac{\delta}{\delta Y_t(i)} P_tY_t- \int_0^1 P_t(i)Y_t(i)di = \frac{\delta}{\...
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1answer
63 views

Is the money market model based on assumption of no interest rate targeting on the part of the central bank?

This is quote from Gregory Mankiw's macroeconomics text about mechanism of formation of the interest rate in the money market model: How does the interest rate get to this equilibrium of money supply ...
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4answers
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Discount & Interest rates

Small question, is discount rates and interest rates the same/similar thing in economics? A bit confused regarding this.
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Are rational expectations in economics purely forwards looking, or can they have backward looking components?

Are rational expectations (Muth, Lucas, Kyland and Prescott) in economics purely forwards looking, or can they have backward looking components?
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What industries, if any, are best when nationalized/government-run?

In free-market economics, private firms are said to be more efficient and better for consumers as competition between private firms in an industry breeds innovation, low cost (for consumers), and ...
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Balance of Trade ( Surplus and Deficit)

I'm new to economics. I want to ask that what remedies that the government can actually employ to address the deficit/surplus in the fish trade balances over time? My attempt, Trade deficit (i) The ...
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1answer
71 views

Negative Inflation, AS/AD framework, What Graph to use?

My macroeconomic homework contains the question below, and I'm not sure what graphs we're suppose to use to solve it. I believe I can answer the whole question using the IS-MP Diagram, but do I need ...
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1answer
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What does “writes a check to Congress in exchange for them” mean in this context?

On page 192 of the 5th edition, George Edward Griffin begins to describe the "Mandrake Mechanism", chapter ten, in "The Creature from Jekyll Island". First, the Fed takes all the ...
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What does full employment mean? [duplicate]

I am a bit confused about the term "full employment". I am currently learning about the labour market model, and how that is influenced by changes in aggregate demand. My textbook states &...
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1answer
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Literature on DSGE models featuring a financial sector

I recently read a ECB primer on DSGE models featuring the financial sector and became interested in the field. I also started to read some of the earlier literature in that field (e.g. Gertler & ...
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What economics aggregate(s) could suggest an imminent change in exchange rates?

I have read articles about the Swiss Franc breaking its peg with the dollar and I would like to understand what indicators people look at to determine whether a currency break/depegging is imminent. ...
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When is the upward economic convergence in the EU estimated to happen?

Although the regional cohesion, i. e. the socio-economical convergence of the East and the West has been one of the EU's main goals, some economists seem to dispute there's any evidence for them being ...
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Is ongoing economic growth possible without additional non-renewable inputs?

Can ongoing economic growth occur without use of additional non-renewable inputs? That is, any additional inputs would only be from renewable resources: all non-renewable resources would be reused, ...
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23 views

Effects on Early International Travel Ban and Economy

Can't find articles regarding on this. Had the country set up an early international travel ban to avoid this Covid-19 pandemic, can that country survive thru local businesses after 4-6 months or more ...
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2answers
65 views

Do patents foster innovation?

I'm looking for a good meta analysis which answers the question if patents are generally beneficial to economy or not. Some papers I've read claim they are indispensable, other say it depends on the ...
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1answer
106 views

Use Lag Operator to find Lifetime Budget Constraint

The budget constraint is $c_t + \tau_t + s_{t+1} =w_t(1-l_t) +(1+r_t)s_t$ And assume $\underset{t \longrightarrow \infty}{lim} \ \displaystyle{\frac{s_t}{\Pi_{i=1}^{t-1} (1+r_i)}} = 0$ Lag ...
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Do countries with centrally-planned economy have Entrepreneurship as a factor of production?

Let's don't count self-employed people without other employees (like "lone wolf" craftsmen) and people who have an illegal business as entrepreneurs. By centrally-planed economy I mean an ...
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3answers
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How are recessions even possible if its impossible for banks to lose money? [closed]

When a bank issues a loan, the money must end up with another bank. Therefore, the banking system as a whole can never lose money. Only the dumb banks which make loans that arent repaid can ever lose ...
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271 views

Wealth - Bond Market and Liquidity Preference Framework

I've been told that an increase in wealth will lead to an increase in both the demand for Bonds determined by the Theory of Asset Demand. This should shift the bond curve to the right, increasing ...
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1answer
62 views

Is there an “ideal” ratio of tax revenue to GDP? Or, at least, can I assume a higher ratio is better?

At the link below, you can see countries have a huge difference in ratios of tax revenue to GDP. Is it fair to assume that a higher ratio is better? Does raising a substantial portion of your GDP in ...
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1answer
112 views

Solving Euler Equation for standard DSGE Models

I am studying a rather standard DSGE Model with a standard Utility function $U = f(c_t, n_t, M_t)$ subject to a budget constraint. Now, tosolve the intertemporal optimization problem I have, or ...
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1answer
64 views

Best history of macro book?

I'd like to know if you know some book that summarize the history of macro ? I'm in Master (after undergrad) so I don't ask for beginner's book. I've begun to read "a history of macroeconomics ...
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Why do all/majority of loan contracts charge nominal interest rate instead of fixed real interest rate?

As far as I understand, all/majority of loan contracts charge nominal interest rate, there are (almost?) no loan contracts that charge fixed real interest rate. Why is it so? Normally I would expect ...
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1answer
47 views

Why does a current account deficit contribute to making a country a “sitting duck” for currency speculators?

George Soros had this to say about the factors surrounding his famous short of the British pound: The U.K. had a large current-account deficit…, modest FX reserves and no capital controls to rebuff ...
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1answer
73 views

Is a lack of “rules” dangerous for cryptocurrency

An issue/disadvantage that the gold standard had was a lack of mechanisms that forced economies to abide by the rules of the game. As a result, they could at any time de-monetize gold and therefore ...
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Is fiat currency better than a backed-currency?

My question is would it be better if we went back to something like a gold standard but backed by a finite virtual material instead? It avoids the problem of fluctuations in gold supply. The money-...
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1answer
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What is the probability of an unemployed worker receiving no job offer during a time period?

we are currently covering one sided search models and I had a question for you all. I kind of understand the raw calculus behind finding the probability of a job offer over a time interval h, but what ...
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2answers
772 views

Matlab code example for piecewise linear approximation and Euler Equation Iteration

Where I can find a good Matlab sample code that performs Euler equation iteration with piece-wise linear approximation of policy functions? The Projection method I have in mind is something like ...
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1answer
114 views

Indifference curve - Does $dU = 0$ hold in higher dimensions? / Problem of integrability

In two dimensions, we have on an indifference curve that $dU=0$. Does this apply to indifference objects in higher dimensions? I was thinking that if $dU > 0$, then one is moving to a higher ...
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2answers
73 views

What was the Rogoff & Reinhart spreadsheet mistake?

In class our professor said that the Rogoff and Reinhart research on growth and debt was discredited due to spreadsheet mistake. What was this mistake? Also did they perform their research in excel ...
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Are there historical cases of country A printing the currency of country B for the main purpose of economic warfare?

I recently read in a news article that a large amount of Libyan banknotes printed in Russia were seized in Malta following an order coming from the USA. Both Russia and the USA have geostrategic ...
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Does the concept of Capitalism increase the net wealth?

I am currently going through a video by Peter Schiff from the occupy Wallstreet period where he is talking with the protestors at the time. I'm pretty early in the video and Mr. Schiff makes the ...
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1answer
53 views

Nelson-Siegel-Svensson method

I am a college student and I have recently learned about Nelson-Siegel-Svensson method which is used by the German Federal Bank to determine the yield curve. I have to generate yield curves of ...
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2answers
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What are the determinants of the natural rate of interest and how market rate converges to it?

I'd like to know how is determined the natural/neutral rate of interest. Moreover, how the market rate can converge to it ? If you have some references it would be great !
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How can a government save, if it has deficit?

I am reading an IMF paper about China's debt (link) which says: ❝ Despite a large augmented fiscal deficit of 10 percent, fiscal savings remain higher than other countries, resulting from the biased ...
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How would consolidation in the brokerage space make things better for banks?

There is a bit from an article I don't quite understand: China has been eager to whip its brokers into shape. Officials want capital markets to lessen the burden on banks, which last year provided ...
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GDP accounting: Insurance spending belong to which part of GDP?

We know that $GDP = C + I + G + NX$, where $C$ is household consumption and $I$ is private investment. I don't know whether insurance spending (e.g life insurance) belongs to $C$ or $I$. I've googled ...
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Policy ineffectiveness proposition

Suppose, the Aggregate supply is given by the Lucas Supply Curve - $y_t = ȳ + b(P_t - E_{t-1}P_t) + μ_t$ where $μ_t$ is stochastic supply shock (following standard normal error properties). Aggregate ...
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Are taxes,subsidies and social money transfers(i.e. welfare) accounted in money velocity?

As far as I know, money velocity is an average amount of times a typical, say, dollar, gets spent on goods during 1 year. So if it's spend N times to pay for goods, then money velocity equals N. But I ...
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How could Euro bonds serve as a “safe haven” asset in the long run?

The German Bund has been the major safe-haven asset in the Eurozone despite the advent of the Euro. However, I noticed that there is mounting anticipation around a potential 750 billion worth of Euro ...
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1answer
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GDP Identity:Why does $\text{C+S+T = C+I+G+(X-M)}$?

$$\text{C+S+T = Y = C+I+G+(X-M)}$$ where: $\text{Y}$ is GDP $\text{C}$ is Private consumption $\text{S}$ is Private savings $\text{T}$ is net taxes $\text{I}$ is investment $\text{G}$ is ...
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Deriving the Euler Equation

I want to derive the Euler Equation for the following: $$max \sum\limits_{t=0}^{T} = \beta^{t}U(C_t)$$ $$s.t. C_t+K_{t+1} \leq f(K_t) , t=0,1,2,...,T-1$$ $$-K_{T+1} \leq 0$$ I'm a bit confused ...

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