Questions tagged [value]

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1answer
69 views

How can you model/simulate the price/value of a good?

Let's say that you have a good which price can change quite often because of its demand. Let's assume that you developed an algorithm that changes continuously the supply of the good to make its value ...
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5answers
139 views

Why does fiat money have value?

Or as Tobin (1992) put it: "How Can Money Have Positive Value in Exchange?" Money, however, is an embarrassment to value theory. According to standard theory, something can have positive ...
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2answers
62 views

What's a “correct price” really? Does it exist?

Lately I've been thinking about the concept of price setting in market economy. There are various (perhaps naive) view on this such as: The price is always the optimal for the buyer and the seller. ...
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1answer
28 views

What was the “invariable measure of value” problem and how did Sraffa solve it?

Fonseca (HET Website) writes: Only much later did Piero Sraffa (1960) finally solve the "invariable measure of value" problem and re-ignited interest in Ricardo's theory. What was the &...
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Have Austrian economists debunked dialectic materialism (communism, marxism)? What about the material determination principle?

I have found myself often encountered with people arguing that economists such as Carl Menger have demonstrated that the communist theory is wrong because the idea that the value comes from work time (...
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1answer
55 views

Value of money (incomes) question - what is the “r” here?

I would like some help with a fairly basic "value of money" question. (I'm very much a beginner in this field so please bear with me.) I'm writing about income changes throughout a decade (2010-2019)....
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2answers
155 views

EMH: Difference between market price and fundamental value?

I am confused by the relation between stocks market prices and fundamental (or intrinsic) values stated by Efficient Market Hypothesis. How these deviates regarding to efficient market theory or are ...
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1answer
18 views

Market Cap ranges for Tech Companies

I'm trying to get an idea of how big tech companies are based off market cap. This is not my typical field of expertise, so please pardon me if I say something naive. I've found this site (https://...
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4answers
77 views

What is the difference between microeconomics money and macroeconomics money?

In microeconomics, \$USD are a store of value. I can sell a candy bar for \$1, and I can hang onto that \$1 for a year and then buy the same candy bar for that same \$1. If I print \$1 (and get away ...
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1answer
57 views

Tendency of the rate of profit to fall

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tendency_of_the_rate_of_profit_to_fall The tendency of the rate of profit to fall (TRPF) is a hypothesis in economics and political economy, most famously expounded by ...
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1answer
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Renewal of multiple notions of value in contemporary (green, public good) economy and are there general game theories?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exchange_value mentions 4 notions of value: economic value, exchange value, use value, price. But this article also mentions that these are Marxian concepts and the ...
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1answer
35 views

Who is Butler in Marx' footnote in Das Kapital?

In footnote [7] of Marx's Capital, T.I, Ch. 1, Sec 1, after ...contradictio in adjecto, there are these quotes: «Nothing can have an intrinsick value.» (N. Barbon, t. c., p. 6); or as Butler says - «...
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1answer
58 views

Why's it always better to choose a lump sum than periodic payments over time?

Gill, Madura. Personal Finance, 4th Canadian Edition 2019. p. 56. True or False? It is always better to choose a lump sum than periodic payments over time. p. 519 T Doesn't the ...
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4answers
333 views

Why is Uber worth almost as much as Boeing?

At $68 billion, Uber has a higher valuation than GM, Ford, and Honda. According to Microaxis, Boeing is currently valued at around $87 billion. Why is Uber worth so much? I would think that ...
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1answer
30 views

Why the source profit is not only trade markups?

I'm researching the source of profit. In Marx I've found the following passage: If then, speaking broadly, and embracing somewhat longer periods, all descriptions of commodities sell at their ...
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1answer
21 views

Is the Paradox of Value relevant to the value of labour?

I trust we're all familiar with the Paradox of Value -- that queer state of affairs in which diamonds, which are not good for anything, are very expensive, while water, which we all need to not die, ...
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2answers
94 views

Value of Currency Itself

What is the value of an individual piece of currency itself based on the efficiencies it allows in trade, in contrast to the value it represents? For example, people often talk (complain) about the ...
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1answer
21 views

Gapminder's Dollar Street and the role of self-supply

I find it quite hard to get a clear picture of what the income numbers in Gapminder's Dollar Street tell. How to compare \$27 in Burundi with \$10,098 in China? What would it mean that the family in ...
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1answer
28 views

How does the notion of utility differ from that of value?

Is utility merely the notion of value in the subjectivist/marginalist (aka neoclassical) school?
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0answers
122 views

What percentage pass-through effect do VAT taxes have?

From what I can find on Google Scholar it looks like there is a pass-through effect of approximately 1/3 the amount of a Value Added Tax - with the exception of food production, which trends higher - ...
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2answers
93 views

GDP simple question got me confused: the sale of a capital asset

a) Delta Air Lines buys a new jet from Boeing for 200 million dollars. b) Delta Air Lines sells **one of its jets to Kim Kardashian for 100 million dollars. So.. a) $200 million investment, ...
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3answers
724 views

What is the average economic value of a human life?

What is the economic value of a human life? If there are multiple methods to use in calculating, what are they, which method is preferred, and why? Considerations/sub-questions on methods A. Is the ...
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0answers
25 views

What are the definitions of the terms value, wealth, and utility in economics?

Are there any definitions for the following three terms that are widely agreed upon in economics? Value Wealth Utility In particular, are these terms identical? If not, what differentiates them? I ...
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0answers
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How much precious metals prices come from their use as investement vs practical use

Some precious metal price come almost exclusively from their value as an investement, as gold, while some others like palladium or osmium have important uses in industries. But lately those metals ...
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1answer
57 views

Why doesn't land value go to 0 when tax rate goes to 100%?

I'm looking at this equation here: $$y = \frac{ra}{r+x}$$ Where: $y$ = market value of land $r$ = real interest rate, set at 0.01 $a$ = land value, set at 1 $x$ = tax rate I don't really ...
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1answer
21 views

What is value in the context of microeconomic analys for case of monopoly profit maximization

I'm trying to refresh my microeconomics knowledge. And I have some "blind spots" I just can't fix. Let's say we have a monopoly on the market. It's usual goal is to maximize it's profits. The point ...
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1answer
176 views

What am I doing wrong in the derivation of Bass diffusion model?

I've been deriving Bass diffusion model and keep consistently finding a different result than Bass' original answer. To make things worse, every single link in the Google results page just copies the ...
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2answers
43 views

Why are future expenses considered less costly than expenses in the present?

I understand that future income is less valuable than income in the present because of the concept of present value, where money available today can be invested to earn interest or can be spent to ...
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2answers
51 views

What are the drivers of the price of land?

I'm interested in what factors lead to changes in the price of land. I'm interested in this question in general across a whole country, say (as opposed to land in particular places). So I'm ...
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1answer
3k views

Today's value of the Louisiana Purchase?

A video I watched claimed (at 6:50) that while only \$0.25B had been paid for the Louisiana Purchase, the current value was \$1200B (all in 2017 dollars). I couldn't find any references, but assuming ...
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0answers
23 views

Best texts on cash usage and share buybacks in companies

What would be a good reference for how companies utilise their cash to conduct share buybacks. I am trying to understand how share buybacks affect the valuation of a company.
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0answers
136 views

Does accumulation of fiat currency cause instability?

If the value of fiat currency is a function of the supply of money and it's velocity, is the accumulation of that currency detrimental to its stability? I may be wrong in my understanding of the ...
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1answer
228 views

How much is an asset worth that produces a constant income?

Say you have an asset that produces for you £1k per year profit (adjusted for inflation) at a constant rate? (The proverbial immortal goose that lays golden eggs). Logic would say it's potential is ...
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2answers
787 views

Do contemporary Marxist economists still deny the utility/value theory which underpins classical economics?

Do contemporary Marxist economists still apply the labor theory of value when analysing economic phenomena? Or do they e.g. acknowledge that value (and utility) is subjective as is common knowledge in ...
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1answer
71 views

Subjective theory of value applied to gross domestic product

I am trying to understand the subjective theory of value and run into some considerations that make me think I got it wrong. As far as I understand, the subjective theory of value states that the ...
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1answer
16 views

How startup early valuation influence later funding stages?

Let's suppose that a startup raise his seed round with a 100k funding for 10% equity. The startup has a pre-money valuation of 1M. Let's say that the startup, after 1 year, raise a Series A round. ...
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1answer
40 views

Value of Statistical Life and Risk

I have been reading a paper by Bove & Elia (2011), where they quote a definition of the value of statistical life from Bellavance, Dionne & Lebeau (2009). I have tried making my peace with the ...
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0answers
40 views

Economic valuation of green spaces using GIS

I was wondering if there are any standard methods that are employed to obtain insight of the economic value of tree cover in a particular area. I assumed using negative difference vegetation index ...
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1answer
27 views

Alternative measure for market capitalization, company “value”

I wonder what the term "value" of a company, currency, etc could mean. The most obvious, to me, is market capitalization (related: Clarifying the meaning of market capitalization) Is there also ...
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3answers
267 views

Accounting for machines in the labor theory of value

I have read that the Labour Theory of Value holds that the value of a good or service is determined by the total amount of labour involved in its production. To account for this properly, we must ...
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0answers
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References for “Capturing value”

I have seen in several places references to "capturing value". For example: Value Creation vs. Value Capture Work on Stuff that Matters: First Principles I think that such considerations are ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the value of something?

What is the worth of something? I was thinking that it is either how much someone is willing to pay, or is it how much someone is willing to sell it for? Or is it the point where those two meet? ...
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1answer
108 views

Value function iterations with hyperbolic discounting

I am currently working to the numerical solution of a model similar to the consumption-savings decision model with hyperbolic discounting as in Krussel et al. (2003). Even if hyperbolic discounting ...
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2answers
84 views

What gives value to precious, luxury things?

What makes things precious? For example Gold, Silver, Diamonds, etc. Once they were unknown to human being. And now they are the more pricey things. I guess its just the way these things were ...
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3answers
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Can the stock market show indefinite exponential growth?

In a comments on a question on money.SE, the following dialog took place: Eventually there will not be enough matter to represent all the money, so we know for certain that the answer is "No" for a ...
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3answers
136 views

How can you know which is the “current dollar value” of a dollar value from another decade?

Is there a mathematical ecuation or some method, which allows you to have the "current dollar value" of an amount dollar from other year, let's say, decades ago? For example, it's said that the ...
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2answers
79 views

Reductionism, value and market economics

If I'm not mistaken, the economic value provided by a business entity to the community is just one kind of value. We tend to put numbers to things such as stock price, revenue, profits and so on. ...
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0answers
58 views

How to estimate signifcance of price difference?

I am trying to estimate how significant is a difference between two prices. Preface It seems to not be percentage, as price difference of \$0.10 vs \$0.09 wouldn't make me go for the cheaper shop ...
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1answer
2k views

Converting current to constant USD values for trade data (UN Comtrade)

I am using WB (country GDP) data in combination with UN Comtrade (bilateral trade) data. I need to divide bilateral trade by GDP so as to find out which % of a country's GDP comes from bilateral trade....
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2answers
274 views

Research Design: Indifference curves and budget lines

I have a basic Idea on how to construct indifference curves such that we must use two goods and then ask for pairs of bundles which are preference indifferent. When doing applied research on ...