Questions tagged [united-states]

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3
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1answer
34 views

Where can I find resources that show the median or mean effective taxation on households in the United States divided into percentiles?

I am looking for a resource similar to this website that shows the mean effective federal taxation on households in different percentiles broken down into percentiles (and even shows historical data ...
0
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1answer
46 views

Have the deregulation measures that caused the 2007-2008 crisis been rolled back?

The 2007-2008 financial crisis was largely attributed to several deregulation measures, especially the Gramm-Leach-Bliley act. Have any of these measures been rolled back after the crisis, or new ones ...
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3answers
8k views

Why is healthcare so expensive in the USA?

I find this phenomenon to be kind of puzzling. USA is one of the countries with one of the highest purchasing powers in the world, yet when it comes to healthcare an standard US citizen is likely to ...
0
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2answers
71 views

What is the purpose of taxes if central banks can fund deficit spending?

Somewhat straight forward. If the federal reserve can print money to buy treasuries to fund deficit spending, what is the purpose of taxes? Sure, taxes reduce the amount of deficit that needs to be ...
1
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1answer
32 views

Why is the Social Security tax split midway between employer and employee?

On page 99 of Hidden Order, David Friedman writes: Social Security taxes are paid half by the employer and half by the worker. How would the effect of the tax change if it were collected entirely ...
0
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1answer
59 views

Does Russia have higher inflation than US and Canada? If so, why in this particular case does money supply increase doesn't lead to higher prices? [duplicate]

My understanding is that Russian inflation in recent years is considered to be running in the 5-6 % range, while US and Canada - in the 2-3% range (as measured by price increases/CPI). But I'd expect ...
-1
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1answer
23 views

What was the annual real growth rate in the US from 2010 to 2015?

If we look at the US M0 money supply after the global financial crisis (GFC): we see that it doubled from 2010 to 2015. If we look at the Consumer Price Index in the same period: it rose by 8%. So ...
4
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2answers
242 views

Is modern monetary theory sustainable?

I am looking around at a lot of the central banks around the world (primarily ECB, Fed, and BOJ) and they all seem to be simply printing their way out of any issues with their economies. As far as I ...
3
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1answer
87 views

Can inflation show up in assets without necessarily being reflected in classic inflation indexes?

I have been having an argument with a friend of mine who obtained an economics degree in college. I have been arguing that increased money supply from the fed has led to inflation in asset prices, ...
4
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1answer
52 views

What was the US monetary policy like in the 70s?

Today the US inflation target is roughly 2%. However in 1974 the inflation rate was 11% and in 1980 it was 13.5%. What monetary policy did they follow at that time that allowed the inflation to rise ...
0
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0answers
18 views

What is the total that the US Government has spent on Economic Stimulus in 2020 and 2021 so far?

How much has the US government spent on the Economic Stimulus during this "time of covid"? Bonus points if it includes (and itemizes) indirect spending like spending on Covid Testing and ...
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0answers
10 views

Has the loan of securities from a retail investor to a well-established US broker ever resulted in a financial loss to the retail investor?

Retail investors may opt to loan some of the shares to their brokers: In theory, one of the risks is that the broker and the collateral may have some issue, leaving the retail investor with a ...
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0answers
12 views

Does the SEC have the list or definition of indexes that an ETF is allowed to track to be classified as an Index-Based ETF?

The SEC Investor Bulletin on Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) (mirror) divides ETFs into two classes: Index-Based ETFs and Actively Managed ETFs. As its name indicates, index-Based ETFs track some indexes....
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1answer
54 views

Values of A,K,N,a in Cobb-Douglas function expressing GDP

In many basic macroeconomics textbooks a Cobb-Douglas production function with constant returns to scale is used to express the output of the economy as a function of labor and capital: $Y=AK^aN^{1-a}$...
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1answer
45 views

Why is the Fed worried about short term interest rates going negative?

I refer to the following article: https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2021-02-25/negative-interest-rates-could-be-trouble-unless-fed-acts, notably the following paragraph: Market observers ...
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3answers
106 views

Are stimulus checks created out of thin air? [closed]

My question is regarding the checks which the US government has sent out during the pandemic. Below is a chart of M2 money supply increase as a result of it: It is also said that 40% of all the m2 ...
1
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1answer
116 views

Is it viable to put a cap on personal wealth in the U.S.?

Setting a cap on personal wealth is a proposal that has been championed by several progressive politicians in the U.S. (Sanders, Ocasio-Cortez, etc.). From what I understand, they argue that by ...
-2
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1answer
37 views

How did the US Government fund its deficit when the Federal Reserve was pruning its balance sheet in 2018-1019?

The primary way for Governments to fund their deficits is by issuing new currency from the central bank against new treasury bonds. The Federal Reserve reduced its [balance sheet]1 from 4.4 trillion ...
0
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1answer
49 views

Can the US government selectively cancel debt held by the Federal Reserve?

Sort of a follow-up to this question on the Politics SE, which asked about the US government cancelling debt held by China. From the answers to that question, this kind of selective default is not ...
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3answers
48 views

Why does lowering the value of yuan against the USD disadvantage the US and benefit China

In this article : https://www.epi.org/blog/trumps-china-tariff-confusion-it-wont-solve-chronic-trade-deficits/ they claim that depreciating the value of the yuan to the USD bolstered China’s economy. ...
2
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1answer
28 views

Are there any analysis of what is the net benefit of NASA program to US economy?

I am looking for some study that tries to calculate whether the NASA program on a net basis benefits the US economy. The program is very expensive, but it generates lots of patents, research, jobs and ...
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0answers
45 views

K-shaped recovery - is there a benign explanation for it?

I am often skeptical of emphasis placed on this "alphabet soup" that has surrounded the shape of the economic recovery. Given the uncertainties at play with this type of forecasting, it may ...
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1answer
40 views

Unemployment rates in US during COVID-19

Does the COVID-19 pandemic affect the unemployment rate in US?
36
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5answers
9k views

Did real incomes drop significantly since the 1950s?

From what I heard, in 1950s America, you didn't have to go to college to support a large family and a stay-at-home wife. People could buy houses easily, drove giant cars and didn't worry about gas ...
-1
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1answer
317 views

Can the U.S print infinite money? [duplicate]

I know that a country can't simply print money to pay debt, since it would only lower the value of the money, i. e. cause inflation. But what about the U.S? Since their new printed money is very ...
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2answers
70 views

Why is the U.S. birth rate considered below replacement if more people are being born than are dying annually?

In 2018 there were 3.85 million births and 2.81 million deaths. My understanding is that the U.S. birth rate is near or below replacement rate, but I don't understand why. If more people are being ...
3
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1answer
84 views

What is the different between a Sales Tax and a Value Added Tax?

The USA has a sales tax which is applied at the point of sale, in states which have a sales tax. During the Democratic Party primaries, one of the candidates, Andrew Yang, proposed moving to a Value ...
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0answers
48 views

How can I obtain monthly unemployment by ethnicity by state for the US?

Grateful for any help, thoughts and direction.
1
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1answer
44 views

What's holding the U.S. from decreasing unemployment by cutting H1B limits?

I don't understand why doesn't the U.S. decrease the number of H1B visa holders (foreign workers) during the current economic crisis? The unemployment is skyrocketing, wouldn't this measure decrease ...
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3answers
389 views

How does an increase in USD money supply affect inflation?

Say an average american household is bringing in $50,000 a year. Between ongoing quantitative easing and the drastic stimulus packages passed in February-May 2020, the USD Money Supply increased by 25%...
2
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2answers
84 views

What is the purpose of the Treasury issuing bonds?

I have always thought that the US Treasury issues bonds to raise money to allow the US to pay off debts in the short- and long-term. However, recently, I have read in a book on Modern Monetary Theory ...
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0answers
32 views

Must US Treasury backstop US Federal Reserve?

The Constitutional Case for the Fed's Treasury Backstops | Cato @ Liberty writes no, I think? But I don't quite understand the financial terms iike "lever-up", backstop", "helicopter money". I looked ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Under what BLS line do “people who want a job but haven’t searched in the last 12 months” show up?

I'm trying to understand how this CNN math was derived: This category — jobless people who “want a job now” but “did not search for work in the previous year” — has hovered around 3 million workers ...
0
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1answer
47 views

Where can I find charts with the amount of treasuries in existence?

Is there a place where I can see a chart with the amount of treasuries in existence organized by treasury type? Ideally it would be a resource that has multiple charts (for bills, notes, bonds etc...)...
0
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1answer
25 views

What exactly is on the Fed balance sheet?

All the rage these days is how crazily big the Fed's balance sheet has grown. Looking on federalreserve.gov, I can see its value topped up ~6,573,136 millions USD (~6 trillion USD). Fine, but is ...
1
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1answer
45 views

How much heath expenditure is due to conditions that people are born with?

The CDC says that 90% of US healthcare costs are attributable to chronic conditions. I am interested in an overlapping set of conditions: those that people are born with, including genetic diseases, ...
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0answers
26 views

China's balance of payment and balance of trade - relation to inflation

I am struggling with understanding how China's balance of payments (negative, deficit) and balance of trade (positive, profit around 0.5 trln USD) affect it's inflation rate. Obviously, balance of ...
0
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1answer
16 views

What is core government debt?

In fixed income, the yield on the 10-year US Treasury fell 0.07 percentage points to 0.56 per cent as investors retreated to the safety of core government debt From : https://www.ft.com/content/...
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2answers
51 views

Inflation vs GDP growth as factors driving down the US debt-to-GDP ration post-WW2

I'm trying to figure out how much inflation (vs GDP growth) shrank the debt-to-GDP ratio (in the decade or so) post-WW2 in the US. I found one paper that says: In 1946, the debt ratio was 108.6 ...
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0answers
25 views

How can government mitigate the long-term effects of current shut downs?

I’m not well versed in economics by any stretch of the imagination. But I am confused with certain measures taken thus far by the government. There is currently a temporary shutdown of vast sectors ...
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0answers
50 views

How will Coronavirus affect Social Security solvency?

The Coronavirus (known by younger millennials as the "Boomer Plague") is estimated to have a cost of life between 100,000 - 240,000 Americans. According to the CDC approximately 80% of deaths ...
0
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2answers
132 views

What will happen to a poor country’s economy if it replaces its entire banking system with the Islamic banking system?

I don't know much about economics. So, I am just curious about the Islamic banking system. What I understand is: I know that the USA is the dominant economy and the USD is the dominant currency in ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Does the sudden spike in the US jobless claim pose systemic risk to the US unemployment insurance system?

There has been an unprecedented short-term increase in US unemployment owing to the Covid-19 crisis. Initial jobless claims soared to a seasonally adjusted 3.28 million in the week ended March 21, ...
2
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2answers
141 views

How is the Corona $2 trilion stimulus package going to be financed?

Perhaps this is a simple question but as a non-US citizen I don't understand how the US government is going to finance the $2 trillion stimulus package to combat the economic damage due to the Corona ...
8
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1answer
285 views

Are there any surveys of economists on the determinants of healthcare price increases in the US, particularly over several decades?

It was asked recently on politics SE what drove healthcare (actually healthcare insurance) prices in the US to rise faster than the CPI. Neither of the top two answers resorted any actual econometric ...
4
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2answers
127 views

What would happen to US economy before US government lose control over its national debt?

From this wiki page we can clearly see that US national debt is growing steadily after 2010 and now it's larger than US GDP already (at the end of 2019). Still it's commonly believed the debt is ...
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0answers
8 views

Evaluating the impact of US federal grants

There are a number of challenges with evaluating the impact/effectiveness of federal grants in the U.S. In particular, it's easy to obtain a (somewhat comprehensive) record of transactions between ...
2
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2answers
80 views

How do I calculate the services sector as a percentage of GDP?

Could anyone explain how I should calculate the share of services sector as a percentage of GDP? I get the numbers for US GDP from Table 3: https://www.bea.gov/system/files/2019-10/gdp3q19_adv_0.pdf ...
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0answers
42 views

Can we know what mainly caused the latest US manufacturing slump?

Reuters says (Oct 1, 2019): U.S. manufacturing activity tumbled to a more than 10-year low in September as lingering trade tensions weighed on exports, further heightening financial market fears of a ...
1
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1answer
17 views

Implications for currencies pegged to USD of Chinese devaluation? [closed]

I get the general implications that exist for both US-Chinese exports/imports. However, considering that some currencies are pegged to the USD, would there be any effect and if so what? Thanks