Questions tagged [repeated-games]

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How to show that a strategy is a SPNE in repeated games

Consider the down below which I have trouble with solving. For part 1) I have said that a possible outcome path is to play $(D,D)$ in the first round and for all rounds following until $i \leq 298$. ...
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1answer
63 views

Simultaneous vs Sequential Games [closed]

Is there a way to characterize the distinction between simultaneous vs sequential games? I'm trying to describe a situation where players can only take actions without knowledge of other players' ...
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1answer
116 views

Finitely repeated Prisoner’s Dilemma with switching cost

I'm doing this finitely repeated Prisoner's dilemma with switching costs but I have trouble showing the fact that $\varepsilon$ had to be $1 < \varepsilon < 2$. I do see why and that it is a ...
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1answer
153 views

Infinitely repeated game with stationary and symmetric equilibrium

We have two players playing a repeated game. At every period, each player decides to stay or to quit. If both decide to stay, then they both receive 1. If either decides to quit, then the quitter ...
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1answer
88 views

Finitely repeated prisoner's dilemma without sub-game perfection

Suppose that two individuals play the prisoner's dilemma (PD) a finite number of times; and assume that they both discount the future at a constant rate. Can cooperation be sustained by a Nash ...
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0answers
234 views

Discount factor and deviating from strategy - Game Theory

I have an exercise in Steven Tadelis Game theory Introduction book (10.2) : Grim Trigger: Consider the infinitely repeated game with discount factor $δ < 1$ of the following variant of the Prisoner’...
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1answer
41 views

Could someone help guide me on finding the players with perfect recall, and those without?

Could someone help guide me on finding the players with perfect recall, and those without? For those players that do not have perfect recall, what do they forget? Step-by-step guidance would be ...
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3answers
961 views

Why is the tat-for-tat strategy a Nash equilibrium in infinitely repeated games?

Why is the tat-for-tat strategy a Nash equilibrium in infinitely repeated games, but not a Nash equilibrium in a finite scenario? Specifically for this matrix: Assume higher payoffs reflect higher ...
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1answer
72 views

Simple hawk-dove type super-game

We have the following super-game: \begin{array}{cc} & a_1 & a_2 \\ a_1 & 0,0 & -1,1 \\ a_2 & 1,-1 & -2,-2 \end{array} I want to show that both the trigger (or grim) ...
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1answer
33 views

Penance strategy game theory

I am having some difficulty in understanding the following use of the penance strategy as a strategy to support compliance in the repeated game presented in Asheim et al. (2006). I understand penance ...
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1answer
37 views

Clarification of iterated prisoners dilemma

In the description of an iterated prisoner's dilemma on Wikipedia, it states that in order for a game to be considered iterable, it must conform to the rule 2R > T + S, where R is the reward for ...
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1answer
142 views

Repeated Game SPNE

I approached this question in this way: $(P_1,P_2), (R_1,R_2), (S_1,S_2)$ are the Nash Equilibria of the Stage 1 game. For the given strategy to be sustained as SPNE, there should be no way unilateral ...
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1answer
70 views

Repeated game with stage game has more than 1 NE

Given the game like Prisoner's dilemma (infinitely undiscounted) and each person has 3 actions in every period: confess defect and kill, and the payoff matrix have 2 NE as (D,D),(K,K). Can I still ...
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268 views

Why is the symmetric grim trigger not a Nash?

Consider the stage game: Let $\delta\in(0,1)$ be the discount factor. Let $G$ be the symmetric grim trigger strategy profile. The payoffs are then $$E_{A}(G) = E_{B}(G) = \sum_{i=0}^{\infty}3\delta^{...
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1answer
272 views

Tit-For-Stat Strategy Best Replies

Let $\delta\in(0,1)$ be the discount factor. Consider the stage game in the infinitely repeated prisoner's dilemma game: The goal is to derive conditions on $\delta$ such that the symmetric tit-for-...
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1answer
1k views

Game theory with rational and irrational players

Are there game theoretic models where one player is rational and the other is irrational (i.e., plays with behavioral limitations)? The motivation for this question is that behavioral economics has ...
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2answers
1k views

Nash Equilibrium of modified Keynes' beauty contest

Recently I conducted a small game among students of our institute. The game was based on Keynes' beauty contest game. The participants had to guess a number between 0 to 100 and the participant whose ...
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1answer
57 views

Is it possible to transfer information through strategic games?

Let's say that there are 2 players Player A and Player B, engaged in a set of repeated strategic games. Is it then possible to transfer information from one player, say Player A, to the other player, ...
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1answer
355 views

Collusion, deviation from equilibrium

Two firms can produce either low (L), medium (M) or high (H) quantity. The payoff matrix is given by: What is the outcome of this game if firms play only once? Suppose the game is played for infinite ...
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2answers
221 views

Payoffs in an infinitely-repeated game with discounting

Consider a game with the following payoff matrix: 3,5 0,0 0,0 0,0 5,3 0,0 0,0 0,0 0,0 Suppose the game is played infinitely many times, and both ...
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1answer
56 views

Maximum level of profit attainable when discount factor is too low

This is a question I encountered during my undergraduate studies in Industrial Economics. So the question goes like this: Consider two identical firms with constant marginal cost $c$ which ...
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258 views

Proofs in the Appendix A of Sannikov (2007)

I have a few questions about the proofs in Appendix A of Sannikov (2007), Games with Imperfectly Observable Actions in Continuous Time. In lemma 4, when he shows the Lipschitz continuity of $H_a(w,\...
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1answer
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Real-life applications of repeated games theory

What are some scenarios in which the theory of repeated games have been applied? I am looking, for example, for scenarios in which a government, a firm or a person accepted a decision which relied ...
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1answer
168 views

A feasible rational payoff that is not an equilibrium payoff in the repeated game

The textbook I am currently reading claims that, in an infinitely-repeated game with discount, there might be a payoff vector which is feasible and individually-rational, but it is not an equilibrium ...
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373 views

Dynamic Bertrand competition when players take turns

Consider the following game: There are two players, $i\in\{1,2\}$ Time is discrete and runs to infinity during periods $t=\{1,2,\ldots\}$ At eat point in time, players have a price $p_i(t)\in\mathbb{...
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1answer
45 views

Repeatedly playing an equilibrium in a repeated game

What is a formal proof to this known fact about repeated games? The situation in which, in every time step, the players play a Nash equilibrium in the basic game unconditioned on history, is a Nash ...
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1answer
44 views

Repeated games with decreasing marginal returns

The standard analysis of repeated games assumes that the payoff of a player from a repeated game is a sum (or arithmetic mean, or discounted sum) of the payoffs in the basic games. But what if the ...
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415 views

Dominated Strategies in an Infinitely vs Finitely Repeated Game

How does the concept of weak dominance work with infinite games? The abundance of concepts seems to muddy things. In particular, suppose two players play the following game an infinite number of ...