Questions tagged [macroeconomics]

Macroeconomics is a branch of economics dealing with the aggregate economy as a whole, rather than individual markets.

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17
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2answers
856 views

Why is capital income taxed differently than wage income?

Why is income from capital gains taxed differently than wage income? There are perhaps historical, practical, and theoretical reasons. What are they? (As far as historical reason go, I'm asking ...
5
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1answer
160 views

Employment Volatility and the Relevance of Aggregate Wage Rigidity

The Mortensen-Pissarides (MP) framework of search labor is the thing in analyzing (equilibrium) unemployment over the business cycle. Shimer showed that the lack of hires is the big margin that ...
10
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1answer
214 views

Banking Regulatory Frameworks, between the 1973 collapse of Bretton Woods and the introduction of the Basel Accords in 1988?

Does anyone know of any work on banking system behaviour, and in particular the governing regulatory frameworks that applied between the 1973 collapse of the gold standard based Bretton Woods system ...
8
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1answer
196 views

Credit Frictions as the source of Business Cycles

Many papers look at the impact of credit frictions onto business cycles, and they almost unambiguously find that credit frictions work as an amplification mechanism of other shocks. For example, ...
10
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2answers
177 views

Schumpeterian Business Cycles

The basic idea of Schumpeterian Business Cycles is that new technologies require creative destruction but will yield positive growth. These two opposing forces have impacts onto the real economy at ...
0
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1answer
326 views

What is the impact on the money supply of a reduction in the required reserve ratio? [closed]

In April 2011, the money supply was estimated to be 52 million hurls. At the same time, bank reserves were 6.24 million hurls and the reserve requirement was 12 percent. The banking industry, being “...
5
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1answer
73 views

How to get details on all the models used for evaluating ACA?

I am trying to track down the models and the underpinnings/details for them for models that may have been used to evaluate the ACA/Obamacare. I am aware of Gruber's (proprietary) model, and am ...
9
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2answers
195 views

Whatever happened to efficiency wage theories?

Older macroeconomics texts give much space to efficiency wage explanations of how unemployment could coexist with wages in equilibrium higher than the reservation wage of workers. However, there ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Government expenditure multiplier in the new-Keynesian model?

Does a temporary increase in government expenditure increase output in the standard new-Keynesian DSGE model? Is it possible to draw any intuitive parallels between the impact of government ...
20
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3answers
2k views

In what sense are "new-Keynesian" models "new" and in what sense are they "Keynesian"?

Hopefully, the title of this question is quite descriptive. Whilst I have a broad understanding of the research agenda of macroeconomics, I don't have a very good picture of how it is divided into ...
6
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2answers
589 views

Why does the Laffer curve for consumption have no peak?

According to Trabant and Uhlig (2009), the Laffer curve for consumption has no peak. As far as I can make out, the argument is based on the fact that money extracted by taxing consumption ends up ...
-4
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1answer
368 views

Friedman k% applied to cryptocurrency

Follow on to this question: Would a cryptocurrency with a base that expanded at a fix rate face fewer difficulties than one with a stagnant base? Edit: I'm referring specifically to the issues raised ...
28
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4answers
4k views

From an economics perspective, what are the ramifications of a currency with fixed money supply?

I'm thinking specifically of bitcoins. What are the pros and cons of having a fixed number of coins, as opposed to more "normal" currencies? Would the currency have no inflation?
4
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1answer
111 views

Lifecycle Consumption Models and Dispersion in Consumption

Lifecycle models base on the assumption that households want to maximize their consumption and at the same time insure themselves against income shocks. However, there is a lot of (c.p.) consumption ...
6
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2answers
389 views

Unemployment and the Frisch-Elasticity

There is the long debate on the Frisch-Elasticity being the driver of unemployment over the business cycle. One argument against the voluntary-unemployment mechanism of RBC models is that if we ...
1
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0answers
81 views

What is the relationship between real growth and stock market [closed]

I am interested in understanding when the stock market can influence real growth and the opposite, when real growth can influence the stock market. In other words, in which way causation is more ...
19
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5answers
2k views

Unemployment and the Minimum Wage---what are the main counter-arguments to Card and Krueger?

Card and Krueger's paper (AER 1994, "Minimum Wages and Employment: A Case Study of the Fast-Food Industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania") uses a difference-in-difference identification strategy to ...
8
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5answers
4k views

How does a reduction in consumer spending in favour of consumer saving, affect economic activity?

Let's say our government runs an advertising campaign, encouraging its citizens to reduce spending money on consumer items, and instead save more money. Let's say the campaign is successful, and ...
69
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13answers
23k views

Fundamental equations in economics

For the other sciences it´s easy to point to the most important equations that ground the discipline. If I want to explain Economics to a physicist say, what are considered to be the most important ...
10
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2answers
238 views

Optimality of Zero Capital Taxation

The Chamley-Judd result of zero optimal capital taxation says that 0 capital taxation are required in order to maximize welfare at the steady state. The result is 30 years old. Still assuming that ...
27
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1answer
495 views

How do Gini coefficients correlate with the cost of higher education?

Are there any studies that explore the higher net present value (NPV) of education in countries with higher Gini coefficients? Additionally, do any of these studies include the impacts of economic ...
12
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4answers
6k views

How does a national budget differ from a household budget?

We are often told by pundits that "Country X cannot spend more than they take in in revenue, because a house that makes A and spends B will always collapse if B>A". Essentially the siren calls of a ...

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