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Questions tagged [value]

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28 views

Who is Butler in Marx' footnote in Das Kapital?

In footnote [7] of Marx's Capital, T.I, Ch. 1, Sec 1, after ...contradictio in adjecto, there are these quotes: «Nothing can have an intrinsick value.» (N. Barbon, t. c., p. 6); or as Butler says - «...
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23 views

Tendency of the rate of profit to fall

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tendency_of_the_rate_of_profit_to_fall The tendency of the rate of profit to fall (TRPF) is a hypothesis in economics and political economy, most famously expounded by ...
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1answer
32 views

Why's it always better to choose a lump sum than periodic payments over time?

Gill, Madura. Personal Finance, 4th Canadian Edition 2019. p. 56. True or False? It is always better to choose a lump sum than periodic payments over time. p. 519 T Doesn't the ...
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22 views

Why the source profit is not only trade markups?

I'm researching the source of profit. In Marx I've found the following passage: If then, speaking broadly, and embracing somewhat longer periods, all descriptions of commodities sell at their ...
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1answer
20 views

Is the Paradox of Value relevant to the value of labour?

I trust we're all familiar with the Paradox of Value -- that queer state of affairs in which diamonds, which are not good for anything, are very expensive, while water, which we all need to not die, ...
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23 views

Why can we collect more Ricardian Rent than the land has to offer?

1MM, ideal tax-independent property value = $P_p$ 1% tax rate, x, on market tax-dependent property value, $P_t$ $0.01 * P_t = tax revenue = T_r$ $T_r$ over real interest rate, $R_r = M_p$, market ...
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10 views

Why is the present value of outflows = present value of inflow in an small open economy?

So as far as I understand the present value of outflows is the amount of money economy. On the other hand, the present value of inflow is the money coming into the economy (from other countries). ...
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2answers
84 views

Value of Currency Itself

What is the value of an individual piece of currency itself based on the efficiencies it allows in trade, in contrast to the value it represents? For example, people often talk (complain) about the ...
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1answer
20 views

Gapminder's Dollar Street and the role of self-supply

I find it quite hard to get a clear picture of what the income numbers in Gapminder's Dollar Street tell. How to compare \$27 in Burundi with \$10,098 in China? What would it mean that the family in ...
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1answer
24 views

How does the notion of utility differ from that of value?

Is utility merely the notion of value in the subjectivist/marginalist (aka neoclassical) school?
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40 views

What percentage pass-through effect do VAT taxes have?

From what I can find on Google Scholar it looks like there is a pass-through effect of approximately 1/3 the amount of a Value Added Tax - with the exception of food production, which trends higher - ...
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0answers
24 views

What are the definitions of the terms value, wealth, and utility in economics?

Are there any definitions for the following three terms that are widely agreed upon in economics? Value Wealth Utility In particular, are these terms identical? If not, what differentiates them? I ...
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15 views

How much precious metals prices come from their use as investement vs practical use

Some precious metal price come almost exclusively from their value as an investement, as gold, while some others like palladium or osmium have important uses in industries. But lately those metals ...
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1answer
44 views

Why doesn't land value go to 0 when tax rate goes to 100%?

I'm looking at this equation here: $$y = \frac{ra}{r+x}$$ Where: $y$ = market value of land $r$ = real interest rate, set at 0.01 $a$ = land value, set at 1 $x$ = tax rate I don't really ...
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1answer
16 views

What is value in the context of microeconomic analys for case of monopoly profit maximization

I'm trying to refresh my microeconomics knowledge. And I have some "blind spots" I just can't fix. Let's say we have a monopoly on the market. It's usual goal is to maximize it's profits. The point ...
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1answer
80 views

What am I doing wrong in the derivation of Bass diffusion model?

I've been deriving Bass diffusion model and keep consistently finding a different result than Bass' original answer. To make things worse, every single link in the Google results page just copies the ...
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2answers
43 views

Why are future expenses considered less costly than expenses in the present?

I understand that future income is less valuable than income in the present because of the concept of present value, where money available today can be invested to earn interest or can be spent to ...
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2answers
49 views

What are the drivers of the price of land?

I'm interested in what factors lead to changes in the price of land. I'm interested in this question in general across a whole country, say (as opposed to land in particular places). So I'm ...
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1answer
54 views

How can you model/simulate the price/value of a good?

Let's say that you have a good which price can change quite often because of its demand. Let's assume that you developed an algorithm that changes continuously the supply of the good to make its value ...
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136 views

Does accumulation of fiat currency cause instability?

If the value of fiat currency is a function of the supply of money and it's velocity, is the accumulation of that currency detrimental to its stability? I may be wrong in my understanding of the ...
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1answer
227 views

How much is an asset worth that produces a constant income?

Say you have an asset that produces for you £1k per year profit (adjusted for inflation) at a constant rate? (The proverbial immortal goose that lays golden eggs). Logic would say it's potential is ...
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1answer
13 views

How startup early valuation influence later funding stages?

Let's suppose that a startup raise his seed round with a 100k funding for 10% equity. The startup has a pre-money valuation of 1M. Let's say that the startup, after 1 year, raise a Series A round. ...
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1answer
62 views

Subjective theory of value applied to gross domestic product

I am trying to understand the subjective theory of value and run into some considerations that make me think I got it wrong. As far as I understand, the subjective theory of value states that the ...
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1answer
31 views

Value of Statistical Life and Risk

I have been reading a paper by Bove & Elia (2011), where they quote a definition of the value of statistical life from Bellavance, Dionne & Lebeau (2009). I have tried making my peace with the ...
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37 views

Economic valuation of green spaces using GIS

I was wondering if there are any standard methods that are employed to obtain insight of the economic value of tree cover in a particular area. I assumed using negative difference vegetation index ...
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1answer
19 views

Alternative measure for market capitalization, company “value”

I wonder what the term "value" of a company, currency, etc could mean. The most obvious, to me, is market capitalization (related: Clarifying the meaning of market capitalization) Is there also ...
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23 views

Best texts on cash usage and share buybacks in companies

What would be a good reference for how companies utilise their cash to conduct share buybacks. I am trying to understand how share buybacks affect the valuation of a company.
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65 views

GDP simple question got me confused: the sale of a capital asset

a) Delta Air Lines buys a new jet from Boeing for 200 million dollars. b) Delta Air Lines sells **one of its jets to Kim Kardashian for 100 million dollars. So.. a) $200 million investment, ...
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1answer
3k views

Today's value of the Louisiana Purchase?

A video I watched claimed (at 6:50) that while only \$0.25B had been paid for the Louisiana Purchase, the current value was \$1200B (all in 2017 dollars). I couldn't find any references, but assuming ...
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1answer
103 views

Value function iterations with hyperbolic discounting

I am currently working to the numerical solution of a model similar to the consumption-savings decision model with hyperbolic discounting as in Krussel et al. (2003). Even if hyperbolic discounting ...
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3answers
2k views

Can the stock market show indefinite exponential growth?

In a comments on a question on money.SE, the following dialog took place: Eventually there will not be enough matter to represent all the money, so we know for certain that the answer is "No" for a ...
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2answers
73 views

Reductionism, value and market economics

If I'm not mistaken, the economic value provided by a business entity to the community is just one kind of value. We tend to put numbers to things such as stock price, revenue, profits and so on. ...
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2answers
84 views

What gives value to precious, luxury things?

What makes things precious? For example Gold, Silver, Diamonds, etc. Once they were unknown to human being. And now they are the more pricey things. I guess its just the way these things were ...
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0answers
39 views

How to estimate signifcance of price difference?

I am trying to estimate how significant is a difference between two prices. Preface It seems to not be percentage, as price difference of \$0.10 vs \$0.09 wouldn't make me go for the cheaper shop ...
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3answers
134 views

How can you know which is the “current dollar value” of a dollar value from another decade?

Is there a mathematical ecuation or some method, which allows you to have the "current dollar value" of an amount dollar from other year, let's say, decades ago? For example, it's said that the ...
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1answer
2k views

Converting current to constant USD values for trade data (UN Comtrade)

I am using WB (country GDP) data in combination with UN Comtrade (bilateral trade) data. I need to divide bilateral trade by GDP so as to find out which % of a country's GDP comes from bilateral trade....
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2answers
566 views

Do contemporary Marxist economists still deny the utility/value theory which underpins classical economics?

Do contemporary Marxist economists still apply the labor theory of value when analysing economic phenomena? Or do they e.g. acknowledge that value (and utility) is subjective as is common knowledge in ...
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2answers
264 views

Research Design: Indifference curves and budget lines

I have a basic Idea on how to construct indifference curves such that we must use two goods and then ask for pairs of bundles which are preference indifferent. When doing applied research on ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the value of something?

What is the worth of something? I was thinking that it is either how much someone is willing to pay, or is it how much someone is willing to sell it for? Or is it the point where those two meet? ...
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1answer
57 views

Factoring Technology into Economics models

There has been tremendous improvement in technologies in recent years. My question is: have economists been able to properly evaluate and factor the values of recent innovations in the technology ...
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1answer
40 views

Is there another name for marginal luxury?

My coworkers and I were talking about the concept of voluntarily paying more than you need to for something. As an example, I can buy a locally grown organic apple from the farmers market for \$3 or a ...
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1answer
174 views

How can 1 BTC gain value in USD if inflation is happening?

So, right now, 1 BTC (bitcoin) is worth ≈ 578.25 USD. But, with the inflation of the USD, how can 1 BTC still hold its value at 578.25? Why doesn't it decrease? Let's set this example: 1 BTC = 1 USD....
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1answer
196 views

On the Ms. Exponential vs Ms. Hyperbolic vignette

I've come across this little parable purporting to show why exponential discounting is superior to hyperbolic discounting1: The greater bowing [of the hyperbolic discount curve] means that if a ...
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0answers
85 views

How widespread is the subjective theory of value ?

I typically see the subjective theory of value supported by pro-free market type individuals. But in the present day what theory of value is used for other schools of thought that favor things such as ...
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1answer
768 views

What is the wealth of a company?

I would like to better understand what is the wealth of a company and what is made of. Is the wealth of a company similar to GDP of country, like a "gross company product" ? As example: can we say ...
2
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1answer
68 views

Gold and loss of faith in central banking

In this article here, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/investing/gold/gold-resurgence-whos-buying-gold-and-why/ , it states that "gold tends to do....best when markets lose faith in central banking". I ...
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1answer
130 views

Is it correct to say that wealth is “destroyed” when an asset bubble bursts?

I was reading this article from the World Economic Forum, when I came across this passage: When the global equity and real estate markets hit their lowest points in March 2009, \$34.4 trillion of ...
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1answer
106 views

How to calculate change in GDP using valued added?

Suppose that Roots buys 5 million dollars in leather produced this year in Alberta and 1 million dollars in zippers produced last year in Toronto to make 9 million dollars worth of leather jackets in ...
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1answer
33 views

How to define best value?

I'm trying to define which hotel offers the best value. Let's say we have two hotels - A and B. For A, you pay $10 a night and the rating for the hotel is 9.8. For B, you pay $8 a night and the ...
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4answers
312 views

Why is Uber worth almost as much as Boeing?

At $68 billion, Uber has a higher valuation than GM, Ford, and Honda. According to Microaxis, Boeing is currently valued at around $87 billion. Why is Uber worth so much? I would think that ...