Questions tagged [money]

any item or verifiable record that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts in a particular country or socio-economic context, or is easily converted to such a form. The main functions of money are distinguished as: a medium of exchange; a unit of account; a store of value; and, sometimes, a standard of deferred payment. Any item or verifiable record that fulfills these functions can be considered as money.

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41 views

Initial creation of reserves

I am currently reading the book "Where does money come from?" which is co-authored by Richard Werner after I took the "Money and Banking"-class in coursera by Perry Mehrling. There are certain ...
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Interest rate - Price of Credit vs Price of Money

I read somewhere that interest rate as the price of money is wrong but rather it is the price of credit. Can someone elaborate and explain what this means?
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What happens if a country omits the zeros of it's current money?

I mean, for example, the government changes all x10000 to x1; where x equals to currency of the respected country (Dollar, for instance).
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What would be the costs of declaring/legislating that Scottish banknotes be legal tender?

Bank of England: English banknotes aren’t legal tender in Scotland. Scottish notes aren’t legal tender in England or Scotland. Committee of Scottish Bankers: Scottish Bank notes are not Legal ...
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What is the impact of money “sent” to another country?

I've been thinking about this a lot and I am not sure I have understood correctly. I was thinking about, for example, migrant workers who send a portion of their income back home, or wealthy ...
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Effect of risk premium on the money demand (LM curve)

In short, I'm having problems understanding the LM curve, as the explanation given by the picture is for me, the 4th row is counter intuitive. When risk premium increases it causes the interest rates ...
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What is the easiest and cheapest way to store big money with option to any moment get then in cash? [closed]

Imagine I have a lot of money and my number 1 aim is to store them somewhere where I can get them fast if I need them. I don’t want to have dividends from my money but if I will it would be great. ...
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Why is money used in transactions when it is dominated as a store of value?

In Lectures on Macroeconomics by O.Blanchard and S.Fisher (1993) stated that (the emphasize is mine): Building a model that formally explains why money is used in transactions when it is ...
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Why Yen grew stronger after North Korea's H-bomb threat? [duplicate]

Financial markets have had only a muted reaction to the dispute in recent months, but on Friday assets regarded as havens for investors jumped immediately after the news of North Korea’s latest H-...
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How much does a person donate to charity unintentionally [closed]

I am wondering if it's possible to estimate what percentage of a person's salary ends up in a charity even if that person never donates? I am not an economists and I am not sure if that is a valid ...
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107 views

Effects of variables on the demand for money?

I need verification on my understanding as to whether the following factors affect the demand for money, and if so how they affect it: Changes in Nominal National Income: will affect the transactions ...
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How does the private bank reserve increase when money is being withdrew?

The federal government raises 400 million by selling bonds to the general public in order to pay for a construction program. The program cost 440 million so the government withdraws 25 million from ...
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What is the “natural rate of interest” vs. “money interest rate”?

What exactly is the distinction that Knut Wicksell made in his Interest & Prices between "natural rate of interest" or "natural interest" ("der natürliche Kapital zins") and the "money rate of ...
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54 views

A country with dual payment system

Is there any country with dual domestic payment system? For instance, in the USA there are CHIPS or Fedwire both help wire transfer of USD within the USA. They give services to international ...
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What would happen if central banks were no longer able to provide loans [closed]

Actually I'm asking because of two reasons. I'm still not clear how everything works. First money is supposedly a debt, and it is created by creating loans? Second central banks seem to want ...
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When and why did governments impose restrictions on money creation

In many countries governments have made laws that bar themselves from creating money directly. Instead they have to go via a circuitous route involving the creation of bonds. This means that the ...
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How does burning a huge amount of cash money affect the monetary supply? [duplicate]

I am not an economist by default. In other words, I am a newbie here. Assume there is an extremely rich man who withdraws an extremely huge amount of cash money. He then burns all of it. How does ...
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Why not create money to assist the post-COVID-19 economy?

In an imaginary country, a horrible computer virus infected some banks. Within a week, it caused the wealth of a large portion of the population (say, 50%) to drop significantly. For some, it cut 80% ...
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Creation and distribution of money from scratch in a country (USA as example)

Suppose in an alternate history, 21st century USA operated on the barter system... no system of money is used. It has all the technology of the 21st century (computers etc). Just no money. The ...
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I'm looking for a reviewed source on the amount of money in the world

As in title, I'm looking for a paper estimating the amount of all money in the world, sum of value of all national currencies or something like this. When I google it, I find only pop-science ...
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23 views

Bank of Canada operating band

I read the following quote about the Bank of Canada's "operating band" for inducing target overnight loan rates: ...
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59 views

Quantity theory of money

Suppose the velocity of circulation (V) is constant. Annual growth rate of real GDP is 5%. The money supply grows by 14% per year. Use the quantity theory of money to calculate the inflation rate. My ...
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1answer
21 views

Gapminder's Dollar Street and the role of self-supply

I find it quite hard to get a clear picture of what the income numbers in Gapminder's Dollar Street tell. How to compare \$27 in Burundi with \$10,098 in China? What would it mean that the family in ...
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27 views

How does hedging using futures work?

I can't understand how it makes sense. From what I've read, corn producers (for example) sell their corn at current price but deliver the corn later, in order to protect themselves from decline in ...
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202 views

Is human psychology really reflected into inflation?

I am a total noob in economics, but I'm trying to understand why do we have inflation. I can see that prices are increasing over time and, by definition, this means inflation. I'm fine with this ...
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42 views

What would happen if, hypothetically, money velocity would reach infinity?

If, hypothetically, money velocity would reach an infinite speed, what would happen to that economy? If it would be infinite then it would mean that there would be infinite transactions and therefore ...
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Value of money (incomes) question - what is the “r” here?

I would like some help with a fairly basic "value of money" question. (I'm very much a beginner in this field so please bear with me.) I'm writing about income changes throughout a decade (2010-2019)....
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Help finding historical data for velocity of money (M1 or M2) for any country except USA

Can anyone point me to a data set of money velocity for at least 20 years back for any other country than the US?
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Who looses Forex if someone gains?

My understanding of forex exchange is that when there are two currencies cur1 and cur2, they are balanced in the world with a ...
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2answers
182 views

Are there any countries in which post-dated cheques are commonly used in trade?

I am reposting from the Personal Finance & Money Stack Exchange because my question was flagged as being about economics and off-topic. The post-dated cheque is the most common payment instrument ...
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95 views

Effect of money supply on price level

Consider a macroeconomy defined by following equations: $$M = kPy + L(r)$$ $$S(r) = I(r)$$ $$y = m $$ Where $M$ is money supply, $P$ is price level, $y$ is output, $r$ is interest rate, while $k,m$ ...
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39 views

M1 Money supply data?

Why do these M1 Money supply charts show data only up to 7th May, when the Fed data is released weekly? https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/M1 http://schrts.co/zgaAPi Thanks
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Why is the annual transferred money worldwide quite different?

The source below says "According to this document from the US Treasury, SWIFT handles about \$5 trillion per day, or given about 250 business days per year, about \$1.25 quadrillion dollars a year.". ...
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5answers
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What is a dollar, currently?

What is the definition of a dollar now without gold backing? It seems that a dollar is now just an entry in a book somewhere in some bank. Or it is the federal reserve note? Or is it both? I ...
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What's wrong with printing more money [duplicate]

Suppose a government is in debt, why will there be inflation if it makes more money and pay other countries borrowed money back?
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Does inflation equal change in M1 or M2?

According to monetarism, inflation can be predicted precisely by the change in money supply and GDP growth. Does "money supply" here refer to M1 or M2, i.e. does it include debts created by ...
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Interest rate determination in the real world

I have just learnt about the demand and supply framework for money and how the equilibrium interest rate in an economy can be determined. In theory, based on that framework, an increase in nominal ...
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12 views

Money demand in QTM

What is the different between Classical,Long Run and Short run quantity theory of money(QTM)? I have read that the transaction demand for money(Mt)is defined as kPY, where k=1/velocity of circulation....
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Does the income from a product or art count as passive income?

When a writer publishes his book, can we classify the income from the book as passive? Or another example, when a musician publishes his album, does the album generates passive income, making any form ...
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26 views

What happens if you cannot lend more than what you have?

This is hypothetical but what would happen if you cannot lend more money than you have? Say you have £100, the maximum you can lend is £100. But somehow you lend £200 to Joe, and Joe spends all of it ...
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What happens to Interest rate if the money supply is fixed?

With the increase in Money supply, the nominal interest rate tends to increase. But what happens if the supply of money is fixed? What happens to the Interest Rate?
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Monetary Theory Money Model Help

the following is a monetary theory overlapping generations model question and I wonder whether I have the correct answer. Can someone please let me know? Thanks! Question: Suppose there is a fixed ...
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Exogenous variables and money

What are the exogenous variables that drive demand for and supply of money? Are there variables in common between the two? I think I'm getting caught up with interest rates, as adjusted by the Feds vs ...
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27 views

demand for money

I am currently studying the demand for money by Blanchard. this model assumes that the amount of money held is basically related to transaction levels and the the attractiveness of bonds. i.e.: ...
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What were the effects of the 2016 Indian banknote demonetisation?

On 2016-11-08, the Government of India announced that it had: decided to cancel the legal tender character of the High Denomination bank notes of Rs.500 and Rs.1000 denominations issued by RBI till ...
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152 views

difference between demand for money and credit

As far as I understand in both cases we are seeking money that we don't have and would like to borrow. That being said what I find even more misleading is the fact that as a nominal interest rate ...
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125 views

Forward Guidance - What happens when the FED unloads its balance sheet

Please Excuse my ignorance. The US Federal Reserve has issued forward guidance telling the world that it is going to start to sell its (well a little less) 4.5 trillion dollars worth of securities ...
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Is there a standard for job sectors?

Is there any sort of recognised standard (e.g. ISO) for grouping jobs into job sectors e.g. 'technology', 'emergency services'? I asked this on StackOverflow here and they suggested this SE. Would ...
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Are things any better in what society considers “third world countries” as they were years ago? If things are better, how did they improve and why?

For years I've seen non-stop commercials of countries in the continent of Africa showing kids who live in sewage huts, parents are dead, war gangs and criminals rule their lives. Like in Captain ...
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Is Venmo considered part of M1?

Isn't this dependent on whether you choose to connect your debit card and checking or savings account or credit card to your Venmo account? Credit cards are not part of M1; however, debit cards and ...