Questions tagged [money]

any item or verifiable record that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts in a particular country or socio-economic context, or is easily converted to such a form. The main functions of money are distinguished as: a medium of exchange; a unit of account; a store of value; and, sometimes, a standard of deferred payment. Any item or verifiable record that fulfills these functions can be considered as money.

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6
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6answers
700 views

Is money a conserved quantity?

Excuse the naïve question, but I have a rather limited understanding of economics, and this question has been bothering me since my school economics teacher couldn't answer it satisfactorily many ...
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2answers
130 views

Under the gold standard, how did the redemption of gold work in practice?

For example, in the US: In 1834, the United States fixed the price of gold at $20.67 per ounce, where it remained until 1933. (EconLib) Does this mean that anyone with US\$20.67 could walk up to ...
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1answer
23 views

Is Venmo considered part of M1?

Isn't this dependent on whether you choose to connect your debit card and checking or savings account or credit card to your Venmo account? Credit cards are not part of M1; however, debit cards and ...
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1answer
37 views

How is reserve money 'multiplied' by the banking system?

I'ma an econ newbie so please forgive my lack of understanding. I am confused as to how the money multiplier effect works. I get that the money multiplier effect doesn't actually hold true as banks ...
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2answers
66 views

Real Income and a Fixed Money Supply

What would happen to nominal income and wages if the money supply were fixed (100% reserve banking). Would real wages increase, even though nominal wages would stay the same or even decrease?
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1answer
27 views

Model with money creation

is there any macro model/paper introducing money creation (ex nihilo money creation) ? I would be very interested in reading them.
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1answer
40 views

Does inflation equal change in M1 or M2?

According to monetarism, inflation can be predicted precisely by the change in money supply and GDP growth. Does "money supply" here refer to M1 or M2, i.e. does it include debts created by ...
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1answer
41 views

Why would a CBDC (Central Bank Digital Currency) be good for the economy?

I've read about CBDC, how it could be a cryptocurrency like digital payment system, that could replace fiat currencies. But what I don't get is what value would it give to the economy? Someone who ...
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4answers
277 views

When and why did governments impose restrictions on money creation

In many countries governments have made laws that bar themselves from creating money directly. Instead they have to go via a circuitous route involving the creation of bonds. This means that the ...
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1answer
42 views

What would happen if, hypothetically, money velocity would reach infinity?

If, hypothetically, money velocity would reach an infinite speed, what would happen to that economy? If it would be infinite then it would mean that there would be infinite transactions and therefore ...
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3answers
189 views

Would a fair distribution of wealth from the super rich increase the purchasing power/life quality of the average person?

I will start by saying that I do not have any background in finance and that the following question might be very much naive, but it has been bugging me for a while now. The general narrative seems to ...
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0answers
36 views

What's wrong with printing more money [duplicate]

Suppose a government is in debt, why will there be inflation if it makes more money and pay other countries borrowed money back?
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5answers
160 views

Why does fiat money have value?

Or as Tobin (1992) put it: "How Can Money Have Positive Value in Exchange?" Money, however, is an embarrassment to value theory. According to standard theory, something can have positive ...
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1answer
39 views

How does total money in the economy changes?

I don't understand why total money in economy increases. Where does this money come from?
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4answers
1k views

Gold coins as currency?

My question is about gold standard. But not the version I always see mentioned (trading bills for gold at a set price). I mean having gold coins in circulation. For example, new currency consists ...
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4answers
220 views

What is money really?

Say I have €1000 (or $1000) on a bank account. What is that money really? Is it a value stored on some computer at the bank where I have the bank account, a value stored at the central bank of the ...
4
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4answers
458 views

Why does an economic slowdown lead to deflation?

Usually economists say that in recession there is deflation, so increasing the money supply does not lead to a high level of inflation. According to the Quantity theory of money, the price level is ...
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1answer
41 views

Initial creation of reserves

I am currently reading the book "Where does money come from?" which is co-authored by Richard Werner after I took the "Money and Banking"-class in coursera by Perry Mehrling. There are certain ...
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1answer
24 views

Interest rate determination in the real world

I have just learnt about the demand and supply framework for money and how the equilibrium interest rate in an economy can be determined. In theory, based on that framework, an increase in nominal ...
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1answer
24 views

Exogenous variables and money

What are the exogenous variables that drive demand for and supply of money? Are there variables in common between the two? I think I'm getting caught up with interest rates, as adjusted by the Feds vs ...
2
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2answers
72 views

What happens when a country's central bank significantly reduces the available currency?

The central bank of Iraq has significantly reduced the note count from 55 Trillion to 5 trillion. Logic would dictate that when a supply is reduced the value of the item that has been reduced will ...
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5answers
3k views

Why can't a government print money to pay its debt?

I have written an explanation to one of the famous questions "why can't government print money to pay its debt". Is my explanation correct? Is this the similar situation which happens in ...
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2answers
4k views

In today's money, what was the value of a 1492 Spanish maravedí?

Satava (2007) estimates that the costs of Columbus's 1492 voyage was 1,765,734 maravedís. In today's money, what was the value of a 1492 Spanish maravedí?
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1answer
17 views

Why has M1 shoot up?

M1 has increased massively during the current pandemic. Below is an image from Fred St. Louis. Similar picture emerges from other countries. According to Fed data, the increase is due to a rapid ...
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2answers
49 views

Why not create money to assist the post-COVID-19 economy?

In an imaginary country, a horrible computer virus infected some banks. Within a week, it caused the wealth of a large portion of the population (say, 50%) to drop significantly. For some, it cut 80% ...
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4answers
212 views

When a central bank buys government securities, is this exactly equivalent to printing money?

When a country's central bank buys that same country's government securities, is this exactly equivalent to printing money? There seems to be no agreement on this. Federal Reserve FAQ: Is the Federal ...
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3answers
35 views

Why can't someone have their money restored if someone they paid in advance goes bankrupt?

A friend paid a travel company €3000 for a holiday in Australia. However the travel company went bankrupt so now her €3000 is lost. She has been informed by the liquidator that the company had such ...
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1answer
56 views

Value of money (incomes) question - what is the “r” here?

I would like some help with a fairly basic "value of money" question. (I'm very much a beginner in this field so please bear with me.) I'm writing about income changes throughout a decade (2010-2019)....
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1answer
17 views

Creation and distribution of money from scratch in a country (USA as example)

Suppose in an alternate history, 21st century USA operated on the barter system... no system of money is used. It has all the technology of the 21st century (computers etc). Just no money. The ...
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0answers
12 views

Money demand in QTM

What is the different between Classical,Long Run and Short run quantity theory of money(QTM)? I have read that the transaction demand for money(Mt)is defined as kPY, where k=1/velocity of circulation....
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0answers
15 views

Does the income from a product or art count as passive income?

When a writer publishes his book, can we classify the income from the book as passive? Or another example, when a musician publishes his album, does the album generates passive income, making any form ...
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2answers
54 views

If a fluctuating cryptocurrency becomes the new world coin, would it stop fluctuating?

An often mentioned criterium for money is that it should be a unit of account. It could be argued that cryptocurrencies don't satisfy this requirement. The argument is that businesses like bakers ...
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1answer
279 views

Why is the marginal utility of money assumed to be constant in Marshallian Theory of Consumer Behaviour

While studying the Marshallian Theory of Consumer Behaviour, I came across the assumption that the marginal utility of money is assumed to be constant. Can someone please explain why is this so?
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0answers
33 views

What did Jevons mean by this quote?

Jevons (1875): Currency is to the science of economy what the squaring of the circle is to geometry, or perpetual motion to mechanics. I can't make any sense of this quote. I know that the "...
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1answer
55 views

The government does not need to gather capital via tax and Treasuries to spend? According to MMT

I have watched Warren Moslers interview. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W97s3zbFKvc&t=841s. At 7:26 he says that the Treasury does not issue securities for the purpose of financing spending (it ...
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0answers
26 views

What happens if you cannot lend more than what you have?

This is hypothetical but what would happen if you cannot lend more money than you have? Say you have £100, the maximum you can lend is £100. But somehow you lend £200 to Joe, and Joe spends all of it ...
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1answer
23 views

Bank of Canada operating band

I read the following quote about the Bank of Canada's "operating band" for inducing target overnight loan rates: ...
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1answer
138 views

Is there some background/explanation why the Fed discontinued publishing their M3 indicator, circa 2006?

As Wikipedia says and as it can be easily verified, since 2006, the Fed no longer publishes an M3 indicator (unlike the ECB which still hangs on to that notion). So is there some background or ...
2
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0answers
13 views

Is there a clear timeline of ECB/Eurosystem's changes to the defintion of M3 (with regard to repos)?

I found that circa 2012 the ECB/Eurosystem changed their definition of M3 to exclude at least some repos, which previously were included. According to a 2014 Bundesbank publication, the change ...
3
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3answers
82 views

Creation of Money - Hypothetical Situation

Imagine you sell me some consulting services. I don't have any cash, so I give you a $100 IOU instead. You now have a $100 Note Receivable on your Balance Sheet. ...
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3answers
112 views

Convention / standard methodology for calculating real prices?

Is there an established professional standard used by economic / financial institutions for including or excluding i) the starting year/period, and ii) the end year/period when calculating real prices ...
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2answers
64 views

Do reserves at Bank of Canada count as money?

I read the following three statements concerning M1 and M2 in Canada: a) "M1 consists of currency held outside the banks and chequable deposits of individuals and businesses." b) "M1 does not ...
2
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4answers
15k views

Does an increase in the money supply increase or decrease interest rates?

What I understand is that an increase in the money supply brings about a fall in interest rate as there is more money available, the price of money will be cheaper. But some theory such as liquidity ...
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2answers
134 views

Who owns money?

Bishop Nicole Oresme (1320-1382), in the first monetary treatise, wrote: CHAPTER VI: Who owns the Money? (Cuius sit ipsa moneta?) Although it is the duty of the prince to put his stamp on the money ...
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2answers
182 views

Are there any countries in which post-dated cheques are commonly used in trade?

I am reposting from the Personal Finance & Money Stack Exchange because my question was flagged as being about economics and off-topic. The post-dated cheque is the most common payment instrument ...
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0answers
20 views

What happens to Interest rate if the money supply is fixed?

With the increase in Money supply, the nominal interest rate tends to increase. But what happens if the supply of money is fixed? What happens to the Interest Rate?
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3answers
5k views

Why does a decrease in interest rate reduces the velocity of money circulation?

I have seen sources that claim high interest rates increase the velocity of money circulation, but haven't really seen any concrete explanation for this. This is how I think it works: High interest ...
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0answers
16 views

Monetary Theory Money Model Help

the following is a monetary theory overlapping generations model question and I wonder whether I have the correct answer. Can someone please let me know? Thanks! Question: Suppose there is a fixed ...
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2answers
721 views

Is money capital?

The Oxford English Dictionary defines "capital" as n. economic goods (e.g. railways, ships, machinery, buildings) destined for use in production (as opposed to consumers' goods). Historically, the ...
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1answer
16 views

Help finding historical data for velocity of money (M1 or M2) for any country except USA

Can anyone point me to a data set of money velocity for at least 20 years back for any other country than the US?