# Questions tagged [theory]

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### Can FOSD-transitivity replace the transitivity in utility representation theorem?

Let $\succsim$ be a complete, non transitivity preference relation. I wonder if FOSD-transitivity implies transitivity. The primitive is the space of lotteries $p_1,p_2,p_3,...$. We say the preference ...
21 views

### Is my understanding of Arrow's dictatorship correct? The dictator is free to update her preference and the social choice will always follow her taste

Suppose $R$ is a social ordering, $f$ is the social choice function, and $R_i$ is an individual preference. A profile of individual preference is $<R_i>$. $f(<R_i>)=R$ Suppose $i=1$ is ...
14 views

### How could a market be designed to prevent hoarding?

Imagine that someone has been put in charge of creating a new market for some kind of commodity. They have ultimate regulatory power. What kind of market mechanisms could they put in place to ...
39 views

### Water Economic Metaphor - Evaporation / Condensation

I was considering economics, and how a lot of economics tends to use a water metaphor as a descriptive mechanism. Ex: market liquidity, "investment evaporated", "market flows around ...
9 views

### Design of a money skew economy (target: museums/libraries loan rotation sharing)

I was thinking about libraries and museums, and began wondering how such institutions might institute what I would describe as a "money skew economy." Skew in the math sense, of two lines ...
48 views

### Debreu's ordinal representation theorem is unique up to a positive monotonic transformation, what is the source?

In Debreu's 1954 ordinal utility representation theorem, the utility is unique up to a positive monotonic transformation. While the uniqueness result is well-known, I fail to find a proper reference. ...
53 views

### $H$ is a constant? Maximizing: $\int _0^Te^{-t}f(x,u)dt$ st $x_t=g(t,x,u)$ and $g$ is independent of $t$

$\max_{x(t),u(t)}\int _0^Te^{-t}f(x(t),u(t))dt$, st derivative $x_t=g(t,x(t),u(t))$. Prove that $H$ is constant. My try2: consider the Hamiltonian  H(x(t), u(t)) = e^{-t}f(x(t), u(t)) + \lambda(t) g(...
1 vote
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### Give bundles $x,y\in \mathbb R^n$, there must exist a budget $B\supset\{x,y\}$ and a demand $D(B)\in[x,y]$?

For a problem in revealed preference. Give bundles $x,y\in \mathbb R^n$, must there exist a budget $B\supset\{x,y\}$ and a demand $D(B)\in[x,y]$? Intuitively, this mean that we have two bundles, and ...
57 views

### In Debreu's representation theorem of ordinal utility, is the assumption of "second countability" necessary?

Debreu's representation theorems Debreu 1959 states that: second countability, continuity, and weak ordering sufficiently implies the existence of real (continuous) utility function. The second and ...
91 views

### Two step Generalized Method of Moments (Newey 1994). $\hat{W}$ matrix depending on the nuisance parameter

Suppose that I am working in a model containing a nuisance parameter $h$ and a finite dimensional parameter of interest $\theta$, whose true values are $h_0$ and $\theta_0$, respectively. Newey (1994) ...
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### Is there a theory in economics about how companies have to withhold surplus goods or services for strategic reasons, creating artificial scarcity? [closed]

I have been thinking about how hotels and hostels have available rooms / beds, but they don’t give them away for free or a heavily discounted price; or how grocery stores and restaurants throw out ...
52 views

### Non Continuous Walrasian Demand Function

I have a silly question. I’m trying to solve some exercises that have to do with the walrasian demand function $x(p,w)$ and excess demand function $z$. More especifically, I’m asked to show that there ...
27 views

### Forgetting name of influential paper on evolution applied to corporations

There is a paper that I would like to cite because I remember what it said except that I am forgetting who wrote it and what its title was. Basically people were skeptical that corporations could ...
1 vote
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### Name of concept where having someone negotiate on your behalf gives you an advantage?

I had a discussion with an Amazon customer service rep yesterday. I asked for something, and they replied "we cannot do that". Amazon was, of course, perfectly capable of doing what I asked. ...
196 views

### Language of theoretical economic papers

Could anyone explain, or provide a good source to, the language used in theoretical economic papers? For example, the difference between an assumption, proposition, postulation, theorem, lemma, axiom,...
27 views

### What social aggregators are complete?

I am reading Eliaz (2004) for a general treatment of social-choice impossibilities. I am confused by the fact that it seems that we should get completeness even in situations where we should not have ...
1 vote
72 views

### Can the topological assumption in Debreu's representation theorem of cardinal utility be altered from "connected separable" to "second countable"?

Theorem (Debreu 1959 page 9, 10) Let $X$ be connected separable topological space endowed with product topology. If $\succsim$ is independent and at least three factors are essential, then there exist ...
205 views

### What does omitting capital from production function assume about capital?

We have two production functions, one $F(L)$ with labor as only factor of production, the other also includes capital $F(L,K)$. What do we assume about capital in the first case when we omit it from ...
268 views

### Does Debreu's representation theorem of ordinal utility require Hausdorff topology?

By Debreu's theorem of ordinal utility, any continuous weak order on $X$ is represented with a continuous utility function, if $X$ is a second countable or connected separable topological space. My ...
192 views

### Looking for a paper on game theory as a beautiful thing, not needing immediate purpose

I am looking for a paper I am sure to have read a while ago, but cannot recall its title. The message was that we should not judge game theory (or economic theory in general?) by its ability as an &...
170 views

### Does continuous preference imply upper-hemi continuous demand correspondence?

Let alternative $x,y,z\in R^N$. $\succsim$ is convex, rational, monotonic, and continuous. Let $B=[y,z]$ be a budget segment. Let demand correspondence be $D[y,z]=\{x\in B||x\succsim B\}$ $D[y,z]$ is ...
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### How did econometricians justify the use of $EU$ instead of $EU^2$?

Consider the following two utility functions: $EU(p)=\sum_i u_ip_i$ $EU^2(p)=(\sum_i u_ip_i)^2$. In preference theory, $EU$ and $EU^2$ are equivalent because they represent the same preference. A ...
91 views

### Any good resources on Information Economics Theory?

I am coming from a political economy/public choice perspective, trying to explore some ideas in signaling, especially the supply-side analysis of information transmission by the media/news. Although I ...
1 vote
130 views

### How useful is the Fisher equation of exchange?

What empirical value does the Fisher equation of exchange MP=PV have given that the velocity of money, V, is measured as PY/M i.e. nominal GDP divided some preferred monetary aggregate? Surely there ...
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### For any small perturbation dx, utility cannot change, or else, x* would not be optimal

I am having trouble understanding something that Varian says in "Microeconomic Analysis: Third Edition." For those of you who have the book handy, the question that I have regards something ...
1 vote
94 views

### Salop (1979) model for labor markets

Can the Salop (1979) model also be applied to labor markets or is there any reason why it should not be?
1 vote
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### Does x ≽ y imply x > y or x ~ y in preferences?

Mas Collel Micro Theory question: Suppose that X is a set. Let ≽ be a binary preference on X. And ~ represents indifference defined from ≽. If ≽ satisfy completeness, is it okay to assume that: x ≽ y ...
36 views

### Sum of LS-LMSR probabilities is greater than 1

I am trying to implement LS-LMSR in a prediction market with binary outcomes: YES and NO. I am implementing this formula as the cost: ...
1 vote
32 views

### Theoretical basis of consumer confidence

I have read several papers on the formation of consumer confidence, how it is measured and also its role in predicting economic outcomes empirically. But I haven't come across any theoretical model of ...
6k views

### Why does economics escape Godel's theorems?

I've seen many professors say that Godel's incompleteness theorems don't apply to economics. Of course I've seen others like Yanis Varoufakis who has on record said that many economics papers defy the ...
32 views

### Interaction of redistributive taxes, monetary policy and the growth rate

While studying macroeconomics, interaction with taxes are not seen to importantly. I am though interested in an interaction with redistributive taxes (such as the income or the inheritance tax rate), ...
123 views

### Curiousity the validity of an example of normative, positive and consumer surplus?

Following up a pretty long but very informative discussion with 1muflon1, I want to expand and merge with consumer surplus to have a big picture. In research of Dasgupta, 2019 about that after ...
1 vote
130 views

### Is there any overlap between Rawlsian approach and uncertainty avoidance?

From the definition of the Rawlsian approach The Rawlsian approach to social welfare, built on the foundation of the “veil of ignorance” (Rawls, 1999, p. 118) where "veil of ignorance" is ...
1 vote
150 views

### Is there any example to see the differences among Rawlsian ethics, Utilitarianism or (classical) liberalism ethics in policy economics?

From a decent answer and comment here of 1muflon1, I am motivated to know more about Rawlsian ethics, Utilitarianism, or (classical) liberalism ethics in policy economics. However, so far, I still not ...
297 views

### Why "positive theory" is important in discussions of how antitrust law achieve "normative goal"?

In this description regarding positive theory and normative theory, from what I understand, positive theory is based on fact and cannot be approved or disapproved (e.g., explain how the economy ...
260 views

### What is the difference between Impression Management and Signaling Theory?

I'm interested in theories on how organisations shape their stakeholders' (especially consumers' and investors') perceptions and decisions. I read about Impression Management and Signaling Theory. ...
Suppose $N$ players play a game, where each player's action space is $[0,1]$. Each player has an identical continuous utility function $u:[0,1]\times [0,1]^{N-1}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$, where the first ...