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any item or verifiable record that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts in a particular country or socio-economic context, or is easily converted to such a form. The main functions of money are distinguished as: a medium of exchange; a unit of account; a ...

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0answers
54 views

How Africans use their wages?

I was researching poverty in Africa and was reading about their daily wages. Based on the article linked, 2/3 of Africans live on less than $1.25 USD, a day. However, what this article and many ...
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3answers
98 views

Is the utility of money *actually* logarithmic?

Apologies for asking what is probably a basic question from someone that is not in the economics field. But I was playing around with the idea of determining how a group of people could split a bill ...
2
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3answers
121 views

Why do many economists believe that money is neutral in the long run?

If a central bank carried out monetary policy that consisted of multiplying each person's wealth by a common factor, I would find it plausible that all prices would get multiplied by the same factor ...
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3answers
65 views

Do conceptual ideas that become standardised ever make money?

TL;DR - Do standardised concepts ever make money? Recently I have been wondering if conceptual ideas ever make money, more specifically whether a conceptual idea that is standardised ever makes money?...
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0answers
16 views

Effect of risk premium on the money demand (LM curve)

In short, I'm having problems understanding the LM curve, as the explanation given by the picture is for me, the 4th row is counter intuitive. When risk premium increases it causes the interest rates ...
0
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1answer
51 views

Effect of money supply on price level

Consider a macroeconomy defined by following equations M = kPy + L(r) ; S(r) = I(r) ; y = m ; Where M is money supply, P is price level, y is output, r is interest rate, while k,m are constants. S(...
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4answers
179 views

What would happen if corporations can only make a maximum profit of 10% per product

I have learned in accounting that companies can add any amount of profit on their products as they want. That can be 10 - over 500 %. I also think that international corporations like Coca Cola, ...
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0answers
14 views

What is the easiest and cheapest way to store big money with option to any moment get then in cash? [closed]

Imagine I have a lot of money and my number 1 aim is to store them somewhere where I can get them fast if I need them. I don’t want to have dividends from my money but if I will it would be great. ...
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1answer
25 views

Is there any specific distribution that is recommended for modelling individual income?

I'm a statistician and my colleagues work with income data every now and then, but they usually apply some arbitrary cut-off and go with logistic regression. I know there's an infinite range of ...
0
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1answer
17 views

M1 Money supply data?

Why do these M1 Money supply charts show data only up to 7th May, when the Fed data is released weekly? https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/M1 http://schrts.co/zgaAPi Thanks
3
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1answer
28 views

Hyman Minsky's view on Bank Examination

In Stabilizing an Unstable Economy (1986), Hyman Minsky argues that "bank examination is largely perfunctory... rather than an inquiry into the economic viability and the exposures to risk of banking ...
2
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1answer
39 views

What is the actual numerical value of the velocity of money?

All the discussions of the velocity of money that I've come across (e.g. here, here, and here) only display relative changes in the velocity of the money (e.g. by normalizing it by an unspecified ...
2
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1answer
39 views

Why does changing the value a currency help/hurt exports if sellers can just inflate/deflate prices to match the change?

1) I make widgets and sell them for $10. 2) The government reduces the value of my currency by 10%. 3) The market value of my widgets is the same as before, so I raise my prices to $11 and I can ...
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1answer
47 views

The fisher effect

The Fisher effect says that highter inflation rate leads to a higher nominal rate. I found an interesting explanation about the interest rates: Lower interest rates translate to more money available ...
2
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4answers
137 views

Printing money to redistribute wealth

A fictional country has 100 people. The total printed money is $2000. Ten rich people own half of it ($100 each), the remaining ...
0
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1answer
25 views

How does hedging using futures work?

I can't understand how it makes sense. From what I've read, corn producers (for example) sell their corn at current price but deliver the corn later, in order to protect themselves from decline in ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Isn't buying currency with high interest rates a double whammy?

I will give an example of what I mean and please tell me what I'm missing because this can't be correct. For the sake of simplicity I will only use USD and EUR. So let's say that the central bank in ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Why is the annual transferred money worldwide quite different?

The source below says "According to this document from the US Treasury, SWIFT handles about \$5 trillion per day, or given about 250 business days per year, about \$1.25 quadrillion dollars a year.". ...
22
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4answers
7k views

Why is bartering uncommon in modern countries?

Recently, I witnessed two acquaintances of mine engaging in bartering, where one traded his services for the services of the other. Both services had about the same value. By trading them directly, ...
3
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0answers
58 views

Friedman's version of money multiplier formula

In his Quantity Theory of Money article M. Friedman uses the following formula for the money multiplier: $$ M = H \times \frac{\frac{D}{R}(1 + \frac{D}{C})}{\frac{D}{R}+\frac{D}{C}} $$ where $M = $ ...
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0answers
39 views

Trying to understand an equation used by Friedman

Friedman proposes the following two equations, $$ \begin{align} \frac{M^D}{NP_p} &= \lambda\left(\frac{Y_p}{NP_p}\right)^\delta \\ V &= \frac{Y_p}{Y}\frac{1}{Y}\left(\frac{Y_p}{NP_p}\right)^{...
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0answers
24 views

Underlying of a derivative

I wonder, could a credit event be an underlying of a future? What about an option, a swap? I know, there are credit spread options, but I'm not sure, if a credit event is their underlying. Also I'...
4
votes
2answers
118 views

How can all the bitcoin in the world be worth more than McDonald's Corporation?

What makes bitcoin so valuable? It has already surpassed the value of almost all publicly traded companies. I understand it can be used to buy things like digital money but why does the price go up? ...
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5answers
88 views

Why do banks charge a spread on credit?

According to the doctrine of the money multiplier (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Money_multiplier), a positive reserve ratio means a bank has LESS loans than deposits. See the table in the link. ...
3
votes
3answers
99 views

What is Q in the quantitative theory of money?

I am testing the quantitative theory of money for South Africa. QP = Mv. It is fairly clear what M and P are (broad money, or M1, price index, etc). But I am puzzled with Q. Is it GDP or does it ...
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0answers
33 views

Who owns the dollar? [duplicate]

Whose property is the dollar? Is it state-owned, Federal Reserve owned, privately owned or the American people own it?
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0answers
26 views

Why is money used in transactions when it is dominated as a store of value?

In Lectures on Macroeconomics by O.Blanchard and S.Fisher (1993) stated that (the emphasize is mine): Building a model that formally explains why money is used in transactions when it is ...
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0answers
29 views

Why Yen grew stronger after North Korea's H-bomb threat? [duplicate]

Financial markets have had only a muted reaction to the dispute in recent months, but on Friday assets regarded as havens for investors jumped immediately after the news of North Korea’s latest H-...
2
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0answers
51 views

Money in New Keynesian models

I have been doing some reading on general equilibrium theory and it has made me highly confused regarding the logic behind NK models. If I have understood correctly, NK models are based on Walrasian ...
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2answers
118 views

Is money received from my mother every month an income?

If my mother sends me some money every month, is that considered an income? I usually fill in a sheet to track my expenses and display my savings for every month. For the past few months, I've been ...
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vote
4answers
93 views

What exactly people mean when they say “X is a $Y billion industry”?

I'm reading the "Personal MBA" book right now and it says that "Yoga is $8 billion industry worldwide". What does it mean? And how can one calculate the amount of money in some industry?
19
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7answers
9k views

Why do different countries have different currency?

Why do different countries have different currency? I have this question because I want to know why to divide it? If it's not divided then we can easily use the money anywhere and we won't need to ...
3
votes
3answers
57 views

How much physical currency does the Fed transfer to banks per year?

I just wonder since money has to enter the system somehow. Currently the Fed will supply whatever banks ask to meet their capital needs. But how much physical currency does the Fed, treasury, and mint ...
5
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2answers
138 views

Why does every electronic transaction of USD legally take place on American territory?

In an article of a respected German newspaper (Die Zeit) I found the following statement (translation by me): 90 % of all foreign exchange trades are dealt in USD. Since every electronic ...
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2answers
119 views

Did the idea of “making money” originate in the United States?

I am currently reading Atlas Shrugged by Ayn Rand and I came across an interesting paragraph related to Economics and American History. If you ask me to name the proudest distinction of Americans, ...
4
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2answers
386 views

Why is M0 higher than M1?

In my understanding, M2 includes M1 and M1 include M0. However, I checked the money supply here and used the "Compare" function to compare the money supply of m0 with money supply of m1, and found ...
0
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1answer
67 views

Forward Guidance - What happens when the FED unloads its balance sheet

Please Excuse my ignorance. The US Federal Reserve has issued forward guidance telling the world that it is going to start to sell its (well a little less) 4.5 trillion dollars worth of securities ...
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0answers
23 views

How much does a person donate to charity unintentionally

I am wondering if it's possible to estimate what percentage of a person's salary ends up in a charity even if that person never donates? I am not an economists and I am not sure if that is a valid ...
22
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9answers
10k views

People pathologically hoard so much cash that they impoverish the entire nation

"If a man has an apartment stacked to the ceiling with newspapers we call him crazy. If a woman has a trailer house full of cats we call her nuts. But when people pathologically hoard so much cash ...
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0answers
32 views

Effects of variables on the demand for money?

I need verification on my understanding as to whether the following factors affect the demand for money, and if so how they affect it: Changes in Nominal National Income: will affect the transactions ...
8
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5answers
308 views

Is money a conserved quantity?

Excuse the naïve question, but I have a rather limited understanding of economics, and this question has been bothering me since my school economics teacher couldn't answer it satisfactorily many ...
4
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3answers
69 views

How can you know which is the “current dollar value” of a dollar value from another decade?

Is there a mathematical ecuation or some method, which allows you to have the "current dollar value" of an amount dollar from other year, let's say, decades ago? For example, it's said that the ...
1
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1answer
436 views

Exchange rate and domestic money supply

It seems an obvious fact (not explained by authors but stated) that when a Central Bank purchases foreign currency (to stabilise its own), the domestic money supply goes up. It seems to me that the ...
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0answers
14 views

Is there any legislation regualting correlation amongst assets?

I know the Dodd-Frank Act exist in part because of the mortgage backed securities crisis and a large piece of that is to protect Americans from the "too big to fail" financial holdings companies. But ...
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1answer
96 views

Is human psychology really reflected into inflation?

I am a total noob in economics, but I'm trying to understand why do we have inflation. I can see that prices are increasing over time and, by definition, this means inflation. I'm fine with this ...
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3answers
80 views

What is a dollar, currently?

What is the definition of a dollar now without gold backing? It seems that a dollar is now just an entry in a book somewhere in some bank. Or it is the federal reserve note? Or is it both? I ...
1
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1answer
61 views

The Federal Reserve is only issuing cash money?

When the Federal Reserve is issuing money, they are only printing cash money (coins and banknotes)? If not, then what other types of money they are issuing?
3
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3answers
107 views

Can everyone in an economy profit?

I earn a salary, but, like many American workers, I don't spend all of it -- I stash away some in the bank. This is a good thing, since I can one day retire (stop producing), and still live ...
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1answer
27 views

How are assets distributed by types of organisations? [closed]

How wealth, assets or capital (measured in terms of revenues, assets, equity, etc.) is distributed among the various types of organizations (e.g. State, public companies, private conpanies, ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Why does a decrease in interest rate reduces the velocity of money circulation?

I have seen sources that claim high interest rates increase the velocity of money circulation, but haven't really seen any concrete explanation for this. This is how I think it works: High interest ...