Questions tagged [markets]

A market is an institutional arrangement in which buyers and sellers exchange goods, services, or information in transactions with or without money.

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Decreasing consumption prices and increasing housing prices

It's election time in my country. The government boasts a decrease of 5% in consumption prices thanks to removing regulations, while the opposition blames the government for an increase of 5% in ...
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60 views

Is it possible to sell a rival and non-excludable product?

The context pertaining to which I have asked this question is same as that of the question linked below Rival and non excludable products In the linked question, a few examples of rival and non-...
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515 views

Why currency purchasing power is linked to confidence in central banks

From the New Statesman, http://www.newstatesman.com/politics/economy/2016/02/coming-storm, "Ever since the collapse of the Bretton Woods system of pegged exchange rates in 1971, the sole guarantee ...
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What is the difference between 'actual' and 'potential' interaction between buyers and sellers?

In the book "Microeconomics" by Pyndyck and others, the author(s) define a 'market' as a collection of buyers and sellers, who by the actual or potential interaction with each other determine the ...
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40 views

Remove Linear Good From Quasi-linear Utility Function

Given a quasi-linear utility function: $u(x_1, x_2) = f(x_1) + \beta x_2$, $\beta > 0 $ What would happen if good 2 ($x_2$) is removed from the market? Would the new utility function be: $u(x_1) =...
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38 views

Vegetarians vs shoppers of humane meat/eggs/dairy - Who has the biggest impact on the factory farming meat industry?

I apologize for not being able to word this in a non subject specific way. So, for people who don't support widespread factory farming practices, there are people that abstain from meat completely, ...
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1answer
207 views

Difference between LMSR and Liquidity-Sensitive LMSR

What is the difference between the LMSR (logarithmic market scoring rule) and the Liquidity-Sensitive LMSR (LS-LMSR) and what would cause prediction markets like Augur to focus on the later model?
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1answer
464 views

market equilibrium quantity $\ne$ firm profit maximising quantity?

Consider a perfectly competitive market with equilibrium price $P_{eq}$ and quantity $Q_{eq}$ and firm with profit maximising quantity $Q_f$ as illustrated below: I guess any firm in the market would ...
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1answer
56 views

What are the implication of state-run oil production vs. private production from leases?

I'm not any kind of expert in this area, so please be gentle. It seems that we speak of oil (and other natural resources) as though control of output and revenue from extraction adheres to the ...
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130 views

Will the goods market be in equilbrium along the AD curve?

This is a question which was asked in the entrance to Jawaharlal Nehru University's (New Delhi) entrance for their post-grad program specializing in International Economics in 2014. Which of the ...
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1answer
86 views

How do I distinguish price-taking in perfect competition from monopsony?

I'm working on a practice problem where I'm giving the following: Suppose a firm is a price-taker and can sell the good it produces at price $p$. There is more to the problem, but it is not ...
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1answer
34 views

What value do virtual traders of commodity add to the market?

Many if not most companies trading in commodities are only trading them on paper. They will not use the commodity they are buying and can not take deliver of the physically commodity. What value do ...
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145 views

bonding curves and the market

This question is related to economics on the blockchain. Bonding curves are becoming popular; however, it is a bit concerning that the price on an asset is predetermined by a mathematical function. ...
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1answer
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Effect of prediction of later catastrophe

Say a catastrophic worldwide event is predicted likely for exactly 100 years from now, but it will not affect anyone til then. Say a large meteor hit. Would markets budge much? My only relevant ...
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What happens in a bartering system when a resource is plentiful but cannot be paid for?

Here is a hypothetical scenario: Let's say there are two tribes which barter goods. Tribe A has an fairly large amount of fish, but no bricks. Tribe B has an extreme abundance of bricks, but no ...
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What's the Difference Between Being Pro-business and Being Pro-market?

In a recent interview I watched a economist say something along the lines of: "There is a distinction between being pro-business and being pro-market. There should be rules in place so that ...
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80 views

Reductionism, value and market economics

If I'm not mistaken, the economic value provided by a business entity to the community is just one kind of value. We tend to put numbers to things such as stock price, revenue, profits and so on. ...
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756 views

University course references for Market Structure/Industrial Organization

Are there any books that are used in University-level courses that contain a detailed analysis of market structure ( Perfect competition , Monopoly and so on)?
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We see stocks outperforming things like bonds in the long run (past 100 years), but could this be an artifact of that particular 100 year timeline?

When looking at historical return patterns for investments, one can clearly see the stellar performance of equities over the long haul. That being said, we know that we can center in on certain 20-25 ...
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Why Hanson's logarithmic scoring rule define an Automated Market Maker?

Why Hanson's logarithmic scoring rule define an Automated Market Maker? We have in this paper in page 47, section automated market maker, that this scoring rule can "easily" be turned into ...
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Who pays what in reversed auction marketplace

Say I, the auctionner, hold a marketplace that runs reversed auctions for an infinitely divisible good, that is, in a given auction one buyer pays multiple sellers to take in charge parts of the good (...
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Lerner Index Interpretation?

How do you interpret the Lerner Index? I ask because at Uni. we have been told that, for monopoly, when the producer max. his profit, he sets the price such as the demand is elastic and the lerner ...
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Market structure determination

I will be conducting a research about the market structure of an outdoor farmers market. I wanted to know what kind of survey questions could help me for example to determine the PES of the market or ...
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Does the property values (or rental price) of a neighborhood/region increase with new residents taking up empty lots or apartments changing residency?

Does research explore the idea that there is an association of house prices in an area or neighborhood with the influx of new residents? That is, if there are empty spaces in a neighborhood, or ...
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19 views

Wealth Distribution and market incompletness

From the literature of incomplete market (e.g. Aiyagary 1993,1994), it seems to be the case that: With complete markets, the capital distribution in the final steady state depends on the distribution ...
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1answer
46 views

Supermarkets industry market structure

If the industry is dominated by a few major large retailers like Walmart and target with thousands of many other small supermarkets around the country, what is the market structure of the industry? is ...
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Walras's law in a Fisher market

Walras's law is stated for an exchange market: each agent comes to the market with a certain endowment of each commodity, a price-vector is determined, and the demand of each agent is the best bundle ...
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57 views

Two-sided market and bargaining game

I am solving a bargaining problem in which I have two players $player_1 $ and $ player_2 $. Both of them have a service (represented as $ z_1 ,z_2 $) that they can provide . Moreover they will ...
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Are corporations free market on the outside and communist dictatorships on the inside?

See why we hate working for big companies What do you think of the proposition that Modern capitalism raises the flag of the free market while pitting centrally planned organisations against each ...
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In what contexts are stable markets sub-optimal?

My understanding is that market stability is a good thing, because it allows more reliable estimates of profits (revenues minus expenses) and expected return-on-investment related to new investments. ...
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Resources for periodical economics feed [duplicate]

I'm learning economics and I want to read/hear the world through the lenses of any economist. What are the best periodical economics news feeds? It could Magazines such as theeconomist.com Podcast ...
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378 views

What is the new price after an import quota?

For a small domestic market that can buy completely price elastic imports from the world, the price of the good will be at (P world). However, when there is an import quota of quantity (Q3 - Q2), why ...
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3k views

Why is ATC tangent to Demand in a Monopolistic or Mopolistically Competitive Firm Making Zero Profit?

I understand that the Average Total Cost is equivalent to demand in a zero profiting monopoly or monopolistically competitive firm in order for there to be zero profits (when ATC = P at a given ...
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57 views

World company database?

I need to find the list of companies with their respective market caps and their sectors of activities. For now I have found these two links: • https://goo.gl/E8WJzu • http://goo.gl/vuHDuF But I ...
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57 views

How to model optimal market pricing?

I am interested in understanding how to mathematically model market interaction to optimize pricing strategy. In my model I have two kinds of knowledge: the market's order book and the price/volume ...
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27 views

References for “Capturing value”

I have seen in several places references to "capturing value". For example: Value Creation vs. Value Capture Work on Stuff that Matters: First Principles I think that such considerations are ...
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Competition vs. cooperation [closed]

Why has competition evolved to be the leading principle of market based economies? Can this sustain in the long run? I am thinking about cooperation as a better principle of doing things in the long ...
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Analysis of exogenous shocks on equities

Real Life Problem This one is a tough one and some crowd sourcing seems like a good way to get some feedback. I am trying to determine the effect of Non-Farm Payroll surprises on a subsector of the ...
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Economic Model: Incentive Compatible Market Economy that Satisfies Basic Needs

The capitalism system relies on a monetary system for exchange of goods and services. This appears to cause a large number of problems. For example, we shun those that don't have money. Is there an ...
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1answer
132 views

Why are Americans at the top of nearly every field?

I live in India, and having spent several years in America before returning, I noticed that Americans dominate in nearly every sphere of human activity. For example, the US seems to be blessed with ...
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Bandwidth, latency and price

Can a market be seen as a set of nodes (market actors) connected by edges with bandwidth and latency characteristics? Are these terms used in economics? If so would an import tariff affect bandwidth ...
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1answer
144 views

Why didn't other oil pricing benchmarks such as Brent go negative?

This question is asking why the oil (in this case, WTI) price is negative. While I think I have broadly understood why WTI collapsed, I don't really understand why other oil pricing benchmarks didn'...
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1answer
957 views

What is the wealth of a company?

I would like to better understand what is the wealth of a company and what is made of. Is the wealth of a company similar to GDP of country, like a "gross company product" ? As example: can we say ...
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1answer
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Increase in the price of skateboard wheels cause a decrease/no change in the demand of skateboards? (2 separate markets w/ 2 separate buyers)

Would an increase in the price of skateboard wheels cause a decrease/no change in the demand of skateboards? (2 separate markets with 2 separate buyers) Note: I'm going to be mainly focused on the ...
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1answer
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Why doesn't stock market help to boost the economic growth directly?

For example, during the recession, the central bank often goes to buy financial instruments that are riskier than government bonds (such as corporate bonds)- which is called "quantitative easing&...
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Why is the equilibrium network size can be less than the socially optimal size in networks w/ positive externalities for single system?

For Context, I am reading http://web.mit.edu/rpindyck/www/Courses/NetEx19.pdf. The chapter talks about network externalities in single system like fax machine, email, vaccinations for measles. ...
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Does the case of strategic complements always result in a situation where the Stackelberg leader is worse off?

For example, in the case of Bertrand competition, is the Stackelberg leader worse off relative to the follower? If so, why? Is this because the first mover can always undercut until marginal cost is ...
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What mathematical structure or formalism can be used for modelling strategic investment decisions of agents in the context of competition?

I'm trying to analyze the decisions of agents in investing scarce resource like time and money into developing their product/service/offering in the presence of competition. I need to know what kind ...
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1answer
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Why is the price of books set by the manufacturer rather than the distributor?

For almost all manufactured goods which the manufacturer doesn't sell directly to the end consumer, the manufacturer sells to a distributor, and the distributor is then free to resell the good to the ...
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What is the name for a market where everyone is basically selling the same thing?

Consider the market for retail banking. Everyone is governed by the same interest rates, and it's not like one bank can offer something remarkably different from the others. Retail pharmacies are the ...