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Questions tagged [pricing]

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3
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0answers
16 views

How should I calculate bulk selling price for a small business?

Some friends of mine run a small business, in a small garage-like space, with a few employees, making and selling "plumbuses". The typical customer orders about 5 plumbuses at a time. When I heard ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Difference between the minimum selling price and the actual selling price

I'm actually wondering what the correct name for the difference between the minimum selling price and the actual selling price is? Let's say I'm having an product A. After all calculations(costs, ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Proof of DCF model by mathematical induction

I am confident with the concept of DCF. However, I wanted to check the following proof given that if investors hold a share in $ t $, sell it at $t+1$, receive dividend $\ D_{t+1} $ and the price at $...
1
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2answers
50 views

Economies of scale: when is it disadvantageous?

So, I watched a video on economies of scale. It makes sense to me but I'm wondering, is there a point where say doubling the production rate makes the product even more expensive? How can I figure out ...
0
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0answers
11 views

Did / Does Skype threaten carriers with bankrupcy because of their offering of underpriced Internet?

Sources: Where Next for Microsoft? - As the mercy killing of Lumia and Windows Phone will happen in next year or two, what impacts to Microsoft world domination plans? and Why Do Carriers Hate Skype? ...
0
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0answers
25 views

Peak-load pricing with existing capacity

Unable to figure out how exactly to incoporate the "existing 120 spaces". Does that imply that marginal capacity costs are 0 upto 120 demand? If we take 0 price and competitive pricing (P = MC), ...
4
votes
1answer
34 views

What's the name of this pairwise price-setting scheme?

Two siblings inherit equal shares of a house. To decide who gets to live in it, they each bid what they think the other half is worth. The person with the higher bid gets it, and pays the other ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

How to increase price gradually?

I sell so called "tokens" for so called Ether. I receive an arbitrary amount of Ether in a transaction. I sent back a calculated amount of tokens. I want the price of a token increase as more tokens ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Phenomenon of equal prices without price collusion

Some time ago, I came across a term describing a specific phenomenon observed in free markets. I'm now looking for this term. When comparing prices of certain staples in some countries, one quickly ...
0
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0answers
13 views

Is relative price confusing to normal users?

I am a blogger and I review gadgets and stuff for a living. I usually create tables for a set of similar gadgets and I use relative pricing (with dollar symbol) instead of the exact value to comply ...
0
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0answers
16 views

Why do some prices contain a sequence of a digit repeated several times?

I know about the psychology behind prices that end in 9 or 99, but I'm starting to notice that some prices contain the same digit (not 9) repeated two, three or even four times. For example, in this ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Alternative flight pricing schemes

I understand that airlines design their flight prices such that ideally everyone ends up paying the amount they are willing to pay for a given flight, which may be very different if you're e.g. a ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

Gold charts on different currencies

I have this two charts of gold prices for the last 60 days. One is in Dollars and the other in Euros. Why they are not an exact match?
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Distance transported used to price goods in Marxism

A friend mentioned that in Marxism, the distance a good was transported was used to determine the price of said good. I can't find anything on the Internet to support this claim, although I might be ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Why does bond price tend to 100?

For example: if a bond got a 1% coupon, and tomorrow is the maturity date, so tomorrow I will have 101. So, in my opinion a bond price should tend to notional+coupon, because today I want this amount ...
0
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0answers
12 views

Minimum/ Competitive Pricing — Fully Distributed Costing vs. Incremental Costing

I've maybe taken an econ 101 and game theory course in college, so my formal econ education is a bit lacking -- For some reason I can't seem to wrap my head around the solution here. Take a Widget ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Issues if insurance is not compulsory for population

So I remember this in my Econ 101 course thing.. eg. If all cars are legally required to be insured, insurers work off a population statistic to calculate cost of crashes/ individual issues (...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

What's the term for elastic pricing?

What I've called "elastic pricing", has a true economics name that I believe I once heard. Here's the notion: I walked into a gas station to buy a fountain drink. I only brought a dollar with me, but ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Data on average/typical retail markups

Can anybody provide a reliable source that gives data on retail markups? My end goal is to make a fairly high-level statement along the lines of "a typical retail markup (across all industries) is X%",...
0
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2answers
83 views

Why are prices considered the best information we could have?

We often talk about information as pricing being the best information or reflection of different aggregate pieces of information existing on markets. Why do we then also often hear that some prices do ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Locational Marginal Pricing when different prices and when the same?

I am kinda confused about this YouTube video. So the LMP with no constraints is the same in both nodes. For me it was the same because I used those offers from node 1 also in node 2 and we chose the ...
1
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0answers
42 views

The Saturn pricing model, did it work?

Has there been a post-mortem on the Saturn pricing model? For those who do not remember, in the 1990s GM sponsored a new car model, the Saturn, which featured "no haggle" pricing. The car would be ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Can an overall improvement in technology make the owners of one factor worse off?

In a closed two-factor economy, suppose there is a biased technological improvement that increases the productivity of both factors, but one more than the other. Can this reduce the aggregate returns (...
1
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0answers
44 views

Metric for evaluating sales with dynamic pricing

Suppose you have a sausage maker. He buys batches of ground meat, then makes and sells sausages. Suppose each batch of ground meat makes N sausages, and each batch has specific level of quality that ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Should the government regulate the price of bananas? [closed]

Diclaimer: This is not a homework question. Every word of it was written originally by me. Hypothetical Scenario Alice is shopping for groceries and thinks the current price of bananas at ...
5
votes
1answer
54 views

Why has Apple increased app store prices in the UK?

Apple have recently announced an increase in app store prices, ostensibly due to the weakening of the pound following the Brexit vote and its fallout. Why has apple done this when the marginal cost ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Why doesn't Barnes and Noble just lower its prices?

For my birthday, I wanted a cookbook. So I went to Barnes and Noble and selected it: $40. Before I got the register I checked it on Amazon: $20. I started price matching every single cookbook I ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to derive an aggregate demand function (and optimal uniform price) from two demand functions?

If I have two demand functions $P_1=100-10X_1$ and $P_2=50-10X_2$ and $X_1=40$ and $X_2=60$ with $MC=10$ We have two consumer groups: 1 and 2, where 1 has a higher willingness to pay, and we have ...
1
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0answers
30 views

How to dynamically update/calculate the price if we have the following values?

Need to update/calculate the price, the given values are: Reserve (Stock) (higher the price can be lower) Cost (the higher, the price can be higher) Sales Speed (the higher, the price can be higher) ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Block pricing for different products

How is a block price decided when there are many products to be sold? For example the buffet in various restaurants or combos in McDonalds or KFC (like the bucket buddy). Can somebody point me to ...
4
votes
0answers
125 views

Dynamic demand model in many good competitive markets and price optimization

This is a question about demand models, price optimization, dynamic pricing, big data, online learning, so I will cross-post in other communities. $\mathbf{Background}$ I am interested in dynamic ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Where do economists look for reliable commodity prices for dairy products?

I would like to know the market commodity price of cream cheese. I know you can look up the price of gold in the Wall Street Journal. Where can I get info on dairy products like cream cheese?
1
vote
2answers
80 views

Market behavior when consumer must choose product before knowing price?

What forces influence the price in a market, wherein the consumer must choose a good before knowing the price, and afterwards only knows the price of the good purchased, not that of any competing ...
-1
votes
1answer
203 views

Finding an exchange rate and competitive equilibrium given an initial allocation and utility function [closed]

I am attempting to solve the following question. "Smith and Jones are stranded on a desert island. Each has in his possession some slices of ham (H) and cheese (C). Smith is a choosy eater and will ...
1
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1answer
1k views

What statistical techniques can be used for measuring price elasticity

I know that linear regression is used for calculating price elasticity. If my objective is to estimate the parameters of a causal relationship, can i use machine learning techniques like Random Forest ...
1
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0answers
45 views

How to model optimal market pricing?

I am interested in understanding how to mathematically model market interaction to optimize pricing strategy. In my model I have two kinds of knowledge: the market's order book and the price/volume ...
3
votes
2answers
627 views

How to estimate empirically a demand curve

Suppose I have a small business that sell ice creams. An Icecream cost 2$, and every day I have different values of sales. ...
1
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0answers
117 views

The pricing of complementary goods if one of them is purchased only once

Sorry for asking a homework question, however, I'll try to generalize it as much as possible for a future use. There are two complementary goods (A and B). B is produced under perfect competition, ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

Are there some guidelines/strategies for deciding between showing a list price vs “call for price”?

I suppose as a buyer many have been on the receiving end of "call for price" price discrimination or one of its less unpleasantly sounding synonyms. Now it's generally known that the average Joe hates ...
2
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0answers
25 views

Becker Social Pricing and Lack of Smooth Demand

I was reading an article on Becker Social Pricing, where your demand for a good depends on other people's demand for the good. So basically this paper is meant to be a primer into explaining why some ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How does the Uber's pricing model work?

I'm working on a paper on the sharing economy, and in particular on its economic implications. I am aware of the surge pricing model that Uber adopts, and of how it works. But I'm wondering on what ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Effect of property tax on rent

Suppose the government puts a tax on all apartment owners (e.g. a certain percentage of the apartment value), whether or not the apartment is rented. Will this tax cause an increase in rent? From an ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Why did the price level of government consumption increase in the United States?

From The Penn World Tables (PWT7): Before 1970, the price levels of the three GDP components had been going in parallel. In the late 60s, the price level of government consumption went up (the Nixon ...
3
votes
2answers
990 views

Why doesn't Costco simply raise prices and nix the membership fee?

I know little about the field of economics. I realize this question may be too rudimentary for this forum but I am sure someone here can explain this. My question concerns Costco, which is a ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Approximating the socially-optimal price in a monopolist market

A monopoly firm has an incentive to increase the price and decrease the produced quantity in order to increase its revenues. But this decreases the social welfare. The government can intervene in ...
7
votes
3answers
109 views

Is there an economic analysis of how piracy allows a product to take a hegemonic position?

There's an interesting situation with the likes of Photoshop, where the software being pirated actually increases its market usage, and the software becomes the de facto standard, in part due to ...
0
votes
1answer
827 views

What is the correct way to calculate a selling price from margin and a cost?

There seems to be two formula to calculate a selling price. The first formula that I came upon would be ...
8
votes
1answer
121 views

Hedging with volatility swaps?

I'm studying financial derivatives, and became curiosity in volatility products, more specifically volatility swaps. It always intrigued me how can you create products based on volatility. Who is ...
7
votes
2answers
84 views

What are some different methods for pricing electricity?

I know that in New Zealand, the wholesale price of electricity is set using a spot market, whereby every half hour, each of the electricity producers provide offers for how much electricity they can ...