Questions tagged [taxation]

Refers to compulsory or coercive money collection by a levying authority, usually a government. The term "taxation" applies to all types of involuntary levies, from income to capital gains to estate taxes. Though taxation can be a noun or verb, it is usually referred to as an act; the resulting revenue is usually called "taxes."

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Free Cash Flow to the Firm

I've got this question: Explain why the FCFF does not incorporate interest expenses and what is the potential bias in the valuation if corporate taxes exist. Now, we know that in the Free Cash ...
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What is was the total corporate Income earned in the United States in 2014?

What is was the total corporate income earned in the United States in 2014? The question may seem simple, but I have been looking for a reliable source to inform me of this figure, and I hope someone ...
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How to determine regressive tax

I have a mock-up exam that my teacher gave me and one of the questions was the following: Given these four graphs, which one represents regressive tax? I'm quite sure it's graph A, but I don't ...
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How does excessive consumption in an area decrease tax revenue?

Source: p 156, Urban Geography (2009; 3rd ed) by Michael Pacione The main ideological battle is between pro-growth and anti-growth factions. The pro-growth ideology proclaims that more ...
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Difference-in-Difference on State Sales Tax Rates

In an attempt to evaluate a potential U.S. National Sales tax rate, it was suggested on this forum before that I consider a difference-in-difference on state sales tax rates before and after they ...
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Laffer Curve Regression

I am doing some research on a potential U.S. Nationwide Sales tax. I found per-capita sales tax revenues and sales tax rates for each of the 50 states and conducted a quadratic regression on them. I ...
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(tax with) costs to first order

1) What does it mean that something (in this context the taxation) has (or doesn't) costs to first order? So, below is an excerpt from Romer's Advanced Macro (p. 598) with such a statement that I've ...
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Derivation on p.99 of Salanie, The Economics of Taxation (2nd edition)

Starting on p. 98 of Salanie's "The Economic of Taxation" (2nd edition), it explains To probe it more rigorously, let us define the utility of taxpayer $w$ when he claims to have productivity $w'$: ...
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Equality, Taxes & Business Growth

First, I'm not an economist - just a regular Joe interested in a small part of the subject. Second, I apologize if this is a better question for the 'politics' stack exchange, but I figured I might ...
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Taxes levied on sellers = Taxes levied on buyers

All page numbers refer to Principles of Microeconomics, 7 Ed, 2014, by NG Mankiw. [p 125:] Taxes levied on sellers and taxes levied on buyers are equivalent. [p 156:] ... When a tax is levied on ...
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How are workers harmed, from firms' payroll tax revenue aimed at reducing workers' tax?

Source: p 130, Question 6.5, Principles of Microeconomics, 7 Ed, 2014, by N Gregory Mankiw = (page unknown), Question 6.5, Principles of Microeconomics, 4 Ed, 2008, by N Gregory Mankiw p 125, Case ...
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What are the pros and cons of eliminating corporate taxes?

I recently heard a story on npr about economic policy changes that both liberal and conservative economists definitively agree on. Among other things, complete elimination of corporate taxes was ...
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Could a Cap-and-Trade and a Carbon Tax both work together as a system to reduce carbon emissions?

For example, the European Union currently has a Carbon Emissions Trading Scheme in progress the ETS which acts to cap the amount of carbon dioxide released by large corporations. However, let us ...
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Abenomics and the Japanese VAT tax hike

Abenomics seems to me like a straightforward and modern plan of economic reflation through monetary easing and some attempt at structural reform. While it's still early, it looks like many of the ...
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Optimal taxation and substitute commodities

Reading Ramsey's paper: a contribution to the theory of taxation. It says that when we are dealing with rival goods we look if the tax that is going to be applied leave unchanged the proportions in ...
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How does corporate income tax apply?

I am very confused regarding the corporate income tax. Please explain me the following scenario: "Teddy Bears Company" buys stocks of 1000 euro (VAT added). Then, in 1 month sells everything with ...
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Do US 501(c)(3) non-profits have to divulge their investments?

Do US non-profit organizations with tax exemption under Section 501(c)(3) of its Internal Revenue Code which have investments (such as university endowment funds) have to divulge these investments in ...
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Does land value tax create an incentive to merge land ownerships?

LVT is "a tax on the unimproved value of land", and "in theory, it does not distort decision making". But if I own land then improvements such as buildings on my neighbour's land can easily increase ...
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Straub and Werning, 2014, on zero capital taxation

This is a test balloon to see whether these kinds of questions are appreciated/welcome on Econ.SE: I had a hard time grasping Straub and Werning (2014) (no paywall). I understand the general ...
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Lee and Saez (2012): Pareto-Improvement?

I'm interested in the following quote that came up in this earlier answer. Second, when labor supply responses are along the extensive margin only, which is the empirically relevant case, the co-...
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What is the tax rate U.S.Gov takes from individual income

How much should the person must get? and is it taken from any person who works in US? My country is paralyzed to impose this tax due to oligarchs heavy influence. I just wanted to gain some knowledge....
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What is the effect of redirecting government tax intake to a consumer retirement saving incentive?

In New Zealand we have a retirement saving scheme called Kiwisaver. The scheme is opt in. If a consumer opts in, they must save at least 3% of their income, which they can't access until retirement. ...
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Policy relevance of the optimal taxation given uncertainty about social welfare specification

One common criticism in the optimal taxation literature is the specification of the social welfare function. The optimal taxation literature (I have the Mirrlees framework in mind) relies on first ...
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Has any country attempted to inflation adjust capital gains before taxation?

Inspired by the answer to a different question I wondered: Can anyone think of a case study example, past or present, when capital gains are inflating adjusted before being taxed. I could imagine ...
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Why is capital income taxed differently than wage income?

Why is income from capital gains taxed differently than wage income? There are perhaps historical, practical, and theoretical reasons. What are they? (As far as historical reason go, I'm asking ...
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Optimality of Zero Capital Taxation

The Chamley-Judd result of zero optimal capital taxation says that 0 capital taxation are required in order to maximize welfare at the steady state. The result is 30 years old. Still assuming that ...

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