Questions tagged [monopoly]

A market structure in which there is a single firm acting as supplier.

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Do monopolistic firms indirectly increase prices of products sold by perfectly competitive firms?

Correct me if I'm wrong, but this is my understanding: In perfect competition, firms set the price at the marginal cost of production. This gives them a relatively low amount of profit. In ...
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Book reference for graphs explaining ad valorem and specific taxes

Does anyone know any book in which I can read and see graphs about the ad valorem or specific tax in monopolies or perfect competition? I need a graph like this with the explanation but i can't find ...
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The pricing of complementary goods if one of them is purchased only once

Sorry for asking a homework question, however, I'll try to generalize it as much as possible for a future use. There are two complementary goods (A and B). B is produced under perfect competition, ...
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Is difficulty for small businesses in an industry seen negatively as approaching monopoly?

I was just curious about fields where it’s hard to break in on a small scale or as a beginner without much expertise. On the one hand, if some organization/entity figured out a way to produce a ...
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How do I find the optimal uniform price for a monopoly?

A monopolist is selling its products in the UK and the EU. The demand for the monopolist's product is Q(UK) = 42 - P and Q(EU) = 16-4P. The cost function of the monopolist is C(Q) = Q^2 where Q = Q(UK)...
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Schumpeterian Growth paradigm

I'm working on a Schumpeterian R&D growth model, and I assume that the quality gap between a new machine and the replaced one, i.e. $\lambda$ is sufficiently large such that I have drastic ...
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Does Russia export anything that isn't widely available elsewhere?

Some countries produce items for which there is no easy substitute. For example Taiwan produces 53% of the world's semiconductors. Is there any product(s)/service(s) for which Russia is a monopolist (...
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How can I compare surplus in monopolistic competition to surplus in monopoly?

Is there any way to compare the total surplus and consumer/producer surplus in monopolistic competition with that of perfect competition or monopoly? All I can come up with is the idea that deadweight ...
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Plot the dependence of the monopolist’s output (Q) on the price ceiling ($\overline{P}$)

Full task condition: A monopolistic firm’s costs are $TC=\begin{cases} 170+20q, \ q>0 \\ 0 \ q=0 \end{cases}$. There are two groups of consumers of equal size in the monopolist’s market: $Q_{d1} = ...
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How does a CLEC innovate?

A CLEC, competitive local exchange carrier, is described... A competitive local exchange carrier (CLEC), in the United States and Canada, is a telecommunications provider company (sometimes called a &...
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Lerner Index Interpretation?

How do you interpret the Lerner Index? I ask because at Uni. we have been told that, for monopoly, when the producer max. his profit, he sets the price such as the demand is elastic and the lerner ...
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Profit Maximisation for a Monopolist

Suppose a monopolist faces the following inverse demand function : $p = exp(-Q)$ The monopolist can produce any positive level of output with zero variable cost. Its fixed cost is $F$. Find the ...
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Can the internet be characterized as a public utility?

The idea of what a public utility is, economically, rather than just legally is not a new point of discussion. Philosophers like John Stuart Mill argued for the public provision of water and gas, ...
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Will the market for driverless cars move toward a monopoly?

There is a short article in The Economist (link below) where the writer makes the claim that because there are firms the exhibit economies of scale - in driverless technology - they will eventually ...
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Is anti-competitive behavior a threat in a society with free trade and no regulation?

A question that I have is whether a truly economically free society needs to (or should) have laws against anti-competitive behavior. Take liquor distribution as an example. In the United States ...
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How to compute Social Welfare in this model?

The first part of this scientific article analyzes reward-based crowdfunding. The assumptions are: Seller is a monopolist Unit mass of consumers Unit demand Two periods Individuals are identified by $...
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Menu-pricing with three consumer groups

I want to analyze the following setting: An entrepreneur (with monopoly power) sells a product in two periods. In period 1 there are two consumer groups (denoted by 1 and 2) and in period 2 there is ...
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A high store loyalty indicates what kind of competition among cement retailers selling products of the same brand?

To provide some context, this question occurred to me while I was considering the cement retail market. If one considers retailers selling cement of only one brand, then the concept of brand loyalty ...
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High Fixed Cost and Zero VC

Suppose a Monopoly has a High Fixed Cost= 0.5 and VC=0 . The Profit Max O/t : Q=1 But the Profit = -0.13 (which is < 0) which means -0.13 > -0.5 Should the Firm Produce produce Q=1 or Q=0 ? ...
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A monopolist has decreasing average costs, setting the price equal to AC will lead to?

1)what will happen to the Output compared to the situation where MR=MC ? 2)what will happen to the Output compare to Competitive Output? Attempt at Soln. : 1) 2) so definitely quantity of o/t for ...
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How to find right MRP_L in this economic problem?

Economic problem from my textbook (here is my translation from Russian): There is a firm that is both monopoly and monopsony. It's monopoly on market of its product and it's monopsony on labor market ...
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Why are some natural monopolies protected by the law from competition?

It just doesn't make sense. Any try to challenge a natural monopoly is fruitless (at the best) or an economic suicide (at the worst). Why would you forbid companies from doing such stupid move? It's ...
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Imperfect Price Discrimination profit per group

During imperfect price discrimination is it possible to determine profit per group. For example: Aggregated Cost function: C(Q) = 18*Q + 5; where Q = q1 + q2 Aggregated Demand (AD) for group 1: q1(...
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