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What social aggregators are complete?

I am reading Eliaz (2004) for a general treatment of social-choice impossibilities. I am confused by the fact that it seems that we should get completeness even in situations where we should not have ...
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1 vote
0 answers
41 views

Can the topological assumption in Debreu's representation theorem of cardinal utility be altered from "connected separable" to "second countable"?

Theorem (Debreu 1959 page 9, 10) Let $X$ be connected separable topological space endowed with product topology. If $\succsim$ is independent and at least three factors are essential, then there exist ...
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3 votes
4 answers
120 views

What does omitting capital from production function assume about capital?

We have two production functions, one $F(L)$ with labor as only factor of production, the other also includes capital $F(L,K)$. What do we assume about capital in the first case when we omit it from ...
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4 votes
1 answer
211 views

Does Debreu's representation theorem of ordinal utility require Hausdorff topology?

By Debreu's theorem of ordinal utility, any continuous weak order on $X$ is represented with a continuous utility function, if $X$ is a second countable or connected separable topological space. My ...
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5 votes
1 answer
187 views

Looking for a paper on game theory as a beautiful thing, not needing immediate purpose

I am looking for a paper I am sure to have read a while ago, but cannot recall its title. The message was that we should not judge game theory (or economic theory in general?) by its ability as an &...
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2 votes
1 answer
82 views

Does continuous preference imply upper-hemi continuous demand correspondence?

Let alternative $x,y,z\in R^N$. $\succsim$ is convex, rational, monotonic, and continuous. Let $B=[y,z]$ be a budget segment. Let demand correspondence be $D[y,z]=\{x\in B||x\succsim B\}$ $D[y,z]$ is ...
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3 votes
0 answers
83 views

How did econometricians justify the use of $EU$ instead of $EU^2$?

Consider the following two utility functions: $EU(p)=\sum_i u_ip_i$ $EU^2(p)=(\sum_i u_ip_i)^2$. In preference theory, $EU$ and $EU^2$ are equivalent because they represent the same preference. A ...
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4 votes
2 answers
67 views

Any good resources on Information Economics Theory?

I am coming from a political economy/public choice perspective, trying to explore some ideas in signaling, especially the supply-side analysis of information transmission by the media/news. Although I ...
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1 vote
2 answers
59 views

How useful is the Fisher equation of exchange?

What empirical value does the Fisher equation of exchange MP=PV have given that the velocity of money, V, is measured as PY/M i.e. nominal GDP divided some preferred monetary aggregate? Surely there ...
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3 votes
1 answer
58 views

For any small perturbation dx, utility cannot change, or else, x* would not be optimal

I am having trouble understanding something that Varian says in "Microeconomic Analysis: Third Edition." For those of you who have the book handy, the question that I have regards something ...
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1 vote
1 answer
67 views

Salop (1979) model for labor markets

Can the Salop (1979) model also be applied to labor markets or is there any reason why it should not be?
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1 vote
1 answer
51 views

Does x ≽ y imply x > y or x ~ y in preferences?

Mas Collel Micro Theory question: Suppose that X is a set. Let ≽ be a binary preference on X. And ~ represents indifference defined from ≽. If ≽ satisfy completeness, is it okay to assume that: x ≽ y ...
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0 answers
27 views

Sum of LS-LMSR probabilities is greater than 1

I am trying to implement LS-LMSR in a prediction market with binary outcomes: YES and NO. I am implementing this formula as the cost: ...
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1 vote
0 answers
29 views

Theoretical basis of consumer confidence

I have read several papers on the formation of consumer confidence, how it is measured and also its role in predicting economic outcomes empirically. But I haven't come across any theoretical model of ...
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7 votes
7 answers
6k views

Why does economics escape Godel's theorems?

I've seen many professors say that Godel's incompleteness theorems don't apply to economics. Of course I've seen others like Yanis Varoufakis who has on record said that many economics papers defy the ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Interaction of redistributive taxes, monetary policy and the growth rate

While studying macroeconomics, interaction with taxes are not seen to importantly. I am though interested in an interaction with redistributive taxes (such as the income or the inheritance tax rate), ...
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1 vote
2 answers
117 views

Curiousity the validity of an example of normative, positive and consumer surplus?

Following up a pretty long but very informative discussion with 1muflon1, I want to expand and merge with consumer surplus to have a big picture. In research of Dasgupta, 2019 about that after ...
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2 votes
1 answer
124 views

Is there any overlap between Rawlsian approach and uncertainty avoidance?

From the definition of the Rawlsian approach The Rawlsian approach to social welfare, built on the foundation of the “veil of ignorance” (Rawls, 1999, p. 118) where "veil of ignorance" is ...
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1 vote
1 answer
110 views

Is there any example to see the differences among Rawlsian ethics, Utilitarianism or (classical) liberalism ethics in policy economics?

From a decent answer and comment here of 1muflon1, I am motivated to know more about Rawlsian ethics, Utilitarianism, or (classical) liberalism ethics in policy economics. However, so far, I still not ...
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0 votes
2 answers
250 views

Why "positive theory" is important in discussions of how antitrust law achieve "normative goal"?

In this description regarding positive theory and normative theory, from what I understand, positive theory is based on fact and cannot be approved or disapproved (e.g., explain how the economy ...
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3 votes
1 answer
158 views

What is the difference between Impression Management and Signaling Theory?

I'm interested in theories on how organisations shape their stakeholders' (especially consumers' and investors') perceptions and decisions. I read about Impression Management and Signaling Theory. ...
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6 votes
1 answer
140 views

Effect of bounding action space on the set of equilibria

Suppose $N$ players play a game, where each player's action space is $[0,1]$. Each player has an identical continuous utility function $u:[0,1]\times [0,1]^{N-1}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$, where the first ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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What is the "recursive moral hazard theory" of "trade credit"?

When reading a recently published paper, I saw the paragraph We construct a sample of over 200,000 supply chains to conduct a chain-based analysis of trade credit. Our study uncovers novel stylized ...
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4 votes
1 answer
198 views

Krugman 1980 AER, Deriving Equation 14

I have been trying to derive equation 14 from Paul Krugman's 1980 AER paper. I keep getting a different result, and further, I find that equation 14 from the paper does not balance payments when I ...
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1 vote
0 answers
55 views

Definition of strictly convex preference

Let $x,y\in X$. Does strictly convex preference (which implies that the utility is strictly quasiconcave) mean that: $x\succsim y$ implies $\alpha x+(1-\alpha)y\succ y$ for any $\alpha\in (0,1)$?
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3 votes
2 answers
137 views

Convex rationalization when the budget sets are segments?

Backgroud: SARP can be defined on general budget set. SARP: Assume for all $B$ the choice $c(B)$ is only one element. If $x_i,x_{i+1}\in B_i$, and $x_i = c(B_i)$, for all $i\in \{1,N-1\}$, then $x_1=...
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1 vote
0 answers
27 views

Selection of functional form for utility function in theoretical model

I am starting to work on an IO model and I am puzzled in front of the choice of the appropriate utility function. Since the concept of utility is so abstract, and one cannot directly refer to ...
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1 vote
1 answer
79 views

Can I rename a utility function based on its properties?

A big name researcher gives a name to a specific utility function 30 years ago. Now I am writing a paper and feel that a new name might be more suited because of the properties associated with the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
99 views

Actions in economics

Mirowski 1989 argues economics and physics have frequently informed each other's theoretical development, and neoclassical economics has the same Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalism frequently seen ...
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4 votes
1 answer
91 views

Lecture notes competitive labor market with minimum wage

Can somebody recommend lecture notes that derive competitive labour market model equilibrium with minimum wages? This has been surprisingly hard to find, because most lecture notes use minimum wages ...
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5 votes
1 answer
86 views

When can one drop time subscripts? Example from Angrist and Kugler (2003)

Not the first time I am asking myself, but in this paper they actually start with a time dependent maximisation problem and then drop all time subscripts. Background: They have profit maximisation ...
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0 votes
0 answers
37 views

References on Cobb-Douglas Function

I am wondering why everybody uses Cobb-Douglas production functions? Nowadays they are so standard that they are just written down without further discussion. Does anybody know more about this and can ...
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2 votes
0 answers
28 views

Brücker et al. (2014) migrant labour supply shock

Brücker et al. (2014) write down a stylized model of wage-setting with a labour supply shock (migration), which I find hard to follow. Maybe somebody worked on it or is interested.. Labour force is ...
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0 votes
0 answers
44 views

Loosely speaking, are all modern economies 'Keynesian' in their stance on spending during downturns?

Keynesian economics is defined as: increased government expenditures and lower taxes to stimulate demand and pull the global economy out of the depression. Do all modern economies adopt a Keynesian ...
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0 votes
1 answer
222 views

Intuition of Shephard's Lemma in Reverse

I am not sure how to word this question. I understand the envelop theorem pretty well and as a result Shepard's Lemma. The proof is relatively straightforward. I am getting stuck on the intuition ...
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2 votes
2 answers
193 views

Why should prices come down (in theory) in an educated society with a well-run government?

In Chapter 1 of Robert Kiyosaki's "Rich Dad, Poor Dad", the rich dad says: "In an educated society with a well-run government, prices should actually come down". Is there any ...
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1 vote
0 answers
38 views

Identifiability of Non-Parametric Utility Function?

I recently learned that EU characterized by independence and weak ordering is identifiable, but a utility function like: $U(x)=v_1(x)v_2(x)$ is not identifiable. Does it mean that "cardinal ...
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5 votes
0 answers
117 views

Certainty equivalence when the utility is semi-continuous instead of continuous

Let $U:\mathbb R^2\to\mathbb R$ be a utility function. If $U$ is strictly increasing and continuous, then it is well known that for any $(x_1,x_2)$ there exists a certainty $(c,c)$ such that $$U(x_1,...
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2 votes
1 answer
333 views

Is it necessary to ask permission before including someone in the acknowledgements of a economic research paper?

Do I need permission to thank someone, even if I said “all mistakes are our own”? Do I have to make sure that the person being thanked must read the paper, or, it is fine if he just discussed about ...
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4 votes
0 answers
74 views

Who were the first economists arguing that utility maximization is the core of rationality and economic behavior?

I am looking for the first economists arguing that maximizing utility function is the iff condition of rational behavior. I've learned that neoclassical economics is founded on this argument. Is this ...
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1 vote
1 answer
91 views

What additional axiom to GARP do we need to generate a differentiable or smooth utility function

After researching for a while, I find this: https://www.jstor.org/stable/1913607?seq=2#metadata_info_tab_contents They come up with an axiom called SSARP that generates a preference with smooth demand ...
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-2 votes
2 answers
47 views

Famous recent paper on monetary Unions

do you know any (theoretical or empirical) recent famous paper about monetary unions ? I heard that topics like "monetary unions at ZLB" or "fiscal coordination during crisis time" ...
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3 votes
0 answers
62 views

Conditional distributions in model with continuum of agents

Many economic models consider a continuum of agents, $i \in [0,1]$. Suppose these agents have characteristics $(x_i, y_i)$, which are independently distributed. Are all possible values of $(x_i,y_i) \...
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3 votes
3 answers
66 views

Theoretical economy calculation of closed country

Is there any well-known theoretical solution to the problem as described below? I am considering an ideal very simplified case. There is a closed country/community of N people. All people are working. ...
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3 votes
1 answer
63 views

Are there some examples of theoretical models that discuss pandemics?

I am looking for some papers/references that showcase theoretical economic models that incorporate pandemics. Most work seem to be purely empirical. Does anyone know of some papers that try to model ...
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0 votes
1 answer
72 views

Economics perspective of connected workers

According to the Deloitte report published here, a connected worker is defined as someone whose working life is changing due to digital and other technologies. This is due to advancement of ...
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1 vote
1 answer
58 views

Where can I find economics theories to learn about? [closed]

I'm a beginner to economics so I do not have much knowledge. However, I enjoy learning new economics theories. For now, I normally search for economics theories by looking at those that won nobel ...
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12 votes
3 answers
1k views

What is the point of all the models in an economics degree?

I am a student of Economics doing my masters degree and I have to say I am a bit tired of all the models. On the one side, there is these models where I can see how they are derived, which always ...
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0 votes
1 answer
134 views

Continuity of preferences

Let $\succsim$ be a transitive and reflexive relation on a metric space $X$ with closed upper and lower contour sets. If $\succsim$ is not complete, does it hold that: for all converging sequences ...
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1 vote
1 answer
85 views

Prove that a preference is linear

Given the following two conditions: $x\succ y$ implies $x+a\succsim y+a$, And, $x\prec y$ implies $x+a\precsim y+a$ We want to prove that $\succsim$ is a linear preference. One of the ...
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