Questions tagged [money]

any item or verifiable record that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts in a particular country or socio-economic context, or is easily converted to such a form. The main functions of money are distinguished as: a medium of exchange; a unit of account; a store of value; and, sometimes, a standard of deferred payment. Any item or verifiable record that fulfills these functions can be considered as money.

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1answer
194 views

Real vs Nominal Value Concept

I am having trouble understanding the meaning of the real value of an economic quantity. The concept is easy to grasp: take a year as a base and adjust for inflation by pricing a commodity with the ...
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457 views

Would a world-wide currency be a good idea? [duplicate]

While every country has it's own political ideals, enforcing laws and rules, in an ever more globalized world, I believe the idea of fragmented economy is limiting big growth opportunities while ...
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164 views

Is Iranian rial going to get boosted?

I was reading about the Iran's economy and Iranian rial. I have read the news regarding the lift of sanctions from Ira, which had allowed the purchase of Iranian rial in America. I was having query ...
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111 views

What are the widescale economic ramifications of people holding onto their money instead of spending it?

Pretty simple question: people get rich by saving more money than they spend. What are the implications of people holding onto their money instead of spending it? Do rich people save more money (...
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49 views

What is the actual numerical value of the velocity of money?

All the discussions of the velocity of money that I've come across (e.g. here, here, and here) only display relative changes in the velocity of the money (e.g. by normalizing it by an unspecified ...
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209 views

Friedman's version of money multiplier formula

In his Quantity Theory of Money article M. Friedman uses the following formula for the money multiplier: $$ M = H \times \frac{\frac{D}{R}(1 + \frac{D}{C})}{\frac{D}{R}+\frac{D}{C}} $$ where $M = $ ...
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124 views

Money in New Keynesian models

I have been doing some reading on general equilibrium theory and it has made me highly confused regarding the logic behind NK models. If I have understood correctly, NK models are based on Walrasian ...
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26 views

Sources of the endogeneity of money in New Keynesian economics (Woodford)

I am trying to wrap my head around Woodford's "Interest and Prices" so I have a question regarding the source of the endogeneity of the money supply in his models. The Post Keynesian view is that ...
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3answers
139 views

When a central bank buys government securities, is this exactly equivalent to printing money?

When a country's central bank buys that same country's government securities, is this exactly equivalent to printing money? There seems to be no agreement on this. Federal Reserve FAQ: Is the ...
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1answer
73 views

Can the US dollar collapse and what are steps that I should take in the event that this happens?

A friend of mines says that the US dollar is so "heavily intertwined" in other nations that if the US Dollar was to become worthless then that would have a major impact on the world. However with ...
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5answers
130 views

Why do banks charge a spread on credit?

According to the doctrine of the money multiplier (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Money_multiplier), a positive reserve ratio means a bank has LESS loans than deposits. See the table in the link. ...
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246 views

What would happen if corporations can only make a maximum profit of 10% per product

I have learned in accounting that companies can add any amount of profit on their products as they want. That can be 10 - over 500 %. I also think that international corporations like Coca Cola, ...
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218 views

Why is Money Necessary?

I've heard a lot of different economists bullet point a few main ideas as to why money is necessary. However, I'd like to get an ultimate rundown list. What are the major reasons why money is ...
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40 views

If a business charges more for a product than the cost to make it, how is our economy not inevitably doomed for debt?

The analogy would be stirring water in a bucket; without adding more water to the bucket, there is no gain... Obviously the various resources to create say an iPod came from different countries... ...
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2answers
33 views

How does the pie get larger?

I understand the concept of creation of wealth through trade, innovation, labor and capital. New value is being added to the economy. Let's imagine for a second that there are no central banks and the ...
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1answer
93 views

Why is the cash in circulation on the rise in rich countries?

The amount of cash in circulation is on the rise in rich countries (US, EU, etc; except the cashless economy, Sweden). In the digital era, isn't this phenomenon contradictional? For example, here's ...
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140 views

What exactly people mean when they say “X is a $Y billion industry”?

I'm reading the "Personal MBA" book right now and it says that "Yoga is $8 billion industry worldwide". What does it mean? And how can one calculate the amount of money in some industry?
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1answer
30 views

How are assets distributed by types of organisations? [closed]

How wealth, assets or capital (measured in terms of revenues, assets, equity, etc.) is distributed among the various types of organizations (e.g. State, public companies, private conpanies, ...
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1answer
329 views

How do you find out how much money is in circulation?

I was watching a video about how money gets its value. They say the answer has to do with how much money is in circulation. But how does one find out how much money there is in circulation as set by ...
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2answers
697 views

How do central banks regulate the money supply to avoid inflation?

It is a tricky problem. Historically, poor control money supply led to inflation. Out of control money supply led to hyperinflation. Central banks seem to do a wonderful job in recent years with ...
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1answer
360 views

What effect would destroying large amounts of physical currency have on government finances

India has recently recalled high denomination notes and asked people to deposit the physical currency in old notes in their bank accounts. People who have unaccounted wealth are resorting to ...
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105 views

What is preventing the United States from printing USD to buy up prized assets from foreign countries given that USD is the world's reserve currency?

USD is accepted all over the world. U.S can easily print USD to buy up the most valuable assets from all over the world. Ethics aside. What is preventing the U.S from doing so? What did I miss out?
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44 views

Is it possible to imagine humanity without a modern understanding of money? [closed]

Of course we can't just take money from current world order and give nothing back. In theory, can an advanced civilization exist without money at all? May be this is an utopic idea because of... what?...
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132 views

Is money received from my mother every month an income?

If my mother sends me some money every month, is that considered an income? I usually fill in a sheet to track my expenses and display my savings for every month. For the past few months, I've been ...
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1answer
133 views

Impact of hedge funds on economy

I'm still kind of new to these things and some countries seem to be forbiding sharing more about hedge funds to casual people (at least what I understood from it), but anyway: What is/was the largest ...
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52 views

Isn't money moving towards central bank in the long run?

Central banks typically pumps money into the system by : lending out to private banks buying govt bonds But in both these cases won't the central bank get back more money when it ends it's position (...
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54 views

Is there a standard methodology for calculating real prices?

Is there an established professional standard used by economic / financial institutions for including or excluding i) the starting year/period, and ii) the end year/period when calculating real prices ...
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65 views

How does a bank create new money when it pays its own staff?

I am reading Ryan-Collins et al. (2013, Where Does Money Come From? A Guide to the UK Monetary and Banking System). I think I understand how banks create new money whenever they make a loan. Using ...
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1answer
26 views

Is there any specific distribution that is recommended for modelling individual income?

I'm a statistician and my colleagues work with income data every now and then, but they usually apply some arbitrary cut-off and go with logistic regression. I know there's an infinite range of ...
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1answer
417 views

The fisher effect

The Fisher effect says that highter inflation rate leads to a higher nominal rate. I found an interesting explanation about the interest rates: Lower interest rates translate to more money available ...
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1answer
45 views

Isn't buying currency with high interest rates a double whammy?

I will give an example of what I mean and please tell me what I'm missing because this can't be correct. For the sake of simplicity I will only use USD and EUR. So let's say that the central bank in ...
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730 views

Exchange rate and domestic money supply

It seems an obvious fact (not explained by authors but stated) that when a Central Bank purchases foreign currency (to stabilise its own), the domestic money supply goes up. It seems to me that the ...
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70 views

The Federal Reserve is only issuing cash money?

When the Federal Reserve is issuing money, they are only printing cash money (coins and banknotes)? If not, then what other types of money they are issuing?
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Initial creation of reserves

I am currently reading the book "Where does money come from?" which is co-authored by Richard Werner after I took the "Money and Banking"-class in coursera by Perry Mehrling. There are certain ...
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1answer
20 views

Interest rate - Price of Credit vs Price of Money

I read somewhere that interest rate as the price of money is wrong but rather it is the price of credit. Can someone elaborate and explain what this means?
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What would be the costs of declaring/legislating that Scottish banknotes be legal tender?

Bank of England: English banknotes aren’t legal tender in Scotland. Scottish notes aren’t legal tender in England or Scotland. Committee of Scottish Bankers: Scottish Bank notes are not Legal ...
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29 views

What is the impact of money “sent” to another country?

I've been thinking about this a lot and I am not sure I have understood correctly. I was thinking about, for example, migrant workers who send a portion of their income back home, or wealthy ...
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791 views

Effect of risk premium on the money demand (LM curve)

In short, I'm having problems understanding the LM curve, as the explanation given by the picture is for me, the 4th row is counter intuitive. When risk premium increases it causes the interest rates ...
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What is the easiest and cheapest way to store big money with option to any moment get then in cash? [closed]

Imagine I have a lot of money and my number 1 aim is to store them somewhere where I can get them fast if I need them. I don’t want to have dividends from my money but if I will it would be great. ...
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28 views

Why is money used in transactions when it is dominated as a store of value?

In Lectures on Macroeconomics by O.Blanchard and S.Fisher (1993) stated that (the emphasize is mine): Building a model that formally explains why money is used in transactions when it is ...
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31 views

Why Yen grew stronger after North Korea's H-bomb threat? [duplicate]

Financial markets have had only a muted reaction to the dispute in recent months, but on Friday assets regarded as havens for investors jumped immediately after the news of North Korea’s latest H-...
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35 views

How much does a person donate to charity unintentionally [closed]

I am wondering if it's possible to estimate what percentage of a person's salary ends up in a charity even if that person never donates? I am not an economists and I am not sure if that is a valid ...
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98 views

Effects of variables on the demand for money?

I need verification on my understanding as to whether the following factors affect the demand for money, and if so how they affect it: Changes in Nominal National Income: will affect the transactions ...
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30 views

How does the private bank reserve increase when money is being withdrew?

The federal government raises 400 million by selling bonds to the general public in order to pay for a construction program. The program cost 440 million so the government withdraws 25 million from ...
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55 views

What is the “natural rate of interest” vs. “money interest rate”?

What exactly is the distinction that Knut Wicksell made in his Interest & Prices between "natural rate of interest" or "natural interest" ("der natürliche Kapital zins") and the "money rate of ...
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53 views

A country with dual payment system

Is there any country with dual domestic payment system? For instance, in the USA there are CHIPS or Fedwire both help wire transfer of USD within the USA. They give services to international ...
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43 views

What would happen if central banks were no longer able to provide loans [closed]

Actually I'm asking because of two reasons. I'm still not clear how everything works. First money is supposedly a debt, and it is created by creating loans? Second central banks seem to want ...
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1answer
152 views

How does burning a huge amount of cash money affect the monetary supply? [duplicate]

I am not an economist by default. In other words, I am a newbie here. Assume there is an extremely rich man who withdraws an extremely huge amount of cash money. He then burns all of it. How does ...
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37 views

I'm looking for a reviewed source on the amount of money in the world

As in title, I'm looking for a paper estimating the amount of all money in the world, sum of value of all national currencies or something like this. When I google it, I find only pop-science ...
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3answers
410 views

Is the utility of money *actually* logarithmic?

Apologies for asking what is probably a basic question from someone that is not in the economics field. But I was playing around with the idea of determining how a group of people could split a bill ...