Questions tagged [measuring-utility]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2 votes
0 answers
29 views

Are standard discrete choice models based on ordinal utility or cardinal utility?

Suppose we model consumer's choice between three brands Honda(choice 1), Toyota(choice 2) and BMW(choice 3) using a standard discrete choice model, with the utility of choice $j\in\{1,2,3\}$ being ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
35 views

How to measure utility functions in the stock market

i am looking for some articles on how to identify and estimate utility functions in the stock market. My own search results yielded some papers by Blackburn and Ukhov https://www.researchgate.net/...
user avatar
  • 193
-1 votes
1 answer
63 views

Utility Function Challenge

A utility function is given for two goods Good 1 and Good 2 $$U=f({G_1},{G_2})=45{{G_1}^{0.7}}{{G_2}^{0.3}}$$ Did I get this right? the marginal utility functions with respect to G1 and G2 will be ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
62 views

Computing expectation of logit error conditional on choice

Consider a standard multinomial logit choice model. A consumer chooses a good $j$ from a choice set $J$ by choosing the good with the highest realized utility where the utility of good $j$ is given by ...
user avatar
  • 143
3 votes
1 answer
100 views

How to determine if people behave optimally with a generic utility function?

I have a some real-world data and a real-world choice for which I know the optimum solution is something like $y^* = u(x)$, where $u(.)$ is some utility function. I have data on $y$ and $x$, so if I ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
213 views

Is addiction a case of increasing marginal utility?

I got to know that alcohol addiction is a case of increasing marginal utility. My professor refutes me bluntly stating that once a person starts consuming he no longer remains to be a 'rational ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
54 views

What's special about Cobb–Douglas utility relative to the rest of the CES family?

My question concerns CES utility functions, which have the form $$u(x) = \left(\sum_{j=1}^n a_j x_j^{\rho} \right)^{1/\rho}$$ for utility parameters $a_j$, an elasticity parameter $\rho$, and some ...
user avatar
  • 213
-2 votes
1 answer
144 views

Is the expected utility the inverse of the utility function?

Can somebody explain to me if that it's true and also graphically explain it?
user avatar
  • 11
2 votes
2 answers
333 views

which type of goods maximum utility function represent?

I am not sure, which type of goods does the maximum utility function represent i.e., $U(X_1, X_2) =\max(X_1, X_2)$. As the $U(X_1, X_2) =\min(X_1, X_2)$ represent the complementary goods, and $U(X_1, ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
63 views

Measuring and assigning utility numbers

I was recently introduced to the concept of cardinal utility. In real life, how do we assign these utility levels? For example if i wanted to assign numbers to my own utility indifference curve for ...
user avatar
  • 131
0 votes
1 answer
208 views

Is it accurate to state that an economist cannot assign a true numerical value for utility?

Investopedia article - What is the utility function and how is it calculated? https://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/072915/what-utility-function-and-how-it-calculated.asp Article describes ordinal ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
93 views

Is it considered acceptable or unacceptable to use currency as a measure of utility?

There will always exist at least one economist who condones measuring utility in US dollars and another who does not. However, I am wondering which way the majority of contemporary economists lean. ...
user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
83 views

Fair value that a risk averse individual would pay to enter a gamble

Introduction Assuming an individual (or corporation) with risk aversion and a von Neumann-Morgenstern utility curve and given a gamble g with E(g) > 0. From what I researched, certainty equivalent is ...
user avatar
  • 3
0 votes
1 answer
119 views

Relationship between expected utility and independence axiom

Jonathan Levin in "Choice under Uncertainty" wrote in Theorem 1 " A complete and transitive preference relation on a set of lotteries P satisfies continuity and independence if and only if it admits ...
user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
131 views

finding optimal values of quantities through utility function when MRS is 1 and price ratio is 1:2 [closed]

so this is a somewhat simple question but im stumped, here's why: given the utility U=2$X_1$+2$X_2$ where $P_1$$X_1$+$P_2$$X_2$=20 and $P_1$=0.5$P_2$ the question asks to find optimal values of $...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
763 views

What are the units of utility?

I'm trying to show a result that involves utility and money (the latter is in dollars). I would like to know if it is safe to assume that the units of utility is dollars? After all, in auction ...
user avatar
  • 399
4 votes
2 answers
731 views

Purpose of a monotonic transformations in utility functions

Based on my economics book, monotonic transformations for a utility function can look something like this: $f(u) = u + 17 $ or even like this: $f(u) = u^3$ That being said what it purpose in the ...
user avatar
  • 293
1 vote
1 answer
347 views

What is the concept of ordinal utility?

I have read in many books that since utility cannot be measured - so ordinal concept or comparison concept is used. If that is so, how can one define a mathematical function for utility which gives a ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
102 views

Anscombe and Auman Expected Utility

I would like to hopefully get some insights on the Anscombe and Aumann Expected utility. I've read some proofs and understood the Expected Utility Theorem (VNM) which allows us to approach consumers ...
user avatar
  • 109
1 vote
1 answer
100 views

Do we really need accurate utility functions?

Knowing that a utility function's primary purpose it to be used as a tool to rank consumption bundles, I was wondering: "do we really need to be concerned with accurate identification utility ...
user avatar
  • 7,725
1 vote
1 answer
292 views

Why are there infinitely many indifference curves?

If an indifference curve shows quantities where a consumer's utility from consuming two goods are equal, then why are there infinitely many indifference curves? From the diagram, you can have Q1,Q2 on ...
user avatar
  • 665
5 votes
1 answer
137 views

Indifference curve - Does $dU = 0$ hold in higher dimensions? / Problem of integrability

In two dimensions, we have on an indifference curve that $dU=0$. Does this apply to indifference objects in higher dimensions? I was thinking that if $dU > 0$, then one is moving to a higher ...
user avatar
  • 388
1 vote
0 answers
205 views

Estimate the Utility function for the Principal-Agent problem (real case)

I have a company and I have to set the wage to my employer based on different levels of revenues. Examples W_1 if Revenue = 100k ...
user avatar
  • 177
7 votes
1 answer
549 views

Selecting the best utility function for households

I have little to no background in micro, but I'm learning about utility functions. It seems that there are many forms of utility functions for households. In general terms, how does one go on to ...
user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
134 views

Mythbusters - Determine optimal boarding strategy based on time and satisfaction score

Most airlines board passengers starting from the back of the plane and then working their way towards the front (after boarding priority classes and passengers). In an episode of Mythbusters, Adam ...
user avatar
  • 388
0 votes
1 answer
64 views

How to model best combination of resources

I don't have an economics background, I come from CS. I am sorry if this question seems weird. We want to model the combination of a set of resources to either answer the cost of the model, minimize ...
user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
0 answers
87 views

Is utility function used in customer data/profile analysis? What alternatives in practice?

Utility function is great theoretical concept but is it used in customer data analysis or in building customer profile (e.g. from Big data or cash register/checkout data, ecommerce history) or in ...
user avatar
  • 355
4 votes
1 answer
258 views

Equality of ordinal vs. cardinal utility under transformations - who made the distinction first?

In the context of preferences among items or choices under certainty, we can consider ordinal value function (viz., utility functions) to be equivalent under monotonously increasing transformations $u(...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
306 views

Measuring "Intangible Utility" (reference request/methodological discussion)

I was just listening to some music and I found myself thinking about how I might measure the utility I experience from listening to it. I know there has been a lot of work done with measuring utility ...
user avatar
  • 1,548