Questions tagged [price-theory]

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Algorithmic pricing

Many sellers operating in digital platforms (like Amazon) nowadays rely on artificial intelligence algorithms to set their prices and adjust them over time. I wonder whether there is a sense in the ...
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New Business - How do I set a price for my product?

This is my first question here, but since I am used to the Stack Exchange format I will give as much detail about my problem without giving an overload of details. In a nutshell I work with US weather ...
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Binary choices in consumer theory

Back when I was a teaching assistant, we were teaching utility theory and how it relates to price determination. So we were looking at continuous goods (e.g. "food") so as to get marginal ...
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What were the historical theories of price formation before demand-supply relationship was well understood?

Markets have existed for thousands of years. People must had ideas about where prices came from. Before the clear formulation of demand/supply-based theory of prices, what were the historical theories ...
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What combination will reduce consumption? Inferior/Normal good -- Rebate/ No Rebate? All of the above?

I am having trouble with this course question: The government wants to decrease consumption of alcohol, so they apply an alcohol tax. Which condition will lead to a decrease in consumption? a. ...
112 views

Should Prices (or Price Indices) be modelled with deterministic trend?

I always face a dilemma on whether to assume prices to have a time trend or not while modelling. It is also partly a statistics problem. Let me explain. Assume I have time series, $y_t$ of price of a ...
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Question on the Definition of A Numeraire

I'm familiar with the idea of a numeraire when prices come in the form $\frac{p_x}{p_y}$, but I'm still trying to figure out what the more general notion of a numeraire is. For instance, if all that I'...
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What does economics say about "price gouging" during an emergency?

Many states have laws against "price gouging" during an emergency. Are these laws counterproductive? Take the current situation with toilet paper and water. When someone sees rolls of toilet paper ...
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Renewal of multiple notions of value in contemporary (green, public good) economy and are there general game theories?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exchange_value mentions 4 notions of value: economic value, exchange value, use value, price. But this article also mentions that these are Marxian concepts and the ...
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951 views

In Smith's theory, what is the difference between the "nominal price" vs. "market price" and "real price" vs. "natural price"?

In Adam's Fallacy, Foley writes: "Smith distinguishes what he calls the nominal price of a commodity (the amount of money for which it exchanges) from the real price of the commodity, the amount of ...
63 views

Do all prices just reflect absence of information?

In information economics, information has economic value because it allows an agent to make better decisions. For example if an agent needs to buy some good, he will benefit from knowing about the ...
30 views

In this price model, employment grows with higher wages. Makes no sense

Using a Sraffian price model we have that, $p=(1+r)(pA+wl)$ where w (nominal wage rate), r (average profit rate) are scalars; p (market prices), l (labor input coefficients) are vectors; A (producers' ...
1 vote
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Why do non-binding price ceilings have no effect?

My question seems trivial but I have a particular issue I don't understand. If there's a price ceiling above the price equilibrium, the customers can still use the ceiling as leverage when negotiating,...
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Why do companies launch products at much higher prices, only to reduce the price drastically after a few months?

I see this to be a prevalent trend - companies too often launch products at much higher prices than they know is gonna lead to good sales numbers, only to reduce the price drastically after a few ...
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Is the price-quantity diagram fundamentally wrong?

I have wondered about the following diagram: which shows a relationship between Price (Preis) and quantity (Menge). The supply (Angebot) curve is rising with the amount; the demand (Nachfrage) is ...
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What if price were a function of buyer's income?

If everyone's income were public information, would purely profit-seeking sellers benefit from charging different prices to people based on their different incomes? My intuition says yes because a ...
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Labor time and the exchange value (Marx). What about the quality of the raw materials?

Karl Marx writes in his book "capital", that the exchange value of a commodity is determined by the necessary average labor required to produce the commodity. The labor is measured in time. Here's my ...
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Government efforts in tackling the food crisis

I am a student taking H2 economics at the 'A' levels. Recently, in one of our case study questions in one of the tutorials on the price mechanism and its applications, we covered the food crisis. As I ...
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Phenomenon of equal prices without price collusion

Some time ago, I came across a term describing a specific phenomenon observed in free markets. I'm now looking for this term. When comparing prices of certain staples in some countries, one quickly ...
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How much of an assets price change is due to speculators and functional buys/sellers

If (for example) a heavily traded asset like crude oil has a price move of x, how much of that is influenced by functional buyers/sellers and how much by speculators? Let's say x is +100, there are 8 ...
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Why does bond price tend to 100?

For example: if a bond got a 1% coupon, and tomorrow is the maturity date, so tomorrow I will have 101. So, in my opinion a bond price should tend to notional+coupon, because today I want this amount ...
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Simple model to predict oil prices

Back when Hugo Chavez was still alive (former leader of Venezuela), he said they made "simulations" to predict how much oil prices will increase if they retire the supply of oil they were giving to ...
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How to maximize revenue by changing price?

I run a SaaS and I have the following data from it: Number of trials (A), number of subscribers (B), subscribe cost (C) and total revenue (D) for every type of service my SaaS provide. If I increase (...
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Help with CES Utility Function exercise

I am attempting to solve the following CES Utility Function problem: However, I am running into issues when I get to 3). For 1) I have $K = \left(\frac{\omega p_1}{p_2}\right)^{\frac{1}{p+1}}$ ...
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Currency Denominations Affecting Prices

My question regards how currency denominations might artificially affect prices. For example, a baseball game that determines a good pricing scheme for parking would be charging 7 dollars per person. ...
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Decision to make one side of a multisided platform the subsidy side

I'm reading Matchmakers: The New Economics of Multisided Platforms by economists David S. Evans and Richard Schmalensee. They describe how businesses often make a rational choice to allow one side of ...
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How can 1 BTC gain value in USD if inflation is happening?

So, right now, 1 BTC (bitcoin) is worth ≈ 578.25 USD. But, with the inflation of the USD, how can 1 BTC still hold its value at 578.25? Why doesn't it decrease? Let's set this example: 1 BTC = 1 USD....
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Best formula for price depending on amount [closed]

What is the best formula of price of the product depending on amount. I mean "best" in psychological, marketing, stock rotation, profit maximizing, etc sense (any of them or all together, if possible)....
1 vote
792 views

Price elasticity when relationship between sales, price and other factors is not linear

For commercial deployment, price elasticity is calculated through linear regression which assumes that there is a linear relationship between price and sales. I have a)price and b)social media ratings ...
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If petrol/gas prices were locked down, how would normal consumers and the producers be affected?

Hey economics stack exchange! Congrats on getting to beta! I wanted to ask a question that was running through my head on a road trip earlier today. Let's say a magic fairy grants a person his wish, ...
126 views

Pay What You Want Pricing; Micro Foundations

One of those things that makes intuitive sense to me, but not economic sense is the "pay what you want" (PWYW) scheme of pricing. When thinking of traditional micro theory, the effective price of a ...
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Change in price and income using the Slutsky equation

Quantity bought is given by $$q(m,p) = 0.02 m - 2 p$$ where $q$ is number of bottles bought, $m$ is income and $p$ is price per bottle. If income is $m = 7500$ and price is $p = 30$, the number of ...
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How to calculate price function from demand curve when marginal cost is given?

This example is in a oligopoly market with two firms. The demand curve is given and also two firms' MC is given. How would one calculate price function in this scenario? I found the slope using the ...
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Are there any models which allow to calculate a discount?

I want to progressively calculate a discount based on the amount of product sold. Are there any models which allow to take into account different type of products and can calculate the discounts based ...
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Is there a term for an externality in which prices for a good go up due to consumers being subsidized to purchase or consume that good?

Is there a term for an externality in which prices for a good go up due to consumers being subsidized to purchase or consume that good? So for example, let us say that the government covers part of ...
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What determines the outcome of a price war, and why isn't that outcome reached instantaneously?

Mary is making a hefty profit manufacturing and selling widgets. Jim has some money laying around and he is trying to figure out if he shouldn't start manufacturing some widgets too. In this example ...
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Newly discovered (by mainstream investors) asset chart/theory

I was reading an article about bitcoin in which a description was given of a chart/theory related to investor hype when an investment is first discovered by the mainstream. I've been unable to locate ...
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How long are consumers willing to wait in order to find a bargain?

I have (what I believe to be) a microeconomics question that I'd like to explore: How long are consumers willing to wait to find a bargain on an item they'd like to purchase? I believe the ...
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Do assets without rental income streams appreciate relative to assets with rental income streams?

In his book "The Armchair Economist", economist Steve Landsburg critiques an op-ed concerning the relative value of stocks and real estate: James K. Glassman wrote a piece in The New Republic to ...
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What are some books for pricing theory with heavy math?

What are some books for pricing theory with heavy math? I've finish reading pricing theory by Hirshleifer and another by Lansburg but both are not math intense.
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Price distribution: Negative values?

In their equation (5), Kaplan and Menzio claim that the price distribution in their Burdett-Judd market is given by  F(p, u) = \{u \cdot A_1 \left[1 - \left(1 - B_1(u)\right)\frac{(r-c)p}{(p-c)r}...
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