Questions tagged [technology]

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Why does Taiwan dominate the semiconductors market?

The recent visit of US politician Nancy Pelosi to Taiwan generated a lot of news about the dependence the world has on Taiwan, given its dominance of the semiconductor market. But I couldn't find ...
sourcream's user avatar
  • 501
14 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why in most macro models technology is labor-augmenting?

Take Romer's advanced macro book as reference. In it the Solow model,the Ramsey model and the Diamond OLG all contain the fundamental $A_t$ variable representing technological progress. In all these ...
CarrKnight's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
2k views

Understanding Tertiarization of the Economy

Trying to understand some of the core mechanics of tertiarization in developed economies. According to the WorldBank, "As incomes continue to rise, people’s needs become less “material” and they ...
Benji Decker's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
186 views

What are some growth theories that are considered the most correct at the moment?

In under grad intermediate macro classes they often teach the Solow model. While intuitively it makes sense, it seems like it no longer is really taken seriously anymore (I could be wrong). From my ...
Michael's user avatar
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5 votes
4 answers
9k views

Labour Saving vs. Labour Augmenting - what is the difference?

It seems reasonable to say that technology generally increases output per unit of labour. Therefore in any factory which has installed new technology one can reasonably expect that for the same ...
beastofburden's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
916 views

Neoclassical economic profit and growth theory versus marxian

Marxists have a very specific "profit" and "economic growth" theory. According to marxists, profit doesn't come from technology, whose cost will be reflected in the price of whatever commodity the ...
mathdummy's user avatar
  • 163
4 votes
2 answers
570 views

Is Artificial Intelligence a completely new (and underestimated) production factor?

Accenture research defines Artificial Intelligence as completely new production factor along labour and capital. Is such notion acceptable by economists? As far as I understand then every asset of AI ...
TomR's user avatar
  • 425
4 votes
2 answers
255 views

Why are production functions linear in technology?

Economists often assume a production function of the form $ Y = A f(K, L) $, where $Y$ is output, $K$ is capital, $L$ is labour and $A$ is technology. This form of production function can describe ...
user141240's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
469 views

Difference between Value-Added TFP and Gross-Output TFP?

I am working with EU-KLEMS data, and I am using TFP growth as a proxy for technological change. However, there are 2 variables for TFP - TFP based on Gross Output and TFP based on Value Added. I ...
Badalyan's user avatar
4 votes
6 answers
611 views

Have automation and technological advance been shown to have a positive impact on society and the economy or a negative one?

My friends and I, 2 of which are computer science majors think it is worse because is humans can't work and thus afford necessities, how will they survive? The definition of automation: the use of ...
Bruno1993's user avatar
  • 1,351
4 votes
2 answers
601 views

Is information technology going to turn most "common goods" into private goods?

Common goods, (not public) are so because they are non-excludable and rival. Often this reflects the impracticality of excluding some users, rather than an absolute impossibility. For example, a park ...
Fix.B.'s user avatar
  • 2,648
4 votes
2 answers
49 views

How do tech giants manage turnover costs?

Lately I was struck by different studies concluding median job tenure at Google, Facebook, Amazon, Microsoft and Apple is 1 to 2 years, very low compared to the Bureau of labor statistics which is a ...
Diane M's user avatar
  • 139
3 votes
4 answers
2k views

Why do companies launch products at much higher prices, only to reduce the price drastically after a few months?

I see this to be a prevalent trend - companies too often launch products at much higher prices than they know is gonna lead to good sales numbers, only to reduce the price drastically after a few ...
Kristada673's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
275 views

Increasing returns, implications?

If a firm has increasing returns to scale (i.e., doubling inputs more than doubles output) would that firm logically end up being the sole firm in its sector in the long run? If not, what is the ...
user31043's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
642 views

Cobb-Douglas production function, given $w$ get $r$ regardless of input levels. Why?

There is a market economy with technology given by: $$Y = K^\alpha L^{1-\alpha} \tag{1}$$ Firms behave competitively and input prices are: $$r = \alpha K^{\alpha-1}L^{1-\alpha} = \alpha(\frac{L}{K})...
Tecon's user avatar
  • 129
3 votes
1 answer
52 views

Marginal and Average Cost in the Romer Model of Endogenous Growth

On page 124 of David Romer's Advanced Macroeconomics (5th Ed), he mentioned that for the Romer model, Because firms producing final output face constant costs for each input and the production ...
Tan2525's user avatar
  • 33
3 votes
1 answer
63 views

Would directing more money to science and research and development be an effective response to recessions?

Typical responses to recessions is to follow Keynesian economics and support demand. Would directing money towards science and research and development be a better long term solution to recessions ...
Scc33's user avatar
  • 353
3 votes
1 answer
160 views

Why do developing countries adopt 21st century technology, but stay behind in output per capita?

The economic growth rate of Latin America has been about 3% per year for decades; but if you have ever visited, many of the natives have: internet, smartphones, tomography, hybrid cars, etc. Why don'...
Fix.B.'s user avatar
  • 2,648
3 votes
2 answers
47 views

Technological unemployment

I am doing a project on technological change in the job market, that is the substitution of routine occupations and increasing demand for high-skilled jobs. I have done some research on this and now I ...
Julia Raciniewska's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
50 views

Neoclassical Growth Model with Technology Investment

I am reading Parente & Prescott 1994 JPE. This is just a typical neoclassical model with the extension of a global technology diffusion function and firm investment in technology. Firms have ...
Alalalalaki's user avatar
  • 2,419
2 votes
3 answers
761 views

Claiming that food delivery apps are purely rent extraction

I engaged in an argument with a friend about whether takeaway food ordering apps had any 'value'. I tried to persuade him that they were rent extraction enterprises but he wasn't convinced. So I want ...
geoff22873's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
2k views

Proxies for technological change in an economy?

I am writing a paper on the application of Value-Added TFP to measurement of technological change. Just thinking of throwing in a few variables into my regression. I have ICT capital share (as seen in ...
Badalyan's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
541 views

Why labor-augmenting technological progress increases employment and wages?

My textbook says that advances in technology typically raise the marginal product of labor and shift the labor demand curve to the right and calls it labor-augmenting technological advances. The book ...
boinka's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
1 answer
92 views

Factor-augmenting technologies (Acemoglu and Restrepo 2018c)

In that paper, they consider the following production function: $Y = F(A_KK,A_LL)$. Where: K denotes capital, L is labor, and $A_K$ and $A_L$ denote capital-augmenting and labor-augmenting ...
Tecon's user avatar
  • 129
2 votes
2 answers
91 views

What does it mean for a technology to have a $|\rho|<1$?

Nowadays, when trying to model (log)technology $a_t$, I've seen many times the following: $a_t = \rho a_{t-1}+\epsilon$, where epsilon is given a certain probability distribution. What does it mean ...
An old man in the sea.'s user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
34 views

Energy saving technology and energy service price

I want to assess the effects of energy saving technologies on output growth using time series data. My work would benefit from time series data on patents for energy saving innovations, but this is ...
london's user avatar
  • 1,990
2 votes
1 answer
283 views

Help with this microeconomics exercise

The question: A price-taking farmer produces a crop with labor L as the only input. His production function is:$$F(L) = 10L^{1/2} − 2L$$ He has 4 units of labor in his family and he cannot hire ...
FedRoger's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
50 views

Disruptions in Server / Data Center Market

With the advent of cloud computing, data storage and scaling has become extremely cheap when compared to the strictly physical server alternative (which require a dedicated facility and substantial ...
Arash Howaida's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
140 views

Question about skill-biased technical change, Acemoglu

I am writing about skill-biased technical change, and in particular the 2001 Acemoglu (http://economics.mit.edu/files/283) paper on the topic, in which there is a part I am very stuck on. In the ...
M. Brown's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
28 views

Design of technology-neutral policy in the presence of multiple market failures

I am studying a paper by Aisbett, Cheng & Beck which considers the pros and cons of technological neutrality in green industrial policy. At the start of section 5.6 it refers to the well-known ...
Adam Bailey's user avatar
  • 8,346
2 votes
0 answers
27 views

Understanding Boserup's theories on food and overpopulation

From what I understand about Boserup's theories, she claims that when populations grow and near the carrying capacity of whatever habitat they live in, businesses will have incentive to invest in new ...
Yang's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
0 answers
82 views

Research community around logistics micro-economic topics?

Is there the equivalent of a Rand Journal of Economics for the topic of logistics, focusing on the micro-economics of productivity gains via automation or disruptive technologies. There is the ...
tony z's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
0 answers
53 views

Reference Request: Primer on Relationship Economic Growth and Science / Technology

I'm in the early stages of planning a research agenda in this area, which means studying the current literature with an eye for further research opportunities. The Economics of Science and ...
quantif's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
0 answers
69 views

Is there proof that today more than 50% of the lowest income society lives worse than 50 years ago

The Economist on 12.11.2016 number (first number after getting US election results) wrote: "In real terms median male earnings are still lower than they were in the 1970s. In the past 50 years, ...
TomR's user avatar
  • 425
1 vote
2 answers
176 views

How technology will help economists to do better predictions?

Would technologies as AI, BI and Big Data help the economists to make better predictions and test models to solve problems like "What level of fiscal stimulus is better for a especific country?" Is ...
Guilherme de Jesus Santos's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
86 views

Factoring Technology into Economics models

There has been tremendous improvement in technologies in recent years. My question is: have economists been able to properly evaluate and factor the values of recent innovations in the technology ...
christian Martin's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
202 views

Do machines reduce labor... or so they redistribute, alter, and globally increase labor?

John Stuart Mill famously remarked that labor-saving machines have not saved one minute of labor. More seriously, Marx argued, roughly, that machines can gain temporary market advantage, but cannot ...
Nelson Alexander's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

factors of production (and their relative contribution)

I am reading mankiw's intermediate economics text. what i find is that when he writes a production function for how much will be produced in an economy. he says it is dependent upon quantity of inputs ...
Rain's user avatar
  • 199
1 vote
1 answer
66 views

Why Is Having a Strong Manufacturing Base Important to a Country's Economy?

I was living in Pittsburgh in my teens and twenties during the collapse of the steel industry and remember how profoundly it impacted Pittsburgh. Some say that due to the large percentage of the ...
Tikhon's user avatar
  • 113
1 vote
2 answers
132 views

Productivity and wages in a task-based model

In a task-based model like the one developed in Acemoglu&Autor 2011 with two types of worker, can the low type have a higher wage with respect to the high type? More specifically: if the ...
Tecon's user avatar
  • 129
1 vote
1 answer
315 views

Convexity of production sets and input requirement sets

The following question is from Microeconomic Analysis by Hal R Varian. True or false? If V(y) is a convex set, then the associated production set Y must be convex. The solution available says; False. ...
Krishnendu's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
35 views

Characterizing goods by R&D costs

Is there a name for distinguishing manufactured goods requiring little/no R&D and ones requiring high/sustained R&D costs? Do these two types of manufactured goods have a name in economics? ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
26 views

Is there contradiction between automation created resilience and the full employment (with high wages)?

From the one side - full employment with the high wages (but still under the level of creating inflation threat) is nice thing and politicians and central banks are highly motivated to achieve this. ...
TomR's user avatar
  • 425
1 vote
1 answer
69 views

What is technology in the Ricardo model?

I've been reading about the Ricardo and Heckscher-Ohlin models. I'm having trouble following what makes a worker in the former able to produce more or less of a given good. So e.g. suppose a US worker ...
Mohan's user avatar
  • 165
1 vote
2 answers
284 views

How exactly can blockchain technology be used to make a supply chain more efficient?

I am a software developer, and have been studying Bitcoin, Ethereum and blockchain technology over the last 8 months or so. I have read a lot on the Internet about how blockchain technology will ...
Ajoy Bhatia's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
38 views

Are there big waves of entrepreneurship over time?

In some models there are times when there are many entrepreneurs, and others when there are not. Is this a stylized fact of some kind? Are there any statistics about how entrepreneurial a particular ...
Fix.B.'s user avatar
  • 2,648
1 vote
0 answers
19 views

Technology Parameter In Converted Minimisation Problem

Question: I want to understand what's going on with respect to the technology parameter $A$ when i convert this minimisation problem into a maximisation problem. The issue is only revealed when i use ...
CormJack's user avatar
  • 899
1 vote
1 answer
69 views

Define structural unemployment

I am a bit confused regarding the actual definition of structural unemployment. Some places say that it is the permanent decline of a particular industry, leading to workers being unemployed as they ...
A.B.S's user avatar
  • 13
1 vote
0 answers
29 views

How is labor demand measured?

For instance, in the introduction of this paper (first paragraph), talking about Figure 1, they say that labor demand is measured as the real wage bill normalized by population. Is it common to ...
Tecon's user avatar
  • 129
1 vote
0 answers
234 views

Can one single payment contain multiple Merchant Category Codes (MCC)? [closed]

Some payment cards can be limited for certain purposes only (e.g. for paying only for food, or only for car fuel). When you try to pay for a different purpose, the system rejects the payment. I ...
Honza Zidek's user avatar