# Questions tagged [probability]

A branch of statistics that studies the likelihood of uncertain events occurring.

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### Best-responding to a stochastically higher distribution of bids

In Auction Theory, Krishna writes that: a bidder who faces a stochastically higher distribution of bids–in the sense of reverse hazard rate dominance–will bid higher (This follows the proof of ...
1 vote
126 views

### Probability for Economics

I need to learn ASAP on the list of topics: Multivariate Distribution, discrete and continuous random variables; integration and expectation; law of large numbers and central limit theorem, confidence ...
68 views

### About The Bayesian Conditional-Probability Systems in Myerson's Game Theory: Analysis of Conflict

I am self-studying game theory using Myerson's Game Theory: Analysis of Conflict. I got some trouble understanding his Bayesian conditional-probability system. The Bayesian conditional-probability ...
88 views

### Joint distribution from differential equations

I have the following problem - Z is a random variable which can take any real value in the range [0,1] a and b are independent variables drawn from uniform distribution in the interval [0,1]. Z is a ...
1 vote
47 views

### Understanding the notations in Bayesian game definition

I am having trouble understanding the definition of a Bayesian game based on the following definition from class. I would appreciate it if you could explain the notations and overall meaning for point ...
26 views

### transition probabilities from a AR(1) stochastic process

I have a stochastic volatility model for commodity price which follows an AR(1) process: ln(pt ) − m = ρ (ln(pt−1) − m) + exp(σt)ut ut ∼ IID(0, 1) σt − μ = ρσ(σt−1 − μ) + ηεt εt ∼ IID(0, 1) ...
203 views

### Deriving an equation in Banerjee "A Simple Model of Herd Behavior" (1992)

I am reading "A Simple Model of Herd Behavior" by Banerjee (1992). A short summary of the model is the following. There is a probability $\alpha$ that each person receives a signal telling ...
65 views

### Third price auction from Auction Theory by Krishna, Order statistics

Notation: $Y_1$: Highest order statistics of $(N-1)$ players' valuation. $F_n^M:$ The distribution function of the highest $n$th order statistics of $M$ players. $f_n^M:$ The density of the highest $n$...
26 views

### Estimating excess probability

I have three players A,B,C, where C ideally functions as a baseline. They play different games (not against each other) and I can observe their win probability, for example P(A wins in game I) = 90%, ...
52 views

### Resampling for a Probabilistic Model to Balance Outcomes

I wanted to construct a logit model for determining the probability a recession will be determined for any given month using the usual Macro indicators; however, I noticed that 90% of the months in my ...
173 views

### What does it mean when I say that CDF is bounded away from 1?

Suppose $\theta \in [\underline\theta, \bar\theta]$ is distributed with CDF F(.). What does it mean when I say that this F is bounded away from 1? Does it mean that F can never take the value 1 in ...
127 views

### Why are Mixed Strategy Nash Equilibria special cases of Correlated Equilibria and Coarse Correlated Equilibria?

In a Mixed Strategy Nash Equilibrium, each player constructs their own probability distribution over the set of their respective possible strategies. In a Correlated Equilibrium or a Coarse Correlated ...
1 vote
53 views

61 views

### Is it worth betting on this case?

Let's imagine a coin-flip game, which uses an unbiased coin. Starting with X dollars, your total increases 50% every time you flip heads. But if the coin lands on tails, you lose 40% of your total. ...
1 vote
593 views

### Show that conditional variance of error in linear probability model is heteroskedastic?

I have a problem that asks me the following: " Consider the linear probability model, in which we specify the regression equation to be linear in X, E(Y |X = x) = Pr(Y = 1|X = x) = x'β We can ...
50 views

### Average ability conditioning on having accepted an offer

There is a continuum of workers between 0 and 1. These have ability $\alpha\sim U[0,2]$. A firm offers them a salary $v$ and has profits $$\pi = (\rho \alpha-v) n(v)$$ where $n(v)$ is the fraction ...
228 views

### How to average CDFs of one variable across years

I have wealth-to-income data for 10 years. I computed the cdf of this variable in each year. Now I'm trying to average the cdfs across years. In each each, the number of observations is different. ...
11k views

### Type - I Error & Type - II Error: Pregnancy test analogy - is it legit?

I found this picture in my stats book but I'm now confused to what 'positive' and 'negative' is referring to. As seen in the table below, Type 1 error is the error that its H0 is actually true but ...
249 views

### Why is it possible to calibrate your subjective probabilities?

Humans tend to be overconfident in their predictions; when most people say that there's a 95% chance that something will happen, they're usually wrong far more than 5% of the time. Whereas what ought ...
171 views

### Expected Utility and Jensen's Inequality

Consider two random variables (costs and valuations) distributed $v\backsim G(.)$ and $c \backsim F(.)$ with pdfs $g(.)$ and $f(.)$. Let the supports of $c$ and $v$ be $[x,y]$. Let \$x<a=E(v)<b&...
201 views

### How to approach rigorous probability theory from an economics background?

I am attempting to read around the theory of probability theory from the ground up, coming from a background of economics I have little experience in set/measure theory, whilst I am not new to ...