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Questions tagged [regression]

In statistics, regression analysis is a statistical process for estimating the relationships among variables. It includes many techniques for modeling and analyzing several variables, when the focus is on the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables (or 'predictors').

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How do we calculate Beta in a OLS regression of the mean of y on the mean of lag of y?

In a simple OLS regression we calculate the estimator Beta by dividing the covariance of x and y by the variance of x. How do we calculate the estimator Beta if we regress the mean of a variable (at ...
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What R-squared is a low R-squared?

I keep hearing that R-squared does not really matter in economics research and that due to the unpredictable human nature, economics research regressions tend to have low R-squared. But how much is ...
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OLS estimator derivation: second-order condition to prove global minimum?

In deriving our ordinary least squares estimates, we can partially differentiate the sum of squared errors $\sum_{i=1}^{n} {e_i^2} = \sum_{i=1}^{n} {(Y_i- \hat{\alpha}-\hat{\beta}X_i )^2}$ with ...
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Multivariate linear regression: how to test for whether the slopes are the same?

If I regress wages on education and the dummy variable gender using a linear conditional expectation function (wage = a + b(education) + c(gender)), how can I test that the slope b is the same for ...
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Estimation of investment adjustment costs

Hi I am working on a problem set in my macroeconomics course. I have a hard time figuring out how to get started on one of the problems. The set-up is the following. A price-taking firm maximizes: $\...
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How to do elasticity modeling for products where there is slab pricing like electricity?

I have few product categories eg prod1 prod2. Each category have similar products. So prod1 has 3 similar products with slight difference in features and prod2 has 5 products with slight differences. ...
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Demand equation with demographics

I am trying to reconcile the derivation of a demand equation with what I actually run in an OLS model. After solving $$max_{x_1,x_2}U(x_1,x_2)= \alpha ln(x_1) + \beta ln(x_2)$$ subject to $$p_1x_1+...
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Unbiased but inconsistent estimator [closed]

Assume a random sample X1, ..., Xn with a normal distribution with mean μ and variance σ2. How do we know the following estimator is unbiased, but inconsistent?
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38 views

Justification for my Random Effects estimation

I need to defend my use of the Random Effects (RE) estimator in my economics project. I've been told in cross validated that the proper place for the question is here. The causal effect of the ...
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Controlling for a variable in OLS - Stratification and Reaggregation. Simple Example

In his engrossing book "Naked Statistics" Charles Wheelan begins to explain how controlling for variables works by stratifying the sample. However, he stops short of explaining the reaggregation, ...
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Profit maximization problem using linear regression (pooled OLS)

I'm currently on a university assignment where I'm stuck more or less in the middle. I have to answer the following problem: Suppose you are interested in estimating the production function for ...
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How do I measure effects over years in panel data with individuals?

I'm working with a longitudinal panel dataset that surveys the same few thousand individuals biennially and I have six years of this data. My dependent variable would be how much individuals spend on ...
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Can A/B be a better variable than separate A, B in linear regression?

While learning Econometrics, I got curious to know whether A/B can make a better variable than separate A and ...
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1answer
77 views

Linear Regression Assumptions of Homoskedasticity

When I studied linear regression analysis, one of the assumptions taught was that of homoskedatiscity. I understood that homoskedasticity was required for significance testing on the coefficients. ...
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69 views

Why does instrument exogeneity imply conditional mean zero?

In the following slide ECON4150 - Introductory Econometrics Lecture 16: Instrumental variables, Monique de Haan it says that "instrument exogeneity implies $E[u_i \mid Z_i]=0$" where instrument ...
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1answer
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Dummy variable regressor OLS coefficient formula

Consider the standard linear regression model: $y_i = \alpha + \beta D_i + e_i$ where the coefficients are defined by linear projections and $D_i$ is a dummy variable. In the population, the ...
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When is an OLS parameter unchanged on a subsample?

There is a sample of $n$ observations, each element has a numeric $Y$ and $X$ characteristic. There is an OLS regression over the sample $$ Y = b_0 + b_1 X + \textbf{u}, $$ $\textbf{u}$ being the ...
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Regression on derived consumer preference

I have a data set with some demographics of consumers who bought a product that can be used to imply their preference (beta) using Cobb-Douglas (see comments of original question). I’d like to check ...
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1answer
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Is there any specific distribution that is recommended for modelling individual income?

I'm a statistician and my colleagues work with income data every now and then, but they usually apply some arbitrary cut-off and go with logistic regression. I know there's an infinite range of ...
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Does the linear probability model require the regressand to be zero/one-valued?

Typically, the dependent variable in a linear probability model (LPM) is a 0/1-valued binary variable. What if the dependent variable $y_i$ is still binary but take on general values $a$ and $b$ ...
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1answer
28 views

Subset of Data in a gravity model

In my last subject of studies I am analyzing trade costs in a gravity model, e.g. multilateral trade resistance and bilateral trade resistance terms. The gravity model assumes world trade. However, I ...
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159 views

Confounding versus endogenous variables. What is their relative hierarchical position?

There are valuable resources on the lexicon of types of variables quickly accessible, such as here. However, some of these concepts appear side-by-side often enough to make them confusing. For ...
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Indicator variables over unequal periods?

I'm comparing the volatility of capital flows using a panel data regression. I would like to examine changes in volatility over different periods (e.g. before financial crisis, financial crisis, ...
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1answer
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Multiple regression

How can I test in a multiple regression model whether a drop of 1% in $x_1$ will cause a larger effect than a 1% drop in $x_2$, given that I used the growth rates of my dependent and independent ...
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2answers
210 views

conditional mean and conditional median

In Wooldridge's book (Page 452), it says When linear absolute deviation (LAD) methods are applied alongside OLS, thre are often reasons to think a priori that OLS and LAD will not produce similar ...
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62 views

Controlling for interaction effects

In a recent paper, Edelman et al. examine (amongst other things) how discrimination on AirBnB varies with the characteristics of hosts. First, they conduct a field experiment which involves sending a ...
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Constant Regressor in GLS

Consider the following regression model: $y_{i1}=\beta_1 +u_{i1}$ $y_{i2}=\beta_{21}+\beta_{22}x_i+u_{i2}$. If $E(x_i' u_{i1})\neq 0$ and $E(x_i' u_{i2})=0$, will we get consistent estimators ...
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38 views

Categorical variable as explanatory variable (right hand side)

In a linear probability model, or any sort of regression, one can use fixed effect estimation by simply adding in a STATA code i.something. This "something" can be either a village, a county or a ...
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1answer
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How to get the effect of one dummy variable against many others?

I have the following regression: wage = constant + (beta1)*michigan+ (beta2)*california+...+(beta49)florida+(beta50)education + u where michigan is equal to one if the person is from michigan and ...
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Econometrics - Simultaneous Equations and Perfect Inelasticity in the Context of Regression

Assume a certain market can be described by Demand Function: $$Q_{d, t} = \alpha_0 + \alpha_1 P_t + \mu_{1, t}$$ Supply Function: $$Q_{s, t} = \beta_0 P_t + \mu_{2, t}$$ The price in this market is ...
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3answers
125 views

Sample used in calculating the sample regression function

Does the OLS (ordinary least squares) method of regression consider only one sample value in calculating the sample regression function (SRF)? If not, then how is the SRF created when there is more ...
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Does endogeneity matter when neither independent variable nor error term are correlated with dependent variable?

if the double arrows show that X and the error term are correlated, but that neither variable affects Y, is endogeneity a problem in this scenario? Why or why not?
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Proving consistency of quantile regression estimators

I have asked the question on the statistic section on stack exchange, but no one was able to give me an answer. I think this is actually is a question that touches econometrics so I am going to ask it ...
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1answer
84 views

Regression - Testing for autocorrelation in the presence of heteroscedasticity

I have constructed a linear time series regression model and estimated the parameters by applying OLS. I now want to test wether the assumptions for proper large sample inference (asymptotic Gauß ...
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1answer
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Ttest and heteroscedasticity problem in no intercept model

I was running a t test over two regression betas with the assumption of equal variance. I know that if the condition of homoscedasticity do not hold then there are chances to have type 2 error but ...
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1answer
721 views

In panel data application, when using Fama and MacBeth regression is preferable over the fixed or random effect model? thought

When discussing panel data, many econometric books, usually, focus just on fixed or random effect model as means of estimating regression for panel data. Despite this tendency I have seen many papers ...
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Multiple regression.

How do I plot a multiple regression graph? Shall it be a many dimensional plane(equals to number of explanatory variable)? Or will be the line for each beta, since the slope or beta is the partial ...
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2answers
303 views

Testing for Endogeneity

I apologize if this question is very basic. I have the following plain vanilla Instrumental Variable model. $Y=\alpha+X\beta+\varepsilon$ $X=\delta+Z\gamma+\eta$ $\varepsilon\perp\eta,\quad Z\perp\...
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Alternative to linear regression

I'm third year economics student and all econometrics we had so far and basically all empirical studies in economic subjects we had so far are linear regression. Is there any alternative, can anyone ...
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150 views

Equilibrium Price - OLS Regression

I have asked another question related to price elasticity, which pretty much left me with this problem: I want to analyze the factors influencing the price of a product. The underlying assumption is ...
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2answers
461 views

Including (demand) price elasticity in a price regression model

I am wondering how to include price elasticity (demand side) in a linear price regression model that is based on asuming price is the result of demand=supply. Constructing a price regression under ...
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2answers
54 views

Conditional independence and no correlation

I have a question regarding basic econometrics. Consider the model $$y_i=\alpha +\beta x_i +u_i$$ I understand that assumption 4 of the linear regression model states $$[1] \quad E(u|x)=0$$ ...
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Marital status determinants

I am looking for the researches that have studied factors influencing marital status probability. I need them for citation purposes. After looking for a long time I have not found anything. So I need ...
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389 views

Regression over the whole population

What's the meaning of the standard error of a coefficient in a regression when the whole population is included? I've been so puzzled by this question. Because it seems to me, standard errors make no ...
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2answers
181 views

Monthly average rate of discount, 3 month Treasury bills, Sterling Vs 1 Month

I have been advised by one of my professors to use UK treasury bills for a risk free rate when calculating expected returns for stocks. I wanted to know whether I should be using 1 month T-Bills or 3 ...
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1answer
85 views

Regression with Dummy Variables

When I analyzed a data set with two categories, I used a dummy variable $z=1$ for category 1, and 0 otherwise, and added the extra term $\beta z$ to the regression model. Suppose the least squares ...
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1answer
288 views

Independent identically distributed

When we are talking about the least squares assumptions, one of the assumpions is that (X,Y) are i.i.d. What bothers me is that if we take an example population and research distributions of age and ...
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496 views

price elasticity: Linear regression low r square

I faced an interview question for a job where interviewer asked me suppose your r square is very low (between 5 to 10%) for a price elasticity model. How would you solve this question? Anything that ...
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1answer
295 views

Fama Macbeth and double clustering presents inconsistent results

I have a large unbalanced panel data with 460 firms and 1259 days. The model I would like to run is below $$ Y_{it} = \beta X_{it} + \alpha Z_{t} + \epsilon_{it} $$ where $Y_{it}$ is stock return, ...
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1answer
96 views

RDD with multiple cutoffs

I am trying to study the effects of a policy on educational attainment of individuals (years of schooling, primary/secondary school completion, literacy). Since the policy starts in a specific year I ...