Questions tagged [stock-market]

Markets in which ownership stakes of firms (e.g. stocks/shares) can be traded.

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1answer
47 views

Do large- and mid-caps try to shun low share prices?

As NASDAQ and NYSE stocks must be priced at least $1 per share, it feels intuitive and doubtless that large- and mid-caps fancy their share prices to outstrip and remain well over \$1. But what ...
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120 views

What mechanisms are at work when the market falls dramatically one day and then rises just as dramatically the next?

We've seen this scenario several times over the past few weeks: The major stock market indexes will plummet one day and then rise dramatically (though perhaps not to the previous days starting price) ...
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1answer
71 views

Why does the stock market tend to grow over time

At its most basic, the value of a stock depends on how much people are willing to pay an entity that already owns the stock to transfer ownership. The question is, why does the amount people are ...
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92 views

How can I estimate the disconnect between book value and market capitalisation?

There are several questions on Stack Exchange as to what difference the stock price makes to a company after its IPO. Surely, management cares, it is important to be credible to trading partners, etc. ...
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2answers
87 views

Why does Samuelson say common stocks are better than bonds and preferred stocks during inflation?

I’m reading the first edition of Paul Samuelson’s Economics (1948). In Chapter 6, “Business Organization and Income,” after describing bonds, preferred stocks, and common stocks, he writes: To test ...
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1answer
21 views

Shouldn't national Stock Indices proportional to GDP of the country?

I was looking at Japan: Japan's GDP trajectory and Nikkei 225. It seems from 2011 - 2015 the GDP contracted but the Nikkei has gone up. Would there be a good explanation for this ?
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1answer
35 views

What does it mean for a firm to have a 0.95% dividend?

Here's an Apple's dividend: What does this 0.95% mean? Is it 0.95% of share capital? If not, what does it mean?
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1answer
38 views

What's the special notation?

I'm studying "ALGORITHMIC AND HIGH-FREQUENCY TRADING". Page 249 of it tries to find a formula for $h(t,q)$. First, it supposes $h(t,q) = \bar\kappa log \space\omega(q,t)$ then let $\omega(t)=[\omega(...
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1answer
178 views

Why does the US government not invest in the stock market?

We often talk about the huge public debt of the US government. Why does it not invest in the stock market (at least in index funds) instead of issuing debt? Can they not reduce the debt that way?
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1answer
37 views

What happens to interest rates when they are already at (near) zero and the stock market crashes?

Let's say the global stock market crashes in the coming months (it's currently at an all time high in the western world). What happens to interest rates? "Usually", as I understand from my absolute ...
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1answer
594 views

At what rate can a multi-billionaire liquidate his assets without significantly affecting the stock price?

Let's consider three different billionaires: Jeff Bezos, Bill Gates and Warren Buffett. Now let's say the three of them (at different times) decided that they want to liquidate all their assets and ...
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29 views

Stock price and exchange rate is correlation, but VAR model order is zero

It is well known that Japanese stock price and exchange rate(USD/JPY) is correlation, So I built a VAR model in python about stock data(Tokyo stock price index) and exchange rate(USD/JPY) and I fitted ...
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2answers
667 views

EMH: Difference between market price and fundamental value?

I am confused by the relation between stocks market prices and fundamental (or intrinsic) values stated by Efficient Market Hypothesis. How these deviates regarding to efficient market theory or are ...
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3answers
78 views

ROI and stock rates

I'm an engineer with minimal to zero knowledge about economical topics, please be patient with me if the following question makes no sense or is too basic ... Currently I'm working through the "...
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1answer
50 views

Banks and Stock Market in Germany

Why does Germany have such a small stock market, but very large powerful banks?
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171 views

Get Annualized return from a time series of daily returns

I have a time series of data which has daily returns over 15-year time period. I understand that you get multi-period simple return using the following formula. $$1 + R_{t}(k) = \prod_{j=0}^{k-1}(1 +...
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20 views

List of important business and economic news events between 1850 and 1930?

I'm collecting data on important business and economic news dates in the late 19th to early 20th century. The only list I found is this: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-...
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1answer
42 views

Fall in share due to litigation

Recently, I read a news article stating Indiabulls Housing Finance shares plunges on reports of litigation against company Why do shares plunge when company finds itself in a litigation process? ...
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1answer
36 views

Why does equity have historically poor performance after rate cuts?

I am struggling to understand why equity markets seem to suffer shortly after fed rate cuts. Here is a rather telling chart: Question Assuming not some kind of spurious relationship, what's the ...
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4answers
241 views

Does stock picking work?

Does stock picking work? Why/why not? What does the research say about it? (I was expecting that this should already have been asked and looked quite extensively for such a question but couldn't find ...
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1answer
189 views

How to calculate cost of equity?

So i have this question on leverage and cost of capital: Leverage and the cost of capital Gamma Airlines has an asset beta of 1.5. The risk-free interest rate is 6%, and the market risk premium is 8%....
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1answer
881 views

How to calculate standard deviation of a portfolio?

So i have this information: Suppose that 60% of your portfolio is invested in Johnson & Johnson (JNJ) and the remainder is invested in Ford. You expect that over the coming year JNJ will give a ...
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0answers
20 views

Stock Price vs Stock Return Autocorrelation

There are a lot of paper that claim stocks follow a random walk and therefore not predictable. A basis for this statements often times a autocorrelation test of the returns. However, what if there is ...
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0answers
39 views

Decomposition of stock index movements

I want to decompose stock index movements. I know the estimated 12 months earnings growth rate ($g_1$), estimated long run earnings growth rate ($g_2$) and the index value. I am about to use two-...
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1answer
24 views

Open offer made by companies to take over [closed]

What is open offer in simple terms? What is its meaning in cases of taking over the major stakes in other company?
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12 views

Commonly used indicators for currency pair strength?

I am attempting to write a program in Python that monitors a single currency pair, GPB/NZD to be specific. My main focus will be to run constant calculations every 2 to 3 minutes in order to give ...
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3answers
91 views

Why does a company want the value of its stocks to be as high as possible?

My professor claims that a company want the value of its stocks will be as high as possible. Why should the company care? The company "minds its own business" and make its money. Why should it cares ...
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1answer
49 views

Is this lottery like stock market? [closed]

Consider the following imaginary lottery (motivated by Massachusetts' Cash WinFall): Ticket money obtained in the previous draw are given to the participants of the next draw proportionally to the ...
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18 views

Where to find a list of marketplaces (NYSE,LSE) and the financial products they offer?

I'm looking for a list (csv/json/api...) of all marketplaces (New York Stock Exchange...) and the financial products that are offered on those market places. Preferrably worlwide but US and EU will ...
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22 views

Average Return for Commodity

Suppose I have a function of a varying values represented by randomness. A stock or price of a commodity would be a good example. What is the average return for that stock on any given interval of ...
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0answers
39 views

Can a government invest in public companies so their dividends can finance the government

Is it possible that a country could use the money in its sovereign wealth fund to invest in different country's Stock Market and use the dividends to finance its government thus increasing spending ...
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1answer
35 views

How to find data about earning per share of S&P 500

I am working on a small project regarding PE ratio of SP500,for which I need historic earning per share data of SP500. I searched finance yahoo, but it has only prices data. Could anyone tell me the ...
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1answer
90 views

How time zones affects causality?

Considering that markets open in different time zones, in general the opening and closing times are different. I suppose that a stock market opening later (in the same day) receive information on the ...
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1answer
60 views

Is this market monopoly or duopoly?

Could you help me to identify monopoly, because I got confused. There is a company with market share of 54 %. The second one has market share of 21 %. Can this market be characterized as monopoly or ...
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1answer
26 views

Is it possible for shareholders to get a companies assets in place of currency?

To my knowledge being a shareholder is owning a portion of a company. Then by that logic shouldn't a shareholder be able to request a companies assets instead of money? As an example, if I own 100 ...
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1answer
98 views

log returns in finance

Why are log returns used in finance? For example to calculate a stocks performance. There are a lot of articles on that topic yet I don't find them very helpful. Could somebody please explain step by ...
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2answers
505 views

Why does firing employees appear to increase the share price of a company?

The last case is GM in the USA. I fail to understand why does this happen. I understand that laying off jobs means higher dividend for the share holder and thus higher stock prices but in the long run ...
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4answers
258 views

Bank Runs During the 1930s

Why were there numerous banks run right after the stock market crash of 1929? Why would a bank fail because the stock market crashes?
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1answer
45 views

Is it possible to commodify the State?

Karl Marx said that capitalism commodifies everything. So I'm wondering if that rule applies to the very State itself.
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108 views

How are the price signals of stocks in the stock market centralized?

We can look up the price of a stock, like that of Google, and it gives a particular figure. I would like to know how the price signal is "centralized". What I mean is: if the trades happen between ...
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2answers
130 views

How is the GDP growing when nothing else seems to be?

We've had strong GDP growth all three quarters this year. To me, that would indicate that, in at least some areas, we should be seeing growth. However, from my extremely ignorant armchair, it doesn't ...
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2answers
943 views

What does a stock market index stand for?

I know that a stock market index (like S&P, NIKKEI, etc.) is computed from the prices of selected stocks, but I was wondering why the name of the currency is almost never expressed. For example, ...
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1answer
27 views

How are final stock prices arrived at?

'Everybody' knows that prices are generally governed by offer & demand, but I am wondering on the details of the stock exchange here. How are stock prices (the ones which are nicely listed every ...
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1answer
48 views

Why will the holder of a broad-based index fund, by definition, achieve the average return for the market?

A Random Walk Down Wall Street (2015 11 ed, but an 2019 ed. is upcoming). pp. 271 Bottom – 272 Top.   All “smart beta” strategies represent active management rather than indexing. Capitalization-...
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1answer
30 views

What would an investment bank have to gain by warning of an impending financial crisis?

After reading a recent article and a discussion with a friend, I was left wondering what an investment bank would have to gain by claiming that a financial crisis is coming. I can see an obvious ...
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152 views

Value of companies with circular ownership [duplicate]

Given two companies, total assets of $100 million each. Company 'A' owns \$50M of company 'B'. Company 'B' owns \$50M of company 'A'. If you look at the value of both companies do you get \$200M or ...
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2answers
112 views

Why is the stock market always rising?

I asked myself: How is it that the stocks are always rising? How is money generated every year so that the value of a company rises? I mean, at some point there is a finite amount of money in the ...
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1answer
53 views

what does historical volatility explain?

Let's assume we have close prices of one stock of period one year. As far as I understand historical volatility is standard deviation of log return, however I do not understand what this actually mean....
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1answer
60 views

Are stock exchanges market makers?

Are stock exchanges like NASDAQ and NYSE market makers? In other words, are they providing liquidity by pairing individual buyers and sellers with each other in real-time? Or does it work differently?
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1answer
38 views

Where can I find data on market capitalization?

I am working on Home Equity/Bond Bias and need data to calculate the indicators of Home Equity Bias. So where can I find data on market capitalization (stocks and bonds) by year for each country? ...