# Questions tagged [supply-and-demand]

Supply and Demand is an economic model of price determination in a market. Demand refers to how much (quantity) of a product or service is desired by buyers. Supply represents how much the market can offer.

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### Everyone has the same marginal rate of substitution

I'm currently reading Varian's Intermediate Microeconomics and what struck me, is this statement on page 89 of the 8th edition. If everyone faces the same prices for the two goods, then everyone ...
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### Supply curve when the marginal cost is zero

The supply curve is built as the average marginal cost (MC), when the MC is equal or higher than the average cost (AC) The marginal cost increases, as a result of the opposite effect of marginal ...
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### Clearing price in a double auction market

I have been reading a paper on energy markets and I have stumbled upon double markets and clearing prices, which got me quite confused (bare in mind, I am relatively new to this topic). Quote from the ...
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### By what means do prices change?

The classical supply and demand theory states that prices and quantities of a given good (in a perfectly competitive market) are determined by the supply and demand of that good, a shift in the demand ...
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### Constant elasticity proof for log-linear demand curve

From Perloff 2008e solved 2.2: Q: Show that the elasticity of demand is a constant e if the demand function is log-linear, ln Q=ln A+e ln p. A: Differentiating with respect to p, we find that (dQ/dp)/...
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### How can power/electricity prices be negative?

Bloomberg shows this chart: I understand the above chart to mean that consumers were actually paid to use electricity. (Please correct me if I'm mistaken.) I was wondering how this is possible? How ...
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### Why should houses have the same price for a given supply

So I'm reading Varian intermediate microeconomics and in chapter one it's about housing. Suppose we have a inner ring and a outer ring in a city where there is a university. In the inner ring supply ...
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### A weaker definition of local non-satiation can also imply indifference “curve”

Let $u$ be a continuous utility function on $\mathbb R^2_+\setminus\{0\}$. Consider the following three conditions: Local non satiation says that for any $x \in X$ and $\epsilon > 0$, there exists ...
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### Trying to understand ceiling in supply and demand on picture

I am having one problem, which I do not understand. Let's assume the government applies ceiling price below the equilibrium price. I colored it red in my graphs. Of course, supply would decrease, ...
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### How does a division of a company spinning off from it's 'parent' company change it from a cost center to a profit center?

Reading an article about how many IT divisions of big companies in Japan, became seperate companies. The motivation is apparently to turn them in profit centers. Can anyone explain how becoming a ...
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### Affordable reservation prices

An important theoretical construct in microeconomics seem to be reservation prices, i.e. the maximum price a person is willing to pay for something. Consider a typical market basket of goods a person ...
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### The law of supply and demand - How does it work?

I've learned what the principle of supply and demand says, and would paraphrase it like this: The price of a good is at equilibrium when supply and demand are equal. Or with other words: The ...
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