Questions tagged [taxation]

Refers to compulsory or coercive money collection by a levying authority, usually a government. The term "taxation" applies to all types of involuntary levies, from income to capital gains to estate taxes. Though taxation can be a noun or verb, it is usually referred to as an act; the resulting revenue is usually called "taxes."

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216 views

Arguments against inheritance tax

One of the arguments against inheritance tax is that it lowers the incentive to work for those close to retirement who have earnt enough money to be comfortable in old age. How much is this offset ...
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86 views

Simultaneous consumption tax and subsidy

Suppose the government introduces a simultaneous tax and subsidy on a consumption good, which is produced under perfect competition. If the tax and the subsidy are equal, then there will be no ...
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How did “excess liquidity” in the US contribute to the 2008 crash?

Here I'm using "excess liquidity" not in reference to monetary policy, but to the concentration of capital at the top in regard to private citizens. This excess liquidity, for which the tax cuts in ...
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1answer
106 views

Find Price Elasticity of Demand for p = 0

Given a linear demand curve $q(p) = a - bp$, how would one find the price elasticity of demand at $p = 0$? The quantity that would be demanded is given: $Q_0 = a$ The formula for the price elasticity ...
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39 views

Do countries with high taxes end up with low government debt but high private debt?

I'm curious if my observation that some Scandinavian countries (Denmark, Sweden) have high taxes, low government debt, but high private (in particular high household) debt is applicable more generally ...
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30 views

Using US foreign tax policy to offset a raise in interest rates

I am an amateur economist at best, more a person with an economic BS looking to explore data science (I will be using python). I have a theory that I want opinion on that will allow the Fed to raise ...
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110 views

Difference-in-Difference on State Sales Tax Rates

In an attempt to evaluate a potential U.S. National Sales tax rate, it was suggested on this forum before that I consider a difference-in-difference on state sales tax rates before and after they ...
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1answer
82 views

What would the consequences of an economy-wide 500EUR/tonne carbon tax be?

I recently calculated that Finnish car owners effectively pay 500 EUR per every tonne of carbon dioxide emitted from the tailpipe of a car. This payment is caused by three taxes that are in practice ...
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81 views

Why do higher real interest rates increase land value?

I'm using this equation to calculate market value of land based on the levied land value tax: y = market land value x = land value tax r = real interest rate a = real time-independent land value i = ...
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571 views

Meaning of Transversality Conditions in Ramsey Problem

I'm working on a Ramsey problem for taxation, and am a little confused on the meaning/intuition behind the transversality conditions below: $\lim_{T \to \infty} \lambda_T b_{T+1} = 0$ $\lim_{T \to ...
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46 views

The effect of structural unemployment on revenue from value added tax

Bill Gates and European countries have shown favor for consumption/VAT taxes. The arguments given by proponents are often something along the lines that "we know how to tax certain items more than ...
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35 views

Hypothetical question: Percentage change in Federal income tax revenue in United States if Gini Index = 0?

Gini index = 0 refers to an economy where gross income has been redistributed so that all income earners in the United States received the same income, equal to the most current measure of the mean (...
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31 views

Example of countries restricting companies registered in tax havens?

I would like to know which countries do not allow companies with offices registered in tax havens to operate on their territory. And if there are such countries, to what degree their restrictions ...
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1answer
48 views

Economics of disparity in wages and in 'financial quality of life'

I am seeking a quantitavely and logically satisfying answer to the question I will outline below. It could be in a form of a book/article reference and ideally have as little ideological bias as ...
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2answers
85 views

Is loss in tax revenue a negative externality?

I was thinking about how online gambling could cause numerous governments to face a reduction in tax revenue from conventional gambling, upon which taxes do apply in most countries. If governments ...
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26 views

Competitive markets, taxation and international trade

Suppose that in a competitive market, the supply function is given by $S(p) = 5000(p-2)$ and the demand function is given by $D(p) = 2000(16-p)$. Suppose still, that in order to recompose its' budget ...
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1answer
51 views

What kind of tax diagram can show the full consumer tax burden?

If a government increases a purchase tax on an apartment, the tax will be fully burdened by the consumer, as the "producer" will simply be the owner of the house. But in a diagram, should ...
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20 views

Is there a standard term for this tradeoff when subsidizing: inducing dependence vs providing support?

I've often heard it informally argued "people will become lazy if you give them handouts". Although I doubt the economic sophistication of most such assertions, I do think they have a real point: you ...
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18 views

What would the price of carbon emissions need to be for the EU to achieve its objective to be carbon neutral by 2050?

The EU committed to net zero green house emissions by 2050. (Source) It is regularly said that the a carbon tax of USD 40-80 / t CO2e (USD 50-100 by 2030) would be sufficient to reach the Paris ...
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20 views

Efficiency-related reason for net social benefits from income taxation

Found a question that I cannot really find an answer to. I am being asked to consider an economy with many households and assume that the government can only generate revenue by taxing households' ...
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64 views

Yang's Impact on Algorithmic Trading?

Presidential candidate Andrew Yang has published the following policy proposals on his website: 1. FINANCIAL TRANSACTION TAX Financial markets have grown dramatically over the past decades. ...
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15 views

Does the contractionary monetary effect of tax conpensate for its deadweight loss?

We all know that if the government impose a tax on a product, then tax revenue is less than loss in consumer and producer surplus. This is known as deadweight loss. We also know that taxing is a ...
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15 views

Optimal Tax Rates on BGP

I was going through this paper by Aghion et al. I wanted some clarification on some of the computations. I understood the process uptil the normalization on page 22. Then we can get some policy rules ...
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38 views

Can a government invest in public companies so their dividends can finance the government

Is it possible that a country could use the money in its sovereign wealth fund to invest in different country's Stock Market and use the dividends to finance its government thus increasing spending ...
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81 views

How did the Joint Committee on Taxation calculate the distribution of individual income tax rate increases for the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017

According to the Joint Committee on Taxation's JCX-68-17 Distributional Effects Of The Conference Agreement For H.R.1, The "Tax Cuts And Jobs Act", there will be a significant increase in income tax ...
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18 views

Which model produces the correct revenue-maximizing rate?

Model 1: The tax rate $\tau$ which maximizes tax revenue equals $\frac{1}{1 + a\epsilon}$ where $\epsilon$ is the elasticity of how taxable income responds to changes in the tax rate across and $a$ ...
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30 views

What would be the effect on a tax on business cash flow instead of on income?

This came up in a pub discussion. (yes, it was good beer...) Suppose that instead of taxing companies on the net income they make, they were taxed at a much lower rate on cash flow, with no ...
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76 views

Why does everything get more expensive as cities grow in density/size?

I have long wondered why groceries, rent, and especially cially taxes increase as cities get larger since the cost per capita goes down, at least according to everything I've read including a summary ...
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63 views

The introduction of Single Transaction Tax would help to curb out Tax Evasion & Black Money?

The Arthakranti (a NGO working on Economic Reform in India) suggests the proposal of Tax Reform. In the proposal they suggest that All Taxes and Duties of Central ,State and Local body Government ...
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33 views

Falling oil prices but no benefits passed on to the end user; government's strategy

Even though the oil prices have fallen rapidly in the recent years, the cost of petroleum products hasn't gone down in India. Apart from raising more revenue, what are the other benefits the ...
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71 views

“Wealth tax” on illiquid assets, how would people pay

In the idea of a wealth tax, or even for properties taxes, many times assets are illiquid. What mechanisms can be introduced to promote compliance and ensure the revenue collection goals of the taxing ...
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31 views

Do across-the-board tax breaks increase wealth if wealth is relative?

So, as I understand it, the value of one's money is in its purchasing power, and its purchasing power is related to its amount relative to others. That is to say: Earning 25k a year in a country ...
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103 views

VAT vs. Income tax - How their effect varies

Was wondering how the effect of VAT (indirect taxes) differs from the effect of income tax (direct taxes), in terms of their impact on the 4 marco objectives (unemployment, inflation, balance of ...
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87 views

How much revenue could an 100% land value tax be able to generate for the Indian government?

So as a Georgist (follower of Henry George), I believe most form of taxation is immoral and economically inefficient except the land value tax (not to be confused with property taxes) and other ...
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Is there a mathematical relationship between availability of land and real estate prices?

I’ve seen politicians, activists, think tanks etc proposing a (kind of) land value/property tax for ending speculative land hoarding. They say that builders hoard land and create artificial scarcity ...
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Do any UBI Proposals include a Universal Basic Inheritance UBI† Component?

Are there any UBI proposals that include a 'Universal Basic Inheritance' UBI† Component? This could be either a lump sum that is received by citizens when they reach the age of majority, or just ...
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37 views

Relationship between tax rate and the yield curve

Suppose that financial market participants now expect a future tax increase in one year. Also assume that the yield curve is initially upward sloping. Given this information, we would expect which of ...
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49 views

From MMT viewpoint, how do taxes make sense?

I understand this part of MMT: From 100 USD that the Fed prints, the state can get back (or destroy) 10 - 90 USD back in taxes. But what is the effect of taxes on the economy: A household buys food ...
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31 views

How much UK income tax is collected from each income tax band?

How much of the 208 billion Income Tax receipts in this 2020 budget policy paper is coming from each of the three (Basic rate, Higher rate & Additional rate) tax bands?
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Taxes on Family leave pay

I don't know if this is the correct forum for this question, but do we have to pay taxes on checks from the government that were paid from taxes in the first place. For example, like Social security ...
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1answer
79 views

Is there an “ideal” ratio of tax revenue to GDP? Or, at least, can I assume a higher ratio is better?

At the link below, you can see countries have a huge difference in ratios of tax revenue to GDP. Is it fair to assume that a higher ratio is better? Does raising a substantial portion of your GDP in ...
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What impact does deficit spending have on economic inequality?

Taxation schemes can be classified as progressive (the tax rate is higher for higher income brackets), regressive (the tax rate is lower for higher income brackets), or neutral (the tax rate is the ...
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Can a progressive policy be solely funded by a regressive or even proportional tax?

Under what criteria a regressive or proportional tax can be used to fully fund a welfare program or policy that it's progressive (i.e., one that benefits lower-income people more) in nature? Are there ...
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Market price, output that maximize the price and level of firm profit after applying a license fee

I'm currently working on a problem that says the following : At first we had a number N of firms in perfectly competitive industry,the exercice gives us the total cost and the Market Demand with p as ...
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33 views

If US capital income taxation were eliminated, which ordinary income tax brackets would be equally progressive?

This question only considers federal taxes in the United States. Also, by "capital income" I am including dividends, interest, capital gains, corporate incomes and estates. The Chamley-Judd result ...
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58 views

More privileges to the rich and less rights for the poor in the Great Depression?

I would like to know if in the Great Depression (1930s) the government of US and other Western governments increased the taxes for the poor or if they reduced the incomes and the rights of the poor. ...
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60 views

Optimal taxation and substitute commodities

Reading Ramsey's paper: a contribution to the theory of taxation. It says that when we are dealing with rival goods we look if the tax that is going to be applied leave unchanged the proportions in ...
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1answer
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Do all taxes come out of rents (ATCOR)?

Mason Gaffney (2009) coined the term ATCOR (all taxes come out of rents) for his finding that taxes depress land rents. The meaning and relevance of ATCOR is that when we lower other taxes, the ...
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130 views

Would taxing money owned (as a share of purchasing power) be a better form of taxation?

Consider a nation whose money is entirely digital (like Bitcoin), but centralized (unlike Bitcoin). Furthermore, the total money supply is fixed, i.e. money cannot be created nor destroyed. To be ...