Questions tagged [wages]

The remuneration/ price of labor, analogue to profits and rents.

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36
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5answers
9k views

Did real incomes drop significantly since the 1950s?

From what I heard, in 1950s America, you didn't have to go to college to support a large family and a stay-at-home wife. People could buy houses easily, drove giant cars and didn't worry about gas ...
31
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6answers
11k views

Why do celebrities get high wages?

In the youtube video Why We Look down on Low Wage Earners the author argued: "economics states that wages are determined [...] by the number of people willing and being able to do a given job that ...
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5answers
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Why are real median household incomes stagnant?

This image shows US real median household income. It seems remarkable for its lack of growth over the last 20 years. This has been the subject of much political debate (around the "1%" and "occupy ...
15
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5answers
9k views

Productivity vs real earnings in the US -- what happened ca 1974?

Somewhat related to the most recent US elections, I've been researching the whole "white working class" situation, and one strange anomaly has popped up. When one looks at a graph of productivity (...
13
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5answers
4k views

Econometrics: Is elasticity meaningful in my, or any, regression?

A few months ago I interned at this organization; and, as a going away present, I decided to spend my last week, with whatever off time I had, to investigate the factors that affect teacher salaries. ...
10
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3answers
925 views

In the US, do high wages in regions like New York and California offset the high cost of living?

It's well understood that the cost of living in New York City vastly exceeds the cost of living in, say, rural Louisiana. It is also well understood that wages in New York City vastly exceed those in ...
9
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3answers
374 views

Causes of income inequality in the US

I read an article in BusinessWeek that talked about income inequality in the US. The article attributed the difference to the Intel chip that came in 1971. Since that time big hi-tech companies have ...
8
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4answers
3k views

When countries industrialise, why do jobs from agriculture shift to manufacturing?

This is a historical trend whether it may 18th century Britain or 19th century America or what's currently happening in China. What I am confused is by the fact that manufacturing jobs such as ...
7
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2answers
109 views

How can median wages be significantly different in two neighboring countries with open borders?

As an example, take Germany and Czech Republic. Both are members of the EU and therefore trade barriers between the two countries are minimal. However the median salary in Germany is nearly 3 times as ...
6
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2answers
120 views

Minimum Wage effects on Adjacent Cities

When a city like Seattle raises the minimum wage to 15/hr, how does it affect the labor market in adjacent cities? Are there examples, studies or accepted practices to address: Difficulty staffing ...
6
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6answers
453 views

Reconciling low wages with high technology and high education

This is one example of many recent doom storied prognosticating that the "millennial" generation will be the first in (recent) history to experience lower incomes than their predecessors—at least in ...
5
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4answers
282 views

Why do rich countries remain rich?

I can think of two possible explanations: People there inherited the wealth of their ancestors (and of the companies of their generation). Advances in technology allows you to earn money more easily....
5
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1answer
222 views

Minimum wage vs wage subsdies

Many politicians argue that the minimum wage is essential for providing an sufficient standard of living to all. However, there are many issues binding price floors predicted by standard supply and ...
5
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1answer
64 views

Nonlinear Least-Squares Estimation in Practice

I am reading Jeong, Kim, Manovskii 2015 and in the paper they apply "a nonlinear least-squares method" to estimate a log-wage equation, , where $D, \Pi$, all $\lambda$s $\theta$s, and $\...
5
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5answers
244 views

Why do firms losing money almost always reduce labor costs via layoffs instead of pay cuts?

At least in the United States, firms seem to almost always reduce labor costs via layoffs rather than pay cuts. Pay cuts are so rare that they're literally headline news. From an economic standpoint, ...
5
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2answers
123 views

How come the average studio rent in Vietnam is bigger than the average salary?

A studio in Ho Chi Minh city center : roughly 500 USD/month Average salary in Vietnam : 300 USD/month I have noticed the same thing in other "poor" countries : a studio rent is so expensive compared ...
5
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2answers
640 views

Real wage stagnation and union membership

In the United States, wages in real terms have seen very little change over approximately five decades: (source: http://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2014/10/09/for-most-workers-real-wages-have-...
5
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1answer
112 views

Do Hong Kong highschool teachers earn more than Hong Kong quants?

According to Teach in Hong Kong, Hong Kong highschool teachers earn around HK\$23,530 to HK\$54,665 (approximately \$3,000-\$7,000 USD) per month while CUHK's Quantitative Finance Graduates Face ...
5
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1answer
2k views

why is real wage divided by marginal product of labor often called real marginal cost?

As said in the title, why is real wage divided by marginal product of labor often called real marginal cost? In mathematical formula, $mc_t = (W_t/P_t)/MPN_t$ where $MPN_t$ refers to marginal product ...
4
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2answers
609 views

What's the logic behind dividing rental price of capital and wage rate by price level?

I've just started to learn macroeconomics and I think even the teachers can't get what's the price level and why we divide by it in order to find for example real economic profits. Textbook says "...
4
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2answers
285 views

Empirical explanation on divergence between productivity and wages since the 70s

There is a well know graph, that shows a tight link between productivity and wages, until the 70s, and a break of the link since: There's a lot of possible explanations for this, I keep hearing more ...
4
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1answer
507 views

Has US real median personal/household income been stagnant since the late 1970's/early 1980's?

This is referring to an earlier question: Why are real median household incomes stagnant? How do the following graphs actually tell you that US real median personal/household income has been stagnant ...
4
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1answer
318 views

Adverse selection in competitive markets- labor market

I'm referring to the Figure 13.B.1 titled 'A competitive equilibrium with adverse selection' from 'Microeconomics Theory' by Mas Colel et al. It basically graphs the expected value of the workers' ...
4
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1answer
125 views

Labour Market: simple macroeconomic modeling

I just started reviewing macroeconomic modeling for an upcoming entry exam, and I'm not sure about my answers in this application: Suppose that the economy of a country has a representative firm ...
4
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0answers
75 views

How Africans use their wages?

I was researching poverty in Africa and was reading about their daily wages. Based on the article linked, 2/3 of Africans live on less than $1.25 USD, a day. However, what this article and many ...
3
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2answers
265 views

Who really benefits from economic growth?

In recent social protests, I have heard the claim that the economic growth benefits only the rich: they become richer while most people become poorer. To check whether this claim is realistic, I ...
3
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3answers
93 views

How much average value does 1 working hour produce? ( are there reliable statistics?)

This is a non-economist's question. As a philosophy teacher ( in a french high school) , I have to study the theme of " labour" in class. I'm looking for factual data in order to assess the ...
3
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2answers
113 views

Statistical distribution of wages and wealth

How are wages distributed globally? Wages do not follow a normal distribution, do they? Is wealth distributed in the same way or differently?
3
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1answer
169 views

Putting a Price on Happiness

When I was in college, a classmate of mine working two jobs mentioned that his/her job working at at a local fast food restaurant was causing undue stress and dissatisfaction. My response was to ask ...
3
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3answers
176 views

Reference request: Gender wage gap / Minority wage gap

Disclaimer: I am neither a social scientist nor an economist. I hope the ESE is the right place to ask this question. Disclaimer 2: I do not intend to spark an ideologically driven discussion here. ...
3
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1answer
512 views

Wage regressions: Nominal versus real wage

I'm wondering do I need to convert nominal wages to real wages when running wage equations using panel data sets? My dependent variable is log of wage and I'm looking at returns to education across ...
3
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1answer
36 views

What is the implication of perfectly reversible capital?

I am reading the lecture note in labor economics by Acemoglu and Autor. In the chapter of basic search model, they assume capital is perfectly reversible, and argue that "Perfect reversibility ...
3
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1answer
75 views

What does Adam Smith mean when he says wages are determined by: "advancing, stationary, or declining state of the society."

I'm reading the Wealth of Nations. Smith explains in Book One that wages for labor are determined not by how wealthy a nation is but rather by its rate of growth. At the end of chapter seven he ...
3
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2answers
95 views

Are expensive cities economically threatened by an inability to house low-income workers?

Cities like New York, San Francisco, and others enjoy booming local economies that support high-paying jobs in industries like finance and technology. This and other factors have driven the price ...
3
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1answer
530 views

Are real wages a good measure of economic progress?

Why do we tend to use Real GDP Per Capita instead of the real wage? What is the issue of using the real wage instead?
3
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1answer
516 views

How to adjust salaries of more than two countries to a common year given that the data was collected in different years?

I want to compare salaries of more than two countries. The data I am using is based on the Occupational Wages around the World (OWW) database. Let's say I want to look at the salaries of the nurse. ...
3
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1answer
78 views

How does Ricardo justify this math?

In Ch 5, Of Wages, Ricardo tosses this gem: if the labour of ten men will, on land of a certain quality, obtain 180 quarters of wheat, and its value be £4 per quarter, or £720; and if the labour of ...
2
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1answer
172 views

Can an overall improvement in technology make the owners of one factor worse off?

In a closed two-factor economy, suppose there is a biased technological improvement that increases the productivity of both factors, but one more than the other. Can this reduce the aggregate returns (...
2
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2answers
141 views

Interpretation of regression coefficients with and without logs

Say you want to estimate return to education. Model 1 (no log): assume the DGP is: $$w_{i} = \alpha + \beta x_{i} + \zeta_{i} + e_{i}$$ where $x$ is years of schooling, $\zeta_{i}$ is unobserved ...
2
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1answer
190 views

Value added by workers

Is there any empirical evidence on the value added by workers? That is, their "productivity" minus the wage payments, social security benefits etc. that are paid by the firm? I'm eventually looking ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Price Changes in Factor and Product Markets

I think something is wrong in my reasoning, and I can't really find out what it is Lets say the supply of labor decreases in a market. That would mean that the wage rate would increase in that market....
2
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1answer
30 views

How is real wage growth achieved?

Someone asked a simple question: when wages increase, why don't companies just raise prices such that it cancels out the wage increase? Of course, this isn't what happens in real life since real wage ...
2
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3answers
44 views

Is the mode of wage distribution a meaningful economic indicator?

The Central Statistical Office of Poland publishes a report every two years, in which it diagnoses the labor market. Among other indicators, they publish the mode of the distribution of wages, in ...
2
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1answer
150 views

What economic factors should be considered in attracting suitable staff and determining pay for temporary project work?

Getting qualified workforce for temporary projects can be difficult. If found from within the organisation, they may have to abstain from their regular work, and this may create additional ...
2
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2answers
111 views

Does the H-1B visa program have the effect of reducing wages in the U.S

In either the short or long term, does the H-1B visa program have the effect of reducing wages in the U.S. for U.S. citizens?
2
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1answer
26 views

Guvenen et al: Earnings

Guvenen et al look at earnings shocks over time, and try to argue whether these are compatible with standard career-ladder models with normal shocks. However, their data is no real shocks, it is time ...
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0answers
15 views

Nash Bargain VS. Rubinstein Game with Outside Option

I am reading a paper, Kessier & Lulfesmann 2006, and find that its main result totally depends on that the model setting is based on a Rubinstein game with outside option rather than a Nash ...
2
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0answers
80 views

What predictions do economic models make for an economy where 50% of the population earn less than the cost of living? [closed]

These are the admittedly somewhat disparate pieces of information gleaned from separate sources that the question arose from. According to The living wage foundation the real cost of living in the UK ...
2
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0answers
48 views

How can the number of hairdressers in the UK be up 50% since 2010?

In this recent article, The Economist argues that one of the reasons behind the anaemic recent wage growth in Britain is that the recent job growth has been concentrated in lower-productivity jobs and ...
2
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0answers
160 views

Is the Austrian wage system bad for its economy?

In Austria, the law is forcing employers to pay 14 wages instead of the usual 12 (one per month) per year for almost every employee. More specifically, employees get a 13th payment around July called "...