Questions tagged [taxation]

Refers to compulsory or coercive money collection by a levying authority, usually a government. The term "taxation" applies to all types of involuntary levies, from income to capital gains to estate taxes. Though taxation can be a noun or verb, it is usually referred to as an act; the resulting revenue is usually called "taxes."

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Is an income tax always more favourable for consumers compared to ad valorem/quantity tax?

I'm studying the optimal choice of consumers with regards to taxation. I read that for consumers, income tax is generally (for Cobb-Douglas preferences) preferred compared to ad valorem tax: If the ...
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Mined cryptocurrency valuation? [closed]

I have been mining \$HNT cryptocurrency for a while now and have been fortunate enough to have it be worth something now. Like always Uncle Sam wants his cut. Should I want to sell it on Binanace, ...
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What empirical evidence is there of distortions when capital gains taxes are introduced or raised?

I have heard that introducing capital gains taxes would create distortions in investments, and that the optimal tax rate for capital gains is actually 0. My question is what observed evidence is there ...
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Why are shares exempt from GST?

Why is the financial trading sector exempted from consumption taxes? For example, shares seem to be exempt from GST in both Australia and Canada. What is the intention behind this? Is it common for ...
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Find Price Elasticity of Demand for p = 0

Given a linear demand curve $q(p) = a - bp$, how would one find the price elasticity of demand at $p = 0$? The quantity that would be demanded is given: $Q_0 = a$ The formula for the price elasticity ...
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If Trickle Down Economics Works, Then Shouldn't “Trickle Up” Economics Work as Well?

A lot of controversy in economics on the political stage comes from trickle down economics and whether it even works or not. The idea is that if we give sufficient tax cuts to corporations, they'll ...
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Are spectrum auctions a tax?

According to Wikipedia, A spectrum auction is a process whereby a government uses an auction system to sell the rights to transmit signals over specific bands of the electromagnetic spectrum and to ...
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Is there an “ideal” ratio of tax revenue to GDP? Or, at least, can I assume a higher ratio is better?

At the link below, you can see countries have a huge difference in ratios of tax revenue to GDP. Is it fair to assume that a higher ratio is better? Does raising a substantial portion of your GDP in ...
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What kind of tax diagram can show the full consumer tax burden?

If a government increases a purchase tax on an apartment, the tax will be fully burdened by the consumer, as the "producer" will simply be the owner of the house. But in a diagram, should ...
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How much revenue could an 100% land value tax be able to generate for the Indian government?

So as a Georgist (follower of Henry George), I believe most form of taxation is immoral and economically inefficient except the land value tax (not to be confused with property taxes) and other ...
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Competitive markets, taxation and international trade

Suppose that in a competitive market, the supply function is given by $S(p) = 5000(p-2)$ and the demand function is given by $D(p) = 2000(16-p)$. Suppose still, that in order to recompose its' budget ...
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Shouldn't corporate tax be calculated based on EBIT instead of EBT?

When I was studying Corporate Finance in university, I was surprised to learn that it is more advantageous for corporations to take more debt (even if they don't need to) because it creates tax shield ...
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How can consumption taxes be made progressive?

Consumption taxes (VAT, sales tax) are mostly applied at a flat rate. Some countries have exemptions or lower ratings for essential goods. But even with that, the tax is much less progressive than ...
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Economics of disparity in wages and in 'financial quality of life'

I am seeking a quantitavely and logically satisfying answer to the question I will outline below. It could be in a form of a book/article reference and ideally have as little ideological bias as ...
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Is there a mathematical relationship between availability of land and real estate prices?

I’ve seen politicians, activists, think tanks etc proposing a (kind of) land value/property tax for ending speculative land hoarding. They say that builders hoard land and create artificial scarcity ...
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Do all taxes come out of rents (ATCOR)?

Mason Gaffney (2009) coined the term ATCOR (all taxes come out of rents) for his finding that taxes depress land rents. The meaning and relevance of ATCOR is that when we lower other taxes, the ...
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Could a carbon tax be a substitute for VAT?

VAT is a tax on consumption. However, while in some instances it taxes negative externalities (e.g. fossil energy consumption) in many other cases it taxes services without externalities or ...
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What would the consequences of an economy-wide 500EUR/tonne carbon tax be?

I recently calculated that Finnish car owners effectively pay 500 EUR per every tonne of carbon dioxide emitted from the tailpipe of a car. This payment is caused by three taxes that are in practice ...
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What is the difference between HM Treasury and HM Exchequer?

Both terms refer to collecting tax revenue, right? What's the difference then? I hoped the relevant Wiki pages would help but they didn't.
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Why can't the Land-Value Tax (in some cases) be passed on to tenants?

According to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Land_value_tax: Because the supply of land is essentially fixed, land rents depend on what tenants are prepared to pay, That doesn't make any sense. If ...
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Wealth tax and share holdings

Please help me to understand how the hypothetical introduction of wealth tax will affect the markets. In my understanding, many of the super-rich own most of their wealth in shares of their own ...
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Dead Weight Loss (Tax)

Problem Given demand $D(p)=A-ap$, and $A,a>0$ and a fixed price $0<p_1<A/a$ by some company. My solution so far CS is $CS=\int_{p}^{A/a}D(p)dp=\int_{p}^{A/a}(A-ap)dp=\frac{1}{2a}(A-ap)^2=\...
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Do any UBI Proposals include a Universal Basic Inheritance UBI† Component?

Are there any UBI proposals that include a 'Universal Basic Inheritance' UBI† Component? This could be either a lump sum that is received by citizens when they reach the age of majority, or just ...
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Maximized tax revenue & foreign labor

I'm dealing with a tricky assignment, and I have no idea of where to begin. Person 1 lives in Denmark and has a utility function given by, $$(1) \ \ u(c,l)=c-\frac{\eta}{\eta+1}(24-l)^{\frac{\eta+1}{\...
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How do I solve the Envelope Theorem condition in Microeconomics?

I am preparing myself for a MSc in Economics and don't understand why, according to the Envelope Theorem, when deriving a utility function $ u(θ, q(θ), r(θ)) = B(q-r) - C(\frac{q}{θ})$, its derivative ...
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If protectionist policies hinder economic growth, why do we need border taxes at all?

I understand that free movement of labour and goods are a net positive for economic growth, and protectionist policies, which would make exports and imports harder would not be. But if this is the ...
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Compare taxes Cobb-Douglass and more

Let a utility function for a consumer be defined as $u(x_{1},x_{2})=x_{1}^{1/2} x_{2}^{1/2}$. With the budget $x_{1}p_{1}+x_{2}p_{2}=m$. With values $p_1=p_2=1, m=32$. The state now adds a tax of unit ...
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Externality and Output

In a positive externality, can government just set the price to the socially efficient price instead of a subsidy to correct an externality?
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Introduction of an asset tax in the AK model

Let's start by analyzing the family's problem with the imposition of a tax. Assuming a CRRA utility function: \begin{equation} U = \int_0^\infty e^{-(\rho-n)t} \cdot \left[ \frac{c^{1-\theta}-1}{1-...
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Relationship between tax rate and the yield curve

Suppose that financial market participants now expect a future tax increase in one year. Also assume that the yield curve is initially upward sloping. Given this information, we would expect which of ...
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why does income of executives level out in the long term after tax increases?

Marginal Revolution University has the following question in its Elasticity unit: In 1993, then President Clinton passed a law raising income taxes. This tax hike was fully expected: He campaigned on ...
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Would the market stabilize if companies paid taxes on revenue instead of gross income?

Note: there is a closed question that is similar (https://money.stackexchange.com/questions/126677/paying-taxes-revenue-vs-taxes-profit) but the response offers a perspective that I would like to ...
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How do tax payers have to pay for the tax deductions someone else receives due to a charitable donation?

"A USD 1,000 donation from a donor in the highest tax bracket costs that donor only USD 604. The federal government kicks in the remaining USD 396 in the form of a reduction in taxes", ...
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What is the term for the cannibalization of one tax by another?

The context for the question is a situation where a government-owned lottery pays corporation tax, but an additional betting duty levied on individual gamblers reduces the lottery's profits, thereby ...
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Which countries impose family income taxation?

I'm looking for a comprehensive overview of international income tax systems (OECD countries would be sufficient), showing which countries apply some sort of family taxation, i.e. married partners ...
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What is the different between a Sales Tax and a Value Added Tax?

The USA has a sales tax which is applied at the point of sale, in states which have a sales tax. During the Democratic Party primaries, one of the candidates, Andrew Yang, proposed moving to a Value ...
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Does a more even distribution of wealth result in lower taxation?

A proportion of government spending is associated with welfare. There are also many factors related to poverty that may result in higher government spending (e.g. poor health, crime, etc.). Does it ...
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Do governments really need to tax us, when they can create money at will?

I feel a contradiction between Prof. Howard Chernick's answer and Redditor "galivet"'s comment? Who's correct? Chernick has B.A., Johns Hopkins University, Economics, 1969 Ph.D., ...
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If governments can accurately do your taxes for you, why would it overwithhold people's income?

Here's What Would Happen if No One Paid Taxes But don't the majority of people get refunds? And wouldn't that mean it wouldn't be quite so much of a disaster if no one filed? $\color{red}{\text{There ...
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What's the economic argument (if any) for taxing dividends as ordinary income?

My (limited) understanding is that dividends and share repurchases are economically very similar: while share repurchases are slightly less direct, both transactions are effectively ways for publicly ...
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Why aren't we seeing carbon taxes in practice?

(See also a version of this question under politics, https://politics.stackexchange.com/questions/48764/why-arent-we-seeing-carbon-taxes-in-practice) It seems that there are many advantages to carbon ...
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How much should it cost to close the beach?

For most of the past week a private surfing contest has closed off Steamer Lane - one of California's most popular waves - while paying only a few hundred dollars in permit fees. I think this is far ...
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From MMT viewpoint, how do taxes make sense?

I understand this part of MMT: From 100 USD that the Fed prints, the state can get back (or destroy) 10 - 90 USD back in taxes. But what is the effect of taxes on the economy: A household buys food ...
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Deadweight Loss and Excise Taxes

I am currently reading through the 5th Edition of Economics, by Paul Krugman and Robin Wells. Right now I am learning about excise taxes and how their different aspects (government revenue, deadweight ...
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How Does Land Value Tax (e.g. Georgism) Decouple Lease Transfer From Improvement Transfer?

In theory, a land value tax (e.g. Georgist single tax), works by the government replacing property taxes with leases on land, as an incentive to invest in property improvements. This obviously works ...
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Self policing incentive in Goods and Services Tax

Amongst several advantages of GST (Goods and Services Tax) I read one as that it prevents tax evasion through self policing incentive. But self policing incentive is already provided in VAT (Value ...
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Do carbon taxes in place today apply to carbon embedded in imports?

I’m giving the example of Sweden whose carbon tax is highly regarded and which is the highest in Europe. Source Sweden has a carbon tax of €110 / t. Source This tax does not apply to installations ...
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Are the EU funds coming from EU citizen's taxes as well?

I was trying to understand how the EU is funded using their official website, but my limited understanding of economy makes it very hard to understand the money pathways from a single unit (the ...
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Is there a standard term for this tradeoff when subsidizing: inducing dependence vs providing support?

I've often heard it informally argued "people will become lazy if you give them handouts". Although I doubt the economic sophistication of most such assertions, I do think they have a real point: you ...

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