Questions tagged [open-economy-macro]

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0
votes
1answer
24 views

Positive productivity shock with a fall in output

I am modeling a two-country world. Within each country there exists a representative infinitely-lived agent, a representative final good producer, a continuum of domestic monopolistic competitive ...
0
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2answers
69 views

Gali (2015) Chapter 8 Symmetric Steady State

In Chapter 8 (small open economy) of Gali's 2015 version of Monetary Policy, Inflation, and the Business Cycle, he often performs log linearisations around a symmetric steady state like below: My ...
3
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1answer
91 views

The Difference between investment and savings in CA identity

Mathematically speaking the current account is defined as: $$\text{CA}=S-I$$ where $S$ is savings and $I$ is investment. We know for a closed economy $S=I$ so $CA=0$. practically speaking for an ...
2
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1answer
59 views

What are some examples of goods that entrepreneurship-intense?

Entrepreneurship is considered to be one of factors of production (the other factors of production are capital, labor and land). According to Heckscher–Ohlin model, a country that has an abundant ...
0
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1answer
23 views

How does exchange rate change with respect to interests?

If the central bank raises intereat rates, isn't the money supply now less and the exchange rate is greater? I have run into opposite statements and dont know how to approach this problem. Thanks in ...
3
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1answer
102 views

Fiscal policy in the Dornbusch model

I'm studying the Dornbusch overshooting model of the exchange rate. Specifically, I'm studying the model presented in a textbook by Copeland (2014). The economy is represented by the following ...
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0answers
32 views

How to interpret correctly the uncovered interest rate parity condition

So, according to my macroeconomics professor's notes, the UNCOVERED INTEREST RATE PARITY CONDITION is defined this way : Now, i don't quite grasp the concept of the 'expected appreciation rate of ...
0
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1answer
74 views

Germany's current account surpluses: Negative effect? How to solve them?

The case for a pernicious persistent current account deficit is easy to build: the home country is borrowing abroad for a long period and that debt may reach a point of becoming unsustainable. There ...
0
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0answers
26 views

How to define world interest rate using IS-LM-BP diagram?

Can you suggest where is the world interest rate in the economy which has a positive current account and a financial account surplus, fixed exchange rate and relative capital immobility? The graph of ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Log-linearization of real exchange rate

I have a doubt on how to log linearize an expression for the real exchange rate. I have read in several papers that they express it using substitutions. I haven't been able to find out what ...
3
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0answers
34 views

Elasticity of substitution in leisure

This might be a very basic question, but I am a beginner in macro models. I would appreciate help with my doubt. In different papers I have read about the elasticity of labor supply or the inverse of ...
0
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0answers
14 views

Why do we spread knowledge across nations?

We have access to lots of knowledge on paper sharing platforms, open course platforms, open-source platforms and question asking platforms and etc. I don't know why we are not afraid of the backfires ...
2
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0answers
35 views

Log-linear version of current account equation

I am working on my thesis, doing a two-country model with traded and non-traded goods considering incomplete asset markets and imperfect pass-through. In a sense, I am following Benigno & ...
0
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1answer
31 views

Log-linear version of the uncovered interest rate parity

I am trying to derive the log-linear version of the uncovered interest rate parity under complete asset markets. I know that the UIP condition is given by $$(1+i_t)=(1+i^*_t)\frac{S_{t+1}}{S_t}$$ I ...
1
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0answers
55 views

Transversality Condition

I am reading the first section of chapter 10 of the Obstfeld and Rogoff textbook Foundations of International Economics and I have a doubt in how the transversality condition is obtained. Even though ...
1
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0answers
31 views

Non-traded goods in Two Country New Keynesian Model

I am working on a two-country New Keynesian model, where I include traded and non-traded goods. The final good is produced using traded and non-traded inputs: $$ Z_t=\bigg[a^\frac{1}{\kappa}Z_{T,t}^{\...
1
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1answer
82 views

When to use a lagrange multiplier?

I have a question in regards to the use of Lagrange multipliers in macro models. I have seen that when writing a Lagrange there are two ways to write the Lagrange multiplier: 1) Indexed or 2) ...
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2answers
41 views

What does it mean if a country's exchange rate is said to be “overvalued”?

For instance, China's or Switzerland's currencies are often said to be overvalued.
2
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0answers
26 views

When does the interest rate parity curve shift?

Given the IS LM IRP model, can somebody tell me the difference for when there is a movement along the IRP curve and when there is an actual shift in the IRP curve?
0
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0answers
167 views

How to calculate the multiplier in an open economy?

So suppose there is an open economy were only the goods market exists: C=0.6(Y-T) T=0.25Y Imports=0.2Y exchange rate=1 exports=0 Investment and government spending added up together=6. How to you ...
0
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1answer
30 views

Which one of these intepretations of belonging of a factor of production is correct in context of calculating “income of our citizens abroad”?

NFFI can be calculated as income of foreigners here MINUS income of our citizens/corporations abroad. As far as I understand, it's assumed that our citizens earn income by using OUR factors of ...
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0answers
28 views

Analyse the influence of interior demand and trade on exports

I would like to have a primer on how the current slowdown of the German economy is affecting its partners, for instance France, Spain and Italy. More specifically, if it goes mainly through Germany's ...
4
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1answer
716 views

Bretton Woods vs Gold Standard

I've been reading about the history of the IMF recently, and it strikes me as odd that despite the problems that arose with the gold standard (Germany in the 1920s, Fed cutting money supply during the ...
1
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0answers
36 views

Why a Current Account deficit implies a Financial Account surplus [duplicate]

Every macro textbook out there states that if a country has a Current Account deficit, it must have a surplus in the Financial account, but I have not heard a convincing explanation. Imagine a ...
5
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1answer
173 views

Can anyone give me some reference on Mundell-Fleming model estimated empirically?

In virtually all texts of intermediate Macroeconomics$^1$ the Mundell-Fleming model is taught. But his estimate is not addressed in the classical texts of econometrics. I've always wanted to read some ...
3
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1answer
701 views

What is a good proxy for government quality?

Is it ok to use corruption as a proxy for government quality?
-2
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1answer
72 views

find the equilibrium level of Y [closed]

Assume that the LM curve for a small open economy with a floating exchange rate is given by Y = 200r – 200 + 2(M/P), while the IS curve is Y = 400 + 3G – 2T + 3NX – 200r. The function for NX is NX = ...
1
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0answers
55 views

Why is it so hard to understand NCO = NE?

A lot of explanations about this matter depend on the fact that the foreign cash could be seen as a foreign assets. They say like "if you export a car and earn 100 yen, then it means that you have now ...
5
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1answer
125 views

Teaching: from Microeconomics to Open-economy macro

I am a new faculty teaching MBA courses. Presently, I am teaching International Financial Management (IFM) and Macroeconomics. I have prepared the syllabus of macroeconomics based on first 9 chapters ...
2
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2answers
66 views

Are Investments positively or negatively correlated with interest rate

Having just begun self-studying economics, I apologise if this question is too simple. Do investments increase or decrease with increased interest rate? According to the small, closed economy model (...
3
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2answers
4k views

How do excessive foreign reserves cause inflation?

I have studied that accumulation of foreign reserve has the potential to raise inflation levels in economy as the money base increases (= domestic currency + foreign reserve increases) and if it ...
3
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1answer
21 views

Why FDI stock in the same year is different in the same reports?

From World Investment Report 2003, in 2000, the US has 12.4% GDP as FDI inward stock and 13.2% GDP as FDI outward stock. These numbers are equivalent to 1274720 million USD, and 1356960 million USD. ...
1
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1answer
34 views

Terms definition in Balance of Payment

I have problems in distinguishing among terms in the Balance of Payment / the international balance sheet of a nation. As far as I know, on Assets and Liabilities sides of BPM, there are Portfolio ...
1
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1answer
133 views

Good book on capital flows?

Are there any good textbooks/books for capital flows? I have found some from searching online, but they are a bit older: International Capital Flows by Feldstein in 1999 Capital Flows and Crises by ...
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2answers
63 views

Market crash causes

Does market crash like in 1930 and 2009 are always due to excessive and careless lending activity? Lets say all lending is done in careful manner and no corporate fraud is done somehow, would it be ...
1
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2answers
125 views

Why did the hybrid Phillips Curve become flatter (as empirical data shows) after the crisis?

The Phillips Curve equation is: $$\pi_t=\pi_t^e + \beta_1 (\beta_2 Y_t + (1-\beta_2) Z_t) + \varepsilon_t^\pi$$ where $\pi_t$ is the inflation, $\pi_t^e$ is the expected inflation, $Y_t$ is the output ...
4
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1answer
73 views

How can I calculate with the average of the consumption in an RBC framework?

In the following open-economy RBC model consumption level ($C_t$) is not the most important for the representative households, but the difference of the consumption level and the earlier level of the ...
0
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1answer
478 views

Net Positions vs Gross Positions as they Relate to the Current Account

What is the difference between say, gross asset and liability positions and net asset and liability positions? I mean these terms in the particular way that Cavallo and Tille use them in their 2006 ...
1
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0answers
96 views

Can the current account go into deficit with zero capital mobility?

So, can it? The supposition is that this has been caused by an increase in domestic residents' marginal propensity to import. My thought would have been: no, it cannot, but my answer seems too simple ...
3
votes
1answer
158 views

Why the difference in productivity and wage trend in the UK economy?

In reading this article from FT, we come across two graphs: and Shouldn't real wages have a similar trend to productivity? Why was there that discrepancy since the 2009 until 2014? Maybe some other ...
2
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1answer
260 views

Appropriate estimator for FDI “gravity” model

I am trying to model Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flows and am facing several issues; There is the well-known condition that under heteroskedasticity log-linearized OLS models are biased and ...
1
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0answers
56 views

Understanding the complex relationship between macro and micro economic factor: Job shift

As the world knows plenty of manufacturing jobs shifted from various countries to China. This macroeconomic trend of consolidating manufacturing jobs in China has been going on for past 30 years. ...
1
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0answers
243 views

Money Market, LM curve, starting with a change in Interest Rate

Consider $$r=r^*+\theta$$ where $r$ is the domestic interest rate, $r^*$ is world interest rate, and $\theta$ is a risk premium and/or expectation rate adjustment. The economy is small and open, ...
0
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1answer
7k views

GNP, GDP, GNI, GNDI and their relationships?

GDP - Gross Domestic Product GNP - Gross National Product GNI - Gross National Income GNDI - Gross National Disposable Income We know that GNI=GNP, and that GNP=GDP+Net income from factor ...
1
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0answers
12 views

What's the ECB share of euro area gov debt?

Where can I see an evolution of the ECB's share in the market for Euro area governmental debt? I would like to know if there's something similar happening in Euro area as is happening with Fed's ...
1
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0answers
224 views

Macro Economic Factors that Effect the Revenue for General Mills [closed]

I was having a conversation with a friend about politics, and that eventually led to economics. I know... We're a little on the wild side. He made a comment that he thinks that a company like General ...
1
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1answer
35 views

In a trade imbalance does the importing country's currency become more valuable?

Suppose that country A buys freely from country B, but B uses steep tarriffs to block its citizens from buying from A. In that case country A's currency will pile up in B. Other things being equal, ...
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2answers
293 views

What's the role for official intervention in the Balance of Payments?

If the Balance of Payments (BP) is defined as $$BP=\text{Current Account}+\text{Capital Account}$$ where: $$\text{Current Account}=X-M+\text{Net Income Interest}$$ and $$\text{Capital Account}=\...
2
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0answers
244 views

Exchange rate overshooting

Let's consider a Mundell-Fleming model for the short-run, with flexible exchange rates. Now, if we have a monetary contraction (or expansion), the exchange rate path will differ whether we're in the ...
4
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5answers
273 views

Where are the payments for export in the balance of payment?

I know that when we sell some goods abroad, we credit Goods&Services part within Trade balance, which is a part of Current Account. What part of the Financial Account is debited with the sum ...