Questions tagged [united-states]

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36
votes
5answers
9k views

Did real incomes drop significantly since the 1950s?

From what I heard, in 1950s America, you didn't have to go to college to support a large family and a stay-at-home wife. People could buy houses easily, drove giant cars and didn't worry about gas ...
1
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2answers
63 views

Why is the U.S. birth rate considered below replacement if more people are being born than are dying annually?

In 2018 there were 3.85 million births and 2.81 million deaths. My understanding is that the U.S. birth rate is near or below replacement rate, but I don't understand why. If more people are being ...
1
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0answers
47 views

How can I obtain monthly unemployment by ethnicity by state for the US?

Grateful for any help, thoughts and direction.
0
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1answer
43 views

What's holding the U.S. from decreasing unemployment by cutting H1B limits?

I don't understand why doesn't the U.S. decrease the number of H1B visa holders (foreign workers) during the current economic crisis? The unemployment is skyrocketing, wouldn't this measure decrease ...
0
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3answers
289 views

How does an increase in USD money supply affect inflation?

Say an average american household is bringing in $50,000 a year. Between ongoing quantitative easing and the drastic stimulus packages passed in February-May 2020, the USD Money Supply increased by 25%...
0
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0answers
31 views

Must US Treasury backstop US Federal Reserve?

The Constitutional Case for the Fed's Treasury Backstops | Cato @ Liberty writes no, I think? But I don't quite understand the financial terms iike "lever-up", backstop", "helicopter money". I looked ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Under what BLS line do “people who want a job but haven’t searched in the last 12 months” show up?

I'm trying to understand how this CNN math was derived: This category — jobless people who “want a job now” but “did not search for work in the previous year” — has hovered around 3 million workers ...
0
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1answer
46 views

Where can I find charts with the amount of treasuries in existence?

Is there a place where I can see a chart with the amount of treasuries in existence organized by treasury type? Ideally it would be a resource that has multiple charts (for bills, notes, bonds etc...)...
0
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1answer
23 views

What exactly is on the Fed balance sheet?

All the rage these days is how crazily big the Fed's balance sheet has grown. Looking on federalreserve.gov, I can see its value topped up ~6,573,136 millions USD (~6 trillion USD). Fine, but is ...
1
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1answer
40 views

How much heath expenditure is due to conditions that people are born with?

The CDC says that 90% of US healthcare costs are attributable to chronic conditions. I am interested in an overlapping set of conditions: those that people are born with, including genetic diseases, ...
0
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0answers
14 views

When has the US imposed large price controls in markets?

During the second world war, the US imposed widespread price controls on various markets. Since then, has the US government employed these sorts of measures (price floors, ceilings, and so on), on a ...
0
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2answers
38 views

Inflation vs GDP growth as factors driving down the US debt-to-GDP ration post-WW2

I'm trying to figure out how much inflation (vs GDP growth) shrank the debt-to-GDP ratio (in the decade or so) post-WW2 in the US. I found one paper that says: In 1946, the debt ratio was 108.6 ...
0
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0answers
24 views

How can government mitigate the long-term effects of current shut downs?

I’m not well versed in economics by any stretch of the imagination. But I am confused with certain measures taken thus far by the government. There is currently a temporary shutdown of vast sectors ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Does the sudden spike in the US jobless claim pose systemic risk to the US unemployment insurance system?

There has been an unprecedented short-term increase in US unemployment owing to the Covid-19 crisis. Initial jobless claims soared to a seasonally adjusted 3.28 million in the week ended March 21, ...
2
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2answers
134 views

How is the Corona $2 trilion stimulus package going to be financed?

Perhaps this is a simple question but as a non-US citizen I don't understand how the US government is going to finance the $2 trillion stimulus package to combat the economic damage due to the Corona ...
7
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1answer
173 views

Are there any surveys of economists on the determinants of healthcare price increases in the US, particularly over several decades?

It was asked recently on politics SE what drove healthcare (actually healthcare insurance) prices in the US to rise faster than the CPI. Neither of the top two answers resorted any actual econometric ...
3
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2answers
111 views

What would happen to US economy before US government lose control over its national debt?

From this wiki page we can clearly see that US national debt is growing steadily after 2010 and now it's larger than US GDP already (at the end of 2019). Still it's commonly believed the debt is ...
0
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0answers
11 views

What caused the equity of finance companies to grow so much in 1994

I recently saw this video and noticed something interesting. In a ranking of Top 15 US Companies by Shareholders' Equity in 1993, the only Financials company in the ranking was Berkshire Hathaway in ...
1
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0answers
41 views

Can we know what mainly caused the latest US manufacturing slump?

Reuters says (Oct 1, 2019): U.S. manufacturing activity tumbled to a more than 10-year low in September as lingering trade tensions weighed on exports, further heightening financial market fears of a ...
1
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0answers
8 views

How long did it take before the Hawley–Smoot Tariffs reached their peak effect on US growth?

I understand that this may still be a contentious issue, but are there some estimates how long it took before the Hawley–Smoot Tariffs impacted US growth significantly and/or how long it took for them ...
1
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1answer
28 views

Are there import taxes between US states?

In the USA, are there import taxes (or equivalent) between states? Or is it in effect a customs union?
0
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1answer
56 views

In April 2019 our economy created 263000 new jobs, however, total employment went down from March to April by103000 jobs. Why this difference?

https://tradingeconomics.com/united-states/employed-persons This link shows that total employment declined from March to April even though we added 263000 new jobs. Can someone explain why?
2
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1answer
158 views

GDP Growth QoQ vs YoY: Why do the figures not match?

According to statista.com, US Q4 GDP growth rate was 2.6% over the economy in Q3. However, why is the annualized growth rate for the US therefore not be a sum of all 4 quarters if their definition of ...
2
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1answer
44 views

Does the Federal Reserve have bank accounts for banks?

Banks are constantly transferring electronic dollars to each other. There must be an entity that tracks how many digital dollars each bank has. Does the Federal Reserve have "accounts" for banks? In ...
16
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10answers
12k views

Car prices haven't changed in 20 years, no inflation?

I notice that there seems to be little or no change in car prices over the last 20 years and they seem to be unaffected by inflation. For example, a Toyota Camry sold for about \$23,000 +/- \$2,000 (...
1
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1answer
24 views

Why does the retiree to contributor ratio matter when discussing the solvency of Social Security?

Whenever the topic of Social Security solvency comes up, the consensus is that benefits for future generations have to be cut, mainly because of two reasons: People are living longer. There are more ...
2
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2answers
291 views

Is the world economy highly-dependent on the United States of America?

How dependent is the economy of the world on the United States? Can US policies have disastrous impacts on other superpowers in the world such as Germany? For example, take into account countries ...
1
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2answers
759 views

How is currency depreciation related to import tariffs?

In the news today they were talking about how the US is "threatening to increase proposed tariffs on Chinese imports from 10 percent to 25 percent." One of the reasons they gave for this was that ...
1
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2answers
76 views

With whom does the US have the largest deficit using the trade in value-added (TiVA) methodology?

The US has the largest gross trade deficit with China. But some economists have argued that this is misleading, e.g. using the iPhone as an example in which most parts don't orginate in China. There'...
2
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1answer
61 views

What are the advantages and disadvantages to a country's people when the national currency is the world's reserve currency? [duplicate]

Today, the world's reserve currency is USD. At the start of the 20th century, the reserve currency was the British Pound GBP. Using U.S as an example to narrow the scope, what are the advantages and ...
1
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2answers
124 views

What accounts for the high GDP of the United States?

Wikipedia defines GDP as: Measure of the market value of all final goods and services produced in a period (quarterly or yearly) of time. So, I take it that the total value of all goods (and ...
5
votes
2answers
628 views

Real wage stagnation and union membership

In the United States, wages in real terms have seen very little change over approximately five decades: (source: http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/10/09/for-most-workers-real-wages-have-...
3
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0answers
62 views

Analzying K-12 Education: Cost vs. Expenditure?

I have heard constant complaints, particularly from teachers, that (United States) schools are underfunded, and that budget cuts only stand to exacerbate this problem. My own high school couldn't ...
0
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1answer
55 views

How does one asses the impact of a proposed policy?

My State government is considering a new regulatory policy at the moment. We need to put together an assessment of the (likely) economic impacts of the policy. How do we do that? I don't work for ...
0
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1answer
61 views

How does keeping the value of the dollar by foreign US bondholders makes their exports more affordable?

How does this work? In February 2018, China owned \$1.18 trillion of U.S. debt. It's the largest foreign holder of U.S. Treasury securities. The second largest holder is Japan at \$1.06 ...
1
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1answer
66 views

Is there objective evidence that the US economy is “booming”?

I realize that it's the political pundits that are saying it, but they never seem to provide evidence that the economy is "booming". The dictionary definition of "booming" is having a period of ...
1
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0answers
80 views

How did the Joint Committee on Taxation calculate the distribution of individual income tax rate increases for the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017

According to the Joint Committee on Taxation's JCX-68-17 Distributional Effects Of The Conference Agreement For H.R.1, The "Tax Cuts And Jobs Act", there will be a significant increase in income tax ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Where to find the face value in a US treasury bond announcement

I am learning about the auction and bidding process of US 30 year treasury bonds. I am unable to locate the face (par) value of the bonds in official announcements (PDFs). For reference, here is a ...
4
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2answers
188 views

The Fed pays 1.50% interest on reserves; so why are interest rates so low?

Since 14th Dec 2017, the Federal Reserve Bank has paid 1.50% interest on excess reserves. So why do depositors' interest rates still remain so low? According to BankRate, across the US, the ...
1
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0answers
53 views

U.S. stock market 2/5/18

Why did American share prices fall sharply on February 5, 2018? What are the major contributing factors to this?
7
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2answers
869 views

Why would China and Russia selling the US' debt ruin the economy?

I was listening to an interview with David Harvey and he mentioned that if Russia and China were to sell the debt owed to them by the US, the US economy would take a serious dive. How would they sell ...
1
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1answer
362 views

How many US Dollars are lost or destroyed annually?

Are there any estimates on how many US Dollars are lost or destroyed annually? By "lost or destroyed", I mean permanently removed from circulation because the currency is no longer usable For ...
3
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0answers
71 views

Mathematically optimal age to begin drawing Social Security retirement benefits as a function of expected life span?

So, for most of us Americans, our official retirement age is 66 and we get 100% of our retirement benefits. If we delay retirement, that benefit increases by 8% each year (up to age 70) and if we ...
2
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0answers
42 views

Does Fannie Mae get money from the FED

Does Fannie Mae directly or indirectly get money that is printed from the federal reserve to buy mortgages, or have they ever? If so, when has this happened? How much money? What is the process by ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Effect of today's decision in the US to no longer mandate contraception coverage

Today the Trump administration in the USA announced they are removing the mandate that company provided health insurance include free contraception coverage. My understanding is that providing ...
1
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2answers
98 views

Why are readily available productivity data relative, not absolute?

I've been trying to do some cursory research on labor productivity. In the process, I've noticed that the readily available data in the US, as accessed through either BLS or FRED (yes, I know it's the ...
1
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1answer
3k views

Today's value of the Louisiana Purchase?

A video I watched claimed (at 6:50) that while only \$0.25B had been paid for the Louisiana Purchase, the current value was \$1200B (all in 2017 dollars). I couldn't find any references, but assuming ...
0
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1answer
148 views

Why are Massachusetts electricity costs so high?

Massachusetts has the third highest electricity cost in the US (after Hawaii and Connecticut). Why is this?
1
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0answers
24 views

Why was there a sudden rise in trade-weighted US dollar value in 2014-2015?

I was trawling the web and happened upon this graph: https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/DTWEXM . The value of the trade-weighted US dollar was going steady until 2014-2015, rose rapidly, then it sort ...
1
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2answers
238 views

Financing U.S. government budget deficits, and their impact on interest rates

I have two questions. The first is about how exactly the U.S. government finances a budget deficit. The second is about the effects of budget deficits on financial markets and interest rates. Q1. We ...