Questions tagged [macroeconomics]

Macroeconomics is a branch of economics dealing with the aggregate economy as a whole, rather than individual markets.

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Why is a high government debt/GDP bad?

Why is a high government debt/GDP bad? It is frequently mentioned as something bad. Today here, for example. I get that when the government spends, real resources like workers or raw materials are ...
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1answer
232 views

Why does falling global bond yields signal coming deflation?

This article suggests that, "Bond markets are signalling something very nasty coming down the road at us – an all encompassing, worldwide deflation. " I cannot understand why bond yields falling ...
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3answers
857 views

How is the ARIMA model a valid approach for forecasting Economic Variables?

Ive noticed the use of univariate forecasting methods (i.e the ARIMA model) employed in forecasting inflation (see references below). How is this a valid approach in terms of forecasting economic ...
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2answers
171 views

Re-evaluation of Consumer Price Index (C.P.I.) weights

How are the weights of the various household items in the Consumer Price Index (C.P.I.) basket decided, i.e., how are they re-evaluated every year? Is it done manually or automatically? If its done ...
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2answers
391 views

Limits to Quantitative Easing Programmes

I have been reading recently on the quantitative easing programmes by the ECB and the BOJ, see http://www.cnbc.com/2016/04/07/what-the-bank-of-japan-boj-will-do-now-that-negative-rates-have-...
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The Effects of Demonetisation

I do not wish to get into the details of the Demonetisation implemented by the Indian Government on 8th November, 2016. Endless political debates have already been conducted advocating or berating ...
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1answer
174 views

Abenomics and the Japanese VAT tax hike

Abenomics seems to me like a straightforward and modern plan of economic reflation through monetary easing and some attempt at structural reform. While it's still early, it looks like many of the ...
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1answer
132 views

Savings = investment with private money creation?

I've been reading some introductory macroeconomics and I'm struggling to understand one of the basic accounting identities. In a closed economy with a fixed money supply it's clear that every dollar ...
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531 views

Market clearing condition with Walras law

I have a diamond overlapping model The question is as follows Let us consider an infinitely lived production economy populated at time t by $N_t$ identical and perfectly competitive adult ...
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3answers
407 views

Cobb-Douglas production function, given $w$ get $r$ regardless of input levels. Why?

There is a market economy with technology given by: $$Y = K^\alpha L^{1-\alpha} \tag{1}$$ Firms behave competitively and input prices are: $$r = \alpha K^{\alpha-1}L^{1-\alpha} = \alpha(\frac{L}{K})...
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2answers
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What is the difference between quarterly GDP and annual GDP?

I didn't understand how quarterly GDP is calculated. If GDP means Gross Domestic Product in a year, then what does quarterly GDP mean Gross Domestic Product in a quarter? OR it is multiplied by $4$ to ...
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2answers
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Cyclicality of Real Wages? Counter, pro or acyclical?

Is the real wage counter or pro- cyclical? I've read in some textbooks that the real wage is mildly pro-cyclical, but I've also found some papers stating that it's acyclical. So, which is it? Also, ...
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230 views

Universal Basic Income - Menial Tasks

The Universal Basic Income scenario seems to be one where people are free to cultivate their passions. From what I could gather, the main argument for this to be the best case scenario goes something ...
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1answer
149 views

DSGE and Demography

Are there any known DSGE models with a demography component, i.e., that model the effects of aging population in output growth? Any help would be appreciated. Edit: I've been thinking, this question ...
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1answer
174 views

How do I verify Philips curve empirically for recent years?

I wanted to verify the relationship between inflation and unemployment empirically, so I took data from the World Bank and used excel to correlate them. I got a very, very bad correlation between ...
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1answer
225 views

In classical macroeconomics, why Labor supply responds to real wages and not money wages?

real wages = money wages/price(P). what are the assumptions here? why labor doesn't respond to money wages ?
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2answers
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What separates “rich” developing nations from “poor” developed nations?

What separates relatively high income developing nations, such as Argentina, from relatively low income developed nations, such as Portugal? If you look at things like HDI numbers, Argentina and ...
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1answer
405 views

Testing the long run phillips curve / Contradicting empirical results?

I've been working with some historical macroeconomic data of the Canadian economy and am having difficulty empirically testing the Phillips curve long run and short run versions. I got the data from ...
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62 views

Cyclicality of Markups

I'm looking for scholarly articles or summaries on the subject of markups. More importantly, for empirical evidence whether they're pro- or counter cyclical, and on theoretical papers on their ...
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2answers
64 views

Are Investments positively or negatively correlated with interest rate

Having just begun self-studying economics, I apologise if this question is too simple. Do investments increase or decrease with increased interest rate? According to the small, closed economy model (...
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1answer
57 views

Why does changing the value a currency help/hurt exports if sellers can just inflate/deflate prices to match the change?

1) I make widgets and sell them for $10. 2) The government reduces the value of my currency by 10%. 3) The market value of my widgets is the same as before, so I raise my prices to $11 and I can ...
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1answer
59 views

What metrics can be used to distinguish between capitalistic and socialistic economies?

What macroeconomic indicators are meaningful to distinguish whether a country leans towards socialism or capitalism (and where to find such data, specifically for european countries)?
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Are there empirical studies that quantify shoe-leather or menu costs?

Two theoretical arguments why a high level of inflation is bad (e.g. for growth) are: shoe-leather cost: keeping lower money balances when inflation is high (implying more frequent trips to the bank/...
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1answer
234 views

What are some applications of Real Analysis in Graduate Economics?

I am interested as to what areas of masters/PhD coursework that learning the fundamentals of Real Analysis would be beneficial for? I am aware of its applications in Econometrics proofs and analysis, ...
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Historically has the “decoupling” of world trade from GDP not lead to (or deepened) a recession?

The ECB speaks (somewhat euphemistically, in my opinion) of a "decoupling" of world trade from "activity" (i.e. GDP) in Q1 2019: Historically, has it been the case that such a "decoupling" can last, ...
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1answer
170 views

Taylor rule and optimal monetary policy

In a New Keynesian model, under the assumption of sticky prices, we need to express the monetary policy through an equation in order to close the model made of New-Keynesian Phillips curve and dynamic ...
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1answer
85 views

Job search theory in discrete time

Let us assume that there is a labor who lives in discrete time universe and discounts future payoffs with the discount factor $b\in (0,1)$. And we assume that this labor is at period $t=0$ at first. ...
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1answer
67 views

Why is price dispersion from Inflation called relative price “distortion”?

I know what relative price is and that it fluctuates more frequently in times of Inflation. But what I don’t understand is why it is called “distortion” when relative price dispersion is caused by ...
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1answer
40 views

Other factors that affect the supply of money

I've read that it is not a hard-and-fast rule that the overall money stock growth rate speeds up in response to an accelerated expansion of the monetary base and a growing money multiplier. If this is ...
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2answers
178 views

Retaliating against a foreign country's import tariffs

When Trump imposes tariffs on imports from China, he is hurting American consumers who won't be able to take advantage of cheap Chinese goods. If China was to retaliate by imposing tariffs on imports ...
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1answer
135 views

Why isn't National Net Worth of a country used to calculate its economic power, as opposed to GDP?

From Wikipedia: GDP Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly). National net wealth ...
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1answer
846 views

Exchange rate and domestic money supply

It seems an obvious fact (not explained by authors but stated) that when a Central Bank purchases foreign currency (to stabilise its own), the domestic money supply goes up. It seems to me that the ...
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675 views

How price and quantity of ice cream sold changes when the price of yogurt reduces?

I am a newbie at economics and would appreciate help from the community. Question Use the model of supply and demand to explain how a fall in the price of frozen yogurt would affect the price of ...
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1answer
888 views

How should I adjust data for both inflation and foreign exchange rate?

I’m not sure if this is typically done, but suppose my data point is in 2013 JPY and I want to express in 2016 USD. Do I apply CPI to express data in 2016 JPY, and then apply exchange rate to 2016 USD?...
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2answers
135 views

Impact on interest rates of massive government spending

At the last State of the Union address, the President of the United States has reaffirmed his intentions to undertake a massive 1.5 trillion dollar infrastructure spending project over the coming ...
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25 views

When Balassa-Samuelson effect increases, real exchange rate depreciate?

I researched several literatures related with Balassa-Samuelson effect and according to literatures, as Balassa samuelson effect increases, real exchange rate appreciates. However according to the ...
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how Ballassa Samuelson affects real exchange rate? [duplicate]

I get confused. How "Balassa Samuelson effect" influences real exchange rate?
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1answer
37 views

Gvernment deficits, by driving up interest rates, can contract the economy?

I don't grasp that boldened sentence. According to IS-LM model, rise in interest rate does cause decrease in Y. IS-LMentary - The New York Times What use is this framework? First of all, it helps ...
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1answer
36 views

Creation of Money - Hypothetical Situation II

Continuation off this line of questioning. If I issue an IOU, it would need to be fungible, transferrable, etc in order to be considered "money." Understood - My follow up questions are: Remaining ...
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2answers
58 views

when a=0, would economy accumulate more physical capital? Why?

Utility function is $U(c_t,l_t)=(1-a)ln(c_t)+aln(l_t)$ $l_t$ is leasure time $c_t$ is consumption Production function is $y_t=k_t^e(1-l_t)^{1-e}$ $k_{t+1}=i_t+(1-\delta )k_t$ where k is ...
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1answer
87 views

Solve for the steady state with CRS Cobb-Douglas, problem with the system of equations

There is one agent with utility function given by: \begin{equation} U(c,l) = \frac{c^{1-\sigma}}{1-\sigma}-\frac{l^{1+\gamma}}{1+\gamma}\tag{1} \end{equation} With budget constraint: \begin{...
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1answer
46 views

Is there a definitive way to tell if an action causes a movement or shift in a supply-demand graph?

I am taking AP Macroeconomics, and am about 2/3 of the way through the curriculum. We have learned about various supply-demand graphs, and right now we are working on the market for money. I have ...
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2answers
137 views

Question on Central bank loss function interpretation

How do you interpret this central bank’s loss function: $$L(\hat x, \pi)=\alpha \hat{x}^2+(\pi-\pi^T)^2$$ where $\alpha >0$ and $\hat x$ is output gap. Phillips curve is $\pi = \theta \hat{x}+\...
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1answer
127 views

Central bank loss function (I did a solution, but it doesn’t totally make sense I guess)

I have question on central bank loss function. We know that the central bank loss function is $$L(\pi, \bar{Y})= (\pi- \pi^e)^2+\beta \bar {Y}^2$$ And we know that fisher equation is $$i=r+\pi^e$$...
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2answers
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Do I make correct conclusions about international trade (and ways to increase GDP) from the expedenture approach formula for GDP?

(Please correct me if my reasoning is wrong somewhere) Net Exports is a part of GDP and consequently its increase or a decrease also causes GDP to increase or decrease, assuming everything else stays ...
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The difference between profit and earning something

Suppose I search some elderly people who are in need of domestic care. I find 100 of them and them to pay me 15 dollars per hour. Then I find 100 people who will do the job for 10 dollars per hour. ...

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