Questions tagged [macroeconomics]

Macroeconomics is a branch of economics dealing with the aggregate economy as a whole, rather than individual markets.

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24 views

How can the Fed realistically address the issue of frontrunning (in the context of its ETF purchases)

In the first two days in which the Fed's corporate bond program started buying ETFs, purchases totaled around USD305m. The size of the program is much larger, and it would seem very reasonable to ...
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20 views

Is the steady state of k enough to show Y grows at the rate n+g?

To provide some context for the question: I was approached by a student needing help for a an empirical thesis based on Solow-Swan model. She had trouble solving the theoretical model she wanted to ...
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Impacts of Suspending Mortgage and Rent Payments

Recently, there has been some support for suspending rent and mortgage payments, the goal being to provide financial relief during the Covid-19 response. I'm wondering what the impacts for the ...
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Successes and limitations of New Keynesian DSGE models?

What are some good review papers that discuss the successes and limitations of current state of the art (New Keynesian) DSGE models assuming rational expectations? Probably some of these reviews can ...
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2answers
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What is the difference between identification, calibration and estimation?

In fitting theoretical models to data, what is the difference between identification, calibration and estimation?
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Economics Monopoly Question

How would u derive the marginal cost and the subsequent qn?
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Regarding the role of the Fed in controlling interest rates

When it is said that the Fed cut interest rates, does this refer to the discount rate, fed fund rate or both?
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Is there unnecessary duplication for borrowing in this circular flow of income diagram?

Here is a circular flow of income that I took from Krugman's macroenomics textbook. We can see that when firms want to borrow they can go to the financial sector and borrow savings of national and ...
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32 views

Transparent Fractional-reserve banking as an alternative to the current system

I come from a layman perspective, but I've been trying to understand macroeconomics and finance. Currently I'm struggling with the current topic. Here I'm not worried about the system transition just ...
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1answer
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Terminology: _______ financing (meaning financed through the private sector)

I have encountered several similar terms on this notion, including: private sector financing (very clear, but a bit wordy) market financing (somewhat clear, usage seems infrequent) alternative ...
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How do the Government, Firms and the Foreign sector pay their debts in this circular flow of income?

Here is a circular flow of income that I took from Krugman's macroenomics textbook. Please notice, in this diagram households just give their savings to banks (which are part of the financial sector) ...
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What does the seasonal adjustment curve for major macroeconomic metrics look like?

All the explanations of seasonal adjustment that I found from a quick search either don't give any quantitative examples, or give an example with a time series that is either made up or represents an ...
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How is GDP counted between different countries?

Sorry if this question is dumb, but I did not manage to find the answer on the web. The questions is as follows: As far as I understand, GDP is the total value of a country's production. It includes ...
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How to interpret correctly the uncovered interest rate parity condition

So, according to my macroeconomics professor's notes, the UNCOVERED INTEREST RATE PARITY CONDITION is defined this way : Now, i don't quite grasp the concept of the 'expected appreciation rate of ...
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145 views

How does locking down a country cause its economy to suffer?

As of time of writing, many countries have been in lockdown for weeks or months, and the economic data coming out of that is usually quite grim. I'm wondering how being in lockdown relates to poor ...
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How yield rates influence the “cost of borrowing” for borrowers

I am currently learning about quantitative easing, and I am having trouble understanding yield rates and how that influences the "cost of borrowing". This is the resource I am using. The lecturer ...
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1answer
38 views

Oil prices forecast methods

Oil prices have a significant impact on the world economy, positive for exporters and negative for importers to oversimplify a bit. They are also known to be highly volatile, and depend on hard to ...
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Why is it assumed that savings are equal to investments in macroeconomics? [duplicate]

I mean that savings (all or partially) made by peope can be saved as hard cash (i.e. not in a bank, from where they could later be taken by business for development, i.e. for investment). So why is it ...
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Governmental debt after COVID

Is there any well-researched studies published about the effect of increased governmental spending and later deepening debt burden due to COVID? Appreciate that the event is quite recent, but being ...
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Calculating real wage in the previous year?

If in the base year the real wage is $.489, inflation in previous year was 5.8% and total wage growth was 13.5%, what was the real wage one year ago? I know at the base nominal wage = real wage. Thus,...
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27 views

Does the investment component of GDP (demand side) identity include expenditures by the government and households?

In the identity GDP=C+I+G+(X-M) does "I" include expenditures by the government and households? For example, if a construction firm builds new residential properties and a household buys this ...
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393 views

What is an economic crisis?

I'm not sure if this is a silly question or overly semantic but I think the term "Crisis" is misunderstood (or at least misunderstood by myself). There are a number of ways the term is used, namely: ...
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30 views

Can setting bank's reserve requirement ratio in 100% simulate gold standard?

Statement: If you want a gold standard, it's easier to set bank's reserve requirement to 100%. Context: This was a comment in a video telling how government actions influence monetary inflation. ...
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28 views

Macroeconomics: Arbitrage equation and the price of stock

If the bank real interest rate is 2 percent, the percent gain in physical capital gain is 2 percent, the marginal product of capital is 3 percent, and the percent dividend return is 5 percent, what is ...
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1answer
23 views

Why does neoclassical economics assume preferences are fixed and exogenous in nature?

Why does neoclassical economics assume preferences are fixed and exogenous in nature? Is this because it's just a convenient assumption to make? Does this link with the idea of "De Gustibus Non est ...
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Elasticity of substitution of a general production function with labor-augmenting technological progress

I am following and trying to fully understand a famous and interesting work of Bentolila and Saint-paul (2003). They try to explain movements of the factor's share in terms of a relationship between ...
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1answer
36 views

By buying stocks, am I as an individual measurably affecting the economy?

I know that participating in an IPO is directly helping the company, because my money is going straight into their bank account. I know that the stock market as a whole has an effect on the economy. ...
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Why does an increasing demand for dollars lead to the depreciation of a currency?

I am self studying some slides of a course on monetary economics. The source of the slides is Pilbeam, chapter 11 on the mechanism of the Bretton Woods system. I don't understand the following ...
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Can we consider a supermarket as a market?

Good morning, I have been reading a book in which the author said that "the supermarket is not a market, because despit the large number of buyers, the seller is unique". So, I've been wondering ...
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Money demand in QTM

What is the different between Classical,Long Run and Short run quantity theory of money(QTM)? I have read that the transaction demand for money(Mt)is defined as kPY, where k=1/velocity of circulation....
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37 views

Constancy of current value Hamiltonian and numeric computations

I am playing with a simple, continuous time optimal growth problem to learn optimal control. The social planner chooses $c_t$ to maximize: $$\int_0^\infty e^{-\rho t}u(c_t)dt$$ where $$\dot k_t=f(k_t)-...
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1answer
87 views

Derivation of the elasticity of substitution of a general production function with labor-augmenting technological progress

I am following and trying to fully understand a famous and interesting work of Bentolila and Saint-paul (2003). They try to explain movements of the factor's share in terms of a relationship between ...
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1answer
25 views

Would saving money outside of banking system be able to reduce monetary base?

First of all, here is definition of monetary base taken from Investopedia A monetary base is the total amount of a currency that is either in general circulation in the hands of the public or in ...
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Implications for Labour after a Productivity Shock, RBC Model

I am trying to understand the implication for labour after a one time productivity shock where $A_t$ follows a AR (1) process with persistence $\rho_A=0.95$. It is stated the following : labour ...
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1answer
35 views

Constant Elasticity of Substitution (non-special cases)

I am trying to better understand the CES function: $$Y_{t}=C\left[\pi\left(A_{t}^{K} K_{t}\right)^{\frac{\sigma-1}{\sigma}}+(1-\pi)\left(A_{t}^{L} L_{t}\right)^{\frac{\sigma-1}{\sigma}}\right]^{\frac{...
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When do we have diminishing marginal returns to labor?

When we have a production function exhibiting constant returns to scale, with only labor and technology, why don't we have any diminishing marginal returns to labor?
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1answer
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What would happen if the U.S. “refinanced” its national debt?

Interest rates are at historical lows. I believe they went negative in parts of Europe recently. Since interest on the national debt is one of the biggest, if not the biggest, expense item of the U.S. ...
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1answer
27 views

Wage Growth Rate in the R&D Model

I am trying to understand the R&D model and how to calculate the growth rate of wage in this model. There is no equation given, but it’s stated that : household income must equal total ...
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1answer
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Trying to understanding Mark Blyth’s statement about Keynes

I am reading a book called "Austerity, the history of a dangerous idea" written by Mark Blyth. While talking about Keynes, the author writes: "he [Keynes] showed that although any worker can ...
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1answer
27 views

Why would a low wage country affect negatively the high wages of a country with trading?

I was reading a book that asked this question. "Does trade with low-wage countries depress wage rates in high-wage countries?"Why did they mention specifically low-high wages countries?
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Inflation vs GDP growth as factors driving down the US debt-to-GDP ration post-WW2

I'm trying to figure out how much inflation (vs GDP growth) shrank the debt-to-GDP ratio (in the decade or so) post-WW2 in the US. I found one paper that says: In 1946, the debt ratio was 108.6 ...
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1answer
31 views

What is a what is meant by a “workhorse” macroeconomic model

A number of times ive seen the Neoclassical Growth Model and Overlapping Generation Model setups referred to as a "workhorse of modern macroeconomics". What does this mean exactly?
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How does a subsidy affect the No-Shirking Condition for the Shapiro-Stiglitz model?

The subsidy, s is given such that the wage workers receive will be (1+s)w , while firms still pay w. My understanding is that since NSC is independent of subsidies, the required wage for workers to ...
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How to calculate fiscal space for a country?

I would greatly appreciate if you could explain me how to calculate fiscal space for an specific country. Or, could you please introduce me some references which explain it's calculation step by step ...
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Ramsey Model and Transversality Condition

I am trying to understand the intuitive interpretation of the TVC. I have two expressions from two different household optimisation problems that should be actually similar or equal intuitively as ...
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1answer
39 views

What is the difference between a perfect foresight equilibrium and a rational expections equilibrium?

What is the difference between a perfect foresight equilibrium and a rational expections equilibrium? Why is it the same in case of a non-stochastic model? Can there be a perfect foresight ...
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25 views

How to define world interest rate using IS-LM-BP diagram?

Can you suggest where is the world interest rate in the economy which has a positive current account and a financial account surplus, fixed exchange rate and relative capital immobility? The graph of ...
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1answer
28 views

Assumptions in GDP calculation

The standard approaches for calculating GDP are: $$ \text{GDP} = \text{Consumer Spending + Capital Investments + Govt. Spending + Net Exports} $$ And $$ \text{GDP} = \text{Total wages + Profits + ...
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How can I add fixed-effect constant variable in Stata?

I want to test a model like this: alpha denotes full set of country fixed effects and delta denotes full set of year fixed effects in the article in which this model is used. My model is similar to ...
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Bayesian Lasso Standardized Variables Coefficient Interpertability

I am attempting to duplicate Belmonte et al. 2014. The paper applies a Bayesian Lasso to state space models to get better out of sample prediction. Bitto et al 2019 expands on this model. Their ...

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