Questions tagged [united-states]

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15 views

Eurodollars - the real reason for the "Greenspan conundrum?"

While the jury seems to still be out on a similar question I posed earlier: Why did Greenspan think rate hikes would increase treasury term premiums?, I have recently begun entertaining an entirely ...
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2answers
46 views

Why does a company need to pay 90% of its income as dividends to qualify as a REIT?

I came across this page on Investopedia that says that according to the US tax code, to qualify as a REIT, a company must pay a minimum of 90% of taxable income in the form of shareholder dividends ...
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1answer
81 views

Did Biden's stimulus packages cause inflation in the US?

Can we state with high confidence that Biden's stimulus packages were indeed a major factor in the spiraling (or, at least, pretty high) inflation in the US? Did Biden go over the top with it after ...
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2answers
103 views

How leveraged are banks in the United States?

My understanding of fractional-reserve lending is that it allows for banks to only keep a small fraction of raw currency in reserve, and lend out the rest. When this lent out money is put into banks, ...
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1answer
76 views

List of private investors who own the most US debt

At this website (document `Federal debt', table FD-5) I see that more than 16 trillion dollars of US debt is owned by private investors. Is there a list available of the private investors who own the ...
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1answer
104 views

A large spike in home ownership in the U.S. in 2020: why?

Noah Smith's blog post "Yes, most Americans own capital" states A majority of American households — consistently a little less than 2/3 — are homeowners: and follows that up with a figure: ...
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1answer
32 views

Are there an official divide of regions for economic data in united states?

When I was viewing economic data charts for US, I see these 8 different divisions:- 1) 2) 3) BEA regions: which contains: Far West: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Oregon, Washington. Great ...
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1answer
27 views

What would the theoretical ramifications of a mass sell-off of United States bonds be?

If a sovereign nation or nations were to sell off large amounts (say 30%) of United States bonds, what effects would it have on the United States' economy and debt situation? I am guessing that a mass ...
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1answer
36 views

Can economic models predict China overtaking the United States?

I recently read an article about China's economic progress: Chinese economy to overtake US 'by 2028' due to Covid Can models and simulations based on economic data predict when China's economy will ...
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2answers
131 views

What percentage of utils do the top 1% pay in tax

A commonly cited statistic in American politics is the top 1% of Americans earn 20% of all income, but may 40% of all income taxes. This is measured in dollars, however, and a dollar is worth more to ...
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1answer
48 views

Why West Virginia is one of the least-vaccinated states in the country due to cash giveaway announcement?

In a newspaper, I saw the paragraph In some U.S. states that held lotteries for vaccine recipients, with some prizes reaching the million-dollar mark, leaders reported upticks in interest, but it’s ...
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Are there any state-level data on US banking regulation stringency?

In Barth, Caprio, and Levine (2008) Rethinking bank regulation: Till angels govern. Cambridge University Press, authors assemble and showcase large dataset on stringency of banking regulation and ...
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1answer
37 views

Where can I find resources that show the median or mean effective taxation on households in the United States divided into percentiles?

I am looking for a resource similar to this website that shows the mean effective federal taxation on households in different percentiles broken down into percentiles (and even shows historical data ...
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1answer
47 views

Have the deregulation measures that caused the 2007-2008 crisis been rolled back?

The 2007-2008 financial crisis was largely attributed to several deregulation measures, especially the Gramm-Leach-Bliley act. Have any of these measures been rolled back after the crisis, or new ones ...
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3answers
9k views

Why is healthcare so expensive in the USA?

I find this phenomenon to be kind of puzzling. USA is one of the countries with one of the highest purchasing powers in the world, yet when it comes to healthcare an standard US citizen is likely to ...
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2answers
75 views

What is the purpose of taxes if central banks can fund deficit spending?

Somewhat straight forward. If the federal reserve can print money to buy treasuries to fund deficit spending, what is the purpose of taxes? Sure, taxes reduce the amount of deficit that needs to be ...
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1answer
32 views

Why is the Social Security tax split midway between employer and employee?

On page 99 of Hidden Order, David Friedman writes: Social Security taxes are paid half by the employer and half by the worker. How would the effect of the tax change if it were collected entirely ...
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1answer
64 views

Does Russia have higher inflation than US and Canada? If so, why in this particular case does money supply increase doesn't lead to higher prices? [duplicate]

My understanding is that Russian inflation in recent years is considered to be running in the 5-6 % range, while US and Canada - in the 2-3% range (as measured by price increases/CPI). But I'd expect ...
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1answer
23 views

What was the annual real growth rate in the US from 2010 to 2015?

If we look at the US M0 money supply after the global financial crisis (GFC): we see that it doubled from 2010 to 2015. If we look at the Consumer Price Index in the same period: it rose by 8%. So ...
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2answers
260 views

Is modern monetary theory sustainable?

I am looking around at a lot of the central banks around the world (primarily ECB, Fed, and BOJ) and they all seem to be simply printing their way out of any issues with their economies. As far as I ...
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1answer
92 views

Can inflation show up in assets without necessarily being reflected in classic inflation indexes?

I have been having an argument with a friend of mine who obtained an economics degree in college. I have been arguing that increased money supply from the fed has led to inflation in asset prices, ...
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1answer
54 views

What was the US monetary policy like in the 70s?

Today the US inflation target is roughly 2%. However in 1974 the inflation rate was 11% and in 1980 it was 13.5%. What monetary policy did they follow at that time that allowed the inflation to rise ...
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18 views

What is the total that the US Government has spent on Economic Stimulus in 2020 and 2021 so far?

How much has the US government spent on the Economic Stimulus during this "time of covid"? Bonus points if it includes (and itemizes) indirect spending like spending on Covid Testing and ...
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Has the loan of securities from a retail investor to a well-established US broker ever resulted in a financial loss to the retail investor?

Retail investors may opt to loan some of the shares to their brokers: In theory, one of the risks is that the broker and the collateral may have some issue, leaving the retail investor with a ...
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Does the SEC have the list or definition of indexes that an ETF is allowed to track to be classified as an Index-Based ETF?

The SEC Investor Bulletin on Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) (mirror) divides ETFs into two classes: Index-Based ETFs and Actively Managed ETFs. As its name indicates, index-Based ETFs track some indexes....
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1answer
85 views

Values of A,K,N,a in Cobb-Douglas function expressing GDP

In many basic macroeconomics textbooks a Cobb-Douglas production function with constant returns to scale is used to express the output of the economy as a function of labor and capital: $Y=AK^aN^{1-a}$...
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52 views

Why is the Fed worried about short term interest rates going negative?

I refer to the following article: https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2021-02-25/negative-interest-rates-could-be-trouble-unless-fed-acts, notably the following paragraph: Market observers ...
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3answers
121 views

Are stimulus checks created out of thin air? [closed]

My question is regarding the checks which the US government has sent out during the pandemic. Below is a chart of M2 money supply increase as a result of it: It is also said that 40% of all the m2 ...
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1answer
161 views

Is it viable to put a cap on personal wealth in the U.S.?

Setting a cap on personal wealth is a proposal that has been championed by several progressive politicians in the U.S. (Sanders, Ocasio-Cortez, etc.). From what I understand, they argue that by ...
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1answer
37 views

How did the US Government fund its deficit when the Federal Reserve was pruning its balance sheet in 2018-1019?

The primary way for Governments to fund their deficits is by issuing new currency from the central bank against new treasury bonds. The Federal Reserve reduced its [balance sheet]1 from 4.4 trillion ...
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1answer
64 views

Can the US government selectively cancel debt held by the Federal Reserve?

Sort of a follow-up to this question on the Politics SE, which asked about the US government cancelling debt held by China. From the answers to that question, this kind of selective default is not ...
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51 views

Why does lowering the value of yuan against the USD disadvantage the US and benefit China

In this article : https://www.epi.org/blog/trumps-china-tariff-confusion-it-wont-solve-chronic-trade-deficits/ they claim that depreciating the value of the yuan to the USD bolstered China’s economy. ...
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1answer
32 views

Are there any analysis of what is the net benefit of NASA program to US economy?

I am looking for some study that tries to calculate whether the NASA program on a net basis benefits the US economy. The program is very expensive, but it generates lots of patents, research, jobs and ...
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K-shaped recovery - is there a benign explanation for it?

I am often skeptical of emphasis placed on this "alphabet soup" that has surrounded the shape of the economic recovery. Given the uncertainties at play with this type of forecasting, it may ...
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1answer
41 views

Unemployment rates in US during COVID-19

Does the COVID-19 pandemic affect the unemployment rate in US?
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5answers
9k views

Did real incomes drop significantly since the 1950s?

From what I heard, in 1950s America, you didn't have to go to college to support a large family and a stay-at-home wife. People could buy houses easily, drove giant cars and didn't worry about gas ...
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1answer
496 views

Can the U.S print infinite money? [duplicate]

I know that a country can't simply print money to pay debt, since it would only lower the value of the money, i. e. cause inflation. But what about the U.S? Since their new printed money is very ...
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78 views

Why is the U.S. birth rate considered below replacement if more people are being born than are dying annually?

In 2018 there were 3.85 million births and 2.81 million deaths. My understanding is that the U.S. birth rate is near or below replacement rate, but I don't understand why. If more people are being ...
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1answer
85 views

What is the different between a Sales Tax and a Value Added Tax?

The USA has a sales tax which is applied at the point of sale, in states which have a sales tax. During the Democratic Party primaries, one of the candidates, Andrew Yang, proposed moving to a Value ...
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How can I obtain monthly unemployment by ethnicity by state for the US?

Grateful for any help, thoughts and direction.
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1answer
45 views

What's holding the U.S. from decreasing unemployment by cutting H1B limits?

I don't understand why doesn't the U.S. decrease the number of H1B visa holders (foreign workers) during the current economic crisis? The unemployment is skyrocketing, wouldn't this measure decrease ...
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3answers
418 views

How does an increase in USD money supply affect inflation?

Say an average american household is bringing in $50,000 a year. Between ongoing quantitative easing and the drastic stimulus packages passed in February-May 2020, the USD Money Supply increased by 25%...
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2answers
94 views

What is the purpose of the Treasury issuing bonds?

I have always thought that the US Treasury issues bonds to raise money to allow the US to pay off debts in the short- and long-term. However, recently, I have read in a book on Modern Monetary Theory ...
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34 views

Must US Treasury backstop US Federal Reserve?

The Constitutional Case for the Fed's Treasury Backstops | Cato @ Liberty writes no, I think? But I don't quite understand the financial terms iike "lever-up", backstop", "helicopter money". I looked ...
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1answer
39 views

Under what BLS line do "people who want a job but haven’t searched in the last 12 months" show up?

I'm trying to understand how this CNN math was derived: This category — jobless people who “want a job now” but “did not search for work in the previous year” — has hovered around 3 million workers ...
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1answer
47 views

Where can I find charts with the amount of treasuries in existence?

Is there a place where I can see a chart with the amount of treasuries in existence organized by treasury type? Ideally it would be a resource that has multiple charts (for bills, notes, bonds etc...)...
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1answer
25 views

What exactly is on the Fed balance sheet?

All the rage these days is how crazily big the Fed's balance sheet has grown. Looking on federalreserve.gov, I can see its value topped up ~6,573,136 millions USD (~6 trillion USD). Fine, but is ...
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1answer
51 views

How much heath expenditure is due to conditions that people are born with?

The CDC says that 90% of US healthcare costs are attributable to chronic conditions. I am interested in an overlapping set of conditions: those that people are born with, including genetic diseases, ...
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26 views

China's balance of payment and balance of trade - relation to inflation

I am struggling with understanding how China's balance of payments (negative, deficit) and balance of trade (positive, profit around 0.5 trln USD) affect it's inflation rate. Obviously, balance of ...
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1answer
17 views

What is core government debt?

In fixed income, the yield on the 10-year US Treasury fell 0.07 percentage points to 0.56 per cent as investors retreated to the safety of core government debt From : https://www.ft.com/content/...